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THE TREES OF AMERICA,

THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST. NATIVE AND FOREIGN, Pictorially and Botanicaliy Delineated, Published Monthly, by SAXTON & MILES, 205 Broadway, New and Scientifically and Popularly Described ; being considered | York, containing 32 pages, royal octavo. principally with Reference to their Geography and History; TERMS-One Dollar per year in advance; three copies for Two Soil and Situation ; Propagation and Culture ; Accidents and Dollars ; eight copies for Five Dollars. Diseases ; Properties and Uses; Economy in the Arts ; Introduc When Agricultural Societies order the work for distribution, tion into Commerce ; and their Application in Useful and Orna- among the members, the price will be only FIFTY CENTS : mental Plantations ;' Illustrated by Numerous Engravings. By year, for the Monthly Numbers, and SEVENTY-FIVE CENTS D. J. BROWNE, Author of the “ Sylva Americana. Large 8vo. per copy for bound volumes. It will be expected that these pp. 532. Price-Superbly bound in gilt morocco, $6-In muslin orders come officially, and be signed by the President or Secretary extra, $5. For sale by

of the Society. The object in putting our periodical at this very SAXTON & MILES, 205 Broadway, N. Y. low rate is, to benefit the farming community more extensively

than it conld otherwise be done. We hope, henceforth, to see

the Agriculturist in the hands of every Farmer and Planter in the PRINCE'S LINNAAN BOTANIC GARDEN

country.

Each number of the Agriculturist contains but One sheet, and AND NURSERIES,

is transported by mail under the same regulations as newspapers, viz.: free any distance

not over 30 miles from its place of publicaFLUSHING, NEAR NEW YORK.

tion; over this and within 100 miles, or to any town in the State W. R. Prince & Co. offer for sale their unrivalled collection of of New York, one cent postage on each number, and one and a half Fruit and Ornamental Trees, &c. The entire Fruit Department cents if over 100 miles, without the State. is carefuily scrutinized by the personally, and ingrafied froin

Back Volumes of THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, with the largest collection of bearing specimen trees in the Union, and

tables of contents complete, for sale at $1.00 each ; ele. they challenge a comparison in accuracy with any establishment gantly and uniformly bound in cloth, $1.25. These are handin America or Europe. Purchasers are solicited to inspect their some, tasteful books, and make very desirable premiums for distrees, and witness their superiority size and vigor. The pre

tribution with Agricultural Societies, ard should also find place eminence claimed can be readily tested by sending duplicate in all our District School Libraries. They constitute the best and orders to them and to any other nursery. They have 3,000 extra.

most complete treatise on American Farining, Stock-Breeding, sized pears, on pear and quince, 8 to 12 feet high, with heads and Horticulture, extant. When several copies are ordered, a very strong, and suitable for immediate bearing, and 20,000 pears, liberal discount will be made. 5 to 8 feet, and 5,000 for dwarfs, en quenouille.

Editors of newspapers noticing the numbers of this work month. Also-Plums and Apricots, on plum of the same sizes, and a ly, or advertising it, will be surnished a copy gratis upon sending large stock of the finesi Apples, Cherries, and Peaches, the latter such notice to this office. very low, by the hundred or thousand. 10,000 Quinces, 3 to 6 feet. 5,000 Lancashire Gooseberries, assorted. Victoria and

PROUTY AND MEARS' PLOWS. oiher Currants. Fastolff, Franconia, and other Raspberries, at low rates. Of Grapes, the assortment comprises all the most York Agricultural Warehouse, together with the most complete

Quite a variety of the above plows can be had at the New celebrated and carefully selected foreign varieties for the table, and 40,000 vines of the best American varieties, for vineyards assortment of all kinds to be found in the United States. and the table.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. The collection of Roses is the largest in the Union, and comprises 80,000 plants of 1,600 varieties, embracing every novelty

FIELD AND GARDEN SEEDS. that could be selected from ten of the largest collections in Eu. The Subscriber has been so often requested to add Garden rope, and the plants are much larger than are usually sold. Seeds to his assortment of Field Seeds, that he has at length con10,000 Magnolias, 3 to 10 feet. 50,000 Evergreen Trees, of every sented to do so, and now offers for sale a great variety, grown by class and size. 50,000 Hawthorns and Privets for hedges, and responsible persons, and put up expressly for him. They are 70,000 Honey Locust. 60,000 Large Dutch Asparagus, and 5,000 fresh, and he confidently thinks may be relied upon. Tobolsk, Victoria, and Leviathan Rhubarb.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. of Ornamental Trees, they have above 200,000 of every size and class, including 5,000 Paulownia Imperialis, 6 to 11 feet, at $1 each, and those of 6 feet, at $6 per dozen.

TO GARDENERS AND NURSERYMEN. The purchaser may save two years by the superior size of their Cast-iron Tallies or Naming Sticks for Sale.-This is a recent trees and shrubbery.

invention, and is so constructed as to receive the name of any Priced Catalogues of all, including a new Catalogue of all i seed, plant, or tree, under a glass cover, thus keeping it safe and the Roses, at reduced prices, and a Supplement Catalogue of the always distinct to be seen. They will last half a century, and New Fruit and other Trees and Plants, and of the Extra-Sized are very cheap, costing only 50 cents to $1.50 per dozen. Pears, Plums, &c., will be sent to every post-paid applicant. October 1st, 1846. WILLIAM R. PRINCE & CO.

CONTENTS OF OCTOBER NUMBER.

To Postmasters; To preserve Grapes
NEW BOOKS.

Cattle Show and Fair of the American Institute
A New Universal and Critical Dictionary of the English The Alpaca, No. 5......

Popular Errors, No. l.................... Language, by Joseph E. Worcester. Boston: Wilkins, Carter & Tendency of Lime to sink below the Surface of the Soil..... 300 Co., pp. 950, Targe 8vo. New York: Saxton & Miles 205 Broad Prices of Produce; Mountain Farming..

301 way. Price $5 fine paper, Imperial Edition, common ditto, $3.50. Death of Col. Alexander Macdonald Practical Agriculture, including his Prize Essays, carefully re Economical Ilay-Press

302 vised. By Adam Beauty, Vice President of the Kentucky Agri Proper Situation for a Green Houses cultural Society. Price $1.

New York Farmers' Club...... The Young Astronomer; or the Facts developed by Modern Agricultural Meetings ; Culture of the Vine in Australia.... 305 Astronomy, collected for the rise of Schools and the General Show of the N. Y. State Agricultural Society.. Reader. By J. 8. C. Abbott. Price 25 cents. “ The name of the author of this useful volume, cannot fail to Horticultural Notes, No. 2, An Amateur Gardener

European Agriculture, Henry Coleman

309 fene school book for the primary class, and especially adapted to Gordesing: Weeds in Paved yards and Courts

..... 310 the family school where ihe mother is a teacher. Children and Superior English Pine Strawberries, G. W. Huntsman...... 319 youth who love this celebrated science will drink in its contents

Illustration of the Sexes in the Strawberry, John Lewis..... 313 with avidity, and what is more, their minds will be expanded by Domestic Fish-Ponds, No. 5, D'Jay Browne........

314 the study, and they will be led to see the hand of God in all his Trees and Plants to withstand the Sea-air, A Summer wondrous works."

Resident of East Jersey ; Herefords, No 3, A. S.

315 First Lessons in Political Economy. For the use of Schools Reply to Queries on Butter-making, A. H. and Families. By John McVickar, D.D.

316

Planting Trees “This is the seventh edition of a little work of great value, and Development of Buds in Corn, J. Darrach should be put in the hands of every child capable of reading it." Directions for making Plaster-Casts of Fruit, o. Cultivator

} 317 SAXTON & MILES, 205 Broadway, N.Y. Management of Honey Bees, No. 4, T. B. Miner..... 318

Comparative Vicw of the Coiton Crop, M. W. Philips ........ 319
Diseases of Fowls, hi T. Lloyd

320 WHEAT, RYE, AND OATS. White Flint, Red, and other superior kinds of Winter Wheat To make Kitchen Vegetables Tender

LADIES' DEPARTMENT: Domestic Education of Cats? 991 for sale ; also Spring Wheat of various kinds. Rye of an excel- Boys' DEPARTMENT: Rumination, or Chewing the Ćud.... 32 lent quality for fall sowing. Imperial Oats, the heaviest and Foreign Agricultural News....

303 best kind raised in the United States, or that can be ed. Editor's Table....

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y Review of the Market.....................................

....229

.. 313

... 307

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DUTCHESS AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTE.

FOR SALE. Located twelve miles cast of the village of Poughkeepsie, on A Farm of 325 acres, in Fishki!l, Dutchess County. It is one the “Wilkinson Premium Farm," in the Western Valley of of the choicest sections in the County. The Farm is partly of Union Vale, Dutchess County,

high limestone land, and with some rich alluvial meadows lying The Winter Session of this Institution commences the first along the Maiteawan Creek. The buildings are new and exten. Thursday of October ; the Summer Session the first Thursday sive—the fences all good-and the soil in fine condition. Inof April.

creased production can be obtained from inexhaustible supplies The Course of Studies in this Institution is such as to give the of muck' and limestone on the farm. It lies 5 miles from the student every facility for acquiring a most thorough knowledge of Hudson River; which with the villages, mills, and factories Scientific and Practical Agriculture, with the use of the best around, afford near and abundant market. modern improved linplements; a select Farmer's Library, with To a gentleman, the beauty of this part of the country, and the numerous Agricultural Periodicals, and instruction in all the col- variety of scenery, make it a desirable country residence. lateral branches.

For further particulars address (post-paid) William Van Wyck, There will be Regular Lectures, of which the students will Poughkeepsie, Dutchess County, New York. make abstracts, to serve both as examinations and as exercises in September, 1846. composition, delivered on Technical Mineralogy-applied to Rural Economy, Commerce,

NEW YORK AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE. Chemistry, Mining, and Architecture-illustrated by Mineralogical Cabinet and excursions for observation.

Just received a few of Bryan's celebrated Premium Fanning Rural and Domestic Economy--illustrated by living specimens vey's Sialk, Straw, and Hay Cutiers. Price from $8 to $30. Practical Botany--applied to Horticulture, Veterinary Medicine, Mills. Price froin $21 to $20.

Also a large supply of Sinclair's, Thorn's, Stevens', and Hoand excursions for observation. Zoology_applied to Rural Economy, Commerce, and Mann

Corn Shellers of all patterns, from $7 to $50. factures-illustrated by living subjects, skeletons, &c. The

Burr Stone Mills, of various patterns, from 12 to 36 inch stones. Zoonic course will commence with the Horse.

Price from $25 to $100. Natural Philosophy and Agricultural Chemistry-illustrated by

Improved Horse Powers, Ross's, Warren's, Trimble's, and efficient Experiments, by Prof. S. E. Haskel, late of the Van | Taplin's. Also Wheeler's celebrated Railway Power. Rennselaer Institute, or Troy.

Threshers of different patterns, with or without Separators. Mathematics, in all their branches, are thoroughly taught.

Pitt's and Sinclair's Corn and Cob Crushers. Price $30. A practical knowledge of the Modern Languages is ensured by

Corn Shellers, with Mill attached for grinding. Price $12. Weekly Lectures, Discussions, Orations, Essays, and Conversa

Clover and Sugar Mills, and Root Cutters. tions in them.

Ruggles, Nourse & Mason's celebrated Centre-draught Plows, The soil of the Farm embraces a great variety, and is well of all patterns and sizes. adapted to Experimental Farming. Its location is pleasant and

New York cheap Southern Plows, made up by Patent Machihealthful-the building extensive and commodions.

nery, of best White Oak timber, and first-rate quality of castings, Fee for the Year $200, payable semi-annually, in advance consisting of the following patterns :which includes Tuition, Board, with beds and bedding, Toilet

No. 107 Furniture, Washing, Mending, Fuel, and Lights.

" 114

12 Farmers, Pupils from other Schools, or other citizens de

Corn. sirous of attending each or any Course of Lectures, can obtain Admission Tickets by applying to the Principal ; for a Single

No. 2, M & Co. Course for $5, or $3 per Course where they attend two or more

" 3, M. & Co.

4. M. & Co. payable in advance. Extensive accoinmodations for Horses are

1) Dutcher's. provided.

2 Ditto. This Institution is under the patronage of the Am. Ag. Association, the Farmers' Club of the American Institute, and the

Nos. 18, 19, 20, 21, Miner & Horton's. Dutchess Ag. Society.

Castings for all the above, at very low prices. X Address

JOHN WILKINSON, Principal Dutchess Also Meyer's Improved Premium Bergen Plows, made up in a

Ag. Institute, Poughkeepsie, Dutchess Co., N. Y. superior manner. A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y. References, -Board of the American Institute.

COMMERCIAL GARDEN AND NURSERY
Board of the American Agricultural Association.
Rev. L. M. Vincent, New York.
Professor Cyrus Mason,

PARSONS & CO., FLUSHING, NEAR NEW YORK.
Zebedee Cook, Esq.,
Dr. C. H. P. McLellan, Principal of the Poughkeepsie Female their stock, which now covers nearly seventy acres of ground,

The Proprietors of this Establishment are constantly increasing Academy. Chas. Bartlett, A.M., Principal Collegiate School, Po'keepsie.

and includes every desirable variety of Fruit and Ornamental

Trees, Shrubs, Roses, Vines, &c. Wm. A. Davies, Esq., President of the Farmers' and Manufac.

Their possession of specimen grounds for the testing of every turers' Bunk.

variety of fruit they cultivate, affords them increased facilities for Matthew J. Myers, Esq., President of the Merchants' Bank.

the attainment of correctness. They would also call attention to Rev. Abm. Polhemus, Hopewell, Dutchess County.

their large assortment of Foreign Grapes, some seventy varieties H. G. Ludlow, Poughkeepsie,

of which they are fruiting under glass. 8. Mandeville, Le Grange,

To venders, and those who purchase in large quantities, libeJohn Van Wyck, Esq., New Hamburgh.

ral discounts will be made.

Catalogues can be obtained gratis, of the Proprietors by mail, SUPERIOR STRAWBERRY PLANTS.

of Parsons & Lawrence, No. Io Pine Street, or of A. B. Allen, The Subscribers have now ready for delivery from their garden 187 Water Street, New York. at Astoria, L. I., several thousands of the best Strawberry plants in cultivation, and amorg them a limited stock of a new and un

PERUVIAN GUANO AT REDUCED PRICES. surpassed American Seedling, called “ North's Victory," raised by an intelligent practical gardener in the country, and whith, for hand for sale, in bags, barrels, half barrels, and kegs:

The subscriber keeps this superior fertilizer constantly on

It comes size, flavor, and great product, is not surpassed by any foreign or domestic variety as present known. We have iested its quali- direct from the Agent of the Peruvian Company, and is warranted ties for two seasons, and assert with confidence, and warrant, as genuine and of a first rate qnality.

Five tons and over... stated. Price $1 per dozen-the plants strongly rooted, three in

.......2 cents per lb.

One ton and under five tons..........2 1-8 a pot, which can be divided and planted out immediately, the

Half a ton and under one ton.........2 1-4 do. present moist season being highly favorable to their rooting firmly

Under half a ton...

.2 1-2 do. in the ground. Also Hovey's Boston Pine, 82 per dozen-Buist's (of Phila: barrels, from 220 to 250 lbs. ; half barrels from 115 to 130 lbs.;

This Guano is packed in bags weighing from 120 to 150 lbs.; delphia) Prize, 82 per dozen-Princess Alice Maude, $1 per dozen, very early and fine-Princess Royal, $2 per dozen-kegs about 60 lbs. each. When a larger quantity than one Pritish Queen, $3 per 100- Myate's Eliza, $3 per 100—this

ton is taken, it is expected it will be in bags. No allowance lase is a superior variety, good bearer, and of exquisite pine flavor for tare, and no charge for packages. Cartage extra. -extra fine.-Prince Albert (TRUE), $1.50 per dozen-Victoria,

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. $2 per 100, one of the very best in cultivation-Iowa, $1 per dozen, fine new sort-Suainstone, $1 per dozen, with several

A BOOK FOR FARMERS. other sorts, but those named above are among the best, All the A System of Book-keeping, as applied in practice to the busiabove are in pots, strongly rooted, and making runners, a much ness of Jobbing Merchants, City Retail Merchants and Country better mode ihan hastily taking up and planting out, as the Merchants, with a concise plan of accounts, for all persons, in plants having little stability in themselves, and are killed by a one book, suited to Mechanics, Farmers, and Professional men; single day's exposure to the sun; this is why so many fail to grow. being a self-instructor, and for the use of schools. By James

Also Scotch Pine Apple or Crimson Cune, an unrivalled sort, Arlington Bernett, LL.D., author of the Americar Practical Syspossessing every good quality, $2 per 100-carefully transplanted tem of Book-keeping, by double entry; &c from the bed, and well packed. J. M. THORBURN & Co.,

SAXTON & MILES, Publishers, 15 John Street,

No. 205 Broadway, New York.

OF

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REVIEW OF THE MARKET.

REMARKS.-Our readers will see that considerable advances PRICES CURRENT IN NEW YORK, SEPTEMBER 23, 1846. and Grain of all kinds, also in Provisions, Naval Stores, and some

have been made the past month in the prices of Cotton, Flour, ASHES, Pots, .......

.. per 100 lbs. $3 75 to $3 81 other articles. Corn has risen fully 20 cents per bushel, thus Pearls,

....du. 4 06 4 12 realizing more than we anticipated when we wrote the article BALE ROPE,

... lb. 5

7 early, this month, Prices of Produce." page 301 of this No. BARK, Quercitron,........

..ton, 26 00 26 50 Hay is the only article which has fallen. In consequence of the BEANS, White,

bush. 1 12 1 25 great destruction of the potato crop in Europe, and rather a BEESWAX, Am. Yellow,

......... lb. 26

30 short grain crop on some parts of the Continent being ascertained BOLT ROPE,

.. do. 12

13 now, beyond a doubt, Great ritain will require large supplies BONES, ground,.....

.. bush. 40

55 from this country the coming year; prices, therefore, are likely BRISTLES, American,

.... Ib. 25

65 to continue as now quoted, during the season ; but we must warn BUTTER, Table,.....

....do. 16

25 the farmer against anticipations of a much greater advance. Our Shipping,

...do.
9

13 advice is to sell now rather than hold on. Wool is being exportCANDLES, Mould, Tallow, ............. do. 9

11 ed in considerable quantities to England-no prospect of a rise in Sperni,

...do. 25

38 price, however. Stearic,....... ......... do. 20

25 Money is abundant from 5 to 7 per cent. CHEESE,

.do. 5

10 The Weather has been generally dry and fine the past month COAL, Anthracite, .............2000 lbs. 5 00

6 00 in this vicinity. If equally so at the South, it will prove highly CORDAGE, American,

.... lb. 11

12 advantageous to the crops there. Cotton is turning out fairly in COTTON,

.do. 7

12 the Carolinas and Georgia; in many districts of the other States, COTTON BAGGING, Amer. hemp,.... yard, 13

14 it has suffered dreadfully from the wet season, and the army and Kentucky,

.do. 11

12 boll-worm. It will be decidedly a short crop this year, and prices FEATHERS,

.lb. 25

34 must consequently advance somewhat more. FLAX, American,

or the other ..........do. 7

8 Southern crops we hear fair accounts. The potato rot at the FLOUR, Northern and Western, ........bbl. 4 75 5 00 North and West has been more destructive this year than it was Fancy,...

.......do. 5 00

6 00 last, which has considerably enhanced its price among us. Corn Southern,

.......... do.

4 69 4 88 Richinond City Mills,..

comes in very abundantly, and was never a better crop. ....... do. 6 00

6 25 Rye,.....

.........do.

3 50 3 75 GRAIN-Wheat, Western,..... ...... bush. 1 00 1 05

To CORRESPONDENTS.-Communications have been received Southern.. .......... do. 90 1 00

from M. W. Philips, L. T. Talbot, Reviewer, and E. E. M. Rye,... ..............do.

80 Corn, Northern, ............... do.

75 Southern, ..................do. 71

72 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.--List of Premiums of the Exhibition and Barley, ............... do. 55

56 Fair of the Hartford County Agricultural Society, to be held at Oats, Northern,...................do. 34

35 Hartford, Ct., during the ten days preceding the 3d of the present Southern, .................do. 30

33 month; also the American Journal of Science and Arts for SepGUANO, ............................. do.

2 00 "

3 00 tember, edited by Professors Silliman. HAY, in bales,.. ..........100 lbs. 35

45 HEMP, Russia, clean,..

......... ton. 200 00

" 210 00 American, water-rotted,.. ........do. 105 00

" 185 00 American, dew-rotted, ........ do. 75 00

" 125 00 HIDES, Dry Southern,.

..........do. 7

84 HOPS, .................. Jb. 12

18 HORNS, ......................... 100.

1 00

7 00 LEAD, pig, .................. do. 3 88

4 00 Sheet and bar, ........... lb. 4

5 MEAL, Corn,.......

.......bbl. 3 50 3 75 Corn,

hhd. 14 75 15 50 MOLASSES, New Orleans, .. ..gal. 28

32 MUSTARD, American, ..

........ lb. 16

31 NAVAL STORES—Tar,............... bbl. 2 00 2 25 Piich, ................do

1 06 Rosin, ........................ do. 55

65 Turpentine,... ....... do. 2 75 3 00

AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE SEED STORE, Spirits Turpentine, Southern, ..gal. 38

40 OIL, Linseed, American,

F. TROWBRIDGB, ................ do. 60

63 Castor, ...............do. 55

70

138 CHAPEL STREET, NEW HAVEN, CT. Lard, ..........................do. 58

60 OIL CAKE,

Dealer in Agricultural Implements and Machines, Grass, Field .......... 100 lbs. 1 25 1 50 PEAS, Field,

Grain, Herb, and Flower Seeds, Trees, Plants, &c. .............. bush. 1 25

1 59 PLASTER OF PARIS,

... ton.
2 25

3 00 Ground, in bbls., ...........of 300 lbs. 1 12 1 25 AGENTS FOR THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST PROVISIONS-Beef, Mess,... .......bbl. 6 25 9 00

Prime,
............ do. 4 25 5 50 New Haven, Ct......

.........F. Trowbridge.
Smoked, ....... lb. 6
9 Newark, N.J.......

.......B. Myers. Rounds, in pickle,..do. 4

6 Philadelphia.......J. M. Campbell and David Landreth. Pork, Mess, .bbl. 9 50 12 00 Washington, Pa......

..... Dr. R. R. Reed Prime,..........................

..do.
7 88 9 00 Albany, N. Y.......

....E. H. Pease. Lard,

........... lb.

5}

7 Syracuse, N. Y.... Stoddard & Babcock and L. W. Hall. Bacon sides, Smoked, . .............do. 3 4 Auburn, N. Y......

.... Alden & Markham.
In pickle,
............do.

4
Rochester, N.Y......

.......C.F. Crossipan. Hams, Smoked, ..................do.

Buffalo, N. Y.......................J. H. Butler & Co.
Pickled, ..................... do.

7
Boston, Mass.....

....Saxton & Kelt. Shoulders, Smoked, ................do

6

Milwaukie, Wis. Ter................. Hale & Hopkins.
Pickled,

.do.
5 Chicago, Ill.......

.......S. F. Gale & Co. RICE,.............................. 100 lbs. 3 00 4 00 Columbus, Ga., and Montgomery, Ala.....Hall & Moses. SALT, ........................ sack, 1 28 1 38 St. Louis, Mo..

.Halsall & Collet. Common, ...................... bush.

35

Morton & Griswold. SEEDS_Clover,........................ Ib. 6

9 Louisville, Ky......

George Lapping & Co. Timothy, ..................7 bush. 11 00 20 00

A. G. Munn. Flax, clean,........................do. 10 00 11 00 New Orleans..

.D. Baker & Co. and N. Steele. rough,

8 50 5

9 00 Cincinnati, Ohio.... ........W. H. Moore & Co. SODA, Ash, cont'g 80 per cent. soda, ... .lb. 3

3 Charleston, S. C....

..J. Thompson. Sulphate Soda, ground,

..do. 1
Athens, Geo........

......J. J. Richards. SUGAR, New Orleans,..................do. 6

8 Savannah, Ga.................... Denslow & Webster. SUMAC, American,....... ........... ton, 35 00 37 50 Norfolk, Va...........

..J. Vickery, Jr. TALLOW, ............................. lb.

Richmond, Va.......

Wm. Palmer. TOBACCO, ................do.

2

7
Natchez, Miss...

.........G S. Tainter. WHISKEY, American, ..................gal.

25

26 Woodland, La., East Feliciana........ Rev. A. W. Pool. WOOLS, Saxony,.... ........................ lb. 35

General Travelling Agents,

Solon ROBINSON, Merino., ..........................do. 25

ALONZO SHERMAN. Half blood, ........................do.

20

25 Bound volumes can be obtained of any of our Agents at $1.25 Common do.........................

18

20

per volume.

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AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST.

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TO EXCHANGE PAPERS.

orders before the ground closes, as they cannot Please to take Notice.--Ever since we have afterwards be conveniently taken up. conducted this journal, we have exchanged freely with all respectable papers desiring it, and shall be AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE IN NEW happy to continue to do so, wherever we are fairly

ORLEANS. dealt by. We regret, however, to say, that in MB. R. L. ALLEN, whose name is familiar to several instances this is not the case, and that a the readers of the Agriculturist, will leave here few papers are in the habit of making up their agri- early during the present month, for the purpose of cultural department almost entirely from ours, establishing an Agricultural Warehouse in New without giving the least credit whatever, and some Orleans. Such an enterprise seems to be demanded, of them have the unblushing impudence to put if we can judge correctly from the numerous solicisuch matter in leaded type, under the editorial head. tations we have received on this subject from our We have frequently, privately and otherwise, re- Southern friends. They can order their general monstrated against this injustice-but to no effect ; supplies of staple agricultural implements from us we now give such papers warning, that if they here, without material inconvenience ; but to fill up continue to quote from us without credit, we shall their intermediate and occasional demands, and stop the exchange. Another class of exchanges especially in supplying themselves with new and when they copy from us, merely add at foot, Am.

recently improved implements, &c., they need an Ag." We think they ought to give the title of this establishment nearer home. To accommodate this journal in full, or nearly so-Amer. Agriculturist. demand is the object of the proposed undertaking, A few other papers are in the habit of reprinting which, we doubt not, will be fully sustained by our our periodical almost entirely, as fast as it appears. friends and the enterprising planters generally at We can only say to such, that this journal costs us the South. a good deal of hard labor to edit it, and several thou

Mr. Allen will travel through the Atlantic and sand dollars a year money paid out to printers and Gulf states, and both in New Orleans and on his paper-makers, and the course they are thus pursuing route, will receive orders for Messrs. Ruggles, is injurious to our interests. We therefore add, that Nourse & Mason, of Boston and Worcester, Mass., while it gives us pleasure to see occasional articles and for our agricultural establishment, 187 Water copied from our periodical, we must object to so Street, New York; and also receive subscriptions faithful a reprint, and warn those doing it, if they and establish agents for the American Agriculturist, persist, we shall be under the necessity hereafter of of which he will be a regular correspondent from copyrighting every number of the Agriculturist as the South. All letters or orders may be addressed to fast as it appears.

him to our care, till the 15th of this month, after

that, to New Orleans. We commend him to the Fruit-TREES FOR THE SOUTH.—Persons living attention of our friends, and anything they may do South where they will require fruit-trees from the to further the objects of his tour, and establishment North, to be planted out in January or February, at New Orleans, will be gratefully reciprocated by are reminded that it is important to make their us in this city.

330

NINETEEVTH ANNUAL S110W AND FAIR OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE. AMERICAN AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION. mill, far superior to Swist's late invention, was ex.

hibited. Mr. Fitzgerald has made some improve. This Society held their first meeting for the season at the Historical Society's Rooms, at the New York ments in his burr-mill. We also noticed several

other good implements, among which we mention University, on the 7th of last month. The session was chiefly occupied in framing a code of by-laws Gaylord's concave and convex hay and straw-cutunder their late act of incorporation, which were ter; B. Langdon's corn-stalk, hay and straw cat. adopted and ordered to be embodied with the list of ter; Jones & Smith's seed and plaster-so wer; E. members in the first number of the Transactions of worked. In the way of harnesses we noticed a new

Luken's washing machine, efficient and easily the Association shortly to be published. The next meeting will be held at the usual place, on Wed-horse-collar, which, instead of being separate, con

sisted of only one piece. This is particularly nesday, the 4th inst., at 7 o'clock in the evening.

well calculated for Southern use, among careless

negroes. It is rarely out of repair, and the hameNINETEENTH ANNUAL SHOW AND FAIR string never gets lost, for, in this collar, there is OF THE AMERICAN INSTITUTE.

none to lose. This commenced on the 5th of last month, and The horticultural exhibition was not quite so continued till the 23d. A few weeks pregeding, good as usual. Several fine specimens of dew and all the buildings at Niblo's Garden, where the show water-rotted hemp, from Hon. Henry Clay and is usually held, took fire and burned to the ground. others; splendid ears of corn, of various kinds, This at first seemed a heavy calamity to the Insti- some on stalks 15 feet high; large beets; mamtute, as it was supposed they would be unable to moth pumpkins from A. Miller, Newburgh, A. find accommodation in the city for their show. Silkworth, Staten Island, and others ; bell-neck But fortunately for the Society, they at length se- pumpkins from J. B. Colyer, L. Island, and Pel. cured Castle Garden, on the Battery, which proves ham farm; magnificent golden crook-neck squash, far superior to all places, in its accommodations, from R. L. Pell; four immense striped squashes, heretofore occupied for their fairs. Indeed, if the from Mr. Beekman, also, large yellow, sweet pobuilding had been erected expressly for the purpose, tatoes, &c, &c. it could not have been better suited. The bridge, The plowing and spading matches came off on 230 feet in length, leading from the Battery to the (the 9th of October, at Flushing, and were similar Castle, was roofed over, and devoted to agricultu- in their character to those the Institute has got up, ral implements, carriages, heavy machinery, &c. with one exception, for the last eighteen years, The Castle is about 200 ft. in diameter. The area We consider them a complete farce, and unattended was occupied with woollen and cotton fabrics, with the slightest improvement whatever. Nor do leather fabrics, cutlery, glass and earthenware, they establish a single important principle. jewelry, and other fancy articles; the steam en The cattle show came off on the 14th and 15th of gine, and some heavy machinery operated by it, October, and on the whole was a prime one. There were arranged on the outward circle; while the were a large number of first rate working cattle ex. galleries all around were adorned with paintings, hibited, principally from Connecticut; some good Daguerreotypes, fancy work, and the horticultural Durhams; a beautiful display of Devons, by Mr. display of flowers, fruits, and vegetables. The Colt, of Patterson, and choice Ayshires and Åldercoup d'eil was magnificent, and the whole arrange- neys. Mr. Bathgate showed a very fine cow, and ment gave great satisfaction. The number of visi- a great milker, a cross between the Durham and tors instead of being less, as was apprehended in Ayrshire. The genuine natives were fewer than consequence of holding the fair at this extreme end ever, being rather shy to stand up alongside of the of the city, proved much greater than ever. Not improved breeds. One most superb fat ox was less than 200,000 are supposed to have been ad-exhibited. He was bred by Mr. Le Roy, of Living. mitted during the exhibition.

ston County, and fed and shown by Mr. Olyphant. As we are bound every year to record the show He is a cross of the Dutch and Durham. He of the Institute, we mention such things only as weighs a trifle over 2,700 lbs. He carried a suare particularly new to us in an agricultural point perb brisket, and in other points was quite superior. of view. In the way of plows we find nothing The match horses were superb, and in considerable more to notice, than the recently invented dial force. As for sheep, the show was rather slim. clevis of Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, which enables A curious-looking animal was on the ground, a the plowman to gauge his implement to a quarter of cross between the Merino and long-wool. His an inch, if he wishes to be so exact, and adjust the fleece was 5 or 6 years old, and along the sides plow also to run close alongside of a fence, or measured 22 inches in length. It was most extraditch, or keep the off horse on the hard surface ordinary. The swine were a good show. One fawhen plowing wet lands, instead of being obliged mous porker present weighed 1,080 lbs., and some to walk in the open, miry furrow, so very hard and of his progeny there bid fair to rival him in dimen. wearisome to him. Their self-sharpening plow sions. " If any one wants big hogs, now let them also, with the application of the centre draft, is a speak. They can have choice pigs for $25 to $30 great improvement. The points in these are of per pair. cast steel, and wear and keep sharp for years. A Lectures, speeches, music, fire-works, and other curious plow for cutting up the roots of newly entertainments followed each other in regular succleared land, we think very highly of. It will cession, nearly every evening during the fair, easily cut off roots three inches in diameter, as it and on the whole the thing passed off with moves through the ground. A ew hand cor increased éclat.

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