The Repertory of arts and manufactures [afterw.] arts, manufactures and agriculture

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Էջ 333 - Now Know Ye, that in compliance with the said proviso, I, the said Adolphe Nicole, do hereby declare that the nature of my said Invention, and the manner in which the same is to be performed, are particularly described and ascertained in and by the following statement thereof, reference being had to the Drawing hereunto annexed, and to the figures and letters marked thereon...
Էջ 166 - ... that of Italy, the plant which had adapted its habits to a cold climate would instantly vegetate, whilst the other would remain perfectly torpid. Precisely the same thing occurs in the hot-houses of this country, where a plant accustomed to the temperature of the open air will vegetate strongly in December, whilst another plant of the same species, and sprung from a cutting of the same original stock, but habituated to the temperature of a stove, remains apparently lifeless. It appears, therefore,...
Էջ 173 - New varieties of every species of fruit will generally be better obtained by introducing the farina of one variety of fruit into the blossom of another, than by propagating from any single kind. When an experiment of this kind is made, between varieties of different size and character, the farina of the smaller kind should be introduced into the blossoms of the larger...
Էջ 173 - ... generally (but with some exceptions) observed in the new fruit a prevalence of the character of the female parent ; probably owing to the following causes. The seed-coats are generated wholly by the female parent, and these regulate the bulk of the lobes and plantule : and I have observed, in raising new varieties of the Peach, that when one stone contained two seeds, the plants these afforded were inferior to others. The largest seeds, obtained from the finest fruit, and from that which ripens...
Էջ 360 - They had six sorts, some more easily separated from the skin than others, and one with a red skin ; they roasted them as we do. Figs. They had many sorts, black and white, large and small, one as large as a pear, another no larger than an olive. Medlars. They had two kinds, the one larger, and the other smaller. Mulberries. They had two kinds of the black sort, a larger and a smaller. PLINY speaks also of a Mulberry growing on a brier : Nascuntur et in Rvbis, I.
Էջ 356 - Romans, though they do not appear to have been carried into general use. Flues the Romans were well acquainted with ; they did not use open fires in their apartments as we do, but in the colder countries at least, they always had flues under the floors of their apartments. Mr. Lysons found the flues, and the fire-place from whence they received heat, in the Roman villa he has described in Gloucestershire; in the baths also, which no good house could be without, flues were used to communicate a large...
Էջ 166 - If two plants of the vine or other tree of similar habits, or even if obtained from cuttings of the same tree, were placed to vegetate, during several successive seasons, in very different climates : if the one were planted on the banks of the Rhine, and the other on those of the Nile, each would adapt its habits to the climate in which it were placed ; and if both were subsequently brought, in early spring, into a climate similar to that of Italy, the plant which had adapted its habits to a cold...
Էջ 285 - But all these blessings could but enable, not compel us to be happy : we wanted that sense, acknowledgment, and value of our own happiness, which all but we had; and took pains to make, when we could not find, ourselves miserable. There was in truth a strange absence of understanding in most, and a strange perverseness of understanding in the rest: the court full of excess, idleness, and...
Էջ 168 - Scotch farmer, when introduced into his country, to ripen on his cold hills earlier than his crops of the same kind do, when he uses the seeds of plants, which have passed through several successive generations in his colder climate ; and in my own experience, I have found that the crops of Wheat on some very high and cold ground, which I cultivate, ripen much earlier when I obtain my seed-corn from a very warm district and gravelly soil, which lies a few miles distant, than when I employ the seeds...
Էջ 129 - ... in the use of a chain, or other flexible and continuous substance stretched along the road to be travelled, properly secured at each end, and at suitable intervals ; and in the application of this chain round, or partially round a...

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