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12 best sweet potatoes,.. Trans. Three best squasbes, Best woollen blankets, $.5-Stc-| Best double carpet coverlet, $i Best half peck Lima beans,

12 best water melons,.... Trans. Largest paunpkin,....

12 best ears seed corn, ond, 4-Third, 3. -Second, 3-Third, 2-Fourth

Vol. Trans. Best half peck table poBest ten yards flannel, $5–Sec- Trans.

Best half peck Windsor


$2 ond, 4-Third, 3. Best pair woollen knit stockings, beans,.... Vol. Trans. Second best,.

Trans. 82-Sec ind, Trans. — Third. Best bunch double parsBest ten yards woollen cloth, $5

Best seedling potato,...... $5 Second, 4-Third, 3. Diploma.


Vol. Trans. / 12 Cantelenp melons,.... Trans. Best woollen carpet, $5-Sec- Best wove woollen' stockings, ond, 4-Third, 3. $2–Second, Trans.-- Third, ducts not above enumerated.

Discretionary premiums will be awarded on choice garden pro-
Best tow cloth, 15 yards, $3— Diploma.
Second, Diploma.
Best cotton wove stockings, 82

Best ten yards linen, 85– Beco
-Second, Vol. Trans.-. Third, Best Iron Gate for farm purposes,.

Silver Medal. ond, 4-Third, 3.


Best ornamental cast-iron vase, on pedestal,. Best ten yards linen diaper, $5 Best Ib. of linen sewing thread, Best sample drain tile,....

. Diploma.

Diplonia. -Second, Third, 3. 82–Second, Trans.—Third, Best quarter of an acre of osier willow, and the best specimens Best hearth rug, $5—Second, 4 Diploina.

manufactured from the product, $8. -Third, 3-Fourth, 2—Fifth. Best linen woven stockings, $2 Best specimen wire hurdle fence, to be accompanied with an acTrans-Sixth, Diploma. -Second, Tr.-Third, Dip.

count of cost, Silver Medal.
Best ten yards kersey, $3-Sec- Best linen knit stockings, $24
ond, 2-Third, Trans.
Second, Trans.—Third, Dip.

Best rag carpet, 15 yards, $3— Best knit cotton stockings, $2– Will be awarded for-
Second, 3— Third, Trans. Second, Trans.-Third, Dip.

1st-Stoves and other Manufactures of Iron. Best bed quilt, or other bed or window furniture, discretionary

2d-Paintings and Drawings. preiniums, at the option of the committee.

30-Ornamental Shell, Necdle, and Wax work.

4th--Implements and Machinery. FRUIT.

Also, for all such other articles and products not enumerated For the greatest variety table apples, $5

above, as shall be deemed worthy of encouragement. For the second greatest.... $3 | For the third greatest,.. Vol. Ty,

For the best twelve sorts, not less than three of each, $3. Best new seedling apple,....


FIELD CROPS. For the greatest variety of table pears.....................:


Best crop of wheat raised upon any one farm, $15. For the second greatest,... ........... Vol. Trans. Second best,....

- $10 | Third best,......2 Vols. Trans. For the greatest variety of winter pears,

Best crop of spring wheat raised upon any one farm, $15. For the best twelve quinces,........

Second best,

..$10 | Third best, ..2 Vols. Trans. For the best twelve peaches,...

Best crop of Indian corn raised upon any one farm, 815.

Second best, For the best twenty-four

...$10 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. For the best six bunches of native grapes, ..

Best crop of barley raised upon any one farm,........$10. For the best six bunches of foreign grapes,

Second best,

. $5 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. For the best dozen figs,........


Best crop of rye raised upon any one farm,.. 810. For the second best........

Second best,.... .......... Vol. Tr....

$51 Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. For the best one-half dozen oranges,... Best crop of oats raised upon any one farm,... .$10. For the best one-half dozen lemons,.

Second best,

$5 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. For the best dozen nectarines,.. Best crop of potatoes for table, raised upon any one farın, $10. For the best dozen apricots,

Second best,....

........$5 | Third best,.. Vol Transactions. For the best dozen | Best crop of potatoes, quantity considered, raised upon any one For the best pint of almonds...

......... do....

farm, $10, Second best,....

$5 í Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. Resolved, That a committee of — be appointed by the Execu- Best crop of sugar beets raised upon any one farm, $10.

Second best,.. tive Committee, who shall report at the next annual meeting a

• $5 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions. list of not exceeding 30 kinds of apples, which shall be in their

Best crop of mangel wurzel raised upon any one farm, 810. Second best,...

.85 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions opinion best adapted to the economical demands of the people of this State, and be best suited to the different localities of the

Best crop of ruta baga raised upon any one farm.....$10. same, comprising their most extensive use in all seasons, for Second best, .....

$5 | Third best... Vol. Transactions home consumption, and for exportation, the individual names of

Best crop of carrots raised upon any one farm,......$10. said fruits, a drawing of each separate kind, with a particular de- Second best,...,

$5 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions scription thereof; and that in this connection they also take into

Best crop of peas raised upon any one farın,........$10. consideration the several classes of fine fruits as adapted to the

Second best,...... . $5 | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions above purposes, and dollars be appropriated as in the judg- N.B. It is understood the above premiums are to be awarded ment of the Executive Committee shall be necessary to accom- for crops raised in the usual cultivation of the farm-to include plish this object.

the entire crop raised in each case. It is not intended to offer Committee.-L. F. Allen, Black Rock; Dr. A. Stevens, New premiums for crops raised on small parcels

of land-by unusual York; Dr. A. Thompson, Aurora; L C. Platt, Plattsburgh ; Prof. manuring and cultivation. J. Jackson, Schenectady.

Best acre of corn, for fodder, $5.

Best half acre of hops....... $5 | Best half acre of tobacco,... $5
For the greatest variety and quantity, Silver Medal. Best half acre of flax,....... 5 Best acre of cabbage,.....
For the second greatest,... Dip. / For third greatest,..

Vol. Trans.

Best acre of broom corn, $5.
For the best Floral ornament, Silver Medal.

Best acre of clover seed, $10.
For the second best,... Diploma. / For best seedling dahlia,... Dip. Second best,...Colman's Tour. | Third best,.. Vol. Transactions.
For third best.....
Vol. Trans. / For the second best, Vol. Trans:

Best acre of timothy seed, $10. For the best twenty-five varieties of Dahlias, Silver Medal. Secona oest... Colmar's Tour. | Third best,.. .... Diploma. For the second besh... Diploma | For the third best,.. Vol. Trans. Those who present claims to premiums for farm crops, must For the most beautiful boquet, composed of not less than twelve state in writing the following particulars: The condition of the varieties, Colman's Tour.

soil at the commencement of cultivation for the crop; the previSecond best,.......

....Diplomna. | Third best,......... Vol. Trans. ous crop and cultivation, and quantity of manure used upon it; For the greatest variety of house plants owned by one indi- the quantity and kind of manure the present season; the quantity vidual, ... . Diploma. , Second greatest, Vol. Trans.

and sort of seed used; the time and manner of sowing, cleaning, For the best 20 varieties German asters, ......... Vol. Trans. and harvesting the crop; the amount of the crop determined by For the best six varieties carnation pink,

.do....actual weight or measurement, and the expense of cultivation. For the best 12 varieties roses in bloom................ Diploma. The land shall be measured by some surveyor, who shall swear Second best,.....

........ Vol. Trans. to the correctness of his survey, and that it was made with a For the best 3 varieties of Cactus in bloom,............. Diploma. chain and compass ; and the claimant of the premium, with two For the best 3 varieties Camellia Japonica, in other persons who assisted in measuring, shall certify under oath For the best single Camellia in bloom,.. Best 6 Geraniums in bloom, .......

as to the quantity produced from the piece of land mentioned in the certificate of the surveyor-and a sample of grain shall be Second best,.....

Vol. Trans. presented at the annual meeting, with the oath of the applicant,

that the same is a fair sample of the whole crop. VEGETABLES.

The statements required from those who compete for the pre 24 best stalks celery, 2 vols. Tr., 12 best table beets,..... Vol. Tr. miums on farms and field crops, must be sent to J. B. Notr, Re6 best heads cauliflower, 12 best parsnips, cording Secretary, Albany, previous to the 1st of December, 1846, 6 best beads broccoli, 12 best onions,.. and the premiums will be awarded at the annual meeting of the 12 best white table tur- 3 best heads of cabbage,. do.... Society on the third Wednesday of January.

nips, ............. Vol. Trans. 12 best tomatoes.. do.... N.B. Plate will be substituted for money, on the application of 12 best carrots, 2 best purple egg plants,do.... the persons receiving the premium.

....... 5

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PREMIUMS FOR 1847-1848–1849.

REVIEW OF THE MARKET. Whereas, the Agricultural Society of the State of New York has not an experimental farm ; and whereas, to some extent,

PRICES CURRENT IN NEW YORK, MARCA 23, 1846. satisfactory experiments can be made by intelligent farmers on ASHES, Pots, ..................... per 100 lbs. 84 00 to 84 06 their own farms; therefore

Pearls, ............................ 4 38 4 44 Resolved, That the underınentioned list of premiums be offered 3ALE ROPE,

................... Ib. 5

7 to induce public spirited individuals to lend their valuable ald in BARK, Quercitron,....................... ton, 25 00 20 00 extending the boundaries of accurate rural knowledge.

BEANS, White,

........ bush. 1 12

1 25 BEESWAX, Am. Yellow, ............ lb.

33 Three premiums will be awarded or $30, $20, and $10, in BG T ROPE, 12 January, 1818. For the best experiment upon a head of not less BONES, ground,...


............... bush. than eight cows, to determine the relative advantages of soiling, BRISTLES, American, .................. Ib. 25 or Jepasturing inilch cows. The experiment to be conducted as BUTTER, Table,.. 16 follows:


9 Ist. The experiment must cominence on the first day of May, CANDLES, Mould, Tallow, .......

9 and be continued until the first day of November.

Sperm, 25 2d. The cows to be divided in two lots of four each. One lot to Stearine........... 20 be soiled, the other depastured. Before commencing the experi- CHEESE,

JO ment, each lot must be weighed, and the record of the weight re- COAL, Anthracite, ..............2000 lbs. 5 50 6 50 turned to the committee. It is necessary that the two lots shall CORDAGE, American, .................. Ib. 11

12 be as near alike in weight and milking properties as possible. COTTON,


11 3d. The milk of each lot to be weighed separate daily.

COTTON BAGGING, Amer. hemp,.... yard, 13

14 4th. The inanure made from those soiled to be ascertained in Kentucky


13 cords.

...................... lb. 26

34 5th. An account to be kept of the expense of soiling, also a de- FLAX, American, 7

8 tailed statement of the entire management, together with the FLOUR, Northern and Western, ......... bbl. 5 50 5 measurement of the land occupied in soiling, and each to be re- Fancy....

6 00 6 50 turned to the cominittee.

Southern, 5 50 5 87 6th. A description and measurement of the land occupied for Richinond City Mills, 6 50

6 75 pasture, also to be made.

Rye,...... 3 75 4 00 7th. Each lot to be weighed at the conclusion of the experiment. GRAIN-Wheat, Western.............. bush. 1 15 1 25

Southern.............. do. 1 10

1 20 For the best experiment to be continued throngh three crops, to Rye,.. 80

85 ascertain in bushels of grain and weight of stalks or straw the Corn, Northern, 68 4 actual value of manure to a fariner. The experiments to be con


67 ducted as follows, viz.:


.......... do.


65 lst. Three contiguous acres of ground shall be selected.

Oats, Northern, 43

45 2. One acre of which shall be manured with not more than



40 ten cords of common barn yard manure the first year, and plowed GUANO

2 00 3 00 urder. The second acre to be manured with fermented or com-HAY, in hales...

....... 100 lbs 80

90 posted manure, to be applied in any manner the experimenter HEMP, Russia, clean...... .......... do. 210 00

* 210 00 chooses--but a full account of the mode is to be made, and the American, water-rotted, ...... ton, 105 00 " 185 00 manner of application. Also, an accurate account of the cost of American, dow-rotted, ............. de

75 00 " 125 00 the material and its application.

HIDES, Dry Southern,....

8 « 10 3d. The three acres are to be planted with corn the first year ; HOPS,...

............... Ib. 20

33 the second to be sowed with barley or oats; the third crop to be HORNS, ............................... 100. 1 00 7 00 winter grain; an accurate account of the yield of each crop to LEAD...

................... Ib. 4 00

4 06 be kept.

Sheet and bar 4" 5 4th. A full account of the whole management and all the de. MEAL, Corn,............................ bbl. 3 88 u

3 50 tails respecting the culture and the circumstances affecting the Corn,

........... hhd. 15 75

16 00 crop.

MOLASSES, New Orleans, 30 5th. The several kinds of soil to be particularly described, and MUSTARD, American,

.......... lb. 16

31 specimens transmitted to the State Society for analysis, before NAVAL STORES—Tar,.... ......... bbl. 2 00 2 25 commencing the experiment—and also at the conclusion of the Pitch, 1 25

1 38 experiment-discriminating carefully between each acre.


75 For the best,. . $40 | Second best..$30. | Third best,. . $20.


........ do.

4 00 4 50 N.B. The specimens of soil to be selected for analysis, must be Spirits Turpentine, Southern, 60

65 taken from the surface in different parts of the acre. Where the OIL, Linseed, American,


65 acre is green sward, the sample must be taken just at the termina- Castor, 57 tion of the roots of the grass. Specinuens should also be selected Lard,.... 70

75 from the depth of seven or eight inches. At all events, immedi. OIL CAKE, ........................ 100 lbs. 1 76 1 ately below the usual depth to which the plow runs. The spe- PEAR, Field,

........... bush. 1 50 2 09 cimens of soil must in no case be mixed; and should consist of PLASTER OF PARIS, ............ton. 2 62

2 75 about 1 lb., sewed in a cotton bag.

Ground, in bbls., ...........0f 300 lbs.

1 12

1 25 PROVISIONS--Beef, Mess,..

..........bbl. 7 00

9 $20 will be paid at the Annual Meeting of the Society, in 1848,

Prime,............. do. 4 50 5 50 to the person who will make the most satisfactory agricultural

Smoked, .......ld. 6

9 experiment--accuracy and the importance of the experiment to

Rounds, in pickle, 4 be taken into consideration. A full detail of the experiment and Pork, Mess,

............bbl. 10 50 13 00 its results must accompany the application.

Prime, ............. 9 00 10 00 Lard,

....... Ib. 61“ 7 For the best managed entire flock of sheep, or not less than 100, Bacon sides, Smoked,

......... do. 3 to be awarded at the annual meeting in 1848.

In pickle,

3 Best,.. $30. Second best,..820. | Third best,..610.

Hams, Smoked, 6

10 The applicant for these premiums will be required to furnish


7 the Society with the following information, viz :

Shoulders, Smoked,. 1st. The kind and quantity of food and its value.

Pickled, 2d. The quantity and quality of wool-this to be determined


100 lbs.

3 75 4 50 by its being submiited to ihe stapling of some respectable manu

.. sack, 1 22

1 30 facturing establishment, whose certificate shall accompany the

Common, .....
.......... bush. 20

35 application for the premium.



13 3d. The number of the increase.

Timothy, ..................7 bush. 13 50 20 00 4th. Kind of sheep and the number of ewes, wethers, and bucks.

Flax, 10 00 11 00 5th. The value of sheep when faltened, and the value of SODA, Ash, contg 80 per cent. soda, ... .lb.

............. do. 9 00

Jo 00 lambs for the butcher.


3 Sulphate Soda, ground, 1 SUGAR, New Orleans,

5 TO CORRESPONDENTS.-L. T. Talbot, A Subscriber, Nath. SUMAC, American,..................... ton, 35 00


37 50 Sawyer (whose questions will be answered by a gentleman who TALLOW, ...............................

7 has travelled in New Mexico, California, &c.), c. N. Bement, J. TOBACCO

8 Bowers, Arch'd Jane, and T, are received. Two of the articles of WHISKEY, American,....

24 the latter for Boys' Department came to hand so late as to be out WOOLS, Saxony, .................... lb. 35 of season, we shall therefore lay them over till next year. The Merino., .... other articles shall appear in our next. They are all good, and Half blood,

........................ do. we are much obliged.

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AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE. At Market, 1000 Beef Cattle (800 Sonthern), 100 Cows and Orange County Scientific and Practical Agricultural Institute. Calves, and 900 Sheep and Lambs. PRICES.--Beef Cattle-Prices have fully recovered what little for the acquisition of a combined scientific and practical know

The design of this Institute is to afford the most efficient means they had lost last week. We quote as in quality, $5a87) as the ledge of Agriculture. extremes of the market. Unsoid, 100. COWS AND Calves.Prices remain firm at last week's rates. town of Montgomery, from 7 to 9 miles west of Newburgh,

A number of farmers residing in the same neighborhood, in the All sold at from $15 to $35. SHEEP AND LAMBS.-Holders were backward last week, and become instructors to such pupils as may be committed to their

having united, under a written contract, one with the other, to the offerings smaller than for some months past. All taken at care, through the undersigned, their officers, present the Instituprices ranging, according to quality, from $2 25a35 to $6 50.

tion to the attention of the public. Hay.-The stock on hand at present is very small-fully adequate, however, to the demand. The North River being now ber of the association with whon he may reside.

Each pupil will be under the practical instruction of the memopen, fresh supplies, in the course of the week, are expected. The scientific instruction will be under the care of Mr. James Sales of Long Island at $1 per cwt.

Darrach, a graduate of Yale College, a gentleman of scientitic at

tainments, and, in common with his associates, the holder of his MOUNT HOPE BOTANIC GARDEN & NURSERIES, own plow. ROCHESTER, NEW YORK,

This part of the Institution will embrace most of the Academic South St. Paul Street, nearly opposite the Cemetery.

Sindies, Natural History, and principles of Agricultural Economy. The Proprietors of this establishinent offer for sale an unusually rents is, that the practical instruction will be given by practical

The peculiarity of this Institute which recommends it to pa. large and fine collection of Fruit and Ornamental Trees, Flower: farmers, whose duty and interest compel them to attend to the ing Shrubs, Roses, Herbaceous Plants, Double Dahlias, Bulbous Roots, Grape Vines, Raspberries, Strawberries, Gooseberries, Aspa

economy as well as the general management of a farm. ragus Roots, Rhubarb, Iledge Plants, Green-house Plants, &c. &c. Care; constant companionship with the instructors; varied hus

It presents also the following features : Family Discipline and rieties cultivated, and has been grown with the greatest possible bandry and soil, which the pupils will be constantly directed

to care, to ensure accuracy: The proprietors are practical, erperi- within convenient distance for all to attend, Episcopalian. Pres. enced nurserymen, and devote their entire attention to the busiselves or under their immediate inspection. Experience has fully aunually in advance. ness. All the important operations are performed either by them byterian, Reformed Dutch, Scotch Presbyterian, and Methodist.

Terms--$125 per annum, for tuition and board, payable semiproved that trees grown at this point, in addition to being free froin diseases, are better adapted to cold climates than those of checton turnpike, connect our places daily with Newburgh.

Mail and other stages that pass over the Newburgh and Coany other portion of the United States. the collection of Apples includes several thousands of the fa

The Institute will open for the reception of pupils on the 1st

of April. mous new American apple, the Northern Spy. Of Pears, a large assortment of the choicest kinds are propagated on quince stocks,

Inquiries and applications may be addressed to either of the for garden culture, as dwarfs or pyramids, and will bear the firs: undersigned at Coldenham, Orange County, N.Y. or second year after planting. A lot of extra size for immediate


Samuel Wait, Jr., Secretary. bearing are now offered. The collection of Ornamental Trees is large, and includes a few. County Agricultural Society; John Caldwell, Esq., Salisbury,

References-Frederick J. Betts, Esq.. President of the Orange hundred of the splendid Paulownia Imperialis. The catalogue of Roses einbraces the most

beautiful of the new varieties of the Orange County;, A. B. Allen, Esq., Editor of the American several classes ; hardy and tender. A choice variety are propa- Schenck, Esq., New York ; Hon. Morris Franklin, New York ;

Agriculturist; Wm. Partridge, merchant, New York ; Peter H. gated as standards or tree roses, 4 to 6 feet high, with fine heads. and the officers of the American Institute. or Double Dahlias, the assortment is unsurpassed, including the finest show flowers introduced to this country, and many that were iinported last season at 5 guineas each. A separate cata

JACKS AND JENNETS. logue will be published in April. The stock of Green-house The Subscriber has two very large fine Spanish jacks, and plants is very extensive, and includes the most beautiful new some superior jennets for sale. Inquire, post-paid, of Pelargonium (Geranium), Fuchsia, Camellia, Calceolaria, Ver- New Brunswick, N.J.

JOHN A. POOLE. bena, Roses, Cactus, &c. All are finely grown, and are offered at greatly reduced prices. Trees and plants packed in the best manner, and shipped to

FIELD AND GARDEN SEEDS. any part of the country agreeable to order.

Priced catalogues The Subscriber has been so often requested to add Garden seut gratis, to all post-paid applications. Orders from unknown Seeds to his assortment of Field Seeds, that he has at length con. correspondents must be accompanied with a remittance or a sented to do so, and now offers for sale a great variety, grown by reference.

ELLWANGER & BARRY. responsible persons, and put up expressly for him. They are april, 1846.

fresh, and he confidently thinks may be relied upon.

A. B. ALLEN, No. 187 Water Street, N.Y. COUNTRY SEAT AND FARM. FOR SALE.-A Farm and beautiful Country Seat, at Flushing,

PRINCE'S MANUAL OF ROSES. L.I., one mile from the steamboat landing.--containing about sixiy

PRICE 50 CENTS. acres of land, under the best state of cultivation, having a fine view of the bay and surrounding country. On the premises are

The new and improved edition of this work will be issued the n two story dwelling house (handsome interior), marble mantels present week. It comprises the most complete history of " THE and folding doors, containing ton rooms, large garret and cellar, ROSE," and of all the branches of this most interesting family with kitchon, washrooin, and milkroom--attached, two large that has ever appeared in Europe or America. Every variety barns, carriage house, stable, and other outbuildings--also gar- that is comprised in any English, French, or American work on dener's and farmer's cottages. The gardens are tastefully laid the subject, is described in this, together with an immense numout with fruit and flowers, upwards of 100 peach trees, and over ber of the splendid new varieties, that have not been noticed in 250 specimens of fruit trees of various kinds, large green-house, any previous publication. The most ampie inforipation is also hot-house, pots, &c., &c., and one of the most splendid vineries given as to the culture and propagation of all classes of “THB of its kind, in this country or in Europe, 186 feet long, and 22 feet Rose." Published by the author, Wm. R. Prince, Clark & Auswine, with span roof, containing 102 superior foreign Grape Vines, tin, Saxton & Miles, Wiley & Putnam, and Swords, Stanford & of 21 varieties, and 40 Peach, Nectarine, Apricot, and Greengage Co., New York. trees, on arched trellises in the centre, bearing largo fruit. The New York, March 1st, 1846. vines commence bearing this summer. Further description is unnecessary, as persons disposed to purchase, will view the pre

IMPERIAL OATS. mises. The facilities of communication between Flushing and A few barrels of these superior oats can be had of the subthe city, both by steamboat and stages, are loo familiar to need scriber. Price $4 per barrel, or 1.50 per bushel. description.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y. For terms of sale, which will be reasonable and accommodating, apply (if by letter post-paid) to W. H. Franklin & Son, Broad

DURHAM BULL FOR SALE. Street, New York, or to the subscriber at Flushing.


Not having sufficient use for him, the subscriber offers for sale

his thorough bred imported bull, Prince Albert. His sire was the GUANO. celebrated bull, Sir Thomas Fairfax, and his pedigree can be seen

He is five years old, The Subscribers offer for sale, on very accommodating terms, in the British Herd book, Vol. 4, page 382. the balance of the ship Shakspeare's cargo, the only

direct im- a red roan, of medium size, and of quiet temper. If not previously portation into this port from Ichaboe. Much

guano from other disposed of, he will be offered for sale at the next show of the parts of Africa has been sold as Ichaboe, which on trial has pro

New York State Agricultural Society. duced unfavorable results. To prevent the loss of ammonia, this Hook, Dutchess County, New York, where the bull may be seen

Letters on the subject can be addressed to the subscriber at Red cargo has been put in air-tight casks. Apply to Feb. 6, 1846. E. K. COLLINS & CO., 56 South St.




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Crank and Shafts, Flower Gatherers, Flails, Edging Knives

Cattle Tie-chains, Bull Rings, Butter Boxes, Bush Hooks, Cater The only place to find the genuine Eagle and other pillar Brushes Fleams, Scoops, Ox Balls, Post Spoons, Garder

Plows, manufactured by Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, Trowels, Spinning-wheel Heads, Well Wheels, Oven Mouths of Worcester, Massachusetts, is at the Warehouse of

Budding Knives, Pruning ditto.

Castings of all the patterns for New York and Peekskill Plows The Subscriber, who keeps constantly on hand the best and at 4 cents per lb. most complete assortment of Agricultural Implements, Field Worcester ditto, 6 cents. Garden Seeds, Fertilizers, Fruit Trees, &c., to be found in the Seeds of the various kinds, for the field and garden ; such a city. A few of the articles he enumerates below, viz

Wheat, Rye, Oats, Barley, Corn, Beans, Peas, and Grass Seeds Plows. -Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Plows,.. • $2.00 to 4.50 Potatoes, Beets, Carrots, and Parsnips. Some of these plows are made expressly for light sandy soils, Fertilizers, such as Guano, Poudrette, Lime, Plaster, Bones others for a loam or stiff clay, which they work in the best Agricultural Books, a complete assortment. manner. Being made by patent machinery, they are superior to A liberal discount made to dealers. anything of the kind ever before sold in this market.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. One-horse Plows for the North, with single and double mould boards. These last are admirable to work in between the rows THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST. of root crops and corn, when not over 3 feet apart, as they turn the furrow both ways to the crop at once, thus doing double the York, containing 32 pages, royal octavo.

Published Monthly, by SAXTON & Miles, 205 Broadway, New work of a single mould board....

3.00 to 5.00 Rice Trenching Plow. This does the same work as the hands Dollars ; eight copies for Five Dollars.

TERMS-One Dollar per year in advance; three copies for Twe pe furm on a rice plantation with trenching hoes, and equally as Weil, and with five times the rapidity that a negro can work. No among the members, the price will be only FIFTY CENTS a

When Agricultural Societies order the work for distribution, rice planter should be without them. Two and

Four-horse Plows, of different sizes, and for all kinds year, for the Monthly Numbers, and SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS of soil-stony, sandy, loam, or clay; also for stubble and sward orders come officially, and be signed by the President or Secretary

per copy for bound volumes. It will be expected that these land. Some of these have crane clevies attached to them, thus of the Society. The object in putting our periodical at this very enabling the off

' horse, in plowing a wet meadow, to walk on the low rate is, to benefit the farming community more extensively solid sward, instead of a miry fresh plowed

furrow. Ochers are than it could otherwise be done. adapted to trench plowing, enabling the farmer to turn up virgin the Agriculturist in the hands of every Farmer and Planter in the

We hope, henceforth, to see earth in a deep soil. These plows are strong enough tu grub up bushes with their roots, heavy bogs, &c. They likewise answer

country. for partial ditching.....

Each number of the Agriculturist contains but One sheet, and

... 5.00 to 20.00 is transported by mail under the same regulations as newspapers, Paring Plows for shaving off the turf preparatory to 15.00 víz.: free any distance not over 30 miles from its place of publica burning.....

Harrows. A complete assortment of square, triangle, and tion; over this and within 100 miles, or to any town in the State double triangle folding harrows, with wrought iron or steel of New York, one cent postage on each number, and one and a haly

... 6.00 to 16.00 Rollers of various kinds, wood, stone, or iron, single or double: ly, or advertising it, will be furnished a copy gratis, upon sending

Editors of newspapers noticing the numbers of this work month and to move by hand or horse power. Cultivators, hand or horse, of various patterns.....3.00 to 8.00

such notice to this office. Horse Powers. Endless chain single horse....


" Cast-iron, single or two-horse...........50.00 to 60.00 For sale, a collection offine .Apple Trees, comprising 50 choicest
do. four-horse.

.95.00 sorts; also upwards of 200 distinct varieties of Pear trees ; also Grain Threshers.... $25.00 to 40.00 Beaters.... 20.00 to 25.00 Cherries, Apricots, and Plums. Threshers, with Separators.....

...35.00 to 50.00 When the order comprises 100 Trees, the prices will be for Clover Mills...

.30.00 to 65.00 apples, 15 cents; for pears on free stocks for standards, 30 cents; Fanning Mills...

... 12.00 to 27.00 ditto on quince stocks for dwarfs, 20 cents. For any less number Burr Stone Mills, for grinding grain. .30.00 to 125.00 than 100 trees in an order-Apples, 20 cts.; pears, 371 cts.;

ditto Cast-iron Mills, a new and most admirable invention. They work on quince, 25 cts. ; apricots, 50 cts.; plums, 374 cts.; cherries, either by hand or other power, and are well adapted for grinding 371 cents. Apply (by letter post-paid) at the Fruit Plantation of all kinds of grain, except flouring wheat for market...7.00 to 25.00 Lloyd N. Rogers, near Baltimore, to Corn and Cob Crushers, for grinding cob in the ear, 30.00 to 35.00

THOS. TURNER, Manager. Sugar Crushers.....

........7.50 to 20.00 Paint Mills of various patterns..

...7.00 to 17.00

HOVEY'S SEEDLING STRAWBERRY. Corn Shellers and Huskers. Will shell from 100 to 200 bushels of ears per hour, in the best manner. These work by

Price $1.50 per hundred plants, and $10 per thousand. horse or other power.

. 25.00 to 50.00

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. The same worked by hand, made of wood or $7.00 to 10.00 cast iron....

Vegetable Cutters, for slicing up potatoes, beets, 8.00 to 12.00 Value of the Grasses..
turnips, &c. ....
Straw Cutters. Common hand kind.

.3.00 to
8.00 Agricultural Colleges and Schools..

106 Hovey's, with spiral blades.

. 10.00 to 30.00
Anthracite Coal Ashes; Indian Corn for Soiling


and Fodder; Fish for Manure Stevens do. cut from 1 inch to 14 in. long. 10.00 to 15.00 The Cutter,

the Coulter, and the Lock-Coulter: Descriptive 108 Corn stalk Cutters, Thorn's. Sinclair's, and others25.00 to 45.00 Cotton Gins of various patterns...

25.00 to 150.00

Catalogue; Mustard as a Garden and Field Crop Ox, Road, or Dirt Scrapers.....

..4.50 to 5.00

American Agricultural Association ; The Sun Flower...... 109 Self-Acting Cheese Press, a neat and very superior and 6.50 A Leaf from a Farmer's Ledger, J.H. C.

Rocky Mountain Wool, H. Watson simple article..

111 Seed Sowers, various patterns...

..... 2.50 to

The Row Culture for Wheat, A Subscriber........... 5.00

119 Horticultural Tool Chests complete....................... 18.00 Rambouillet Merinos, L. G. Bingham.... WheelBarrows for Gardens.

Scripture's Carriage Wheel, E. Š. Scripture

113 Common ditto.

..2.25 to


Experiments with Guano, Wm. P. Cleaveland Tree or Bush Pullers, $3.06 to 5.00; Garden Syringes, 3.00 to 3.50. Necessity of a Knowledge of Chemical Principles


to a Farmer, R. L. A. Grain Cradles, 3.00 to 3.50 ; Sausage Stuffers, 4.50 to 5.00; Lac

115 tometers, 2.50 ; Bee Hives, 3.25; Ox Yokes and Bows, 2.50 to Sheep at the South, Thomas Affileek.. 5.00; Manure Forks, 63 cents to 4.00; Hay ditto, 50 cents to 1.00; Agriculture and Lands of Florida, S. B. Parsons........

119 Grain and Grass Scythes, 75 cents to 1.00; Swingle Trees, 1.00 tó Sheep Husbandry, John Brown...

119 3.50 ; Hay and Straw Knives, 1.00 to 2.00; Axes, Collins", Raising Beet Seed.... Hunts' and Simons', handled, 1.00 to 1.50; Grubbing Hoes, 50 ets! A Massachusetts Barn, A Traveller.................

121 to 1.00; Picks, 1.00 to 2.00; Trace Chains, 75 cts. to 1.00'; Bud- Blight in Pear Trees, L. W. Hitchcock..

123 ding ditto, 1.13; Ox chains, American 12 cents per lb., English Gardening, No. 2, L. T. Talbot..... ditto, 9 cts; Shovels, 75 cts. to 1.50 ; Spades, ditto, ditto ; Tree Fat Heifers, L. D. Clift

194 Scrapers, 31 to 75 cents; Schufiling Hoes, 25 cts. to 1.00;

Churns, Experiments with

Gaano, D. K. Y. } various patterns, 2.00 to 4.00 ; Grafting Chisels

and saw, Polled Cattle, G. W. J... handled, 2.00 ; Hoes, all patterns, 25 to 63 cts. ; Potato hooks, 50 To keep

New Lands in Grass, A Young Farmer

125 ets, to 1.50 ; Do. Forks, 1.37 to 2.00; Garden Reels, 75 cts.; Sickles, Hood's Balance Gate, Andrew Hood

37 to 63 cts; Grass Shears, 1.25 to 1.50; Twig Cutters, 50 cts. to Ladies' DEPARTMENT: The Garden, No. 2..... 2.00; Vine Scissors, 63 cts. ; Pruning Shears, 2.00; Screw Wrench

Country Schools; To take the Smell from Paint........ 123 1.50 to 2.00; Sheep Shears, 75 ets. to 1.25; Strawberry Forks, Foreign Agricultural News....... 37 cts.; Scyt Rifles, Rakes, various patterns and various

Editor's Table....... prices ; Peat Knives 1.50; Ox Muzzles, 31 to 50 ets. per pair ; Ox New York State Ag. Society, Premium L'st for 1846. ....... 131 Bows, 31 to 50 cts.; Hatchets, 50 to 75 cts.; Horse Brushes, Review of the Market...

.... 105

... 110



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Agriculture is the most healthful, the most useful, and the most noble employment of man.-WASHINGTON." VOL. V. NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER, 1846. NO. IX. A. B. ALLEN, Editor.

Saxton & Miles, Publishers, 205 Broadway. FRENCH MODE OF MAKING APPLE particularly for children, who eat it spread on BUTTER.

bread, and for persons in delicate health, whose In France, a kind of jam, or apple butter, called stomachs will not bear butter. In Italy, the raisine raisiné composé, is prepared by boiling appies in is eaten with gnocchi and other preparations of Inunfermented wine. The must or wine should be dian corn, and with maccaroni, to give a flavor to reduced by boiling to one-half of its bulk, to be these dishes. There is nothing better to make a continually skimmed as fresh scum arises, and dinner relish, and we would always have it, or afterwards strained through a cloth or a fine sieve. apple, or cranberry sauce, if possible. The apples are then pared, cut into quarters, and put into this liquor (raisine) and left to simmer PRESERVATION OF APPLES. gently over a fire, with a continual stirring with a

APPLEs intended to be preserved for winter and wooden spatula or slice, till the apple becomes spring use, should remain upon the trees until thoroughly amalgamated with the liquor, and the quite ripe, which usually takes place at the coming whole forms a kind of marmalade, which is ex- of the first heavy frosts. They should then be tremely agreeable to the taste.

plucked from the trees by hand, in a fair day, and When prepared in the northern departments of packed up immediately in casks, in alternate layers France, the raisine, after the first boiling, skimming, of dry sand, plaster, chaff

, saw-dust, or bran, and and straining, is set in a cool place for twenty-four conveyed to a cool, dry place, as soon as possible. hours, when a saline liquor, like a scum, appears The sand or saw-dust may be dried in the heat of on the surface. This is removed, and the liquor summer, or may be baked in an oven at the time strained, before it is mixed with the apples, as required to be used. The peculiar advantages above. This scum consists principally of tartaric arising from packing apples in sand, are explained acid, which would spoil the raisine, and prevents it and commented upon as follows, by the late Mr. from keeping sweet, but which is not perceivable Webster, author of the "American Dictionary of the when the grapes, from which the wine is made, English Language.” “1st, The sand keeps the apples have been ripened in a southern climate. The from the air, which is essential to their preservaraisine, when properly prepared, is sweet, but with tion ; 2d, The sand checks the evaporation or pera slight flavor of acidity, like lemon-juice mixed spiration of the apples, thus preserving in them with honey. The best raisine is made in Bar- their full flavor-at the same time any moisture gundy. In Normandy, a similar marmalade is yielded by the apples is absorbed by the sand—S0 composed of cider and pears, much resembling the that the apples are kept dry, and all mustiness is “apple-butter,” or “ apple-sauce," of the United prevented. My pippins, in May and June, are as States; but it is not so good as the raisini, being fresh as when first picked. Even the ends of the apt to ferment. In some cases, the pears are put stems look as if just separated from the twigs; 3d, into an earthen vessel without water, and placed in the sand is equally a preservative from frost, rats, a baker's oven, after the bread has been drawn, &c. But after the extreme heat of June takes previously to mixing with water.

place, all apples speedily lose their flavor, and The best raisine is considered very wholesome,' become insipid.”

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