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IMPORTATION OF PURE-BRED MERINO SHEEP.-ITEMS.
wonder. For the encouragement of southern eco- and all the et ceteras on which their failures or sucnomists, who prefer purchasing in foreign markets, cesses depended. He further urged the immediate rather than manufacturing at home, we must note introduction of agriculture as a science into all our a piece of carpeting, of more than ninety yards in common schools, by stating that these are the inlength, manufactured by Miss C. F. Peirson, of stitutions where the great body of American farmers Richmond, in a style which a southern nabob are to receive their first and final education. might be proud to admire, while, at the same time, After the address, the reports of the Committees he might be prouder still that he is a native of a were read, which gave satisfactory assurances of republic where the persevering energy and discrimi- the increasing interest in agricultural advancement, nating taste of such women are allowed ample and of the flourishing condition of the county, scope for their operations. Then we saw on the The exercises at the Church closed, and the opposite end of the hall, a beautiful silk bed-quilt, Society, with their guests, returned to the Berk. worked by Mrs. Lacy Gay, of the same place. We shire House, and partook of the excellent repast did not attempt in the hurry, and amid the excite- provided for the occasion ; after which, they sepa. ment of the occasion, to count the number of pieces rated, with much kind feeling, to their quiet homes, arranged in this rich and gay article, but were cre- rendered dearer by the late festival, to commence dibly informed that they numbered seven thousand anew their labors of preparation for another similar six hundred and ninety-two, all beautifully orna. scene.
W. BACON. mented in roses. What a bed of flowers that must be, Mount ceola, Mass., Oct. 12th, 1846. adorned with an article enriched by so much labor and fine taste! And what a dowry must the bride present to her husband who can bring such speci
IMPORTATION OF PURE-BRED MERINO SHEEP.inens of the labor and skill of her girlhood's sunny Gentlemen desiring any information whatever in days. Then there were butter and cheese of the regard to the late importation of sheep, by Mr, richest flavor, paintings of the highest finish, furni- Taintor, of Hartford, Connecticut, will please adture of the most polished brightness--in short, dress the editor of this paper, as Mr. T. has no time almost everything calculated to
to answer letters on this subject. The editor is also
empowered to make sales of the male produce of Variegate, adorn,
this flock, deliverable next season. Females will And make the farmer's home delightful.”
not be for sale. Special attention is requested to There, too, we saw a card of finely-wrought hard-this paragraph by all interested in the matter. ware, from the manufactory of L. Pomeroy & Sons, of Pittsfield ; a box of chemicals from Mr. Fish, of
THE LATE EPIDEMIC AMONG HORSES.-It is Salisbury, Conn.; and a model of Benson’s new known to most of our readers, that a very fatal machine for raising water, all matters that indicate
epidemic has prevailed extensively, the past season, the growing prosperity of our country.
in the country around this city, among horses. It On the morning of the second day, the plowing
seems to have confined its attacks almost exclumatch came off at eight o'clock. From five to sively to pastured horses. A medical friend, in seven thousand spectators attended to witness the feats of the occasion, and twenty-four teams, thir-has made some dissections, informs us that he con
whose opinions we have great confidence, and who teen of horses and eleven of oxen, entered to com- siders the malady a malarious congestive fever, pete for the prizes. The time for performing the affecting specially the head. General bleeding has labor was, in consequence of the dryness of the not been useful. The treatment from which most earth, and heat of the morning, lengthened to an hous; and the skill manifested showed itself worthy topical abstraction of blood from the head (that is,
advantage appeared to be derived, consisted in the of Berkshire plowmen. At eleven o'clock, the Society moved in proces. cold water to it, by means of cloths bound upon it;
bleeding about one quart), and the application of sion to the Congregational Church, to hear the re- and internally the use of calomel
, about two port of awarding committees, and listen to the drachms daily, till the horse recovers. The disease address of John S. Gould, Esq., of Stockport, N.Y. has now ceased. Should it return, our friend thinks
We would not anticipate the publication of Mr. that the best means of preventing its ravages, will Gould's address (for we hope it will be published be to confine the horses to stables, especially dur. entire, and go into the hands of every farmer in the
ing the night. land), but we cannot forbear saying that it was what the present state of agriculture promptly demands—sound, pointed, and practical.
TRANSPLANTING TREES.- A correspondent in the He alluded to the exhausting system of husban- January number of the Agriculturist cautions gardry, which has depopulated some of the fairest por- deners against transplanting trees while the sap. is tions of the earth That professional knowledge is in circulation, as it cannot be done without injuring necessary, and should be brought into continual them. How are ignorant cultivators to know when practice, to prevent a continuation of such calami-a tree is in a proper state? Are trees which lose ties. He conclusively showed, why so many fail- their leaves annually moved more safely in autumn ures arise from adopting what is called book-farm- or spring ? What season is best for removing ing, and urged the importance of farmers keeping a evergreens in the Middle States ? and why? strict account of their operations; and in giving
AN INQUIRER. their statements to the public, that they should be For information on this subject “ Inquirer” is particular in describing soil, situation, locality, referred to note on p. 224 of the current volume.
BRITISH AND IRISH FLAX CULTURE.--N0. 2.--THE ALPACA.-NO. 7.
BRITISH AND IRISH FLAX CULTURE.—No. 2. heavy soil; but the inexperienced will find the Nature and Preparation of the Soil, Souing, &c.
most profitable crop to be that grown from six to The most suitable soil for flax is a deep loain, or eight pecks. Observe, if the drill is used, the rich haugi, on a moist bottom, where the pores are creases should be filled up with a bush ; but is the not so close as in clay or till, and the strength of seed is sown broad-cast, fine light harrows must be the soil fully equal to the food which the plant re-used. An extra turn or two, therefore, with the quires. Clayey land seems to be of too close a harrows, the roll, and the scarifier, beyond the retexture for its tender roots, and binds too much to quirements for barley, will be sufficient. It will allow the fibres to expand themselves in quest of also be found that, where the soil has been well nourishment. A light sandy soil, on the other prepared and cleaned, the cost for weeding flax will hand, is too weak to bear a heavy crop, and is too be very trifling; because, when the land is rich, the much exhausted by it to render the lint crop a suf- plants spring up with astonishing rapidity, and ficient recompense for the chance of failure in the quickly overtop the small weeds. It is necessary, subsequent crops.
On lands saturated either with however, to remove the larger, but much injury is underground or surface water, good flax cannot be often done in the attempt to eradicate the smaller. expected.
As early in April as the weather will permit, is In those countries, in which the greatest quantity the best time for sowing ; for the earlier sown, of flax is produced, the most favorite soil for this
the better the crop.
Do not await perfect dryness crop is on the banks of large and gentle-flowing in the soil, as the seed will vegetate more quickly rivers, which, by their flooding, have, in the course
when the ground is somewhat moist. of ages, formed the richest and deepest mould. This
Facts connected with the Flax Crop.-1st.—Under may show us what is its native soil, and where it the improved system of husbandry, flax is not excan be cultivated with the most profit.
hausting, but a highly restorative crop. Preparing the Land, than which nothing can be
2d. -If sown primarily for the seed, the value of more simple ; for, if the field destined for ilax has the crop is equal to the average value of wheat, been plowed the full depth, previous to the frost, it barley, and oats. will only be necessary to reduce the surface to a
-Under experienced management, in every garden-like state, by harrowing, scarifying, and department, the crop is worth more than wheat. rolling; it being scarcely possible to render the
4th.-Flax will grow upon any soils that proland too fine.
duce grain, and upon soils where grain will not In order to ensure a first-rate crop, it will be grow at all. necessary, during the above process, to sow six or
5th.- The plant will flourish after any crop, eight bushels per acre of bone-dust, and about two turnips excepted, and probably carrots or mangel cwt. of real guano, by which means they will be wurtzel. intimately mixed with the soil; or if bone-dust
6th.-Flax has been grown upon my farm during cannot be had, the guano might be increased to the past six years in the following rotations, viz. : three or four cwt. per acre.
But about eight loads clover, stubble, flax, wheat, barley-wheat, flax, of good farm-yard manure, well decomposed and wheat, barley--wheat, barley, flax, barley-potamixed with mould, is much to be preferred. toes, flax, turnips, wheat—wheat, potatoes, flax, Where land is in a previously rich state, less ma
turnips the same year, barley—and so on, the imnure will, of course, be required ; but if it has only provement in each field being distinguishable. been slightly plowed, a repetition will be necessary,
7th. -When wheat follows flax much less seed as well as of the scarifying, &c. Small pieces of is required. grass and roots of weeds left by the harrows should
8th.—The successful cultivation of the plant debe gathered up, and a light roll drawn over the pends upon the preservation of the seed—a point land before.
hitherto not recognized either by the theory or Sowing the Seed, in order that it may fall
practice of past or present times. -Condensed from an even surface. Linseed is generally sown by
Warnes' Treatise. hand; but this process is best performed by such machines as are used for grass seeds. Some prefer
THE ALPACA.-No. 7. depositing the seed by a drill set at intervals of Domestication of Alpacas in Europe and in the about seven inches ; a practice I at first adopted, United States.-—The further introduction and domesbut now discontinue in favor of the broad-cast tication of the alpaca in Great Britain and Ireland, system, because the stalks will grow to a greater has been diligently and ab investigated by Mr. length, and be more equal in size; nor is my land Walton, from whose treatise we give the following infested with any noxious weeds to render hoeing condensed account:necessary Where the seed is sown by the hand, In 1817, the late D. Bennet, Esq., of Farringdon the machine or the drill, it must not be deposited House, Berks, received a pair of alpacas, and fed deep. Half, or one inch, in damp weather, and them, as he did his sheep, with hay and turnips in one and a half in dry, ought not to be exceeded. the winter. He found them hardy and healthy;
If seed and coarse flax are the aim, six pecks an and noticed that they required little care. From acre will be sufficient; but if fine flax and seed, this stock he reared fifteen, of which the greatest eight, ten, or twelve pecks will be necessary. It number he had in his possession at one time was will be found in general that the greatest quantity eight. Generally the young ones passed into will produce the most valuable tibre, but the least other hands. seed.
From Viscount Ingestre I was favored with the A sandy does not require so much seed as a following, under the date of May 31st :-" In
answer to the queries which you put to me, I beg to when the male alpaca became extremely jealous state, 1st, That the animals I imported were a pair and furious, and on several occasions leaped a wall of alpacas, and that I shipped them from Valparaiso five feet high, and broke through a dozen men, to in the latter end of the year 1825. 2dly, That they beat the male llama, which, being slightly the hea. stood the voyage remarkably well. 3dly, The vier of the two, he did, carrying his anger so far as female had, three or four times, one young one at a even to beat the young one when he could reach time. And 4thly, They were for some three or four him. Besides the alpacas and llamas above menyears at Earl Talbots, at Ingestre, to whom I gave tioned, two years and a half ago
I had another them, and who afterwards, I believe, made a pre- Peruvian animal, called the vicuña, generally consent of the whole stock to the Zoological Society in sidered to be of the same species. It is not, how. Regent's Park. I will add that I had them shorn ever, so large, being about the size of a fallow-deer, once or twice, and had the wool spun, which made but infinitely more graceful and beautiful. This a cloth of the softest texture possible. I have no animal runs wild in Peru, and I could never tame doubt that they might be naturalized in this mine, although I received it when very young. It country,” &c.
was led out every morning to a small enclosed park. The next person who seems to have taken a The wool of the vicuña exceeded in fineness any fancy to these animals, was Thomas Stevenson, wool I have ever seen. I tried to have some of it Esq., of Oban, Argyleshire, who, under date of the manufactured into a shawl at Glasgow, but could 15th of last March, politely forwarded to me the not succeed, and at last I lost my packet of it in annexed report :-“ Fourteen years ago, a son of transmitting it from one manufacturer to another. I mine in Peru, shipped on board of a merchantman a was so unfortunate as to lose this beautiful animal dozen alpacas for me, with an understanding with by a boy striking it on the heart with a stone, the commander, that he was to receive for payment which caused instant death. It was a female; and of freight one half of whatever number might arrive what made me lament my loss the more, was the safe in England. The object of this arrangement circumstance, that the poor creature was six months was to induce the captain to take greater care of gone with young by the llama My son a second them than he otherwise would do; yet of the time sent me eight alpacas, but they all died on dozen only four reached Liverpool, and of course I their passage." only got two, a male and female, which were To subsequent inquiries, Mr. Stevenson, under about a year and nine months old when they reach- date of March 30th, furnished me with the follow. ed Oban. Although I had been long in South ing additional particulars :-" The grounds upon America, I had never seen an alpaca, and was which I fed my alpacas and llamas were of different therefore ignorant of the proper mode of treating descriptions, being partly hill and partly plain, and them; so I fed them in the same way as we do they seemed to agree equally well with them. In Highland cattle, and found it to answer remarkably my former letter, I forgot to state that, during the well, in so far as their health and growth were warm months of June, July, and August, my concerned. They were driven out with my milch alpacas and Mamas were left in the fields all night. cows to pasture, summer and winter. During the The total number of births I had was, I think, night they got a little hay or straw; and, in winter, eleven. Of these, six came to their full growth, when snow covered the ground, a little grain in the one was killed by accident, and four died when a sheaf was placed before them. They were fond of few days old. The greatest care is required to be all vegetables and shrubs ; particularly so of hedges taken of them till they are two or three weeks old, and the tops of young trees. I never weighed after which there is no fear of them. The mothers them ; but I should think they would have weighed are very fond of their young, and take great care of from eleven to twelve stones, of sixteen pounds to them, spitting at any one who comes near them. I the stone. The male was very strong, and I have did not try to cross the alpaca and llama ; indeed, I seen him canter easily with a stout man on his never thought of it. I regret to hear that you find back. Their wool was very fine; but I made no so much difficulty in awakening the attention of use of it further than manufacturing some of it into farmers to this subject. I have just had a letter stockings for my family. I am sorry to say that from Lady —, making inquiries for a friend in they never bred.
Germany; and I should not wonder if the Germans year afterwards, my son shipped a dozen do not forestall us in the acquisition of alpacas. I llamas for me; but I only got a pair, eight having have heard from my son in Peru, that he has died during the voyage, and the commander of the lately, on two occasions, shipped for me four vessel reserved the other two for himself. My two alpacas, but they all died on the voyage. I think received the very same treatment as I had observed the way you propose bringing them over will be a towards the alpacas; and, when two years old, the great improvement.” female had a young one, and continued to have one From the same party, under date of the 10th of regularly every year, about the month of April. April, I was favored with the following :-“ I have She went a year with young. Of the offspring delayed until now, acknowledging the receipt of about one half lived; of which, the females began your last esteemed favor, in order that, before doing to bear when two years old. I sold my young so, I might have an opportunity of carefully readstock to various persons; and two years ago, find-ing your very interesting work on the naturalization ing that I had only one female left, and that the old of the alpaca. I have indeed had much pleasure in one, I sold my whole stock, which consisted of perusing it, and I only wonder it has not been the five, having five years previously sold my alpacas. means of causing farmers to take a greater interest
“ The alpacas and llamas lived very quietly to- in the matter than they at present seem to do. gether until the latter had their first young one, “ At page 14 of your book, you say that the
llama goes seven months with young. I may really mountainous country I consider that they mention, that those I had went between eleven and would do well. Cold does not affect them, but twelve months. The female was invariably cov- diet does.” ered by the male two or three days after she had a From Henry Lees Edwards, Esq., of Pyenest, lamb, and, from the singularity of this circum- near Halifax, under date April 6th, I received the stance, it attracted my very particular attention, and annexed :-“ In reply to your inquiries I beg to I regularly marked down ihe date on which the state, that in 1839 | imported from Valparaiso six female was covered, and found that she went with alpacas and two vicuñas. In 1841, of six alpacas lamb a very few days less than a year. I may add, shipped for me, only two arrived safe, and in the that I have in my possession a stone representation same year I purchased three in Liverpool, making of a llama at rest, as you mention in p. 16, which a total of eleven alpacas and two vicuñas. Of the was taken out of an Indian grave in Peru. I may former, eight have died, leaving my present stock also state, that I have two grandsons with me from three alpacas and two vicuñas. From the latter I Tacna, who remember having often seen the dried have had no lambs, but from eight alpacas in field, flesh of the llama. They agree with you in saying, I had eight lambs, chiefly premature births, only that the Indians are very fond of eating it.” two of which lived to twelve months, and them I
By Robert Gill, Esq., I was favored with the have also lost. These animals have been much subjoined, dated Manchester, April 15th :-"* It is subject to scab, which is difficult to remove from quite true that I was one of the first who possessed them, and mine were seldom free. They were kept the llama and alpaca. I also succeeded in breeding in a good grass field on the side of a hill, a dry them, I think, to the extent of three; but, as I have pasture, but not short grass like the hill tops. In no memoranda, I can only say from memory. I the beginning they had a good deal of bard food also possessed two vicuñas, but was not successful oats, beans, &c., besides grass and hay—but when in breeding from them; nor have I heard that any they died so rapidly, I discontinued hard food, and one here succeeded in breeding them. In conse now only give them grass, hay, and vegetables.” quence of changing my residence about five years The Earl of Derby's being mixed up with the ago, I parted with the few animals of this class alpaca question, seems to have been purely acci. which I then possessed. I am glad to find you are dental. Pursuing that refined taste for rare objects taking up so interesting a subject. I had not heard of natural history which has always distinguished of your work; but shall have much pleasure in his lordship, he made the acquisition of a few reading it, as well as the forthcoming one. Should llamas, and added them to his splendid menagerie at you succeed in adding to the number of our domes- Knowsley. There they were seen by Mr. Hegan, tic animals, you will deserve the thanks of the who happened to mention that he had some alpacas country at large. Much remains to be done both on his property, in Cheshire, of which two were in quadrupeds and the feathered race.”
eventually transferred to his lordship, who subseJoseph Hegan, Esq., of Liverpool, after stating quently obtained as many more from Mr. Tayleure, that he was the person who presented to the Earl of of Liverpool. Treating both varieties as mere Derby the first alpacas his lordship had, about five curiosities, and seemingly never intending to use years ago, under date of April 20th, writes thus :— the preferable one as farm stock, his lordship allow* For two years I lived at Arrow Hall, Cheshire, ed them to cross, and the result was births in the and while there had three or four of these animals. ordinary course. Both llamas and alpacas kept The survivor of these, with the progeny of one separately, also bred almost every year ; but, befemale, have been for the last two years on a farm sides these, his lordship procured a pair of guanacos, in Ireland, belonging to Mr. W. Danson of this su at least they were called by the seller, although town, and I really know nothing of them. The I am inclined to think most erroneously. manager of the farm is Mr. Bell, of Gainsboro', On the 22d of February, the Marquis of near Listowel. I am sure he will readily give you Breadalbane condescendingly informed me that “he all the information in his power; and he has now had a few alpacas for a short time, but they all died had a fair opportunity of ascertaining the habits of with the exception of one;" adding, “that it was the the animal, from its birth onwards. Those under opinion of his people who had charge of them, that the charge of Mr. Bell are the pure breed-un- the pasturage was too rich, and that they would mixed alpacas."
have done better on hill ground.” Charles Tayleure, Esq., of Parkfield, near Understanding that the illustrious consort of our Liverpool, in a note, dated April 11th, speaks thus: patriotic Queen had so far identified himself with
—“ In reply to your inquiries, I beg to say, that my the fortunes of the British farmer as to purchase a memory is not sufficiently good to enable me to pair of alpacas, with the intention of allowing them state in what year I imported the first alpacas and the range of his grounds, I addressed a note to vicuñas. I recollect that there were a pair of each, G. E. Anson, Esq., his royal highpess's treasurer, and that the alpacas had a young one, the others and, under date of March 5th, was honored with a none. I had the misfortune to have one of the reply in these words :-“ It is true that there are vicuñas killed by a dog; and in consequence of two alpacas at Windsor, but, as yet, no use has some subsequent importations of alpacas being dis- been made of them.” I have since received a eased, and the disease spreading to the others, I put sample of black wool, clipped from the Prince's them under the charge of a sliepherd in the neigh- male alpaca, and full ten inches long. In quality borhood, who, by administering too strong medi- it is much superior to the imported, being exceedcines, killed the greater part of them. This tended ingly soft and moist to the touch-a proof that the to disgust me; and, not long after, the only two fibres contain more yolk, or, in other words, the alpacas that I had left I gave to Lord Derby. On a animal has drawn more appropriate nourishment
from our pastures than it could on the Peruvian here. Their clip of last year amounted to 175 lbs., mountains. The wool of the female is shorter, but which are beautiful silky fleeces, and which said equally fine and lustrous.
silky wool is still in my possession." Under date of May 31st, I was favored with The introduction of the alpaca into the mountains the annexed from A. G. Stirling, Esq., of Craig- of Ireland is a new and important feature in the barnet Place, Lennoxtown, near Glasgow :-“1 experiment. The attempt was first made by Robt. received your letter concerning the alpaca, &c. It Bell, Esq., of Villa House, near Listowel, in the had for several years been my wish to procure a county of Kerry, a practical and observant farmer, couple of these animals from their native moun- who seems to have started with the determination tains; but, after various attempts, I found I could of treating the animals, as nearly as he could, with not succeed. Latterly, however, I was fortunate the same fare, and, in the same manner, as they are enough to obtain a male and female from the Earl on their native hills—that is, no petting, and plenty of Derby's stock, which were sent here about the of exposure. This is by far the most judicious latter end of last August. My motive was-first, plan, and it is to be regretted that it has not been that, considering the great altitude at which alpacas adopted earlier. Subjoined is an extract from a live at home, and the sort of food they şubsist report addressed to me by that gentleman, under upon, I thought that our hilly bent in Scotland, date of March 18th :which neither sheep, cow, nor horse, will eat, Agreeably to your request, I have much pleamight prove well adapted for them, taking into ac- sure in giving you a brief statement relative to the count the coarser herbage upon which they thrive; small herd of alpacas which we have here. These secondly, I wished to keep these Peruvians in my beautiful and interesting animals arrived at this sheep-park with the sheep, in front of the house, place in the summer of 1842, previous to which, 80 that I might be enabled to form an opinion of after being landed at Liverpool from their native their habits, &c.
mountains in Peru, they were kept in that neigh• Now, sir, from ten months' observation, I am borbood for some time. They are the only animals enabled to state, that I have found them most docile, of this kind ever introduced into this country, and mild in temper, and never attempting to break a have been admired by numbers of persons, many of fence, and agreeing perfectly well with the sheep whom came very long distances to see them. Of and
young lambs. During our last winter, which course, it is quite unnecessary to give you a was more severe than usual in this country, with description of these graceful creatures; for any one many vicissitudes as to climate, and attended with who has perused your publication on the Naturali. weeks of deep snow, I thought it necessary to com- zation of the Alpaca, and has seen and observed the mence giving them some food, and began with habits of the animal in question, will readily perrye-grass hay and turnip. After some little time, ceive how thoroughly you are acquainted with the the keeper told me that they were not eating the subject of your work in its minutest details; but I rye-grass hay so well as at first. I then desireil may inform you, that the alpacas on this farm are of that a coarser kind of meadow hay should be given various colors, some being brown, others black, and to them. This they greedily ate, and left the other. one perfectly white. They have not been shorn They next seemed to tire of the turnip, and I ordered since the month of June, 1841, and the average each of them to have a handful of oats, which they length of their wool at this time is eleven inches, ate freely of at first. However, in about three and so firm to their bodies, that the smallest lock weeks, they also became indifferent to the oats. A cannot be pulled off without great force; therefore, handful of beans was next tried ; they fell to them they never lose a bit. It is exceedingly fine and most greedily, and never lost their relish for them. silky ; indeed, very much finer than any alpaca By way of experiment, I desired the keeper to mix wool I have yet seen imported into England ; and, the oats and beans together ; and, as a proof of during the two years they have been here, there is their partiality for the beans, it may be stated, that a visible improvement in the texture of their coat, they picked the latter out, and left the oats; which, and I think ihat the wool of the alpaca lamb here is if they are to be winter-fed, evinces that meadow superior in fineness even to that of the vicuña I hay and beans is the food they like, and would have frequently examined them very closely, but
could never find upon them a wool-tick, or any “A small shed had been put up in the park for vermin whatever, to which ordinary sheep are subthem, to which they generally resorted at night;ject; and I was very much afraid, during the ex. but, when the snow was at the deepest, and the ceedingly hot weather which we had last summer, wind blowing hard and piercing, these animals left that, from their great weight of fleece, they would their shed, and picked up what grass they could be attacked by the fly; but I am glad 10 say that no get at the roots of trees. This shows that they are such casualty befell them, although sheer, conimpervious to cold. Not so the sheep, for they tiguous to their pasture, were much injured by it. were then cowering down under shelter, wherever I have never, even after a whole day's rain, found they could find it; which proves to me that our them wet to the skin; for their wool, on becoming climate would agree well with alpacas, and that wet on the outside or surface, mats together, and they would exist where our sheep would die. We becomes quite impervious to the heaviest showers. hope that the female is with young, which time I certainly do not exaggerate when I say, that each will show. Both male and feinale are jet black, of the oli alpacas here would clip at this time upand there is a small speck of white, about the size wards of thirty pounds of wool.” of a shilling, upon the nose of the male. In so far The introduction of the Peruvian sheep into the as my experience goes, I can safely say that they United States was strenuously recommended by have never had a day's illness since they came' Mr. Wm. D. Robinson, as long ago as 1824. He