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34 Provisions, Invention for Caring.
301 Rats, how to kill...
Rose, Cherokee, for Hedges..
Night Soils for Manure..
Sall, a Preventive of the Potato Disease.
Orchards, how to increase Fruitfulness of.
56, 80, 211
Para petticoat, Described....
.32, 381 Shad, Salling of....
4 Sweet, Large...
New Varieties, how to produce.
CONTENTS OF VOLUME V.
Tomato, Grafted on the Potato...
Mode of preserving in Poland.
Mode of Transporting.
Page. Washington's Department of Agriculture
79 Water, how to make Cool....
Fly, how to kill...
Important Fact in Measuring.
Row Culture of.....
Seed, Selection of...
27 Whitewash, Superior...
from the Isabella Grape..
. 100, 104 Rhubarb, how to make.
323 Wool Growing
on Western New York Lands ..
Allen, R. L...
... 47, 362 Gardener, An Amateur..
365 Hall, Charles Henry
61 Hamilton, Robert..
Bowers, J. W...
152 Jarvis, Wm..
219 Jayne, Arch'd..
Farmer, an Old Pennsylvanian.
283 Norton, John P
67 | Oddie, Wm. B.
Parsons, . B..
.9, 27, 117 Copper Button, Blithewood..
81 Cottage, Plan of, 8. Robinson's.
32 Drill Marker...
Resident, A Summer, of East Jersey
315 Farm-Houses, Downing's..
..159, 179, 219, 343, 374 Fence, Stevens'.
95 Fountain, Poultry-Feeding.
114 | Fowl, Rumpless.
-56, 57, 83, 90, 211, 282 Gate, Balance, Hood's..
.23, 241 Gate, Lodge, Donaldson's.
350 Gardener, House of Donaldson's..
149 | Glove, Garden...
66 Halier Ring..
162 Hay-Press, Economical...
187 Hydraulic Ram..
..18, 155 Indigo Vats...
111, 151, 252 | Lactometer, Scotch.
Talbot, L. T .......58, 122, 145, 176, 209, 246, 287, 310, 339, 372 Machine, Seed Sowing...
279 Machine for Clearing Gravel Walks..
Tomkins, Calvin & Co...
24 Merino Ewe..
283 | Plow, Cutter....
.227, 290 Plow, Eagle.
184 Plow, Lock Coulter ........
288 Plow, Paring.
92 Plow, Side-Hill............
22 Rake, Revolving...
60 Strawberry, Princess Alice Maude.
Agriculture is the most healthful, the most useful, and the most noble employment of man. - WASHINGTON.
NO. I. A. B. ALLEN, Editor.
SAXTON & Miles, Publishers, 205 Broadway. TO SUBSCRIBERS.
TO EXCHANGE PAPERS. WE send this number of our paper to all sub- Our exchanges will please do us the favor of scribers to the last volume, hoping that they may noticing the commencement of a new volume, with find it agreeable to renew their subscriptions, and its character and terms; and also, if convenient, continue with us another year. Such as do not copy these as they appear on the last page. We wish the Agriculturist continued, will please return shall be obliged if edítors and post-masters genethis number immediately, and unmutilated, with the rally, will act as agents, or get some responsible name and Post-office address on the wrapper (not person to do so. Our paper does not conflict at all on the paper), when it will be stopped. Recol with theirs, and by exerting their influence in our lect that the subscription is cash in advance, and we behalf, they may greatly subserve the best interests wish expressly that none be forwarded by Post- of the country, and assist in ameliorating the con. office drafts, it is so troublesome to collect them. dition of the farmer. By lightening his toil, and The money may, in all cases, be enclosed in a let-teaching him how to grow a larger product per ter, and sent direct to the publishers, at their risk. acre, with the same capital and labor bestowed, The terms remain unaltered. Single copies, One millions are added to the productive wealth of the Dollar; three copies for Two Dollars ; eight copies country, society is advanced, and comfort and hapfor Five Dollars. Agricultural Societies, Clubs, piness frequently produced, where none now exist. and agents, supplied on the most liberal terms. We trust that none will be found slack in their The work being stereotyped, back volumes, hand- efforts, and that renewed exertions will be made somely and uniformly bound, can at all times be by the friends of agriculture to carry this journal to had. These now form one of the best Encyclo- every farmer's door in the land. pædias on American agriculture to be found, and ought to be in every library. No money can be
TO THE LEGISLATURE. better spent than in devoting it to the purchase of At the last session of the Legislature, a bill was this excellent work. The farmer who does not introduced and attempted to be passed in the House, possess it is without his best friend. Many refuse directing every County Superintendent of Common to take an agricultural paper on the ground that Schools in the State, to subscribe for as many they cannot afford it, when, at the same time, they copies of the Albany Cultivator as there were annually spend dollars in the most useless or School Districts in their counties—the subscription worthless things imaginable. We have often heard and postage to be paid by the State, out of the it said, that a single article in our paper has saved School fund. This bill would have given upwards the reader five or ten times its subscription price of $12,000 to a single agricultural paper! at the How beneficial, then, must it be in the aggregate to same time that there were FOUR others in the the farmers of the country! England and other State equally meritorious equally valuable to the foreign countries are making rapid strides in the farming community-and equally deserving publi, arts of the husbandman, and they owe the advan- patronage. We are of opinion that the Legislature tages of their progress mainly to their agricultural could not pass a wiser and more beneficial act thaj periodicals
such as should disseminate agricultural journa.
THE ALPACA.--CISTERNS. CLEARING SWAMPS AND MARSHES.
among the Common Schools of the State ; but we ready a company is on the tapis to bring over ten
Many farmers might conveniently, and with We wish we possessed one-tenth the wealth of great advantage, furnish themselves economically many a man we could name in this country, for one with an extensive and permanent supply of water, of the first things we would do with a very small por- when otherwise deficient, by constructing cisterns. tion of it, would be to import a few Alpacas, and Where they have compact clay land, no further naturalize them here for the benefit of the agricul- preparation is necessary for ordinary use for stock, tural community. We wrote a little article on this than to excavate to a sufficient size; and to keep up subject in our April number, last year, and we in- the banks on every side, place two frames of single tend to continue inserting others till we can influ- joice around it near the top and bottom, between ence some one, who has sufficient patriotism, to which and the banks, heavy boards or plank may make an importation of these most beautiful and be set in an upright position, reaching from top 10 valuable animals. It pains us, absolutely, to look bottom. The earth keeps them in place on one around and see the worthless objects on which so side, and the joice prevents them falling in. They much money is spent in every quarter of the United require to be only tight enough to prevent the clay States; and yet one might solicit for years, and it from washing in. No appreciable quantity of wais doubtful whether so small a sum as one thousand ter wili escape from the sides or bottom. We have dollars could be raised for the worthy purpose of had such an one for years without repairs or any importing what might ultimately benefit the country material wasting of water. This should be made untold millions. This does not arise from a want near the buildings; and the rains, carefully conof liberality on the part of our citizens, but unfor- ducted by the eaves-troughs and pipes from an extunately from improper education. Yes; we mean tensive range, will afford an ample supply. For education in its enlarged sense—an education which household purposes, one should be made with more teaches people to do with their abundant means care and expense, and so constructed as to afford what is for the advantage of their fellow citizens pure filtered water at all times. These may be aye, and for the world, instead of spending them formed in various ways, and of different materials, so exclusively for the gratification of their own im- stone, brick, or even wood; though the two former inediate vaniiy, pride, and luxury. Is there not a are preferable. They should be permanently merchant among the millionaires of this great city, divided into two apartments, one to receive the who will stand up as Mr. W. Dawson didhon- water, and another to be used as a reservoir to conored be his name at the late meeting of the British tain such as is ready for use. Alternate layers of Association for the advancement of science, and say: gravel, sand, and charcoal at the bottom of the first,
“It is now six years since I first joined this society and sand and gravel in the last, are sufficient; the for a little recreation or relaxation from the trials of water being allowed to escape from the bottom of 30 years close application to commercial life; and the former into the latter, through the several layers at Birmingham I brought a subject before its notice, mentioned, will be rendered perfectly free from all which received its countenance in a special manner. impurities, and furnishes the purest water in the I there declared the object of that paper, which was world. Some who are particularly choice in preto induce our various manufacturers to exercise paring their water, make use of filtering stones, but their ingenuity in discovering means to consume a this is not essential to securing a choice article. wool of a silken texture (as can be seen retailing) Occasional cleaning may be necessary, and the in a manufactured state, and also to prepare our substitution of new materials will at all times landed gentry and farmers to naturalize the animal keep them sweet. called the “ Alpaca”-a species of sheep that eat what the cow, the horse, the common sheep, &c., CLEARING SWAMPS AND MARSHES.—The winter reject. The manufactures have succeeded beyond is decidedly the best time to clear the brush and my most sanguine expectation, and the naturaliza. timber from the swamps and marshes, in order to tion also : the former has created a national wealth | let the sun in to dry up the water, and prepare the of £3,000,000 to £5,000,000 per annum; the latter way for ditching, much of which may also be done is progressing rapidly; I have proved these moun- now to advantage. Labor is cheap and plenty at tain-rangers can be domiciled in our own country, this season of the year, and it is the duty of every though brought from beyond the Andes Mountains one, who is able, to give employment to the needy, in Peru. (How much more easily then would they and get rid of those unsightly rookeries which are do this in the United States—a climate similar to of no other use than to harbor the blackbirds that their own!] I have tried the experiment in my pull up the corn. These swamps are usually the own lands, on the west coast of Ireland, in the richest land on the farm, and will pay the greatest wildest districts of the county of Kerry; and al-'interest of any when drained and croppeu.