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LADIES' DEPARTMENT. so much forward, which throws the skirt upon the Again, I spoke of the general unwillingness of ground, and puts her every moment in danger of farmers to pay schoolmasters. S. H. R. thinks that being tripped up, and having her nose broken. those who are qualified for the task should “re

ceive an adequate compensation.” Certainly they ought to be amply paid for imparting the knowledge they have acquired; but first, we must try to remove the stumbling-block, and make these farmers willing to open their purses. For this evil, my ingenuity can devise no remedy which would not be worse than the disease.

I honestly trust her fears are groundless, that

“ the irresistible effect of the adoption of my plan LADIES' WHEELBARROW.–Fig. 39. " would be effectually to destroy the public With this supply of tools, a lady can trim her schools," as I believe there are comparatively very shrubbery, transplant and weed with great com- few parents who would withdraw their children fort to herself, and advantage to the garden. E. S.

from the care of such teachers as S H. R. predicts

“every district school in the State” will at no disCOUNTRY SCHOOLS.

tant time be supplied with—“thoroughly impressed PERMIT me to make a brief reply to the article on with the responsible duties of their station-intelCountry Schools, in your February number, in lectually and morally prepared for their dischargewhich your correspondent, S. H. R., having, as I and capable of training the expanding minds of our think, misunderstood me, expresses her dissent from youth ‘in every department of science, from the my opinions, and intimates her belief that, on more lowest to the highest.” mature deliberation, I shall find reason to alter my I, however, retain my belief, that all the comviews. As she has done my communication for bined advantages of a public course of instruction December the honor to notice it at some length, it cannot compensate for the evils which must result would be discourteous not to thank her for the to the pure minds of children, from the daily controuble she has taken to correct what she thinks tact with numbers—and therefore, for girls espemy errors; and to assure her, that without chang- cially, I still advise maternal care, and under parening my opinions as there expressed, I agree entirely tal inspection, a good governess. S. H. R. will also with her on most points of this very important sub- find that I did not allude to wealthy parents, when I ject. I would, however, request her to re-peruse recommended a union of two or three families

to my remarks, and I think she will then see that, in- employ and pay a private teacher. Those of my stead of differing so widely as she at present appre- friends who have made the experiment most suchends, we are occupying the same ground, on cessfully, are neither able to give their children an which she proposes to take a step in advance of expensive education, nor have they the time to me in ascending the hill of science.

spare from the never-ending duties of plain farmers' I spoke of the present general incompetency of wives, to attend as they fain would do, to the inthe teachers of our public schools, and the conse-struction of their little ones. quent necessity for private instruction; while your I cordially thank S. H. R., for her invitation to fair correspondent, with commendable esprit de visit the Normal School of which she speaks so corps, proposes that a prior step be taken, by “ in- highly, but, alas ! my crest is a snail in its shell, creasing the number of those who are now obtain- with the motto, “ I cannot leave home.” I have ing, in the Normal Schools,” the desired requisites therefore little hope of being at liberty to indulge in for teachers. This, at least tacitly, admits the such an excursive pleasure, as such a visit would truth of my position, that all our schools are not yet afford me; but as I am, with characteristic haste, supplied with well educated teachers, and hence maturing a plan for casting my shell, and creeping* the necessity for increasing the number of students to the Falls of St. Anthony, exploring the Mammoth who are candidates for the office—in this I agree Cave, and perhaps taking some views from nature entirely with S. H. R. ; and moreover, as I have among the Rocky Mountains, I do not despair of great confidence in the wisdom and ability of my being able so to arrange it, that I may find Albany New York and Eastern neighbors, I am willing to in my route thither, or on my return. have all the aspirants educated in the schools she Eutawah so warmly recommends, until we, lazy Southrons, shall have public spirit enough to establish such for


three or four broad tubs, each containing about I would have the number of good schools, pri- eight gallons of water, and one ounce of vitriolic vate and public, increased until every child in the acid, be placed in the new painted room, near the country should have the opportunity of learning

wainscot; this water will absorb and retain the efeverything which can make him or her shine in the fluvia from the paint in three days, but the water sphere of life in which

he or she is placed ; for, in should be renewed each day during that time. exact proportion to the increase of good schools, will be the value placed by the community upon not railroads, except through an often-travelled coun

* Aye, when I go, I mean to creep, for, truly, I love education ; and when we shall have four times the try-one might as well mount

upon the wings of the present number, all supplied with competent and wind, to fly with the next flock of wild geese or conscientious teachers, then, but not till then, I passenger pigeons, and take " a bird's eye view" of the shall think the necessity for private instruction wonders of nature and art, as to whirl over the ground materially lessened.

behind a huge cauldron of boiling water!

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FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL NEWS. | farmer's movable property. But the generality of the By the steam ship Hibernia, we are in receipt of farms are large, and possessed and farmed by a most our foreign journals up to March 4th.

respectable class of men, many of whom are men of MARKETS.-Ashes were neglected. Cotton quite firm, education; and they are all distinguished for their great with a speculative feeling; some fluctuations during kindness and hospitality. The house on such farms February and March, but it bad settled down to about is quite separate from the offices, and is surrounded the same rates as ruled per our last. Flour dull. Beef generally by an extensive garden. The offices are in an improved demand. Pork in little request. Lard the form of a square, inclosing an area in the middle has fallen. Cheese little doing. Guano advancing and for the accumulation of the manure. They consist in good demand. Naval stores in moderate request. of byre, stable, and sheep-shed, grain-shed-for all the Rice much wanted. Seeds have advanced. Tobacco grain is kept in houses instead of stacks--and servants' steady. Wool the same.

houses. The buildings are often erected according Money.-The rate of interest had slightly declined to the most approved principles for convenience and since our last, and the money market was considered comfort to the animals. The sheep are always kept up easier.

in the winter, when they get potatoes and hay, and The Weather was very mild throughout February, so the greater part of the summer, when they got clover much so as to push the wheat forward and endanger Some of these sheds are very large, capable of contain its being injured by March frosts, should they fall ing 1500 sheep. There is a walk made along the side heavily:

of one of the walls, and the area between it and the The Corn Laws.-Sir Robert Peel will undoubtedly other wall is divided into compartments, by means of be able to get these odious laws repealed in due time. railings, designed to hold a certain number of sheep;

Cholera among Cattle.A violent disease is raging each of these divisions is furnished with a rack for the among the catile of Russia, similar in every respect hay and clover, and troughs for ground food : and a to the cholera.

small gate leads from the side walk to each division, Prices at which Grain can be grown in England.- so the keeper can supply the different lots with food, Wheat, 4s. 104d. the bushel, or 69s. the quarter; barley, and inspect them without much trouble or disturb. 29. 101d., or 22s. 10d. per quarter; and oats' 28. 314. ance to the whole flock.- Journal of Ag. per bushel, or 18s. 4d. per quarter, including rent and Advantages of Mixing Soils.--I may mention that in all other charges.

improving land I found that mixing of different soils, Indian Corn.-Father Matthew and other benevolent and giving them a stimulus, is the most effectual mode persons are making exertions to introduce the use of of improvement. For example: after draining mossy Indian corn in Ireland and Great Britain, in bread, soil, I found the ground too soft to bear the tread of cake, and pudding, as used in the United States. horses; and a hillock of gravel being near at hand, I

To Destroy Gooseberry Caterpillars.—I destroy these spread three or four inches of it over the moss, and by shaking them from the trees, then by tying a piece after ploughing, gave the ground first dung, and the of Cabbage-leaf around the stem of tree with a circle following year lime. The produce was great, and the of gas tar upon it. This prevents the caterpillars land has since produced superior grass.-Scot. Far. from again ascending, and when without food they soon Double Culture.—There is nothing new in growing perish.-Far. Herald.

two crops together and at the same time; we have in To Preserve Potatoes.- I am happy to state that all our island followed that system with success, ever which were packed in charred sawdust, charred old since I can remember, and that is upwards of thirty tan, and other refuse, as well as those packed in dry years. For instance, when we grow a parsnip crop turf-ashes, are as sound and free from disease as could which we find advantageous as food for our milch be wished; they are dry, mealy, and fine flavored; cows, as it makes both milk and butter, sweet, rich, but those that were pitted or packed in the usual way and good, we dibble beans in double rows, the beans have rotted wholesale, and the effluvia arising from four inches apart, with an interval of six or eight feet them is very unpleasant.- Ib.

to the next rows, after which we sow the parsnip. German Farming: -- Agriculture is improving rapidly seed, harrow it, &c., and we generally reap a good crop in some districts of this part of Germany, particularly of each. The crop of beans does not seem to injure in the neighborhood of those towns which have much in the least the parsnip crop. We generally grow trade with England in grain, and the consequence is beans with our spring and late cabbage crops. In that the land is now raising in value. I know of in every third row of cabbages we dibble beans between stances where, within the last twenty years, the value each cabbage. We often follow the same system with of land has been increased to more than double. But our crop of potatoes-dibble beans between the sets there is still great room for improvement. The land in every third row of potatoes, leaving a distance of is farmed, for the most part, by proprietors whose pro- about two yards between each bean. The beans seem perties vary from three to thousands of acres, accord- to thrive amazingly by this manner of planting, and ing to the districts in which they are situated. In the main crops are not in the least injured by it. By some localities the farms are all small, in which case this system the farmer is greatly benefited, having at the farm buildings are all collected in villages. Some- the same time an underground and top crop. times as many as seven or eight compose a village. To Ascertain the Value of Cows for the Production of Farms of this description are to be found near the Cream.- Provide a number of half-pint white glass towns, which they supply with milk. The farm- phials, corresponding with the number of Cows in the house and offices are generally connected and under dairy; label and number them consecutively, 1, 2, 3, the same roof. This building is oblong, with roofs at &c., and the cows to correspond. Fill each phial with the gables as well as at the sides. One end is devot. the first milk of the Cow bearing the same number; ed to the dwelling-house, before which is a patch of note down the quantity of milk each cow gives. After ground very neatly laid out as a kitchen and flower the milk has stood in the phials about 12 hours, the garden. The kitchen fire is often on the outside of eye can readily discriminate the amount of cream that the wall, which divides the farmer's rooms from the each produces, which mark down by sixteenths of rest of the building, which is tenanted by the cows on inches. Pursue the same plan at the next milking the one side, and the horses on the other, and the carts about the middle of the time of milking, and again a and implements are placed between them; while at third time at the latter end of milking: The quality the end are large folding doors, which close in all the may thus be easily ascertained.-Far. Herald.

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Editor's Table.

juriously affecting it in this country and in Europe. The work is written with no little research and

ability, and comes before us opportunely. We bespeak THE AMERICAN Herd Book.--Mr. L. F. Allen for it an attentive perusal, for on the safety of this informs us, that he has the Herd Book now in press, crop the lives of millions are dependant, and unless and that it will probably be ready for delivery the last the disease be stayed, the consequences will be want, of May. It has been kept back on account of the suffering, and death. tardiness of breeders in furnishing their pedigrees. In The Naturalist, and Journal of Agriculture, addition to these, it will contain a history of Short-Horticulture, Education, and Literature, conducted Horns, and general remarks on the breeding and rear by I. N. Lonmis, J. Eichbaum, J. S. Fowler, and T. ing of cattle. It will make a volume of about 200 Fanning. At Franklin College, Tennessee. In monthly pages octavo.

numbers of 48 pages, octavo. Price $2 a year in ad. The Farmer's DICTIONARY. A Vocabulary of vance. This periodical is the successor of the Ten. technical terms, and Compendium of Practical Farm- nessee Agriculturist, and we hail the issue of it with ing. Edited by D. P.Gardner, M.D. Pp.876, and some great pleasure. It is conducted by the President and 400 wood cuts, for $1.50. Harper & Brothers, 82 Cliff Professors of the Agricultural College at Franklin. Street. It gives us much pleasure to find that this use- Its papers treat of the science and practice of agricul. ful book is at last published; nearly two years ago we ture, and are written with clearness, simplicity, and alluded to the undertaking as calculated to be of great ability. We have faith to believe that this work will service. Dr. G. has devoted great pains to this favor- ultimately exercise a happy influence in the great ite engagement, and is at once a theoretical and prac. Mississippi valley, and we trust it will immediately tical farmer. This work consists of two parts.--A find a generous support. A specimen number can be Dictionary of the scientific terms, as ammonia, nitro- seen at our office in Water Street, where we wili gen, eremacausis, &c., which we plain farmers find so gladly receive subscriptions and forward them to the plentifully besprinkled in modern essays, and which publishers. being new words, are sometimes rather awkward to The Life and Times of Henry Clay. By Calvin get over. The other part is made up of practical Colton. Published by A. S. Barnes & Co., 51 John essays on the cultivation of crops. In this division we Street, N.Y. Two volumes, octavo. Price $5. How. see with great pleasure that the staples of the Medi- ever much people may differ in regard to the character terranean, such as olives, madder, liquorice, poppies, of Mr. Clay as an orator and politician, none will deny &c., are treated of, and also tea, rhubarb for the drug- that he is an eminent farmer, and has ever been fore. gist, and numerous important products, which can most in promoting the interests of the great agricul. certainly be cultivated in the extent of our territory, tural class. Few have done more for the introduction reaching, as it does, to the Rio Grande and Pacific. and growth of hemp in the West than Mr. Clay; and These essays are from the very best authorities, as it is now not only extensively consumed at home in Rham, Low, Loudon, and the great authors of Agri. The different manufactures of bale rope, cotton bag, culture. In Veterinary matters and Grazing, as well ging, cordage, &c., but has at length become quite as Horticulture, we find the most satisfactory matter. an article of export to Great Britain. He has also These two parts are not kept separate, but mixed in been equally efficient in the importation and the im. the dictionary form.

provement of the various breeds of domestic animals, There is a peculiar feature in the book, altogether as we had the pleasure of seeing for ourselves, when new, and we believe important. After each plant, the we visited his beautiful estate ni Ashland—and this, editor has placed the best account of the composition by the way, we found a pattern farm under a high of the ashes, and made some observations on the par- state of cultivation. These volumes are embellished ticular manures suited to the crop. Now this is the with a spirited rortrait of Mr. Clay, and an engraving peculiarity of the new or Chemical Agriculture, by an of the humble log school-house at the Slashes of Ha. examination of the ash of plants, to discover the nover, where he received the first rudiments of his means of applying the proper manure at the least ex: education. It is a pretty delicate thing to write the pense. So, if we find that lime or common salt is all biography of a living man ; yet, so far as we can important to a certain crop, we use it, and are saved judge, Mr. Colton has done it with great fairness, and the great expense of adding a compost containing in his usual attractive and condensed style. We disevery fertilizer. This part of the book is very worthy miss these elegant volumes, by agreeing with him of study, and from our knowledge of the author and when he says: “ The man who leaves his impress on his scientific reputation, we do not hesitate to say it is a great nation, and imparts character to the age in well done. It seems to us that the work is one which which he lives, not only merits the regard of contemwill be very valuable to the practical man, from the poraries, but will be a study for future generations. numerous practical suggestions it contains; to the That Henry Clay occupies this position in the social theoretical farmer, because it is full of information on state of mankind, by a consideration of the past, and manures, saline bodies, organic matters, &c.; and also in the prospects of the future, will scarcely be ques. to the general reader, because it presents a fund of in- tioned. His name, character, and history, are idenformation on Agriculture and Horticulture, in a com- tified with the history of his country; and the student pact form, which cannot otherwise be procured with who makes himself acquainted with his life, private, out the use of a large library. Few books we believe professional, and public, will not be ignorant of the have ever been published in Agriculture so useful and career of the United States of North America, as one of so well adapted to the particular wants of the com- the family of nations." munity. It is a handsome volume, printed in clear A TREATISE ON DOMESTIC ECONOMY. For the brevier type, and marvellously cheap. Every farmer use of young ladies at Home and at School. By Miss should get it, to place on the same shelf with his Agri- Catharine Beecher. A newly revised edition, with culturist. We have it for sale at our warehouse. numerous illustrative engravings, pp. 369, octavo.

OBSERVATIONS ON THE POTATO, AND A REMEDY Price 75 cents. Harper & Brothers. This is a highly FOR THE POTATO PLAGUE.-This is an elegant octavo useful work, as it has been written expressly for pamphlet of 110 pages, by Charles P. Besson. Pub- American ladies by one of the most eminent of their lished by E. L. Pratt, Boston, Price 25 cents. It own sex. We wish they would study it faithfully, for contains a history of the Potato, its Cultivation, and it is calculated alike to improve them, mentally and Uses, as well as a Treatise on the late malady, so in- physically. Of the latter point there is great need.



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New York State Agricultural Society.


Best team of 2) yoke from Third best yoke,.... Vol. Trans. Cattle Show and Fair for 1848, to be held at Aubulin, Second best,............... 15

..$25 Best 10 yoke of oxen from

any one town,...........$20 Sept. i5, 16, and 17. Best yoke of oxen,..........15 Second best,..

20 Second best,

10 | Third best,..... Colman's Tour. PREMIUM LIST FOR 1816.


Best yoke,......... .......810 | Second best,...
For the best cuitivated farm of not less than 50 acres, exclusive

Third best, Diploma. of woodland, regard being had to the quantity of produce, the Best team of 10 yoke from any one county,.... $15. manner and expense of cultivation, and the profits :

To boys between the ages of 16 and 20 inclusive, who shall exFirst premium.... - $50 | Second do.....

.830 hibit the best broke yoke of 3 year old steers, of their own Third do...

training, Colinan's Tour. The persons making application for these premiums, must sub- Second best do... ...... Diploma. | Third best do...... Transactions mit written answers to a series of questions, printed copies of which may be obtained on application to J. B. Noit, Secretary.


Best yoke,........ $10 | Second best,.... Colman's Tour. EXPERIMENTS AND ESSAY3.

Third best, Vol. Trans. For the most satisfactory experiment of stall feeding cattle, To boys under 16 years of age who shall exhibit the best broke with a full detail of all the circumstances,..

$20 yoke of 2 year old steers of their own training, Col. Tour. For the most satisfactory experiment in converting green

Second best,.. · Diploma. | Third best,. Vol. Trans. crops or other vegetable matters into manure, with full details, &c..


YEARLING STEERS. for the most satisfactory experiment made for increasing Best yoke,.....

. $8 | Second best,.... Colman's Tour. manures in forming compost,..


Third best, Vol. Trans. For the most satisfactory experiment for top dressing grass, 10 To boys under 16 years of age who shali exhibit the best broke

subsoil plowing,

10 yoke of yearling steers of their own training, Colman's Tour. eradicating Can. thistle,.. 10 Second best, . Diploma. | Third hest,... Vol. Trans. “ draining,................

10 In awarding the premiums on working oxen and steers, the “ irrigation:

10 single teams will be subjected to a trial on a loaded cart or on the improvement of wagon, under the direction of the comınittee; and particular reseed wheat, by culture and propagation,...

10 ference will be had to the matching, training, and docility of the

animals, as well as their general appearance. FARM DWELLINGS. For the best design accompanied with plans and elevation,

FAT CATTLE AND FAT SHEEP. combining convenience, economy, and good taste.

Best pair fat oxen... $15 | Second best,..

.810 For best,... •$15 | Second best,....


Third best, Colman's Tour. Competitors for the premiums on Experiments and Designs, Best ox or steer,..... -$10 | Second best,

.85 must forward their manuscripts to the Secretary, Albany, provi

Third best, Voi. Trans. ous to the 1st of December, 1846, free of postage.

Best fat cow or heifer,.....$10 | Second best,...


Third best, Vol. Trans.

A fat ox taking a premium as one of a pair, cannot compete

singly for another premiuin. Best Bull, over 3 years old, . $15 | Second best,..

.810 Best fat sheep,......, $10 | Second best,... Colman's Tour. Third best, Diploma.

Third best, Vol. Trans. Best bull, 2 years old......$10 | Second best.... Colman's Tour.

Applicants for the preiniums on fat cattle and sheep, must farThird best, Diploma.

nish statements of the manner of feeding the animals, and the Best yearling, bull,.... .$10 | Second best.....Colman's Tour. kind, quantity, and cost of the food.

Third best, Diploma.
Best bull calf,..Colman's Tour. | Second best......... Diploma.

Besi cow, 3 years old,......815 | Second best,


CLASS 1-for all roork.
Third best, Diploma.

Best, over 4 years old,.. .$10 | Third best............. Diploma Best heiser, 2 years old,.....$10 | Second best,.... Colman's Tour. Second best,..

5 | Fourth best,.... ... Vol. Trans Third best, Diploma. Best yearling heifer, .......$10 | Second best,. ...Colman's Tour.

CLASS 11- Blood.
Third best, Diploma.

Best, over 4 years old......
..Diploma. Second best,................

810 | Third best...........: Diploma. Best heiter calf, Colman's Tour. Second best,

5 Fourth best,....... Vol. Trans. CLASS II.-HEREFORDS.

CLABS III- Draught. Best bull,'over 3 years old, .915 Best cow...

15 Best, over 4 years old,.. $10 Third Lest,..

.............. Diploma. Second best,.... 10 Second best,

Second best,..

5 | Fourth best,

......... Vol. Trans. Best bull between 1 and 3 Best heifer between 1 and 3 years old,... ............... 10 years old, ............... 10

THREE YEAR OLD STALLIONS. Second besty... .. Diploma. Second best,.......... Diploma. Best 3 years old stallion,... $10 | Third best,........... Diploma.

Second best,.... .... 5 Fourth best,........Voi. Tranz. CLASS III.-DEVONS. Best bull, 3 years old...... $15 | Best cow,


Second best,.....
10 Second best...

Best gelding,...

$5 | Second best........ Vol. Trans. Best bull, between 1 and 3 | Best heifer, hetween 1 and 3 years old,.... 10 years old,.........


MATCHED HORSES. Second best,.. . Diplomna. Second best,..

. Diploma. Best pair,...

$10 | Second, .... .. Diploma.

Third best, 2 Vols. Trans.
Best bull, over 3 years old,. 815 Best cow,..................815

Second hest,...
10 second best,..


Best brood mare (with foal at her foot), for all work, $10. Best bull, between 1 and 3 Best heifer, between 1 and 3

Second best..... $5 | Third,..

Diploma. years old,...

years old,....


Fourth, Vol. Transactions. Second best,......... Diploma. Secoad best,...

......... Diploma.

Best brood blood mare (with foal at her foot), $10.

Second best,.... ..$5 | Third,.... ... Diploma. CLABS V.-CROSSES OF NATIVE AND IMPROVED.

Fourth, Vol. Transactions. Best cow, over 3 years old,. $15 | Third best, two years old,

Best brood draught mare (with foal at her foot), $10. Second best,

10 heifer,..

Vol. Trans.
Second best,

$5 | Third,... .... Diploma. Third best,........ Vol. Trans. Best yearling heifer..........$5

Fourth, Vol. Transactions.
Best 2 year old heifer,..... 15 Second best,....Colman's Tour. Best mare, 3 years old,......$5 Second best,............

....Diploma. Second best,... 10 Third best, Vol. Trans.

Third, Vol. Transactions.
Best heifer call, Colman's Tour.

over 3 years old,. $15 | Third best, 2 year old heifer, . $5

Second best,..
10 Best yearling heifer.......... 5 Best buck,

$8 | Best 5 ewes,... Third best,.......... Vol. Trans. Second best,.... Colman's Tour Second best,...Colman's Tour. Second best,.... Colman's Tow. Best helfer, 2 years old, .... 15 Third best,..... .. Vol. Trans. Third best, .Diploma. Third best...........

... DI ma. Second best, 10 Best heifer calf, Colman's Tour.

Best pen 5 lambs, $5.

Best cow,



.... 10


Compliance with the following rules will be strictly required of Best buck,.. $8 Best 5 ewes,

$8 those who compete for these premiums, viz. : The cows to be fed Second best,... Colman's Tour. Second best,.... Colman's Tour. on pasture, green corn-stalk fodder, or grass cut for the purpose, Third best,

.Diploma. | Third best,... . Diploma. only: No grain, roots or slops of any description, to be fed dur.
Best pen 5 lambs, $5.

ing the trial, nor for fifteen days preceding the trial. The cows This class includes the Southdown, Norfolk, Dorset, Native, &c. to be owned by the competitors previous to the 1st day of Febr.,

1816. The wilk drawn from the cows on some one day during CLASS III- MERINOS AND THEIR GRADES.

the trial to be accurately weighed and measured, and the result Best buck.... .$8 | Best five ewes,.,

$8 stated. A sample of at least 25 lbs. of the butter so made to be Second best,...Colman's Tour. Second best,.... Colman's Tour exhibited at the fair at Auburn, for the inspection of the examin. Third best, .......... Diploma. Third best, ...........

.... Diploma ing committee. The particular breed of the cows to be stated, if Best pen 5 lambs, 85.

known, and the method of making and preserving the butter. A This class includes all those generally denominated Merinos, certificate signed by the owners of the cows, and at least one whether of pure or mixed blood.

other person who assisted in milking and making the butter, de

tailing the above particulars, will be required. CLASS IV.-Sarons AND THEIR GRADES.

The executive committee believe that few, if any, premiums ofBest buck.................. $8 | Best five ewes,..

$8 fered on neat cattle will result in greater benefit to the farming Second best,...Colman's Tour. Second best,.... Colman's Tour. interest, than those on the products of the dairy, providing fixed Third best,... ... Diploma. | Third best, ..Diploma. rules, requiring uniformity of feed, be faithfully enforced. The Best pen 5 lambs, $5.

increased list of premiums is offered with the hope it will induca This class includes all those generally denominated Saxons, extensive competition throughout the State. Let this object be whether of pure or mixed blood.

accomplished, and an opinion approximating to accuracy may be

formed by the public which of the several breeds of cows are the SWINE.

best for dairy purposes, and from those that prove the best, furBest boar, over 10 months,. $10 | Best sow,

$10 ther improvement may be made. Second best,... Colman's Tour. Second best,.... Colman's Tour. Third best,...... .Diploma. | Third best,... ... Diploma. Best 25 lbs. made in June,..$10 | Second best,... Colman's Tour. Best lot of pigs under 10 months, not less than four in number, Second best,.... Colman'sTour. Third best,....... Silver Medal. Colman's Tour. Second best, Diploma.

Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. Fourth best,...

........Diploma. In awarding premiums on hogs, reference will be had not Best 50 lbs. made at any time Fifth best,...Vol. Transactions. merely to size or present condition, but to that proportion between

$15 bone and meat which promises the greatest value from the least The claimants for premiums must state in writing the time amount of foed.

when it was made; the number of cows kept on the farm; the

mode of keeping; the treatment of the cream and milk before POULTRY.

churning; the mode of churning winter and summer; the method For the best lot of Dorking fowls, not less than 3, one cock and of freeing the butter from the milk; the quantity and kind of salt two hens,.....

.$3 used; whether saltpetre or any other substances have been emFor the best lot of Black Poland, not less than three,.... 3) ployed. For the best lot of large fowls, not less than three,.

3 The butter offered for premiums must be presented in butter For the best pair of ducks,.. $3 | For the best pair of turkeys... 3 tubs, jars, or firkins. For the best pair of geese,..

3 For the best and greatest variety of barn yard fowls owned by

CHEESE. the exhibitor,...

One year old

and over. Best 100 lbs.....

$15 | Third best,....... Silver Medal. FARM IMPLEMENTS.

Second best,... Colman's Tour. Fourth do... .. Diploma. Best plow, * ....... Silver Medal | 2d best straw cutter... Diploma.

Fifth do., Vol. Transactions. Second do... . Diploma. Third do....... Vol. Transactions.

Less than one year old. Third do... .Vol. Trans. Best corn and cob crusher,. . $10 Best 100 lbs.,...... ......$15 | Third best....... Silver Medal. Best subsoll plow, Silver Medal Second do..... .... Diploma. Second best,...Colman's Tour. Fourth do.............

... Diploma. Second do...... . Diploma. Third do.,... Vol. Transactions.

Fifth do., Vol. Transactions. Third do.,... Vol. Transactions. Best clover machine,.......$10 Those who present cheese for the premiums offered, must state Best farm wagon, Silver Medal. Second do..... .. Diploma. in writing the time when it was made; the number of cows kept; Second do... ..Diploma. Third do.,... Vol. Transactions. whether the cheese was made from one, two, or more milkings; Third do.,.... Vol. Transactions. Best flax and hemp dresser, $10 whether any addition is made of cream; the quantity of renne: Best harrow,..... Silver Medal. Second do... .. Diploina. used, and the mode of preparing it; the mode of pressure, and Best cultivator,... Silver Medal. Third do.,... Vol. Transactions. the treatment of cheese afterwards. Best fanning mill, Silver Medal. Best horse cart,.... ...Diploma. Second do...... Diploma. Best ox cart,...

........ do....

DAIRIES. Third do..... Vol. Transactions. Best horse rake, For the best cheese dairy,..$50 | Second best,.............. . $30 Best horse power, Silver Medal. Best ox yoke,

Third best, $20. Second do., ........... Diploma. Best farm harness,

B. P. Johnson, of Rome, Oneida county, Chairman. Third do..... Vol. Transactions. Best saddle,..........

For the best butter dairy, $25 | Second do.,. $15 | Third do.,. $10 Best corn stalk cutter, Sil. Med. Best grain cradle,...... 10

ZADOC PRATT, of Pratisville, Chairman. Second do... .......... Diploma. Best six hand rakes,......... The competitors for the above premiums must comply with the Third do........... Vol. Trans. Best six hay forks,...... do.... following regulations. They must state the actual product of the Best threshing machine, Best six grass scythes, cheese or butter dairy; the locality of such dairy in latitude ; the

Silver Medal. Best six cradle scythes, composition of the soil as near as may be where the dairy farm is Second do.............. Diploma. Best six dung forks, situated; the kind of grass used for pasture and for hay; the Third do..... Vol. Transactions. Best six quantity, in pounds, of milk per cow on the average and in the Best drill barrow,..... Diploma. Best six aggregate ; the quantity of cheese or butter to the hundred pounds Best straw cutter, . Silver Medal. Best hay rigging... ·$5 of milk produced ; the gross quantity of milk and cheese, or bui* The trial of plows will take place on Tnesday, Sept. 15th. ter, produced; the quality of the cheese or butter ; the method of

making; the breed of cows composing the dairy; and all such For the best and most numerous collection of agricultural im other details produced as shall determine the most profitable mode plements,......

· $10 of conducting the cheese or butter dairy business. Also, for the best and most numerous collection of agricultural implements manufactured in the State of New York, by or un

SUGAR. der the supervision of the exhibitor,.............. Silver Medal. Best 25 lbs. maple sugar,...$10 Third best.. .Diploma

Second best,..

5 Fourth best,........ Vol. Trans. PLOWING MATCH.

For the best 25 pounds of Cornstalk sugar, Silver Medal. First premium, $15 | Third premium,.

No premium to be awarded unless the sample offered shall be Second do... .............. 12 Fourth do....... Colman's Tour. deemed worthy of it. Fifth, Vol. Transactions.

The process of manufacture and clarifying must be particularly For boys under eighteen years of age :

stated in reference to the maple and cornstalk sugar. First premium,.... $10 | Second,..... Third, Vol. Transactions.

SILK. One-fourth of an acre will be required to be plowed within an Best specimen manufactured | Best specimen sewing silk, not hour and a quarter, with 15 minutes for rest-the furrow slice to (woven into cloth or rib

less than one pound, of dobo not over 12 inches wide, nor less than 8 inches in depth. The bons)

mestic growih............$19 plowman to drive his own team, and the furrow slice to remain Second best,..

10 Second best,....

5 as lett by the plow.

Third best,..... Colman's Tour. Third best,...........

.Diploma. BUTTER.

Fourth best.... Vol. Trans. Fourth best,........ Val. Trans. For the best lot (quality as well as quantity considered) made Best specimen not less than Best one-half bushel cocoons, from five cows, in 30 successive days—25 lbs of the butter to be one pound reeled silk,.....$5

$10 exhibited, $25.

Second best,.. .Diploma. Second best,... Colman's Tour. Second best,.. $15 | Third best,....... $10' Third best,........, Vol. Trans. Third best............

... Diploma

.do ...

- $10



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