Islam and Christianity in Medieval Anatolia
Islam and Christianity in Medieval Anatolia offers a comparative approach to understanding the spread of Islam and Muslim culture in medieval Anatolia. It aims to reassess work in the field since the 1971 classic by Speros Vryonis, The Decline of Hellenism in Asia Minor and the Process of Islamization which treats the process of transformation from a Byzantinist perspective. Since then, research has offered insights into individual aspects of Christian-Muslim relations, but no overview has appeared. Moreover, very few scholars of Islamic studies have examined the problem, meaning evidence in Arabic, Persian and Turkish has been somewhat neglected at the expense of Christian sources, and too little attention has been given to material culture. The essays in this volume examine the interaction between Christianity and Islam in medieval Anatolia through three distinct angles, opening with a substantial introduction by the editors to explain both the research background and the historical problem, making the work accessible to scholars from other fields. The first group of essays examines the Christian experience of living under Muslim rule, comparing their experiences in several of the major Islamic states of Anatolia between the eleventh and fifteenth centuries, especially the Seljuks and the Ottomans. The second set of essays examines encounters between Christianity and Islam in art and intellectual life. They highlight the ways in which some traditions were shared across confessional divides, suggesting the existence of a common artistic and hence cultural vocabulary. The final section focusses on the process of Islamisation, above all as seen from the Arabic, Persian and Turkish textual evidence with special attention to the role of Sufism.
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Abbasid Abū Aflākī Ahlat Akhi al-Anawī Anatolia Ankara Arabic Armenian Asia Minor Aşık Baba Bektashi Brill Byzantine Byzantium Cahen caliph Cambridge University Press Cappadocia Christian communities Christian–Muslim Chronicle Church clapper conquest Constantinople cultural Decline of Medieval dervish dhimmīs dragon Early Islamic East Eastern elite endowment Ephesus faith fourteenth century God’s Greek Gülşehri Hacı Bektaş History Ibid ibn Jājā idem identity Ilkhanate images infidel inscription Islamisation Istanbul Karamustafa khānqāh Khātūn Kırşehir Konya Köprülü late Leiden literature Mamluk manuscript medieval Anatolia Medieval Hellenism Mediterranean Mevlevi Mongol Muhammad Muslim narrative Nicaea Nür Nūr al-Dīn Orthodox Ottoman Oxford patriarch period Persian Photo polemic political Preiser-Kapeller Prophet referred region religion religious rule rulers Rūm Rūmī Saint Saltuk-name Sarı Saltuk Seljuq Seljuq sultanate Şerif shaykh slaves sources Studies Sufi Sufism Syria thirteenth century Ṭiyāṭūs tradition trans translation Turan Türk Tarih Kurumu Turkish Turks Uyar Venetian Vryonis Yıldız Zachariadou ʿAlī هک