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having passed the examination in Preliminary studies hereinafter provided for, shall pursue the higher branches of English education, or the classics, or both.

$ 2. At the close of each Academic Term a public examination shall be held of all scholars presumed to have completed preliminary studies. This examination shall be conducted in the presence, and under the direction of a committee of at least three persons, to be appointed by the Trustees of the Academy. A record of the examination shall be kept, with the date at which it was held. To each scholar who has sustained such examination, a certificate shall be given in such form as the Regents shall prescribe, to be signed by the committee above referred to, and the Principal of the Academy, and the possession of such certificate shall entitle the person holding it to admission into the academic class in any Academy, subject to the visitation of the Regents without further examination.

$ 3. Scholars admitted to any Academy who have not received the certificates of examination as aforesaid, and who claim or are presumed to be academic scholars, shall within one week of such admission be examined by the Principal and other teachers of the Acad. emy, and if found to have completed the Preliminary studies, shall be provisionally admitted to the academic class; but such admission shall not excuse such scholar from the examination above required at the close of the term, and the certificate as aforesaid shall be given only on such examination; but said certificate may have effect as if given at the commencement of the term, provided the committee shall be satisfied that the scholar to whom it is given was at that time entitled to it.

$ 4. Every scholar to be entitled to the certificate of admission to the academic class, as aforesaid, shall on the required examination be found to have attained such proficiency in reading, spelling and writing as is usually attained by scholars at the age of twelve years in the best Common Schools of the State, and to have such knowledge of arithmetic, English grammar and geography that the further study of these subjects in any of the ordinary school treatises is nunecessary.

$5. All scholars admitted to the academic class as aforesaid shall be regarded as scholars in the higher branches of English education or as classical scholars; and having after such adınission pursued studies usually regarded as in advance of arithmetic, English grammar and geography, as aforesaid, or having become thoroughly proficient in the elementary works usually studied prior to the classics, and in addition thereto having studied the first book of Virgil, or its equivalent in Cæsar, Sallust or Cicero, shall entitle the Academy to which they belong to a share in the distribution of the Literature Fund, provided they have pursued such studies for four months or upwards of the year for which the distribution is made; the said four months to embrace at least thirteen full weeks of study.'

It was afterward, but before the first trial of this method, decided that the examinations should be held simultaneously throughout the State, and by means of printed questions.

There was thus provided a means for knowing the scholarship of students entering upon classical or higher English studies, which had not existed before. The method was first tried in November, 1865, and from the beginning was received favorably among educators, as leading to great improvement in our mode of ascertaining the exact condition of scholarship in the sereral Academies of the State. The experience of the first year led to some modifications, and the subject presented first as a means for ascertaining the preparation of students at the time of entering upon higher studies was not long afterward employed in determining the progress made, and in fixing the basis upon which the Literature money should be apportioned.

From this beginning to the present time these written examinations upon printed questions have been continued with increasing favor, and steadily improving results, and in 1871 the Regents, in their Annual Report, said:

“Its results, from the beginning, have clearly indicated serious defects in elementary education, while the requirements of preliminary proficiency have not been changed, either by the statute, or the ordinances of the Regents; the number of scholars who have been found to have made such proficiency has been reduced to less than one-half the number allowed before this system of examination was instituted."

Before February, 1870, the certificates were allowed as claimed, but since then they have been reviewed in the office of the Regents. During the three years preceding the adoption of this review, at the central office, all that were claimed were allowed. Since then the percentage allowed has ranged from 64.3 to 90.6.

CHAPTER XX.

APPROPRIATIONS MADE TO ACADEMIES BY THE REGENTS UPON THE

BASIS OF ATTENDANCE OF STUDENTS ALLOWED UNDER THEIR RULES TO PARTICIPATE IN THE INCOME OF LITERATURE FUNDS.

Academy of Dutchess County (Poughkeepsie).

1825

Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. 1793 $915 00 1813 $230 00 1824 $229 12 1836 $111 83 1848 $138 27 1859 $159 05 1794 275 00 1814 321 00

108 75 1837 99 36 1819

142 92 1860 143 20 1795 200 00 1815 370 00 18:27 250 00 1839 346 69 1830 160 79

1861 192 19 1802 100 00

1816
300 00 1828
104 11 1840 512 93 1851

186 17 1862 184 81 1803 150 00 1817 87 50 1829 312 46 1811 451 12 1852 175 74 1863

151 18 1804 200 00 1818 145 28

1830
324 57

1842

481 45 1853 187 03 1864 167 67 70 00 1819 307 40 1831 187 82 1843 458 88 1854 263 29 1865 191 75 1609 80 00 1820 165 09 1832 114 64 1844 440 31 1855

202 86

1866 116 68 1810 100 00 1821 50 00 1833 103 87 1845

321 80 1856 159 15 1867 171 33 1811 150 00

1822
262 50 1834 103 87 1846 228 60 1857 184 94

1868 91 01 1812 200 00 1823 134 14 1835 189 26 1847 187 37 1853 213 44

Addison Academy: (now) Addison Academy and Union School.

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Albion Academy : (now) Albion Union School, Academic Department (since 1876). Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. 1810 $104 26 1848 $374 92 1836 $339 42 1863 $306 28

1570

$262 52 1678 4x33 74 1811 106 71 1849 363 33 1857 199 59 1864 297 08 1871 199 22 1579 240) 43 1842 299 42 1850 328 28 1858 238 57 1865 225 02 1872 207 34 ISS) 305 25 1813 259 33

272 10 1859 265 00 1866 255 71 1873 160 70 1881 251 92 1844 354 85

1852 339 12 1880 243 44 1867 390 16 1874 102 92 1882 309 67 1815 408 65 1853 322 89 1861 303 28 1868 450 71 1875 78 92 1883 306 36 1846 331 47 1851 182 55 1862 371 67 1869 294 12 1877 195 60 1847 503 35 1855 296 94

1851

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Amsterdam Female Seminary : (now) Amsterdam Academy.

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Arcade Academy : (now) Arcade Union School, Academic Department.

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Astoria Institute.

Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. 1843 $186 43 1844 $198 98 1845 $203 15 1846 $134 31 1847

$114 65 1818 $143 59

Attica Union School, Academic Department

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Avon Academy : (now) Avon Union School, Academic Department.

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Baldwinsville Academy: (now) Baldvinsville Free Academy.

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• One hundred and eighty-nine dollars and seventy-five cents of this allowed on thirty-four scholars at. tending in 1875-6, and not included in the apportionment of that year.

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