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In Paris alone, containing 890,000 inhabitants, there are 176 period ical works.
The following table, arranged for the American Almanac of 1830, is corrected from the Traveller, and contains a statement of the number of newspapers published in the colonies at the commencement of the Revolution, and also the number of newspapers and other period ical works in the United States in 1810 and 1828:
States. 1775. 1810. 1828. / States. 1775. 1810. 1828. Maine,
1 13 18 Massachusetts 7 32
Florida New Hampshire 1
Mississippi Rhode Island 2
| Louisiana Connecticut
33 Tennessee New York
Kentucky New Jersey
22 Ohio Pennsylvania
4. | Michigan Maryland 2 21 37 | Illinois Dis. of Columbia
Missouri Virginia 2
| Arkansas North Carolina 2 10 20 | Cherokee Nation South Carolina 3 10 -16
1 Total 37 358 802 The following is the state of the newspaper press in the U. S. in 1810, as extracted from a number of the National Intelligencer: New Hampshire, 12 papers, 624,000 circulation; Massachusetts, 32 papers, 2,873,000 circulation ; Rhode Island, 7 papers, 331,800 circulation; Connecticut, 11 papers, 657,800 circulation ; Vermont, 14 papers, 682,400 circulation; New York, 66 papers ; 4,139,200 circulation; New Jersey, 8 papers, 332,800 circulation; Pennsylvania, 71 papers, 4,542,200 circulation ; Delaware, 2 papers, 166,400 circulation; Maryland, 21 papers, 1,903,200 circulation; District of Columbia, 6 papers, 686,400 circulation; Virginia, 23 papers, 1,289,600 circulation; North Carolina, 10 papers, 416,000 circulation; South Carolina, 10 papers, 842,400 circulation; Georgia, 13 papers, 707,200 circulation; Kentucky, 17 papers, 618,800 circulation; Tennessee, 6 papers, 171,600 circulation; Ohio, 14 papers, 473,200 circul. ation; Indiana Territory, 1 paper, 15,600 circulation; Mississippi Territory, 4 papers, 83,200 circulation ; Orleans Territory, 10 papers, 748,800 circulation; Louisiana Territory, 1 paper, 15,100 circulation. Total for the U.S., 358 papers; circulation, 22,222,200. ...
The North American colonies, in the year 1720, had only seven newspapers; in 1810, the United States had 358; in 1825, they had 640; in 1830, 1,000, with a population of 13,000,000. .
From the American Railroad Journal. Probable Effect of an European War upon American Securities.
problefet upon those issued on
An European War being certain, one of the most interesting problems involved, as far as this country is concerned, is its probable effect upon the intrinsic and marketable value of our securities, particularly those issued on account of railroads, and works of similar character.
From the intimate relations which subsist between the United States and all the commercial nations of Europe, each is, to a certain degree, necessarily affected by the condition of the other. If one be prosperous, all share in this prosperity. If the contrary be the fact, all suffer. At the present day, no nation, however independent its action, and however free from political and diplomatic entanglements, can escape the effect of the conduct or condition of its neighbor. Commercially, they belong to one community. If a paralysis strike a particular branch of industry of one of the members, it falis upon a corresponding branch of that of another. Should cotton spinning in Great Britain cease, the production of the raw material in this country would be largely curtailed. If European nations become too poor to purchase our staples, their previous value is the measure of our loss. Our people, therefore, are to be effected by a war in the same manner as those of France or England, only in a vastly less degree.
But the efiect of a war will extend beyond the mere influence is exerts upon the price of our staples. An opinion adverse to one of our more important interests, may do us as much harm as would the loss of one of our leading crops.-Should a war create a distrust as to the value of European securities, and depress their market value, a similar sentiment, by necessary sympathy, would cross the Atlantic, and exert a similar effect upon the securities of this country. There may be no necessary reason for such coincidence, and no satisfactory explanation for it. The price of English consols has certainly nothing to do with the value of Erie or New York Central stocks, yet the quotations of the latter dance attendance upon the former with as much certainty as the shadow does the substance.
The first shock that European securities reveived, was consoquently followed by a corresponding decline of those of the United States, in obedience to what seems to be an unvarying law. We may always calculate a certain result in this country to be due to a real or assumed condition of affairs in Europe. But in the present case, there are other reasons than those named, why this country should feel the effects of an European war. For several years past our people have been in the habit of borrowing large
effect of a war would apparently be favorable. It would increase the value of most of our products. It would give additional employment and higher wages, to many of our more important interests, wbich would nearly balance the injury that others would suffer. It would in the end result in sending a large amount of capital into the country, as the stability of our institutions, the prosperity of our people, the intrinsic value of our investments, would contrast most favorably with what the old country would show. Such must be the case so soon as we become acclimated to the new state of things, and so soon as the favorable contract referred to, can be properly appreciated. Whether peace or war be the state of Europe, the greater value of investment in this country must be seen and acknowledged, and must continue to attract to it, steadily increasing amounts of foreign capital. 1
While, therefore, we think it very probable that a rapid decline of the securities of this country may follow a similar decline in Europe, this fact does not in the slightest degree invalidate their value. Should foreigners see stocks quoted in our market at a lower figure than cost, there is no occasion for distrust or alarm, nor is there any reason to suppose that they have paid more than the securities they hold are worth. The depression will be temporary. The state of Europe has not affected their value in the slightest degree. The railroad investment in this country was never worth so much as at this instant. We have regarded the stringency which has prevailed for the past nine months as calculated to produce the most beneficial results. Had the money market continued easy, our people under the flush and excitement of success, would have
rushed wild into visionary projects. Upon such, an effectual quietus - has been put. Under the present state of the market, rival, or
useless, roads will not be built. The roads that are constructed will, consequently, become all the more valuable. A stringency in our money market, therefore, should assure, instead of frightning, the holder of stocks or bonds. A depression in prices merely indicates what is to him, a wholesome state of things; not that his investment is the less valuable, but in iact more so. * Under such circumstances, to return securities to this country for sale, would be the greatest folly. Such a course pursued to a considerable extent would defeat the object of returning them. It would only serve to depress still more their value. As their intrinsic value is entirely independent of their market value, the two will harmonize in our own markets, so soon as the present causes of the depression, which are accidental and temporary in their character, shall cease to operate. Acte necesita vist
[From the Southern Quarterly Review.] Material Progress of the United States. Report on the Seventh Census, with accompanying Tables.
By J. D. B. De Bow, Superintendent United States Census. Washington: 1854.
The results of the seventh census of the United States just published, are calculated to excite pleasurable emotions in the heart of the philanthropist, as evincing the progress which republican civilization has made over purely monarchical systems of government, and as conducting to show the inherent energies which a free people eminently possess, in planning and laying the foundation of their political and social welfare. These results involuntarily suggest contrasts with the condition of other and older nations, who have enjoyed uninterrupted happiness, so far as a different form of government could confer it, for centuries, and whose political integrity has been maintained throughout the revolutions of contemporaneous history. So recent are the events which led to the discovery and European occupation of the territories of the United States, that it seems but yesterday, that the Indian of the Southwest tilled the earth by digging with fish bones, and whose crops for breadstuff were the wild persimmons which grew luxuriantly over his unhedged plains. So recent, that the red man of the West dwells on the verbal traditions of his fathers, as still monarchs of the North; and the octogenarian can point to Bunker Hill, as being still unstained, in his boyhood's day, with the blood that achieved our independence. Thus, as it were, our nativity was of yesterday-our nationality commenced with to-day. It has not passed through the ordeal of a thousand years, nor yet hardly attained the experience of active puberty. It has yet to reach maturity—to stand before the world in the attitude of full grown manhood, armed at all points with the weapons of peace, and in the unreserved possession of the faculties and powers of a Colossus. The utmost license to speculation, has fallen behind the reality of our progress thus far; what that progress may be hereafter, the most sanguine anticipation may be inadequate to determine. . We have said that involuntary comparisons are suggested with other nations, whose forms of government differ from our own. We believe that naturalists have not gone quite so far, as to accord to one genera of the Caucasian family, pre-eminence over another ; nor will we assume that, morally and physically, the Anglo-American is superior to the Anglo-Saxon. If, on this score, there is a universal parity in the Caucasian family, it follows that the pros. perity, activity, enterprise and intellectual progress of one offshoot