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36

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL NEWS.

FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL NEWS. covering them with spruce branches, fern, or any dry By the steam-ship Acadia, we are in receipt of our litter that may be at hand. This is laid on very thinly, foreign journals to December 4th,

barely sufficient to hide the branches, and yet, although MARKETS.--Ashes were in limited demand. Cotton we had the thermometer at zero last winter, I did not much depressed, and a further reduction of d, per lb. lose a single plant, not even among the Fairy Roses, has taken place. The stock on hand at Liverpool on the which many of the rose growers experience great diffi. 1st Dec. was 926,000 bales, against 786,000 same time culty in preserving in well-protected pits and frames. last year. It is within fd. as low now as it was ever My roses are planted in an exposed situation, on a known. Flour has undergone a decided decline. Beef, rather retentive soil, so they have no local advantages. little alteration. Pork, dull. Cheese, a slight decline, They have been in excellent bloom from the middle of but a good demand. Naval Stores. The sales in these May up to the end of October; and really I do no: were large, and at good prices. Rice and Tallow, no- know a more interesting appendage to a garden than a thing particularly worthy of notice. Tobacco firm few beds of these perpetual blooming favorites.- Gar. with an upward tendency. Wool did not go off well Chron. at the late sale, most of it being put up in a very slo

Keeping Fruit.-Numerous inquiries having, from venly and imperfect manner. We must pay more time to time, been made relative to the best methods attention to this matter if we wish to command fair of preserving apples and pears during winter, I will prices in the British market.

mention one or two particulars necessary in the storing Money was in good demand, and a further advance of these, and the kind of house best adapted for securof the rate of interest is anticipated. From 3 to 5 ing a prolonged supply. The house, in the first place, per cent, was asked,

should be ventilated in the ceiling, as from the moment Trade in the manufacturing districts was dull, and of storing until the apple is absolutely decayed, an or. undergoing curtailment.

ganic transposition of its parts is constantly going on; Failure of the Potato Crop.--The accounts of the therefore it is important to allow the confined air of failure of this crop are so fluctuating that we can hard- the room, which becomes highly impregnated with the ly give an opinion respecting it. There is no doubt, effluvia, to pass off. Any animal or vegetable substance however, that the loss has been grossly and wickedly in a sound state is more liable to become diseased exaggerated, for the purpose of aiding speculators. We when placed in an atmosphere impregnated with may say the same of wheat and other products.

effluvia; but again, on the other hand, it is well Emigration to the United States.-Great preparations known that apples and pears shrivel and lose their fiaare making in Germany and Switzerland to emigrate vor when exposed, particularly in spring, to a free to America the coming season. Food is scarce and admission of external air. This may be attributed not high there; besides, the people being much persecuted so much to the mere admission of air, as to the increased for their religious opinions, desire to live where they temperature which the air in spring has attained. The can choose their own road to Heaven, and have plenty increased heat of the atmosphere then dries up the to eat while travelling thither.

juices of the apple and destroys its flavor; in fact, 1... Professor Liebig's Opinion on the Potato Disease. The fruit so exposed becomes tasteless and tough. Now it

researches I have undertaken upon the sound and dis- appears to me quite necessary to admit air or rather to eased potatoes of the present year have disclosed to me allow the impure air to pass off quietly at the ceiling the remarkable fact that they contain in the sap a without creating a complete current in the house, and considerable quantity of vegetable casein (cheese) to exclude the admission of external air at the doors precipitable by acids. This constituent I did not ob- and windows as much as possible, to keep down the serve in my previous researches. It would thus appear temperature of the room, for on this a great deal dethat, from the influence of the weather, or generally pends.. Could the same kind of temperature be mainspeaking, from atmospheric causes, a part of the vege- tained in spring as during winter, there can be no doubt table albumen which prevails in the potato has become that fruit would keep much better, and be better converted into vegetable casein. The great instability favored. When pears are just arriving at perfection, of this last substance is well known, hence the facility they may be greatly improved in flavor by being placed with which the potato containing it undergoes putre. in a warm room for a few days before they are eaten. faction. Any injury to health from the use of these The increased temperature promotes more rapidly and potatoes out of the question, and nowhere in Ger- perfectly the transposition of the juices into the sacmany has such an effect been observed. In the dis- charine state. eased potato no solanin can be discovered. It may be Air Churn.— The Bishop of Derry has invented an of some use to call attention to the fact that diseased atmospheric churn. Instead of the present unscienti. potatoes may easily, and at very little expense, be kept fic mode of making butter by churning, his lordship ous ways, by cutting them into slices, of about a quar- of forcing a full current of atmospheric air through the ter of an inch thick, and immersing them in water, cream by means of an exceedingly well-devised forccontaining from two to three per cent of sulphuric ing pump. The air passes through a glass tube conacid. After twenty-four or thirty-six hours, the acid pected with the air.pump, descending nearly to the liquor may be drawn off, and all remains of it washed bottom of the churn. The churn is of tin, and fits inaway by steeping in successive portions of fresh water. to another tin cylinder, provided with a funnel and Treated in this manner, the potatoes are easily dried. stop.cock, so as to heat the cream to the necessary

The pieces are white and of little weight, and can be temperature. The pump is worked by means of a b.ground to flour and baked into bread along with the winch, which is not so laborious as the usual churn. dour of wheat. I think it probable that the diseased Independently of the happy application of science to

potatoes, after being sliced and kept for some time in this important department of domestic economy, in a io contact with weak sulphuric acid, so as to be pene- practical point of view it is extremely valuable. The Al trated by the acid, may be preserved in that state in milk is not moved by a dasher, as in the common pits. But further experiments are necessary to deter- churn; but the oxygen of the atmosphere is brought mine this. It is certain, however, that dilute sulphuric into close contact with the cream, so as to effect a full acid stops the progress of putrefaction.

combination of the butyracious part, and to convert it Protection of Tender Roses.-One of the best plans all into butter. On one occasion the churning was carconsists in pegging the shoots close to the ground, after ried on for the space of 1 hour and 45 minutes, and 11 the bloom is destroyed in the artumn, and afterwards I gallons of creain produced 26 lbs, of butter.-Globe,

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Editor's Table.

provided with them. We have one for exhibition at our warehouse, and will receive orders for them of any re

quired size. An Essay UPON THE WHEAT FLY, AND SOME THE Youtu's CABINET.-This is a beautiful SPECIES ALLIED TO 17. By. Asa Fitch, M. D., pp. 32, monthly periodical, of 32 pages, octavo. Price $1 a octavo, with a colored engraving of eight figures.- We year. It is got up something in the style of the Penny hail this pamphlet as another evidence of the gradual ad- Magazine, and is highly deserving the patronage of vancement of an improved agriculture with the public the public. Saxton & Miles, publishers, 205 Broadmind. Dr, Fitch seems to have treated the subject of way, New York. the Wheat Fly and the species resembling it, with suffi ADDRESS UPON INSECTS INJURIOUS TO VEGETAcient minuteness, and gives us a more clear and definite Tion. By Noyes Darling.–This Address was delividea of its history, habits, and the means of arresting ered before the New Haven Horticultural and Agricul. its ravages than we have yet met with. We hope his tural Societies, at their late meeting in October, and is work will have an extensive circulation among the published in the Transactions of the Society for the farmers; as it might be the means of leading many year 1845. Mr. Darling has been long and favorably of them to habits of observation of insects, which known as a writer on Insects, and his Address is dewould hereafter greatly benefit the community. We serving an attentive perusal. The little creatures do wish the State Ag. Society would purchase the copy- infinite mischief, and the best means of extirpating right of this pamphlet from the author, and issue a them and, guarding against their ravages ought to be large edition for distribution among the County So- carefully studied by all agriculturists. cieties. We are much obliged for the copy sent us. TAE 'Wheat Crop OF 1845.- The wheat crop of

The History of SILK, COTTON, LINEN, Wool, the United States for this year, is estimated at 125,000,AND OTHER FIBROUS SUBSTANCES; Including obser- 000 of bushels. The wheat crop of 1842, which was vations on Spinning, Dying and Weaving. Also, an the largest ever previously raised in this country, was account of the Pastoral Life of the Ancients, their 103,000,000. The increase of 22,000,000 shows not Social State and Attainments in the Domestic Arts-- less the large additional amount of land brought under Illustrated by Steel Engravings, pp. 464, octavo. cultivation than the genial character of the last sumHarper & Brothers, New York. --We have looked mer. The crop of Michigan is comparatively larger through this highly curio's and useful book with than that of any other State in the Union. With a much pleasure, and find it condenses a mass of infor- population of not over 400,000, she raises this year at mation on the subjects of which it treats, which one least 7.000,000 bushels of wheat. The quality is also might seek in vain for in an extensive library. In of the very best.-Albany Argus. comparing the agriculture and manufactures of an THE MYSTERIES OF TOBACCO. By the Rev. Bencient times with those of our own day, we find that jamin J. Lane. Wiley & Putnam. Price 37} cents. very many, even in the most humble circumstances, Our readers are pretty well aware of our utter detesta. are enjoying, in their daily food and raiment, what tion of this nasty and odious weed. How any one princes might have formerly coveted in vain. This can use it in any shape or form is utterly incompreHistory, of the Messrs. Harper, is a beautiful work hensible to us. This treatise shows its filthiness and for holiday presents among the industrial classes, injurious tendencies, in a very full and complete manand we recommend it to Agricultural Societies in ner. We wish it could be placed in the hands of every making up their assortment of books for premiums head of a family in the United States; we should then to be distributed at their annual meetings.

hope for some reform in the use of this vile weed. THE ARTIST, The MERCHANT, AND THE STATES- Tobacco is the direct cause of insanity, and many MAN, Of the age of the Medici and of our own Times. other diseases too fearful to mention. If any one In two volumes. By C. Edwards Lester. Price $1 25. doubts this, let him read the opinions of the most emi. Paine & Burgess, 67 John St.-These volumes under nent German physicians, the country where tobacco is review, are devoted to the Autobiography of Powers, more universally used, and especially in the way of the American Sculptor, whose inimitable works have snuffing and smoking, than any other. already placed him higher in the niche of fame than ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.-To Hon. W. L. Goggin, any other artist of ancient or modern times. Hiram President, for his Address before the New London, Va., Powers is a man of power—a wonderful creature of Ag. Society; to an unknown friend, for the Address instinctive genius, and with modesty equal to his of the Hon. Josiah Quincy, Jr., at the late Show of worth. The world is sounding with praises of his the N. Y. State Ag. Society. statues of the human form divine; but if we can ever Road Horses. We desire to call attention to the see him, we intend to get him to chisel a horse, an ox, superior horses advertised in this paper. Such ani. and some other domestic animals. The son of a Ver- mals are rare, and especially at the prices offered. mont farmer, he is just the man for this; nor will it They would be of great value in any breeding stud for lessen his dignity to do works of this kind. Many are roadsters. the anecdotes we have heard of Powers from his asso DORKING FOWLS.-We would inform the numerous ciates; all these, and a thousand more, has Mr. Lester applicants for these fowls, that no orders can be supgiven us in this autobiography, clothed in his usual plied before next fall. The price will uniformly be racy, slapdash style. This will be a very popular $5 per pair. book; every American ought to read it, old or young To CORRESPONDENTS.—John B. Miller, Thomas it will make them proud of their countryman, proud of Affleck, B. L. C. Wailes, Philetus Philips, Wm. Par. their country, and give them an inkling of the fame tridge, John P: Norton, Coke, M. W. Philips, S. H, that ultimately awaits us, as a nation, in the fine arts. R., Solon Robinson, and A Constant Reader are reEuropeans will now cease their sneers. These volceived. We cannot agree with the latter in his umes are embellished with portraits of Powers and opinion of the African maize. It has been frequently Americus Vespucius.

noticed in this Journal, through the N. Y. Farmers' FIRE PROOF SAFES.-Our readers are referred to the Club. advertisement of Salamander Safes. We have exam To a SUBSCRIBER. The common kind of salt, such ined them thoroughly, and believe them to be a supe- as can be purchased from 20 to 25 cents per bushel, is rior article, highly desirable to preserve money, plate, the kind used for agricultural purposes. The part of jewelıy, and valuable papers from fire and burglars. the cargo lying on the ship's bottom, sometimes gets Planters and farmers doing much business ought to be quite dirty, and may then be had at a still lower price

38

REVIEW OF THE MARKET. -ADVERTISEMENTS.

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REVIEW OF THE MARKET.

NEW YORK CATTLE MARKET-Dec. 22. PRICES CURRENT IN NEW YORK, DECEMBER 24, 1845. At Market, 1300 Beef Cattle (350 from the South), 75 Cows and

Calves, and 2500 Sheep and Lambs. ASHES, Pots, ...

....... per 100 lbs. $3 871 to $3 94 Prices.-Beef Cattle--An active demand has prevailed, during Pearls,

.....do.

4 19 the week, withont, however, any material variation in price, BALE ROPE,

.........lb.

5

7 which, for inferior and midling qualities, may be quoted ai BARK, Quercitron,..

.... ton, 26 00

26 50 $1.500$5.00 and $5.50 and 96 25 for good and prime; though a BEANS, White,

......... bush. 1 12 1 25 small lot on Saturday, brought 80.50. 200 left over. BEESWAX, Am. Yellow, ..............b.

33

Cows and CalvES.-AU ai market taken at prices ranging BOLT ROPE, ......

...do.
12

13

according to quality, froin $15 to $30. BONES, ground,

... bush. 40

55

SHEEP AND LAMB9.-We quote $1 25a$3.50. A few extra 20 BRISTLES, American,

..... lb. 25

65 $6. All sold. BUTTER, Table,.. ...............do. 16

25 Loose Har-Is held at $1.124 and considerable sales making. Shipping,...

9

13 CANDLES, Mould, Tallow,

.........do. 9

11 REMARKS.-- Ashes quiet. Cotton is dull at a reduction of of a Sperni, .

.........do.

25

38 cent per lb. Export since 1st September last, 328,698 bales ; Stearine,...........

20

25 same time last year, 377,768; same time year before, 209,580. CHEESE,

...do. 6 « 10 Four dull, at a great reduction of prices. The large advance last COAL, Anthracite,

.....2000 lbs. 5 00

6 00

month was totally unjustified, and was got up mainly by a comCORDAGE, American,

........ lb.

11

12 bination of speculators on both sides of the water. W heat and COTTON,

.....do. 6

10 most kinds of grain have fallen, but are in good demand. Haz COTTON BAGGING, Amer. hemp,.... yard, 13

14 brisk. Naval Stores firm. Provisions of all kinds in fair request Kentucky..

...do.
12

13 Molasses, Sugar, Rice, and Tobacco, little change. Wool rather FEATHERS, ........... lb. 26

34 singnant. FLAX, American, ...

....do. 7

8 Money continues scarce, and is difficult to be had at legal rates FLOUR, Northern and Western, ........bbl. 5 50 5 87 except on the best paper. Fancy,

..........do. 6 50 6 87 Stocks much depressed on account of the Oregon WAR-rideSouthern,

......do.

5 50 5 87 licet-the political humbug and terror of the day. Richmond City Mills, .............do.

7 25 The Weather for most of the month has been of the snug winRye, .. ..........do. 4 25

4 38 ter kind Such late crops as have remained out at the south have GRAIN-Wheat, Western,

........ bush. 1 20 1 25 been well husbanded, and the year's business on the whole pay Southern.............do. 1 15

1 25 be considered highly advantageous to the Farmer and Planter. Rye, *.......... do. 80

81 Corn, Northern,..

80

83 TRANSACTIONS OF THE N. Y. STATE AG. SOCIETY.-The Southern, .......... do, 73

75 answer of " A Member" to an article in the December No. of the Barley,.....

........do.

65

67

Cultivator came to hand too late for the January No.; I have Oats, Northern, ........ do.

therefore issued it Southern, .......

in an Extra, published by myself. I ....do. 38 GUAYO,

respectfully call the attention of all candid persons to it, .............. 100 lbs 2 25 3 00

as the writer niakes out a strong case against the editor of HAY, in bales.... ....................do. 95

100 HEMP, Russia, clean,

the Cultivator on one point. What he will have to say on ......... ton, 180 00 · 190 00

others I have no means of knowing. By his request I have American, water-rotted, ...........do. 105 00

4 185 00 issued a large edition that his friends can have it gratis, in any American, dew-rotted, .....do. 75 00

" 125 00 quantity, for distribution. I recommend their circulating it HIDES, Dry Southern,.

......... lb.

8

10 extensively in every direction, the more especially since myself HOPS,.................................. lb.

35 and Saxton & Miles have become the innocent victims of vexaHORNS,

........ 100.
1 00

tious suits, simply because I dare to be INDEPENDENT and LEAD.

..................... Ib. 4 75 4 88 HONORABLE in my conduct. Sheet and bar .................... do.

A. B. ALLEN. MEAL, Corn,.............

bbl 4 25

4 37 CHEAP PLOWS FOR THE SOUTH. Corn,..

hhd. 18 00 18 25 MOLASSES, New Orleans,.

These plows are made in a far superior manner to any of the .gal. 23

29 MUSTARD, American,..

...... lb. 16

31

same kind ever sent from this market. The woods are of well NAVAL STORES--Tar,.. ........ bbl. 2 12 2 25

selected white oak, and got out by Patent Machinery, and are all Pitch,

1 25 .............do

1 38

exactly alike, so that if one part wears out, or gets broken, it can Rosin

. do. 1 00 1 25

be instantly replaced by a duplicate. It is the same also with Turpentine,.....

3 50 5 00

the iron parts. The whole material of these plows is warranted Spirits Turpentine, Southern, .gal. 63

75

of a superior kind. OIL, Linseed, American,

67
................do.

68
Price of No. 101 Plow..........

$2.00 Castor,

..........do.

57
68
11 do......

2.25 Lard,

..do. 70
75
Corn Plow....

...2.50
OIL CAKE,
100 lbs. 1 75 1 88

... 4.50 PEAS, Field,

1 50 ............... bush.

No. 20. 2 00

.....4 50 PLASTER OF PARIS, .... ton. 2 50 2 62

J. M. & Co. No. 2, with coulter.....3.50 Ground, in bbls., .......of 300 lbs. 1 12 1 25

3, do..........4.50 PROVISIONS--Beer, Mess, .............bbl. 7 00 9 00

do.........5.00 Prime, .............do. 4 50

5 50

A liberal discount from the above prices to dealers.
Smoked, ...........lb. 6

9

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y. Rounds, in pickle,..do. 4

6 Pork, Mess,

...bbl. 12 00

14 12 AGENTS FOR THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST Prime,.... yo....................... do. 9 00

11 00 Lard, ............ lb. 8 81 Philadelphia.......

.........J. M. Campbell. Bacon sides, Smoked, ........ do. 3

Washington, Pa......................Dr. R. R. Reed. In pickle,:

.........do.

3
4 Albany, N. Y.....

...........E. H. Pease. Hams, Smoked, .......do. 6

10 Syracuse, N. Y....Stoddard & Babcock and L. W. Hall. Píckled, ............do. 4

Auburn, N. Y............ ..........J.C. Derby & Co. Shoulders, Smoked,.. ...............do. 5

Rochester, N.Y.......... .........C.F. Crossman. Pickled, ......................do.

Buffalo, N. Y.......................J. H. Butler & Co. RICE, ................. 100 lbs. 4 25 «

5 25 Boston, Mass.......................... Saxton & Kelt. SALT,

..................... sack, 1 35 1 40 Miliaukie, Wis. Ter................. Hale & Hopkins. Common, ...................... bush. 20

35 SEEDS Clover,

Chicago, Ill...........................8. F. Gale & Co. ........................lb. 10 11 St. Louis, Mo........

...Halsall & Collet. Timothy,.....................7 bush. 14 50 21 00 Columbus, Ga., and Montgomery, Ala.....Hall & Moses. Flax, rough, ......................do. 10 00 10 50

Morton & Grisvrold.
clean,
.......... do. 11 00

Louisville, Ky.........
11 50

George Lapping & Co. SODA, Ash, contig 80 per cent. soda, ... . Ib.

3
3 New Orleans.

D. Baker & Co. and N. Steele. Sulphate Soda, ground, .. ....do. 1

Cincinnati, Ohio...... SUGAR, New Orleans,..

.........W. H. Moore & Co. .................. do. 5

8 Charleston, s. C.........................J. Thompson. SUMAC, American,.................... ton, 35 00 37 50 Athens, Geo......

.......J.J. Richards. TALLOW, ............................. lb. 7

8 Norfolk, Va.............................J. Vickery, Jr. TOBACCO ......................do. 3

7 Natchez, Miss..

...........GS. Tainter WHISKEY, American,..

..gal.

27 Woodland, La., East Feliciana........ Rev. A. W. Pool. WOOL, Saxony,

... lb. 35
50

Solon ROBINSON,
Merino, ..........................do.

General Travelling Agents,

ALONZO SHERMAN. Half-blood, ....................... do.

Bound volumes can be obtained of any of our Agents at $1.25 Common,........

......do

per volume.

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1845

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1845

GENUINE EAGLE PLOWS.

SMITH'S PATENT SEPARATING CORN The subscriber is sole Agent in this city for these celebrated

SHELLER. plows, and any one else pretending to keep them has only a For which was awarded by the American Institute, New York, iniserable imitation ; the public, therefore, are cautioned to be on

a Silver Medal. their guard against deception. The following brief abstract from the circular of the manufacturers, Messrs. Ruggles, Nourse &

From recent and extended operations in the trials of these maMason, will give some idea of the public estimation of their merits. chines at the South, as well as the decisions of scientific and

In each year, 1842 and 1843, the Agricultural Society of Essex reputable individuals from various and remote parts, the proprioCounty, Mass., offered premiums for the best plows, and instituted tors are now in possession of the most conclusive evidence that fill investigation and trials, which resulted each year, in award this machine not only stands unrivalled, but that its arrangement ing to Ruggles, Nourse & Mason, the highest premium. The will ever remain the climax of improvement in Corn Shellers. In judging Committee for 1843, in their printed Report, suy, “our at the further support of which, the following additional facts are tention was called to the quality of the castings on the plows of respectfully submitted, viz. :-Its structure is simple and compact; Ruggles & Co., their finish and durability. Their appearance is of strong and durable materials; is easy of transportation ; safe in certainly more perfect than anything we have elsewhere seen.

its operation against accident; is adapted to all the various kinds The process of chilling the point, the entire edge of the share and from the shovel, basket, or crib; breaks neither the corn nor the

corn, whether damp or dry ; receives the ears promiscuously flange or base of the landside, gives a permanence and durability cobs ; is readily attached to any horse or other power (being, * and we think there is no hazard in saying, that the value or simply driven by belt or rope); operates in the double capacity of the parts thus made, is more than doubled by the process."

sheller and separater, doing its work perfectly clean, and at the The following Table shows the number of premiums awarded rate of from one hundred to one hundred and fitty bushels per

hour. to competitors contending for the prizes before the several differ. ent societies named, and the number

awarded to those who used have spared neither pains nor expense in the establishment of

In the manufacture of these machines, the parties concerned plows made by Ruggles, Nourse, & Mason.

that system which would produce an article of the greatest Name of Society. Year.

No. of prem's of- | No.of premiums utility, accompanied with least expense. The machine in its pre

fered. awarded as above. sent and improved style is respectfully submitted as evidence of E-sex County, Mass., 1843 10 premiums,

success; and the proprietors only ask of the public a careful in.

9 premiuins, do

Vestigation, and they will cheersülly abide the result. do do 1844 8 do

do do do do

In regard to a fixed and uniform price, on which there has been 1815 11 do

11 do Middlesex do do

no settled arrangement, the proprietors now have the satisfaction 1843 8 do

do

to state that the mode of manufacture has become firmly estabdo do do 1844 8 do

do do

lished, and the price per machine will uniformly be Fifty Dollars. do

1845 Wor'ster do do

F. N. SMITH, Patentee. 1840

do

Samuel Hanna, proprietor for the States of New York and New do do do 1841

do

Jersey, and general agent for the Atlantic States. do do

1842
do

do

The subscriber having become sole manufacturer of the above do do do 1843 12 do

12 do

machine, is now prepared to supply orders, and will forward at do do 1844 11 do

do

the established price. Apply to do do do

10 do

do Plymouth do

SAMUEL Hanna, Valatia, Kinderhook, N. Y. 1844 6 do

6 do

A. B. ALLEN, Agent, 187 Water Street, N. Y. do do do 1845 7 do

do

T B. WHEELER, Travelling Agent for the Southern States. Bristol do do 1845 11 do

do Hampden do do 1844 3 do

do

FIRE PROOF SAFES. do do do 6 do

do Berkshire do

Gayler's Double Salamander Book Safes, warranted Fire Proof. do 1845 8 do

7 do

Single Salamander Sales, equal, if not superior, to any made. Barnstable do 1845

do

3 do Hartford do Conn., 1845

C. J. Gayler's Double Salamander, is the only Safe yet invented 3 do 3 do

which is, beyond doubt, proof against the action of fire, strong Windham do Vt., 1845

do

do

enough to enduro a fall from the third story of a building, with Dutchess do N.Y., 1845

the highest. the highest. locks to cach door of the best quality, which will defeat the at. It is but just to remark that the competition was as great be tempts of burglars. This really fire proof article is constructed so tween the different plow-makers as between the plowmen ; and, as to combine tin perfect iron safes, one within the other, each in most instances, noted, the plows above-named were strongly being made of wrought bar and plate iron, and lined between with contested by Prouty & Mears' (so called) “ Centre Draught," the most persect non-conducting and indestructible substances. Martin's imitation of our " Eagle" plows, and that in every case, Those who are in want of an article that will afford sure prothe first premiums were awarded to plowmen, who performed tection, are invited to examine an assortment of the double and .heir work with plows made by Ruggles, Nourse & Mason. single Salamander Safes. Sates made, Book-cases, and any lock A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. required, fitted to order.

LEONARD BROWN, 80 Wall Street. DAVISON'S PATENT PROCESS FOR CURING

One of these Safes can be seen at my warehouse where

orders will be received. MEAT.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water St., N. Y. The undersigned is authorized by the patentees to sell patents

FASTOLFF RASPBERRY. for the using and sale of Davison's Apparatus for Curing Meats ; and preserving timber; and also for the sale of rights for States. valuable Raspberry, esteemed in England superior to all other

The Subscriber has just received a fresh supply of the above The nature of the apparatus may be learned from the article varieties. The fruit is very large, of rich flavor, and bears abunpage 22 in this number of the Agriculturist. By this process, all dantly. They are ready for delivery as follows: kinds of meat can be perfectly cured in twelve hours, and in warm weather as well as cold. It leaves all the juices in the

Package containing 25 canes, se. Containing 12 canes, $5. meat, and of course it makes a better article; bacon cured in it

Single canes, 50 cents. These are warranted true to name. may be put to smoke in two days.

Also for sale, a choice collection of green-house ar.d stove plants.

It is just such an article as every planter in the South should have. Application for rights from unknown applicants a remittance or satisfactory reference

Orders addressed to the undersigned will receive attention, and and for single machines may be made to the subscriber. The is required.

JACOB R. VALK. price of the machines is from $75 to $300, according to size.

Horticultnra) Gardens, Flushing, L. I., N.Y., January 1, 1846.
A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N.Y.

A SUPERIOR STALLION.
PERUVIAN GUANO.

A thorough-bred stallion for sale, of a kushionable pedigree ; The subscriber keeps this excellent fertilizer constantly on withont white.

five years old ; of a blood bay; black legs, mane, and tail, and hand for sale, in bags or barrels. It comes direct from the agentlibs. He has won several races, and is a superb trotter, going level

Ho stands 154 hands high, and will weigh 1,100 of the Peruvian Company, and is warranted genuine and of a first in his pace. He is perfectly sound; kind in temper: possesses rate quality Price for five tong or more.........4 cents per lb.

great style, and would have made a capital roadster.' He has one to five tons..........

two crosses in him, of the famous imported Messenger, and may half a ton to one ton......2 do.

be depended on to get first-rate roadsters. His price is $400, less than half a ton.......3 do.

which is extremely low for him. He would have brought $1,200 A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street.

easily three years ago, but his owner having no further use for him is desirous of selling.

Also for sale a road stallion 16 hands high, and four years old, NEWFOUNDLAND PUPS.

of a bay color and fine style. Price $400. Apply to Ono now seven weeks old, black, except a small spot of white

A. B. ALLEN, 181 Water Street. on the breast.

Also, a litter deliverable the middle of February to the 1st of March. These pups are from imported stock, direct

BOLIDAY PRESENTS. from Newfoundland, unequalled in the United States. The sire The elegant bound volumes of the American Agriculturist are of them weighs 143 lbs. Those who wish to secure one should the best Holiday Presents the Farmer and Planter can give their apply immediately to the EDITOR OP THIS PAPER.

families and friends.

do.

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AGRICULTURAL WAREHOUSE.

Castings of all the patterns for New York and Peekskill Plows: The Subscriber keeps constantly on hand the best and most at 4.cents per lb. complete assortment of Agricultural Implements, Field Seeds, Worcester ditto, 6 cents. and Fertilizers, to be found in the city. A few of the articles he

Seeds of the various kinds, for the field only ; such as Wheat, onumerates below, viz. :

Rye, Oats, Barley, Corn, Beans, Peas, and Grass Seeds, Potatoes, Plows.-Cotton, Rice, and Sugar Plows,..... .... $2.00 to 4.50 Beets, Carrots, and Parsnips. No garden seeds are kept. Some of these plows are made expressly for light sandy soils,

Fertilizers, such as Guano, Poudrette, Lime, Plaster, Bones. others for a loam or stiff clay, which they work in the best

Agricultural Books, a complete assortinent.

A liberal discount made to dealers. manner. Being made by patent machinery, they are superior to anything of the kind ever before sold in this market.

A. B. ALLEN, 187 Water Street, N. Y. One-horse Plows for the North, with single and double mould

THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST. boards. These last are admirable to work in between the rows

TERM8–One Dollar per year in advance ; three copies for Two of root crops and corn, when not over 3 feet apart, as they turn Dollars ; eight copies for Five Dollars. the furrow both ways to the crop at once, thus doing double the

Published Monthly, by SAXTON & MILES, 205 Broadway, New work of a single mould board...

.....3.00 to 5.00 Rice Trenching Plow. This does the same work as the hands

York, containing 32 pages, royal octavo.

Each number of the Agriculturist contains but One sheet, and perform on a rice planta:ion with trenching hoes, and equally as is transported by mail under the same regulations as newspapers, weli, and with five times the rapidity that a negro can work. No viz.: free any distance not over 30 miles from its place of publicarice planter should be without them...

.6.00 to 6.50 Two and Four-horse Plows, of different sizes, and for all kinds of New York, one cent postage on each number, and one and e half

tion ; over this and within 100 miles, or to any town in the State of soil-stony, sandy, loam, or clay; also for stubbie and sward cents if over 100 miles, without the State. land. Some of these have crane clevics attached to them, thus enabling the off horse, in plowing a wet meadow, to walk on the ly, or advertising it, will be furnished a copy gratis, upon sending

Editors of newspapers noticing the numbers of this work monthsolid sward, instead of a miry fresh plowed furrow. Others are such notice to this office. adapted to trench plowing, enabling the farmer to turn up virgin

Back Volumes of THE AMERICAN AGRICULTURIST, with earth in a deep soil. These plows are strong enough to grub up tables of contents complete, for sale at $1.00 each; elebushes with their roots, heavy bogs, &c. They likewise answer gantly and uniformly bound in cloth, $1.25. These are handfor partial ditching....

.....5.00 to 20.00

some, tasteful books, and make very desirable premiums for disParing Plows for shaving off the turf preparatory to } 15.00 tribution with Agricultural Societies, ard should also find place barning...

Harrows. double triangle folding harrows, with wrought iron or steel and Horticulture, extant. When several copies are ordered, a A complete assortiment of square, triangle, and in all our District School Libraries. They constitute the best and

most complete treatise on American Farming, Stock-Breeding, pointed teeth. The last are very superior. .... .... 6.00 to 16.00 liberal discount will be made.

Rollers of various kinds, wood, stone, or iron, single or double, and to move by hand or horse power.

16.00 to 65.00

PERUVIAN GUANO. Cultivators, hand or horse, of various patterns.....3.00 to 8.00 Shipped by the Peruvian Guano Company of Lima, received Horse Powers. Endless chain single horse......

......85.00

per ship Orpheus.
do.
two-horse............... 110.00

CAUTION.- This is the only parcel of GENUINE PERUVIAN “ Cast-iron, single or two-horse...........50.00 to 60.00 Guano now in this country, and may be had of the following do. four-horse.

.....95.00

persons : Grain Threshers.... $25.00 to 40.00 Beaters.... 20.00 to 25.00 SAML. K. George, Baltimore. Threshers, with Separators....

....35.00 to 50.00

W. WOODBRIDGE, Savannah.
Clover Mills...

..........30.00 to 65.00
G. CLEEMAN, Philadelphia.

Agents of the Fanning Mills..

...12.00 to 27.00

SECCOMB, BARTLETT & Co., Boston. Undersigned. Burr Stone Mills, for grinding grain..

.30.00 to 125.00 A. B. ALLEN, New York. Cast-iron Mills, a new and most admirable invention. They work THOMPSON & CO., Brooklyn. either by hand or other power, and are well adapted for grinding The Coquimbo is expected at this port, and the Troy at Balt all kinds of grain, except fouring wheat for market...7.00 to 25.00 more, with cargoes of this article. Farmers and others are cau

Corn and Cob Crushers, for grinding cob in the ear 30.00 to 35.00 tioned against purchasing any as Peruvian, not imported into this Sugar Crushers.......

....... 7.50 to 20.00 port by the undersigned, or into Baltimore by Saml. K. George. Paint Mills of various patterns...

..7.00 to 17.00

EDWIN BARTLETT. Corn Shellers and Huskers. Will shell from 100 to 200

Agent of the Peruvian Guano Company. bushels of ears per hour, in the best manner. These work by No. 42 South Street, New York, Dec. 27. 1845. horse or other power...

25.00 to 50.00 The same worked by hand, made of wood or

CONTENTS OF JANUARY NUMBER.

} cast iron....

7.00 to 10.00

To Subscribers ; To Exchange Papers; To the Legislature.. 9 8.00 to 12.00

The Alpaca; Cisterns; Clearing Swamps and Marshes.. 10 turnips, &c

The Stable, No. 6.....

11 Straw Cutters. Common hand kind. 3.00 to 8.00 Mixed Food for Stock...

12 Hovey's, with spiral blades.... ....10.00 to 30.00 The State Agricultural Bociety..

13 Stevens' do. cnt from 1 inch to 11 in. long. 10.00 to 15.00 Furms of the Messrs. Hallock; Cast of a Prize

14 Corn stalk Cutters, Thorn's, Sinclair's, and others25.00 to 45.00 Short-Horn Heifer Cotton Ging of various patterns....

. 25.00 to 150.00 A Potato Washer; Spanish and French Merinos, T.H. N. ... 15 Ox, Road, or Dirt Scrapers..

4.50 to 5.00 Mr. Norton's Letters, No. 15; Working Oxen, N; Self-Acting Cheese Press, a neat and very superior and

17 simple article.............

}c.50

Agricultural Chemistry and Geology, No. 4; Seed Sowers, various patterns...

18 ........2.50 to 5.00 Diseases of Animals, No. 1, Audrew Stone Horticultural Tool Chests complete.......................18.00 Cliques as opposed to Honorable Competition, Agricola Wheel-Barrows for Gardens...

..4.50 Fine Clay in Georgia, Wm. Partridge Common ditto.

.2.25 to

3.50 Curing Meat, Henry J. Canfield. Tree or Bush Pullers, 83.06 to 5.00; Garden Syringes, 3.00 to 3.50. Improving Land, W.D...... Grain Cradles, 3.00 to 3.50 ; Sausage Stuffers, 4.50 to 5.00; Lac- Cutting Roots, Jas. Winthrop; tometers, 2.50; Bee Hives, 3.25 ; 0x Yokes and Bows, 2.50 to Agriculture in Alabama, Alexander McDonald 5.00; Manure Forks, 63 cents to 4.00; Hay ditto, 50 cents to 1.00; Carrots versus Oats, S; Grain and Grass Scythes, 75 cents to 1.00; Swingle Trees, 1.00 to Shipping Sheep, Win. Jarvis 3.50; Hay and Straw Knives, 1.00 to 2.00; Axes, Collins', Lime in Virginia, Calvin, Tomkins, & Co.; Hunts' and Simons', handled, 1.00 to 1.50; Grubbing Hoes, 50 cts. Cattle Handler, Win. H. Schermerhorn; to 1.00 ; Picks, 1.00 to 2.00; Trace Chains, 75 cts. to 1.00; Bud- Overseers for Farms and Plantations ding ditto, 1.13 ; Ox chains, American 12 cents per lb., English Description of a Poultry House, Wm. Leavenworth. ditto, 9 cts; Shovels, 75 cts. to 1.50 ; Spades, ditto, ditio ; Tree Horticulture in Holland, S. B. Parsons... Scrapers, 31 to 75 cents; Schuffling Hoes, 25 cts. to 1.00; Churns, Amer. Ag. Association;'A Productive Farm; various patterns, 2.00 to 4.00; Grafting Chisels and Saw, Cattle Yards, &c. handled, 2.00; Hoes, all patterns, 25 to 63 cts.; Potato hooks, 50 Davison's Invention for Curing Provisions, A. 8.... cts. to 1.50; Do. Forks, 1.37 to 2.00; Garden Reels, 75 cts.; Sickles, Two Items about Hay, A. R. D... 37 to 63 cts ; Grass Shears, 1.25 to 1.50 ; Twig Cutters, 50 cts. to Raising Sheep at the West; Annual

Meeting of the N.Y. 2.00; Vine Scissors, 63 cts. ; Pruning Shears, 2.00 ; Screw Wrench State Ag. Society; Save your Hay Seed 1.50 to 2.00 ; Sheep Shears, 75 cts. to 1.25 ; Strawberry Forks, Paulownia Imperialis, Wm. R. Prince 37 cts.; Scythe Rifles, Rakes, various patterns and various Hogs Running at Large, Quirk prices ; Peat Knives 1.50; Ox Muzzles, 31 to 50 cts. per pair ; Ox Preserving Poultry and Game Frosh Bows, 31 to 50 cts. ; Hatchets, 50 to 75 cts. ; Horse Brushes, LADIES' DEPARTMENT : Country Life ; Hammers, Axe Handles, Horse Rockets, Grindstones, Rollers,

33, 34

Milking ; Making Stocking Yarn
Crank and Shafts, Flower Gatherers, Flails, Edging Knives, Boys' DEPARTMENT: The Silky Fowl;
Cattle Tie-chains, Bull Rings, Butter Boxes, Bush Hooks, Cater-
pillar Brushes, Fleams, Scoops, O2 Balls, Post, Spoons, Garden Foreign Agricultural News...,
Trowels, Spinning-wheel Heads, Well Wheels, Oven Mouths, | Editor's Table.....
Budding Knives, Pruning ditto.

Market Transactions of the N.Y. State Ag. Society........

Prebelde
. Cutters

, for slicing up potatoes, beets, }

f... 32

Chapter on Grasses, No. 7); Bowliy Feeding Fountain}

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