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487.

460;

M..

how one lives in Paris, 377; No. III.-a
Mackintosh, Sir James, notice of his works,

glimpse of the Appenines, 449; No. IV.,
432.
Marching Song of the “Teutonic Race," a

Novitiate, the ; or a year among the English
poem, (H. M. Goodwin,) 240.

Jesuits, critical notice of, 212.
Memoirs of the Administrations of Wash-

Numa and Egeria, a classical ballad, (J. S.
ington and John Adams, edited from the

Babcock,) 391.
papers of Oliver Wolcott, by George Gibbs,

0.
reviewed, (by Charles King,) 614.
Metres, Short Chapters on Exotic and Oregon Treaty, the, (G. H. Colton,) 105;

Novel, (C. A. Brisied,) chapter first, Hex news of its peaceful character received with
ameter and Pentameter, 482.

gratification by the three leading nations
Merchant, the-Literature and Statistics of of Christendom, ib; the point of honor es-
Commerce, (G, H. Colton,) 459; Mr.

sential between nations as between indi-
Winthrop's address before the Boston viduals, ib.; England sincere in her claim
Mercantile Association, 459, 460; com of territory, ib; the body of the people on
merce the true handmaid of civilization, both sides impatient of any disturbance of

how the merchant should be educa the peace of Christendom, 106; a few
ted, 460, 461; M‘Culloch's Dictionary of Parisian journals disaffected-position and
Commerce, 461 ; earlier compilations, 461,

interest of the nations in view of the war,
462; Macgregor's Commercial Statistics, the principle of war not yet abandoned,
462; Hunt's Merchant's Magazine-Com-

ib. ; growth of the war feeling, 107; Sir
mercial Review, 463, 464.

Robert Peel's opinion against unnecessary
Mexico, our Relations with, (Hon. D. D. war, 108; statement of ihe case-first oc-

Barnard,) 1; position of the administra cupation of the coast by. Spain in 1513 and
tration, 2; grand object of the executive, forward-after occupaiion by England-
3; conduct of Mexico towards us since purchase of Louisiana from the French,
their Revolution of 1822, ib. ; action of the first created the probability of a claim-
American governinent, 1831, to provide discovery of the Columbia gave us a farther
against a recurrence of Mexican injuries,

claim-first proposition made by the Eng.
4; claims asserted against wexico, ib; lish government, soon after the purchase
growth of distrust in Mexico, ib. ; Presi-

of Louisiana, ib. ; a line agreed upon be-
dent Jackson's Message to Congress, 1837,

tween United States and British posses-
authorizing reprisals, 5; message not act:

sions, 109; Mr. Jefferson's objection-ne-
ed upon, ib. ; special messenger to Mexi gotiations after the war-proposition of a
co sent by President Van Buren, ib. ; line of boundary by Messrs. Rush and
Mexican Envoy Extraordinary, 1838, ib. ;

Gallatin in 1818-protracted discussion-
convention between the two powers, 1839,

negotiations again opened in 1824, 110;
ib; joint commission appointed 18-10—ter-

our government pressed for a settlement
minated 1842, 6; disposition of Mexico at in 1826, ib.; in 1827 the right was conceded
that time,ib.; awards to American citizens to both nations, with joint occupancy, 111 ;
by the joint commission, ib.; amount due

in 1842 bill for grant of land in the territory
to us from Mexico 1812, 7; subsequent

brought into the Senate, ib. ; conduct of
action of Mexico upon these claims, 7, 8; the Administration, 112; conduct of the
effects of Annexation of Texas upon Mexi Senate, 113; the treaty, 114-honorable to
can government, 8; our minister returns,

the Whig Party.
ib ; failure of Mexico to repair injuries
not defensible on that ground, 9; how the

P.
War came to exist–an executive move. Painters, something about our, (R. G.
ment for new territory, 10; no real occa-

White) 180.
sion for it-Mr. Thompson's mission in Papers on Literature and Art, Review of Miss
Mexico, 11; aggression upon Mexico in

Fuller's, 414.
marching the army to the Nueces, 13; this Paris, letter from, 209.
the true and just occasion of the War, 14; Passages from the life of a Medical Eclectic.
President to be blamed, no one else, 15;

No. III. 53; No. IV. 264.
Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Slidell, 13* ; at, Payn's Illustrated London, critical notice of,
tempt by the President to induce General

212.
Taylor io begin the war a year earlier. Picture from Memory's gallery, a poem, 160.
Model of the City of New York, critical no-

Pictorial History of England, notice of, 514.
rice of, 211
Monopolies, 639.

Poetry:—Hearts we love, 15* ; The Age, a
Moore, Poetical Works of, complete in one

sonnet, 52 ; Rain, (by Rev. Ralph Hoyi,)

65 ; Emily, (H. W. Parker,) 117; Piciure
volume, critical notice, 643
Morning, a poem, (J J. C.) 275.

from Memory's gallery, 160; Sonnet, 179,;
Marching song of the “ Teutonic Race."

(H. M. Goodwin,) 240; Morning, 275;
N.

the Atheist world-builder, (Wm. Oland
Napoleon and his Marshals, review of, J. T. Bourne,) 545; Who mourns wisely? 338;

Headley's, second volume,(G. H. Colton,) Nuina and Egeria, 391 ; A Song for the
86; honors of the battle-field, 88; “Battle times, 409; To the Night wind in Autumn,
of Dresden,” 89; " Battle of Hohenlinden," (G.H. Colton,) 446; The Phantom Funeral,
91 ; the

charge of inordinate selfishness (H. H. Clements,) 465; Julia Jay, (Rev.
against Napoleon considered, 92; “Death Ralph Hoyt,) 610.
of Duroc," his friend, 93; “ Marshal Poland, three Chapters on the History of,
Soult.”

Chapter third, character of the Poles, (Dr.
Notes by the Road, (by Caius) No. II. Wierzbicki,) 45; Polish patriotism, 45;

on, 625.

their women, 46; their condition since the sult to be utterly false, ib.; speech of Hon.
last revolution, 47; their captives, 48; Reverdy Johnson, in the Senate, 227.
their habits and literature, 49; their means Taşso, Torqualo, notice of Wiffen's transla-
of education, ib.; their dramatic and poet tion of the Jerusalem Delivered, 541.
ical writings, 49, 50; their language, 50; The Age, a sonnet, 52.
their nobility, i6.: their social habits, 51, The Phantom Funeral, (H. H. Clements,)
60.

465.
Poland, brighter days for ; supplementary Thiers Adolphe, sketch of, (by a Resident at
chapter to Three Chapters on the History Paris,) 559.
of Poland, (Dr. Wierzbicki,) 188.

Thornberry Abbey, a tale, notice of, 431.
Presidential Addresses and Messages, com Thoughts, Feelings, and fancies, 115; flow-

piled by Edwin Williams, notice of, 650. ers, emblematic use of, ib.; Eliquette, es-
Progress of Nations, the, critical notice, tablished by women, ib. ; Character, ib.;
649

manners of the learned, the world, ib. ;
Purification of water, 531.

decision of character, 116, Lope de Vega,

117.
Q.

Thoughts, Feelings, and Fancies, 238;
Quadrupeds of North America, review of,

Friendship; observers ; eccentricity ; lan
(C. W. Webber,) J.J. Audubon's work

guage, 238; circumstance; poets; love-
Thymes; women; life of the mind; Love's

language; book making; eccentric men of
R.

genius, 239, 240.

To the night wind in Autumn, a poem, (G.
Railway System in Europe, (Dr. Lardner,)
485; first projection of the Liverpool and Traditions and Superstitions,, (Mrs. E. F.

H. Colton,) 446.
Manchester Railway, 486, 487; question of Elleti,) the Shadowless Earl, 507.
locomotive or stationary engines, 486, 487; Treaties, Reciprocity, remarks on Mr. Whea-
success of first companies giving rise to

ton's Treaty with ihe German Zoll-Verein,
many new ones, 488; consequent evils, ib.;

553.
railroads of Scotland and ihe continent,
489 ; question between narrow and wide

V.
rails, 'ib.; japidity of transit, 491 ; princi- Veto Power; our Inland Trade, (Chas. King,)
ple of speed, 493 ; expense of construction, 326 ; scope of the veto-power, as granted
494 ; protits returned, 495.

by ihe Constitution, 326, 327 ; Mr. Polk's
Rain, a poem, (Rev. Ralph Hoyt,) 65.

veto of the Harbor Bill, 328, 329; Report of
Roscoe's Life of Leo X., notice of, 324. the Secretary of War on the condition of
Rudimental lessons in music, J. F. War-

public works, 330; the vero utterly unlook-
ner's, notice of, 541.

ed for, and a violation of Executive faith,

332, 333; vast importance of our Inland
S.

Trade, 333, 334; statistics of the Lakes,
Scenes in the Rocky Mountains, notice of, Views and Reviews in American History,

335 ; of the Mississippi, 337.
542.
Schlegel's Philosophy of History, critical no-

critical notice, 103.
tice of, 542.

Voyages in the Arctic Regions, eritical no.
Senate Chamber, notice of Anthony Clark,

& Co's. engraved daguerreotype plate, 431.
Shores of the Mediterranean, with sketches Walker's Agricultural project for the United

of travel, critical notice of, 212.
Sivori, Camillo, notice of, 647.

States, (Calvin Colton,) 410; can we be-
Smith, Cupid, adventures of, 339.

come ihe feeders and clothers of the whole
Song for the Times, a poem, 409.

world ? 410; Gen. Jackson's opinion, ib;
Southey, Robert, poetical works of, critical

Lord Ashburton's, 411; table of grain in-
notice of, 5-10.

portations to England from other countries,
Stage, Leigh Hunt's remarks on the actors,

ib.; chance for American bread stuffs,
&c., 19.

413; wheat crop of the United States, 414;

principle of supply and demand, ib.
T.

Webster, Daniel, sketch of his life and pub-

lic services, 81; his birth and education,
Talfourd and Stephen, review of their writ 81; admission to the bar, ib.; election to
ings, (G. H. Hollister.) 388.

Congress, ib.; retirement and professional
Tariff, copy of the New, 316,

practice, 82; election to the Senate, ib.;
Tariff of 1846, (H. Greely,) 216; the Kane action against the doctrines of nullification,
letter, ib.; Mr. Polk's protestations 217; ib. ; Webster and Hayne, 83; the North-
the game played out, ib.; peculiarities of eastern boundary and troubles on the Lake
our national condition, 217, 218; reasons Frontier, 83, 84; the Treaty, 85; the law
why, under no considerations should of nations considered, ib.
cloths and wares be bought abroad, 218, Who mourns wisely? (G. H. Colton,) 338.
219; merits of the New Tariff, 219; ad va Wolcott, Oliver, review of his papers, edited
lorem duties, 220; Mr. Webster on specific by Geo. Gibbs, (by Chas. King,) 614.
duties, 221; the names of Alexander Ham- Women, education of, 416.
ilton, Albert Gallatin, Wm. H. Crawford,
&c. adduced in favor of specific duties;

z.
speech of Senator Davis against the Tariff Zadec's Story: “The Magician,” (J. D.
of 1846, 223; of Robţ. Toombs, of Georgia, Whelpley,) 373.
224; Mr. Calhoun, in 1842, on cotton bag- Zoophyies, structure and classification of,
ging, 225; his estimates proved by the re notice of Dana's book, 432.

tice, 103.

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OUR RELATIONS WITH MEXICO. ✓ Hitherto, since the sudden breaking ple, however deeply exasperated by this out of this war, little has been said, in condition of things, have ever suffered regard to it, in any quarter, but what has themselves to forget, for a moment, the had relation to the paramount duty which fidelity due to the country, in the face of the country owes to itself, in the new po- the public enemy. The first care of all sition in which it is placed as a belliger- has been that the hands of the Governent power. On all sides, our people have ment should be fully furnished with every been chiefly occupied, as hostile armies means and weapon necessary to meet the are on the approach to battle, in survey. advance of that enemy in the field. Uning the enemy, in contemplating bis force der very peculiar circumstances, espeand numbers, and all his means of annoy- cially unfavorable to calm deliberation, ance and injury, and considering what or rather as if forbidden to deliberate, must be done to insure their own success Congress was appealed to by the Presiin the conflict of arms to which they are dent, and the response was promptly sent committed. This they have regarded as back to him, like an echo. Nothing was their first duty. Everywhere the senti. demanded in vain-though more was dement of patriotism has prevailed. And manded than necessity required, or truth never was this virtue appealed to, or re or the Constitution could sanction. And sponded to by any people, under more try- the whole country, with a singular unaing circumstances. To the better and more nimity, has virtually given its assent and intelligent portion of our people, war is countenance to the war, and has cheered utterly revolting; and we believe the im on the Government to the employment of pression is all but universal among such, every necessary means for securing the even in advance of all argument and all defence and maintaining the honor of the minute investigation, that we have been land. And all this has been done, with plunged into this war, by the blunders, a conscious feeling, we are persuaded, or the crime, of those who administer the pervading all intelligent classes of the public affairs of ourown country. Divided community, in all quarters of the counintó parties—and accustomed, as those try, that in its inception, this is purely in the ranks of the Opposition are, to give an Executive war—a war of the Presi. free utterance to every feeling of contempt dent's own seeking, or if not specially and scorn with which the conduct of the sought by him, a war into which he Administration habitually inspires them was precipitated by acts of his own, of -it is a thing to be specially noted and the most unjustifiable and the most reprecommended, that no portion of our peo- hensible character.

After what has already transpired since republicans to employ. We are " to conthis war was commenced, after what has quer a peace in Mexico”-that is the already been done to vindicate the patriot- phrase; and to do this, we are to march ism of our people, and the glory of our an army of thirty thousand men, fivearms, and after the severe chastisement sixths of them militia, many hundreds of which the enemy has already received, miles into the enemy's country-strictly we think it high time now that the people an army of invasion, and of foreign con

should begin to consider seriously of a pro- quest. Yes: we are to have an army of V per reckoning between themselves and the invasion and of foreign conquest, com

guilty authors of the war. If we should posed, five to one, of militia; and by wait till the war may be ended, till those what authority ? Certainly not by the who have got us into it may see fit to get authority of the Constitution. No prous out in their own way, we believe the ject or notion could be entertained more day of reckoning would never come. Our palpably in contempt of that instrument. silence would be construed into consent In short, the plans for prosecuting this and entire acquiescence. We believe the war are only equaled in atrocious usurtime has already come, when peace pations of Executive power, by those should be made, or sought at least, with which produced the war. It is time Mexico; and the very fact that no step the people began to look after their own whatever has been taken, or, so far as we interest in this matter. Our own mind, know, contemplated, by the Administra- at least, is made up. We will no longer tion, towards an offer or an effort to re- refrain from uttering, before the country, new friendly relations with that Power, the convictions which have been forced since the disasters which have befallen upon us, that the Administration, at her arms on the Rio Grande, should be Washington, is wholly responsible for held as a new offence, only less reprehen- this war; that though we may have had sible than that of bringing us originally cause of war against Mexico, upon which into a needless war. The voice of the we might have justified ourselves, acpeople must be heard on this matter. We cording to the usage of nations in times do not hesitate to affirm, as our undoubt- past, yet this war was undertaken for no ing conviction, that Mexico is ready to such cause; that in its inception it was treat with us to-day, if she were ap- in no way a war of defence, on our proached by us as a weak but proud na- part, but of aggression ; that it was intion should be, by one so much her su- duced and provoked by the Administraperior in power. She should be treated tion, at Washington, in assuming milidelicately, in respect of her pride, and tary occupation of a section of country generously and humanely, in considera to which the United States had no title, tion of her depressed and distracted con- and which was till that moment in the dition. To-day, Commissioners to offer actual and undisturbed possession of her terms of peace might be approaching Mexico, as it always had been, since she her capital ; or, at any rate, in some had been a nation ; a movement of the mode, measures should have been taken army of the United States into a foreign for bringing before her Government, at territory, by the sole authority of the the earliest period, declarations and proofs President, and as little to be justified by of our pacific and friendly disposition. any plea of necessity, arising from anyBut all this seems far enough from the thing done, or threatened to be done, by purpose of the Administration. We hear Mexico, as by anything found in the Conof nothing from that quarter, but designs stitution of the country; and finally, that of prosecuting the war to the heart of the plans for prosecuting the war, and, so Mexico. We hear of an army of inva far as we are permitted to understand sion, thirty thousand strong, to be con- them, the objects to be secured by it, if centrated with all possible dispatch on the Administration is to have its way, the frontiers of that country, and to be have as little in them, as the inception of precipitated, in three grand divisions, the war itself, to commend them to the without delay, and with little or no re- just sympathy or countenance of the gard to climate or season, on the capital American people. Such, we say, are our of the Empire. There, and there only, convictions, and we give them free utin the enemy's country, and at his capi- terance; but we propose, too, to offer to tal, Napoleon-like, we are to dictate the our readers some reasons for the opinions terms of peace! Great words, and grand that we are so free to express. ideas, these, for modest and peace-loving The first thing we have to consider is,

that this war was begun with little real already, without war, or, as things finally regard to those “ wrongs and injuries” resulted, without any danger of war. But committed by Mexico against citizens of the President wanted more territory than the United States, which form the bur was secured by the terms of annexation, then of complaint against that Power both or than was likely to be obtained merely in the President's annual message to Con- by an amicable settlement of the question gress, in December last, and in his war of boundary, except as negotiation should message, of the 11th of May. This is a be preceded or accompanied by military point which ought to be well understood demonstrations in and about the coveted by the whole country. It may be a country. We think it susceptible of the question which party began the war clearest moral demonstration, that this has and this we shall consider hereafter—but been the one grand object of the President, however this may be, certain it is, it had and that it is to this one object, as the little or nothing to do, in its origin, with principal and main thing, and the measures any wrongs and injuries whatever com- resorted to to secure it, that the country mitted by Mexico. If she began hostili. is indebted for the existence of this war. ties, of course it was for some cause, if We shall recur to this point before we for any cause at all, other than that of conclude this paper, and dwell upon it wrongs and injuries committed by her more at length. At present we wish to self. If hostile demonstrations were first speak a little further, and more particumade on our side, we repeat, that very larly, of our unsatisfied claims on Mexilittle regard, except by way of pretence, co, that we may understand for ourselves was had 10 our unsettled claims on Mex- exactly what we have to complain of on ico; they entered very little into the real this score, and what they have to do with considerations which led to these demon- the war, or the war with them. strations. The President has taken care Ever since the revolution which sepaall the while to make these claims figure rated Mexico from Spain, in 1822, Amerilargely in his communications to Čon- can citizens in Mexico, and the vessels of gress, touching our difficulties with that American citizens on the coasts of that Power; and we have not the least doubt country, have been subjected to occasionthat he has handled this juggle so adroitly al insults, oppressions, exactions and inas to make the impression, to a wide ex. juries. These things have arisen partly tent, on the minds of our people, that the from the want of that just sense of the real cause of this war is to be found, in a rights of persons and property, so well great measure at least, in these unsettled understood in our own country, and so claims, and the necessity he was under of little appreciated in Mexico, and partly enforcing the adjustment of them without as incident to the unsettled state of things any further delay. Let us not allow our. there, and the fact that, if a republic at selves to be deceived and imposed on in all, Mexico is a military republic, with this way. If there had been no causes the supreme power shifting almost as often of difference between us and Mexico but as the seasons change from the hands of this, and if the President had had no other one military chief and despot to another. object but this in view, there would have In such a country persons and property been no war, nor any approach to war. are necessarily very insecure; and it is The President knows this well enough, not much to be wondered at, though not to and he has only sought to flourish “ the be justified or tolerated, that strangers wrongs and injuries we have so long the citizens of other countries—trying the borne” in the face of our people, that he hazards of trade or business there, should might " prepare their hearts for a war suffer in common with those who are to be undertaken and prosecuted on other native to the country. It happens not grounds, and for very different objects. unfrequently in such cases, that such We say again, let us not allow ourselves strangers become the special objects of to be deceived and imposed on by the the arbitrary authority and the rapacity transparent pretences of the Administra- of the Government. The same causes, tion at Washington. This war is to be too, which operated to produce the injureferred mainly to one cause, and one

ries to which our citizens were subject at cause only; it has been brought about in the hands of Mexico from time to time, the determined pursuit of one principal in a long series of years, have constantly object, and one only: that object was the stood in the way of obtaining that prompt acquisition of more territory. Not Texas and complete redress which was due to only, or Texas proper ;-that was secured the respective instances of outrage or in

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