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| IMPORTATION OF PURE BRED MERINO They varied from 124 to 153 lbs. Some of them SHEEP.

were quite thin in flesh, the largest especially, It will be recollected we mentioned in the Agri- which, if in fine condition and her fleece on, would culturist of last year, that Mr. John A. Taintor, of weigh at least 200 lbs. Hartford, Ct., had sailed for England in the month

The following is the weight of their fleeces un. of May, with a view of making a general tour in washed. We took them ourselves in the presence Europe; and that a paramount object with him of several witnesses, and as fast as shorn from the during his absence, would be the inspection of the ewes' backs. The scales we used did not mark less best fine-woolled focks of France, Germany, and than one quarter of a pound, which will account Spain, for the purpose of selecting some choice ani- for the absence of odd Ounces. mals from them for an importation into the United No. 17...... lbs. No. 100......12 1.4 lbs. States. We know no man in America so well

. 15

109 ......17 qualified to make these selections as Mr. Taintor; 64.

110. for his father was largely interested in the early 71.

117......16 3-4 " importations of the Spanish Merinos, and their


118......15 3-4 subsequent breeding; and the son was with him in ......16 1.4 "


195......13 1-2
the same occupation from boyhood, followed up by
extensive dealings in wool from that time to the


107 present. In this way he had the best opportunity of obtaining a thorough knowledge of the animals, The fleeces were about fourteen months old, but and the best system of rearing and breeding them, they had lost some on their voyage out, and on actogether with an intimate acquaintance with the count of the lateness of the season, were not shorn wants of the manufacturers, and that quality and near as close as it is customary; besides, on sevestyle of wool most suitable for their general pur- ral of them, from half to one pound of the wool was poses. Thus qualified to make selections, Mr. left on the heads and legs, for the purpose of giv. Taintor has spent about fifteen months in looking ing an idea of their fleeces to those who may call over the government and private flocks in the north hereafter to look at them. Taking all these things and south of France, and among the Pyrenees ; in into consideration, it was the unanimous opinion the mountains and plains of Spain ; and in Saxony, of several sheep-masters present, that the wool Prussia, and Austria, including Bohemia and Mo-clipped from these ewes was not more than would ravia. All this was done under peculiarly favor- have been equivalent to one year's growth. able circumstances, and such as are not soon likely We shall not compare the weight of these fleeces to occur to any one again. The result is, from with what is generally termed clean washed wool, as these flocks, he has been permitted to choose such it is the most uncertain and unsatisfactory comparison sheep as he wanted. Four Saxon bucks and four which can be made, for when it comes to be cleansed ewes of his selection, from the Electoral and the by the manufacturer, it will vary in loss from 20 to equally celebrated Baron de Spreck’s flocks, came out 50 per cent. just as the case may happen. It was in the ship Atlantic, from Bremen, for Mr. Scoville, the unbiassed opinion of several wool dealers preof Connecticut, a notice of which we gave at pages sent, and our own, that the shearing above would 198 and 203 of our current volume; and three yield at least 35 lbs. of cleansed wool, fitted for Merino bucks and twenty-three ewes arrived with manufacturing without further loss, out of every him in the ship Patrick Henry, Capt. Delano, from | 100 lbs. shorn. The fourteen ewes yielded 216 lbs. Liverpool, on the 1st of August last.

unwashed, which would be equivalent to 75 lbs. 10 Although we had a good opportunity of seeing oz. thoroughly cleansed, or an average of 5 lbs. 6 oz. these sheep on board ship after their arrival, and per head. If any of our readers are desirous to again when transferred to the steamboat for Hart- | know what this would come up to, clean washed, ford, yet this was not sufficient to satisfy us; ac- they may safely add one third. This would bring cordingly, after they had been at home about a the average as wool growers usually dispose of fortnight, we went on there to examine them more their fleeces, to 7 lbs. 3 oz. per head-a yield totally particularly, and see them shorn, they having come unprecedented in this country. The usual average out with their fleeces on. The rams being young, weight of good Merino ewes is about half this. we will dismiss them by saying, that they are the The average of the flocks in Europe from which most promising animals of their breed we ever saw, these sheep were chosen, is, for rams from 15 to 17 and when full grown, will weigh at least from 225 lbs. per head; for ewes 11 to 13 lbs., unwashed. to 250 lbs. each. The sire of one was sold the | The average price of such wool in its unwashed past season for $500. He sheared 23 lbs. of un- state, is 26 cents per lb. of our money. washed wool.

These sheep show great vigor of constitution, To give an idea of the ewes, we measured them and are remarkably well formed, with enormous after they were shorn, and found they varied from dewlaps and folds all over the carcass. Their 25 to 29 inches in height over the withers; fleeces are very close, thickly covering the head and lest it may be thought this superior height is and legs as well as the body, and are uncommonly attained by extra long legs, we will add, that the even, the wool being nearly as good on the flanks height of the under side of their bodies from the as on the shoulders, while its festing properties are ground, was from 9} to 12 inches; which, ac- unsurpassed. In fineness of quality it is equal to cording to our observation, is no greater in propor- the best American Merino. To those who have tion to their size, than that of good American Meri- good pastures and are desirous of breeding a large, no sheep. Their weights we took after being shorn. strong, hardy flock, yielding wool fine enough for




the better qualities of broadcloth, here are the ani- United States, and that Mr. Taintor deserves the mals for them.

gratitude of his country for it. He has made arIf Mr. Taintor's time and travelling expenses be rangements in Europe for a few others of a similar taken into consideration, the cost of these sheep superior character to follow these next season, and would be enormous. He has not been at the as often thereafter as it may be advisable to make trouble and expense of this importation with a a fresh cross, so that flock-masters may not only view of making money from it, but to please him- be satisfied as to the character of his produce, but self. He will also breed them for his own pleasure have an opportunity also of getting a fresh cross and to occupy his leisure hours with a useful hob- themselves from his flock whenever necessary. by: Ewes from the flock will not be for sale at any One ram and seven ewes have been placed by price; but the ram lambs will probably be offered Mr. Taintor, in the hands of Mr. Francis Rotch, of to those who wish to purchase, in September,"1847, Butternuts, Otsego County, N. Y.; another ram has and annually thereafter, at prices doubtless much been sent to Mr. L. G. Bingham, of Williston, Vt., below what it would cost to import them. to breed to his Rambouillet Merino flock, purchased

We consider this one of the most important im- last year of Mr. D. C. Collins, Hartford, Ct., a noportations of fine-woolled sheep ever made into the tice of which appeared in our last volume, page 382,


Show or THE NEW YORK STATE AG. SOCIETY.toga County, New York, has recently invented a Let our readers bear in mind that this Show will mode of constructing fences on a new plan. The take place at Auburn, on the 15th, 16th, and 17th, posts are made of the same composition as common of this month. The place is easily reached by the bricks, being burnt or baked to the consistency of great Western railroad, which passes directly a hard, arch brick. They are set in the ground through it. Auburn is a beautiful town, in the diagonally, or corner-wise; a tenon is made on the heart of a highly fertile country, and the accommotop of each post, on which is placed a coupling dation for visitors there we understand is most block for the top rail to rest upon, and fastened to ample. The show will be a grand farmers' festival, it by a pin or nail, which unites the whole fence and we hope to see a large number of them present, firmly together ; the bottom rail is notched at each with their families. They will find much to admire end, so as to brace the posts firmly, and is support. there, and something we trust to instruct them. ed by the paling or pickets. It will be seen that in We have no doubt it will be one of the best, in this mode of construction, there are no tenons in the rails, thus preventing rot or decay in the many respects, that the Society has yet held. Much

interest is manifested in it, and extensive preparawooden part

tions are on foot to render it all it should be. The durability of the posts of this fence being almost imperishable, is alone sufficient to entitle it

SYMPTOMS OF DISEASE IN ANIMALS.-A full and to attention; and in adding to this its beauty-being frequent pulse, loss of appetite, dejected head, and really ornamental--and, above all, its cheapness, a languid or watery eye, with a disposition to lie appears to render it a useful and valuable dis- down in a dark or shady place, are certain marks, covery.

in all brute animals, of one of the most frequent Perhaps there is no improvement at the present diseases with which they are affected—that is, the day, more needed or more called for, than that of fever. The watery eye, an inability to bark, or fences; farmers in particular, who are subject to barking with a stertorous hoarseness, indicate the such great expense in constructing in the old man- approach of madness in the dog. The elevation of ner, and a constant tax in repairing them, while the the hair on the back of a cat, and its not falling materials they now use are yearly becoming more upon

its feet, when thrown from a moderate height, scarce, and their expenses consequently greater, are the premonitory signs of that disease, which will do well to look into this matter, and avail has long proved fatal to that species of animal both themselves of the opportunity offered, to obtain a in Europe and America. The tail of a horse losing cheap and durable article. The inventor has as- its regularity of motion from side to side, indicates certained by experiment that this fence can be that he is indisposed, and the part in which his constructed as cheaply as any ordinary kind now disease is seated is pointed out by one of his ears in use.

inclining backwards to the side affected. The seat

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of disease in the abdomen, where the signs are crows had been protecting the farmer, by destroying concealed, may be known by pressing the hand the worms which they found there. From that upon his whole belly. When the diseased part is spot the crows had furnished their young with food, pressed, he will manifest marks of pain.

and as long as worms could be found did not touch the corn.

Farmers did not fully appreciate such

efforts of the crow, and the good effects resulting NEW YORK FARMERS' CLUB.

therefrom. There might be some particular inAt a late meeting of this club, Mr. Turell pre- stances when injury was done, but all considered sented the following humorous report in the Ports- the crow of incalculable benefit to the farmer. mouth Journal of the New Hampshire Legislature Cases were so rare where crows did injury, that on the

he should enter the plea for them in such cases, Bounty on Crows.-Mr. Clark said as the gentle which was offered by a distinguished lawyer of a man from Alstead (Mr. Vilas) and the gentleman neighboring State, that of somnambulism, and if this from New Ipswich (Mr. Preston) were in their was not entertained, he should consider this whole seats, he moved that the report of the Committee on proceeding as illegal, it being an attack upon an Agriculture and Manufactures, in relation to killing office held by law, for Shakspeare's reports have it crows and giving bounty thereon, be taken up, that crows are the “executors of dead horses." which motion prevailed.

[Laughter.] The resolution declared that it was inexpedient He afterwards called the crow the “ administrato legislate upon the subject.

tor de bonis non,” which he translated as adminis. The bill, which had been referred to the commit- trator on bones, and appealed to his learned friend, tee, was read.

the Chairman of the Committee on Education, for Mr. Preston said he was much obliged for the the correctness of his translation. [Laughter.] He courtesy of his friend from Manchester in giving gave as another reason against the bill, that as him an opportunity to speak on this subject. He crows were not the intruders upon this soil, but the should, in the common parlance of the day, 'tender real aborigines and joint occupants of the soil, they his services, not to the Governor, but in defence of should not be driven off until & year's notice. his poor colored friend, the crow. It had been said (Laughter.) that the crow did great injury to the corn field of Further, they were native Americans, and he was the farmer. He (Mr. P.) did not believe it, and he opposed to a law cutting off the heads of natives. did not believe that the farmers of the State de. He would further submit whether it would not manded any such law, certainly the true interests be better to refer this matter to the Committee of of the farmer did not in his opinion demand it. A Incorporations, and let them weave around the study of the habits and food of the crow would con- crows all the restrictive features of laws which vince any one that the crows were not the disciples have been passed for a few years in this State, and of Dr. Graham, but quite the contrary. Their food see if they would not conclude that it was a good was mostly made up of worms and insects, which State to emigrate from. [Laughter.] would do ten times the injury that was ever expe Mr. Peabody said he should go against the billrienced from the crow, were it not that the crow, by If such a bill as this passed be should go for one destroying them, prevented injury to corn crops and to destroy the mosquito, for the mosquito was the to all kind of crops.

more injurious bird [laughter), certainly more The crow did not meddle with vegetable substan- sanguinary. ces or with corn, until he had made a thorough Mr. Parker, of Fitzwilliam, did not like the fea. search for worms, and made a return of " non est in- tures of the proposed bill. It imposed upon the ventus,' and that his appetite was in no part satis- select-men the duty of cutting off the crow's head. fied [laughter), then, and not till then, did the He happened to be one of the select-men of the crow commence depredations upon the farmer's town he represented, and he objected to setting a field.

guillotine in front of his door for the purpose of He (Mr. P.) said he believed that if the farmer taking off crows' heads. (Laughter ) If the bill made proper exertions, he could keep the crows passed he hoped that it would be amended so that away—the farmer could provide proper ways for the one that brought the crows would cut off their frightening them away. Farmers were not gene- heads. rally aware of the immense benefit derived from Mr. Vilas differed with the gentleman from New the labors of the crow. For one, he professed to Ipswich, in relation to the beneficial results of the be a farmer, and had for a long time cultivated a labors of crows. Perhaps there may be some way considerable amount of land, and he had yet 10 10 keep off the crows, but it required that the means learn that crows did more injury than benefit to the should be more scientifically understood, than was farmers' crops. He would relate one instance. generally the case at this time, among farmers.

He had a piece of corn between two pieces of Perhaps the gentleman from New Ipswich (Mr. woods, in one of which, if anything can be judged Preston), being half lawyer and half farmer, might by the noise, there was a family of crows. The weave a set of such a kind that the crow would be crows constantly passed over his field of corn, day glad to keep clear from it. after day, and hour after hour, without touching a Mr. Preston replied to some remarks of Mr. hill, and passed down into a meadow at some dis- Vilas, after which the question was taken on the tance. He had the curiosity to examine the spot adoption of the resolution deelaring it inexpedient where the crows visited, and he found that the grass to legislate upon the subject, and it was decided in was dry and withered in many places, caused by the the negative. [A just conclusion—we vote for ravages of the worms under the turf. Here the the crows.]



APPLICATION OF GYPSUM OR PLASTER supersede all others now in use. These hammers OF PARIS.

are made of cast steel of the best kind, and in a very Ground plaster, applied as a fertilizer, is so superior manner. Further description seems un. well known, and its properties and uses so well necessary, as the cut shows all. Six different established, that it is presumed that most intelligent sizes are now made, weighing from half a pound to farmers are perfectly acquainted with everything

one and a half pounds. The price varies accord. concerning it. It is extensively used, and is very ing to size, from 75 cents to $1 each. advantageous to clover, beans, peas, turnips, cabbages, &c. ; but it does not appear to answer so PREPARATION OF TOMATOS. well on natural meadows, for grain crops, nor on We condense the following modes of cooking wet, or very poor lands, containing but little vege- and preserving the tomato from the Ohio Cultivator, table matter, nor is it thought to be of much use in which appear to us to be worthy of the attention places approximate to the sea. It is extensively of housewives and cooks. used in composts in barn-yards and stables, and in To make Tomato Omelet.—Take a stew-pan and neutralizing decayed or putrescent substances, in melt a piece of butter the size of a nutmeg. Mince vaults, urine tanks, &c. ; and is advantageously up an onion very fine, and fry it until quite brown. employed with green manures, and as a top-dress-Add ten peeled tomatos, season with pepper and ing of rotted dung or compost, to which it gives salt, and stir them until cooked to a soit pulp. remarkable activity.

Then stir in four beaten eggs, until the underside The quantity of gypsum used per acre varies of the mass becomes brown. Lay a plate on top, from half a bushel to five bushels, depending upon turn the pan upside down, and the dish is ready for the quantum of substances in the ground on which the table. the component parts of the gypsum operate, or are Tomato Marmalade.-Gather full-grown tomatos by them operated upon. In proportion as these are while quite green. Take out the stems and stew scarce or abundant, the effects are produced in a them until soft, then rub them through a sieve, put greater or less degree. And when they are ex- the pulp over the fire, season highly with pepper, Hausted, or where they do not exist, no quantity salt, and powdered cloves, and let it stew unti? whatever will produce any agricultural benefit. quite thick. The article will keep well, and is ex• If a greater quantity be used, than is required to cellent for seasoning gravies. exhaust the subjects of its operation, the excess French Mode of Cooking Tomatos.-Cut ten or a will remain inert and inactive until new subjects dozen tomatos into quarters, and put them into a call forth its powers. Still the gypsum remaining sauce-pan with four sliced onions, a little parsley, in the soil, on a renewed application of dung, ani- thyme, one clove, and a quarter of a pound of mal, or vegetable matter, will operate, but less butter. Set the pan over the fire, stir the mixture powerfully, although it may have remained in the occasionally for three-fourths of an hour, and then ground for years. Therefore, small quantities, by strain it through a coarse sieve or colander. It frequent applications, are much the best, notwith- may be served with mutton-chops or a beef-steak. standing the excess, if applied too profusely, or beyond what the substances in the earth require, will remain in its original state of composition.

DANDELION COFFEE.—Dr. Harrison, of Edin.

bugh, prefers dandelion coffee to that of Mecca; ANDERSON'S PATENT HAMMER.

and many persons all over the Continent prefer a mixture of succory and coffee to coffee alone. Dig up the roots of dandelion, wash them well, but do not scrape them, dry them, cut them into the size of peas, and then roast them in an earthen pot, or coffee roaster of any kind. The great secret of good coffee, is, to have it fresh burnt and fresh ground. -Cottage Gardening.

How TO BOIL Green Corn.—The proper state in which to eat green corn, is, at the time that the milk flows upon pressing the kernels with the thumb nail. It is best when boiled in the ear with the husks on, the latter of which should be stripped off when brought to the table. The ears should then be covered with butter, with a little salt ad. ded, and the grains eaten off the cob. Over-refined

people think this vulgar, and shave them off, but ANDERSON'S PATENT HAMMER.–F19. 63.

in so doing they lose much of their sweetness. This is a recent invention; the claw, as will be seen by the cut, extending to the handle, and clasp BEST TIME TO PRUNE PEACH TREES.—The ing it with a strong ring, which makes it impossi- most suitable time for pruning the peach, as well as ble, in drawing nails, for the handle to give way, for most other kinds of stone-fruit, is in autumn, draw out, or become loose. The face of the patent just as the leaves begin to fall, when the sap is in hammer will thus always remain true, it being kept a downward motion. At this period, a more perat the same angle with the hammer. We considerfect cicatrization takes place, than when the trees this a very great improvement, and we think it will lare pruned in winter or spring.

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sequently, that the two domestic animals of the "Reproduction, Propagation, $c. The alpaca, in Peruvians were not brought to their present state {ne mountains of Peru, brings forth her young at by means of crossing. Their intermixture is a the age of three years; but in Europe, when highly modern expedient by the Spaniards. It is a rule of fed, the age of reproduction is at least a year earlier

. the vital economy, that life only springs from life, On the Andes, as well as in Ireland, she usually and every being is consequently endowed with the receives the male in October or November, and property of generating an offspring, inheriting a brings forth one at a birth, in the month of April or nature similar to its own. When the species vary, May. It is remarkable, however, that she should this rule ceases to act; whence, although possessbe covered by the male immediately after giving ing a strong physiological resemblance in many birth to her young, a fact which has been fully important points of their organization, there must corroborated by Thomas Stevenson, Esq., of Oban, necessarily be some material difference between the in Argyleshire, Scotland, and by Mr. Robert Bell, of llama and alpaca in the functions of generation, Villa House, near Listowel, in the county of Kerry, which it is more than presumable equally extends in Ireland, both of whom are practical and observ- to the wild species, and that difference produces an ant farmers, and have successfully raised the irregularity at variance with the laws of nature, alpaca for a number of years. " The female, constituting an essential condition of life.” says Mr. Stevenson, in a letter bearing date of It appears from the report of M. Bory de Saint April 10th, 1843, " was invariably covered by the Vincent, a distinguished naturalist, who accom. male two or three days after she had a lamb; and, panied the French army into Spain, under Marshal from the singularity of this circumstance, it attract- Soult, that he observed in the Zoological Garden of ed my very particular attention, and I règularly Don Francisco de Theran, at San Lucar de Barra- marked down the date on which the female was meda, in Andalusia, a female llama pregnant by an covered, and found that she went with lamb a very alpaca, and also three alpa-vigonias (the cross befew days less than a year.” In a communication tween the vicuña and alpaca), the fleeces of which by Mr. Bell, of March 18th, the same year, he were much longer, and six times heavier than those says, I find they usually copulate here in the of any other variety; The Spaniards were proud month of October or November, although the of this acquisition, thinking that they had thereby female takes the ram invariably after having obtained a new race of wool-bearing animals, cal. brought forth her young, which is generally in the culated to people their hills, and repair the loss susmonth of May or June. At the age of nine tained through the decline in their Merino flocks. months (?) the produce of the feminine gender will By the experiment of crossing, however, they de. begin to breed, at which time their wool will be feated the very object which they had in view, as found to be six inches long, and their height to the the animals gradually died off without leaving any shoulder thirty-four, to the top of the head, fifty- Offspring, and in the course of a few years there one inches."

was scarcely one individual to be found in the The llama and alpaca, as well as the alpaca and kingdom. vicuña, can be induced to breed together, and of the There are two facts, however, concerning the former union there are frequent examples to be met procreation of the Andes sheep, which ought not to with in Europe as well as in Peru. From this be concealedone, a difficulty of copulation arising alliance a beautiful hybrid results, if possible, finer from natural causes, and the other an almost unto the eye than either parent, and also more easily controllable and jealous disposition of the males at trained io work, but like the mule, it does not pro- this season. The difficulty of copulation, and the create,

;-a fact which has been confirmed by manner in which it is overcome by the Indians, General O'Brien, an observant Irish gentleman, who were first noticed by Hernandez, and it is said that resided twenty years in Peru, and was actively nothing can be more accurate than his remarks, as employed under' San Martin, the Liberator, in the exemplified in the practice of the present day. War of Independence—a great traveller on the Without the assistance of man, sexual intercourse Andes, and besides a landed proprietor and miner certainly can and does take place, as seen in the in the district of Puno. Subjoined is an extract wild races, the structural formation of which is the from a communication by him, dated at Liverpool, same; but in the tame ones it invariably gives rise June 6th, 1841 :

to confusion. In Peru, the rutting season com. “ You ask me whether the alpaca is still used in mences at the close of October, when the animals Peru as a beast of burden. I answer that it is, but become restless and lascivious, and, according to not generally, and only by the poorer class of In- Dr. Unanue, the estimable writer on the climate of dians, who do not own many llamas. There is, Lima, in 1806, “ all nature seems to be in motion; however, a beautiful animal produced between the vegetation assumes a new form; earthquakes and llama and alpaca, much handsomer in form and volcanic eruptions frequently occur, and the air is figure than either, and also better adapted for work, filled with an electric fluid. Every production then but it does not breed. *

In Peru we call glows with fresh fire, and by an active stimulus them machurgas, and these are the animals I prin- animals are impelled to the propagation and conseçipally used at my mines to bring down the ores quent preservation of their own kinds.” At this from the mountains.

period the working llama has a respite; for it is “ From the sterility of this hybridous race, it regarded as unsafe to put a burden upon his back, would follow that the alpaca is a distinct variety of and indeed dangerous to thwart his wishes, or con. the llama tribe, differing as much from its allied trol his actions. Both the taine and wild breeds, it species, as the borse does from the ass; and, con

is said,

etimes fight outrageously for neis

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