Page images

the cwt.


ry 1001.

1. 8. d.

1. s. d. Gauze of thread, per 1001. value, 10 0 0 Pewter, manufactures of, for every of and from a Br. pos, 5 0 0 1001, value,

10 0 0 Hair, manufactures of hair or goats' Platting of straw, the lb.

0 5 0 wool, per 1001. value,

10 0 0 Pomatum, for every 100l. value, 10 00 of and from a Br. pos. 5 0 0 Potato flour, the cwt.

0 1 0 Hams, of all kinds, the cwt. 0 7 0 Pots, of stone, for every 1001. value, 10 0 0 of and from a Br. possession,

Rice, the cwt.

0 1 0 the cwt.

0 2 0 of and from a Br. posssession Harp strings, or lute strings, silvered,

0 0 6 per 1001. value,

10 0 0

rough and in husk, the ar.. 0 1 0 Hats or bonnets, viz.,

of and from a British
of chip, the lb.
0 36 possession the qr.

0 0 1
of bast, cane or horse-hair,
Sago, the cwt.

06 hats or bonnets, each not exceed

Sausages or puddings, the lb. 0 0 1 ing 22 in. in diameter, the dozen, 0 7 6 Breadstuffs, the lb.

0 5 0 exceeding 22 in. in diameter, 0 10 0 -articles thereof, not otherwise straw hats or bonnets, the lb. o 5 0 enumerated,

0 6 0 Hats, felt, hair, wool or beaver hats,

or, at the option of the off. of each,

0 2 0 the customs, for every 1001. value, 15 0 0 'made of silk, &c.

0 2 0 Silk, gauze or crape, plain, striped, Hops, the cwt.

2 5 0 figured or brocaded, viz., Iron and steel, wrought, per 1001.

broad stuffs, the lb.

0 90 value,

10 00

articles thereof, not otherwise Japanned or lackered ware, per 100l. 10 0 0 enumerated,

0 10 0 Lace, viz., thread, per 1001. 10 00

or at the option of the off. of Lace, cushion or pillow lace, per 1001.

the customs, for every 100l. value, 15 0 0 value,

10 00 Skins, articles manufactured,for eveLead, manuf. of, per 1001. value, 10 0 0

10 0 0 Leather, manufactures of,

of and from a British posseswomen's boots, and calashes,


5 0 0 per dozen, 0 60 Soap, hard, the cwt.

1 0 0 do. if lined or trim. per doz. 7 7 6 of and from a Br. pos. cwt. 0 14 0 with cork or double soles, per

soft, the cwt.

0 14 dozen pairs,

0 5 0

of and from a Br. pos. cwt. 0 10 0 men's boots, per dozen pairs, 0 14 0 Naples, the cwt.

1 0 0 men's shoes, per dozen pairs, 0 7 0 Spa ware, for every 1001. value, 10 00 boys' boots and shoes, not ex

Spirits, or strong waters of all sorts, ceeding 7 inches in length, two

viz., for every gall. of such spirits, o 15 0 thirds of the above duties.

Starch, the cwi.

0 5 0 boot fronts, not exceeding 9

’of and from a Br. pos. the cwt. 0 2 6 inches in height, per dozen,

0 1 9

from and after the 1st of Febboot fronts, exceeding do. 0 2 9

ruary, 1849, the cwt.

0 1 0 cut into shapes, or any article

gum of, torrefied or calcined, made of leather, per 100.. 10 0 0 commonly called Br. gum, the cwt. 0 5 0 Linen, or linen and cotton, viz.,

of and fr. a Br. pos.the cwt. 0 2 6 cambrics and lawns,common

British Gum, from and after the lst ly called French lawns, the piece

of February, 1849, the cwt. 0 1 0 not exceeding eight yards in length

Steel, manufactures of, for every and seven-eights in breadth, plain,

1001. value

10 0 0 the piece, 0 2 6 Tallow, the cwt.

0 1 6 lawns of any sort, not French,

of and from a Br. possession, per 1001. value, 10 00 the cwt.

0 0 1 damask, the square yard, 0 0 5 Tapioca, the cwt.

0 0 6 damask diaper,

0 0 24 Tin, manufactures of, for every 1001. sails not in actual use of a Br.


10 0 0 ship, per 100l. value,

10 0 0 Tabacco pipes, of clay, for every 1001. articles, manufactures of li


10 00 nen, or of linen mixed with cotton Tongues, the cwt.

0 70 or with wool, wholly or in part

of and from a Br. possession, made up, not particularly euumer

the cwt.

0 2 0 ated or otherwise charged with Turnery, not otherwise described, duty, for every 100l. value, 10 0 0 for every 1001. value

10 00 Maize or Indian corn, the qr. 0 1 0 Twine, for every 1001. value 10 0 0 meal, the cwt.

of and from a British possesMusical instruments, for every 1001.

sion, for every 1001. value

0 0 value, 1000 Varnish, for every 100l. value

0 0 Mustard flour, the cwt. 0 6 0 Verjuice, the tun

4 4 0 Paper, printed, painted or stained pa

Wafers, for every 100l. value 10 00 per, or paper-hangings, or flock pa Washing-balls, the cwt.

1 0 0 per, the square yard,

02 Wax, sealingwax, for every 1001. Pencils, for every 1001. value, 10 00 value

10 00 of slate,

10 0 0 Whipcord, for every 1001. value 10 0 0 Perfumery, for every 100l. value, 1000 Wire, gilt or plaiied or silver, for Perry, the tun,

5 5 0
every 1001. value

10 00

0 0 45




1. 8. d.

Oats. Woollens, articles or manufactures

Average price.

Duty: of wool not being goats' wool, or

under 18s

4s Od of wool mixed with cotton, wholly

18s and under 198

Ss 6d or in part made up, not otherwise


3s od charged with duty, for every 1001.



2s 6d value

10 0 0 21s


2s Od of and from a Br. possession,

22s and upwards

ls 6d for every 100. value

5 0 0 Barleymeal, for every 2177 lbs. the duty to Goods, wares and merchandise, be

be equal to that payable on one quarter baring either in part or wholly manufactured, and not being enumer

Ryemeal and flour, .for every 196 lbs. the ated or described, not otherwise

duty to be equal to that payable on five-eighths charged with duty, and not prohib


a quarter of barley. ited to be imported into or used in

Peameal and beanmeal, for every 272 lbs. Great Britain or Ireland, for every

the duty to be equal to that payable on one 1001. value,

10 00 quarter barley. The “ Act to amend the laws relating to the Oatmeal, for every 181} lbs., the duty to be importation of corncontains six sections, of equal to that payable on one quarter barley. which the following is the substance :

If the produce of or imported from any Br. 1. It is enacted ihat after the date of the possession out of Europe: act, until after the 1st day of February, 1819,

Wheat, barley, bear or bigg, oats, rye, the duties levied upon imported grain shall peas and beans, the duty shall be for every be those set forth in the schedule copied be- quarter, ls. low. On or after the 1st of February, 1819,

Wheatmeal, barleymeal, oatmeal, ryemeal, the following duties will be levied :

peameal and beanmeal, the duty shall be for Upon all wheat, barley, bear or bigg, oats, every cwt. 4£d. rye, peas and beans, for every gr. ls.; and so

On and after the Ist of February, 1849, the in proportion for a less quantity.

duties hereafter named shall be paid, viz : Upon all wheatmeal and flour, barleymeal,

Upon all wheat, barley, bear or bigg, oats, qatmeal, ryemeal and flour, peameal and rye, peas, beans, for every quarter, Is. beanmeal, for every cwt. 4£d.; ånd so in pro

Upon all wheatmeal and flour, barleymeal, portion for a less quantity.

oatmeal, ryemeal and flour, peameal and 2 and 3. The duties are to be levied, col- beanmeal, for every cwt. 4.d., and so in prolected and applied in accordance with exist- portion for a less quantity. ing acts. 4. The average prices are to be ascertained

The change is very great. The first at the time and in the manner pointed out in effect of the repeal of the Corn Law was existing acts.

the admission of a very large amount of 5. Repeals former acts which prohibit the foreign wheat and flour, then in bond. importation of corn. 6. This act may be amended by Parlia. This large quantity, amounting to two

million quarters of wheat, and 750,000 The following is the Schedule to which this bbls. of four, was at once thrown upon act refers:

the market in order to secure the low If imported from any Foreign country, not duty upon the average prices of wheat being a British possession.

then existing—for it will be perceived WHEAT. Average price.


that until February, 1849, a sliding scale under 48s

10s of duties is kept up-the duties rising as 48s and under 498

98 the average price of grain falls.

The unavoidable consequence of such


a supply suddenly thrown upon the mar-

58 ket was a decline in prices. The highest 53s and upwards

quotations for the best western flour were FLOUR AND WHEATMEAL.

26s. 8d. down to 24s. for southern; wheat Per cwt. Per bbl. of 196 lbs. 7s. 3d. to 8s. per bushel of 70 lbs., in 3s 54d

6s ( 6-33 3s led

5s 4-31

both cases duty paid. The duty on wheat 2s 9

4s 9-24

was about 6d. or 11 cents per buskel, on 2s 4d

4s 2-17

flour 2s. 4d. or 52 cents per bbl. 23 0 d

3s 7-10

The prospects for the harvest in Great ls 8 d

33 0-3

Britain are represented by the latest letls 4d

2s 4-28 Rye, Peas, Beans, Barley, BEAR OR Bigg.

ter, up to 71h of July, as most flattering; Barley average.


and it was confidently believed, that with under 269

5s od the foreign supply on hand and in bond, 263 and under 273

4s 6d or to be going forward, and the domestic 2778

4s Od

stock stilī held back by the farmers, there 283


3s 6d 293

38 od

would be ample provision until the pro302

2s 6d

ducts of the harvest should come in. 31s and upwards

2s Od

We have all along expressed the opin




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ion, which we see no reason to modify, by the House of Representatives, for rethat this essential change in the corn laws pealing the existing Tariff, should be. of England, will have little permanent come a law-we shall deplore it, as an effect here. We are too distant, and the evil which every branch and pursuit of prices of grain on our seaboard are, on the home labor will stagger under, but which average, too high, as compared with will affect most seriously and permanentthose on the seaboard of the grain-grow- ly the farmer. ing regions of Europe, to enable us to Possibly the low prices occasioned by take advantage of any failure in the crops diminished consumption, and increased of England, and it will only be in periods production at home, by reason of the of short crops that we shall have any numberless new hands thrown upon the chance at all. This is meant to apply to cultivation of the earth by the failure of wheat and flour. As to Indian corn, of other employments, may furnish opportuwhich the crop with us is so large and nity and temptation to try the market of the quality so much superior to that England, under her new laws; but even grown elsewhere, the case may be differ- if that succeed, the producer will benefit ent; but even in regard to that, we have little thereby, the profit, if any, going into to meet and overcome the want of use, the pockets of the shipper. and the prejudices against the use of In In financial affairs, the government is dian corn in Great Britain. This is a proceeding at cross-purposes.

A Subvery difficult, and very doubtful pro- Treasury bill, which has passed the cess, even when Famine is at hand, as House, and is, if party drill can effect it, the Instructor—much more difficult will to be pushed through the Senate, enacts it be, when the crops yield their ordinary that gold and silver only are and hencesupply.

forth shall be the currency-not of the But if we cannot expect to send for- country, for that Congress cannot conward any very large quantities of In- trol—but of the government! But the dian corn, in bulk-always a costly oper- wants of the Administration, arising from ation-we may, it is thought, do a good the costly and wasteful war with Mexico, deal with it in what we have heard quaint- have imposed upon them the necessity of ly described as its manufactured state— having recourse to Treasury notes, and in fatted pork and beef : these products the law of the land now authorizes the are, under the new British Tariff, admit- Secretary of the Treasury to issue and ted free; and in this form it is probable reissue, so as to keep out constantly, if that we shall be able most advantageous- he can, Ten million dollars of Treasury ly to ship a part of our immense growth notes, the very opposite of gold and sil. of Indian corn. Beef and pork, fatted ver, since they are only promises to pay, with corn, well salted, and cut and other- unsupported by the specific pledge of any wise prepared to suit the customs and period to redeem them, and resting entirethe tastes of the English market, may, it ly upon the faith of the government. is believed, become to a very consider. These notes, upon the face of them, are able extent, a regular and profitable arti. made receivable in all debts, or duties, or cle of exportation to Great Britain. payments of any sort to the government

The keenness of individnal adventure in terms, therefore, violating that proviwill doubtless discover other modes and sion of the Sub-Treasury bill which forother articles, in which, under the lower bids the government either to pay or to duties in England, our agriculture may receive aught but coin. And yet the be benefited. And certainly it will need passage of the Sub-Treasury bill is still all the aid it may derive from the legisla- asked for. tion of foreign countries—for that of our In other respects the money market is own seems intent upon striking it down. tranquil though tight. The Commerce of We entertain the undoubting conviction, Exchange in Europe tends rather to favor that agriculture—at least as much as the the importation, than the exportation of manufacturer—is dependent for its pros- specie, and but for the anxiety occasioned perity upon a protective Tariff, which, by the apprehension of large importations by creating markets on the spot where the of European fabrics under the low duties produce is raised, both stimulates and re- of the new Tariff-if, as is expected, it wards the labor of the husbandman. becomes a law—the money market will

If then, as is to be greatly feared, the soon become easy and steady. bill now pending in the Senate of the But this alternative, under the Tariff, United States, after having been passed seems unavoidable, either that it will

leave the Governmant without revenue, the banks as would first break their or that in producing the requisite rev- dealers, and then break the banks themenue, it will bankrupt the banks—the selves. process is obvious. Owing to the great The alternative, therefore, is as above reduction of duties, the revenue calcu- stated, the bankruptcy of the Treasury, lated upon of some twenty-eight mil- or of the Banks, and in either case suflion of dollars, can only be levied upon fering and distress among all classes, and a large increase, over those of each of the especially among those whose comfort last preceding years, of the foreign im- and labor are always least cared for, portations. But as it is, and with the when general popularity leads to a genimportations of the last year, and the eral demand for labor, and consequently two preceding years, Exchange upon high wages. Europe has been rather against us - thus We can hardly expect, before this showing that we are importing to the number goes to press, to know certainly full as much as we can pay for. If then the fate of Mr. McKay's bill in the to the amount be added, as in order to Senate ; but our fears are for the worst. raise the revenue required must be the The concurring testimony, from all case, over forty millions, it is obvious parts of our country, is in favor of a that the balance against us will be enor most abundant harvest. In many States, mously increased, and can only be paid indeed, it is already gathered in, and alin specie.

though with partial injury here and there The exportation, however, of that sum, from rust, or the insect, the aggregate or anything approaching that sum in will exceed that of any former harvest. specie, would cause such a panic among

FOREIGN MISCELLANY. The European intelligence of the last tion of a personal hatred towards Sir Robmonth, is both interesting and important. ert Peel. His parliamentary efforts thus The most prominent event which it re far have been confined to assaults, of the cords, is the consummation of the new most bitter and vindictive character, upon commercial policy of Sir Robert Peel: and the character, personal and political, of the next is the dissolution of the Ministry that distinguished statesman.

On the eve: by which this great change has been ef- ning of June 15th, he repeated, with spe. fected. The new Corn and Custom Bills cifications, the charge which he had often had their third reading and final passage before with less distinctness brought for. in the House of Lords on the night of June ward, that Sir Robert had very dishon25th; and upon the same night the House estly changed his opinions upon the of Commons, by a majority of 73, rejected subject of Catholic Emancipation. In 1827, the bill which the Ministry had brought Sir Robert abandoned Mr. Canning, be. forward, for the preservation of life and cause the latter was in favor of Emanci. the repression of outrage in Ireland. On pation, to which the former professed to the Saturday following, the Premier ten be opposed :-Mr. d'Israeli's charge is that dered his resignation in person to the Sir Robert was actually himself in favor of sovereign. It was accepted, and Lord it and had been since 1825, but that he John Russell was summoned to take upon concealed this fact and pretended to be himself the formation of a new Cabinet, in opposed to it, in order to advance his powhich, it is understood, Lord Palmerston litical fortunes. The allegation was will have charge of the Foreign Depart- serious one, and it was supported by plaument, and Earl Grey the Secretaryship of siblo evidence. Mr. d'Israeli first brought the Colonies.

forward an extract from a speech made by The close of Sir Robert Peel's adminis- Sir Robert in 1829, in which he said that, in tration, witnessed a personal controversy 1825, he “stated to the Earl of Liverpool, which is worthy of remark, as much for the who was then at the head of the Adminisdisgrace it reflects upon the principal act tration, that in consequence of the decision

as for the interest of the question against him by the voices of the represenwhich was involved. Mr. d'Israeli unites tatives of that country, the time was come the characters of author and politician. In when something respecting the Catholics, literature, his ambition is worthy and hon- ought, in his opinion, to be done, or that orable, and his success has been consider- he should be relieved from the duties of able. In Parliament, he seems to have the office he held, as it was his anxious limited his efforts entirely to the gratifica- desire to be.” This passage he read from



a report of the speech made in the Mirror correspondence with that statesman to of Parliament. In Hausard, where the any gentleman who might wish to exreport was published with the permission amine it. His reply was in every respect of Sir Robert himself, the words in Italics conclusive and triumphant, and was so rewere omitted. To prove that the Mirror's garded by every one who heard it. The report was correct, Mr. d'Israeli said he press generally is justly severe upon Mr. had found, upon careful inquiry, that it d'Israeli, not only for the grossness and wanwas made by Mr. Barrow, one of the first ton falsehood of his charges, but for the disshort hand writers in the country :—that grace which the indulgence of his personal the Mirror employed rep ers uncon- malignity has brought upon the House of nected with the daily press :—that its re Commons. In this respect, however, it is ports were very carefully prepared : and clear the House has the power to check finally, that the accuracy of this report was and prevent him; and indeed it is only by put beyond question by the fact that the the favor and indulgence of that body that report in the Times, made by independent he has been enabled so thoroughly to disreporters, confirmed it in every respect, grace its deliberations. Mr. d'Israeli did not hesitate, therefore, to Sir Robert Peel's explanation of the charge Sir Robert Peel, not only with causes of his retirement from office, and in having made the admission quoted, but review of his administration, was an able, with the further crime of having suppress. dignified, and in every way admirable aded the passage in the revision of his speech dress. If he had failed in carrying into which he made for Hausard. He further effect the commercial measures which he quoted an assertion from an article in the had brought forward, he said he should Édinburgh Review, that at the very time have felt justified in advising a dissolution when Sir Robert left Mr. Canning, pro- of Parliament, in order to obtain a constifessedly because he was himself opposed tutional expression of opinion by the peoto Mr. Canning's Catholic policy, he had in ple of the country. The evils which the his desk a letter in which two years before country sustained by the existing condition he had told Lord Liverpool he was in favor of things, would, in his opinion, have warof that policy. Mr. d'Israeli dwelt upon ranted such an appeal. In regard to these details at length and with force, and the Irish question, upon which the Minisclaimed a great deal of credit for having try had been defeated, he did not think a “put in its true and intelligible light that dissolution advisable. He wished it dismysterious passage which had so long per- tinctly understood that his opinions upon plexed the politicians of Europe." "His the Catholic question were the same as speech was well calculated to produce an those upon which he had acted at the last effect unfavorable to the retiring minister. session of Parliament, and said that in his But in his reply, Sir Robert repelled, most judgment there ought to be established triumphantly, the entire allegation, not between England and Ireland a complete only in its general purport but in each equality in all civil, municipal, and politiand every one of its details. As to the cal rights—an identity of spirit in the expression quoted from his speech in 1829, legislation of the two countries. He prehe said he should resort to no equivocal sumed that the new administration would interpretation of the words :-he positively continue those principles of commercial denied that he had ever used them. He policy which would give them a freer comdenied that the report of the Mirror was mercial intercourse with other countries, made by Mr. Barrow :-he denied that the and promised, in that case, his cordial supreport of the Times was an independent port. During the five years for which report, and therefore corroborative of the power had been committed to his hands, he Mirror's accuracy, and said that the latter trusted that neither the honor nor the inwas made up from the former:—and he terest of the country had been compromisthen brought forward the reports of that ed. The burden of taxation, he thought, speech made by four other morning pa. had been equalized; many restrictions pers,-each of which was actually inde upon commerce had been removed; stabilpendent of the other, and all of which ity had been given to the monetary system agreed in omitting the words imputed to of the country; the stability of the British him in the report of the Times which was Indian Empire had not been weakened ; copied into the Mirror. He further quot- the honor and glory of the British arms, ed a paragraph from the Times' reporter, both by sea and land, in every part of the stating that his speech was indistinctly world, have been maintained ; reductions heard where he was stationed. As to the have been made in the public burden, and assertion of the Edinburgh Review, adopt- yet the national defences have been imed by Mr. d'Israeli, he denied that he had proved; the finances were in a prosperous ever written any such letter to Lord Live and buoyant state; there had been more of er pool; challenged its production ; read contentment, less of seditious crimes, less all the letters from Lord L. in his pos- necessity for the exercise of power for the session relating to the subject, and avowed repression of political outrage than there his entire willingness to submit his whole ever was at any antecedent period in the

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