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government of the Barricades and the dy do not exist at all, or exist so rately and so nasty of Louis Philippe may point with a stealthily as to have no considerable effect just pride ; reforms which, with all its cant on public morals. on the subject of religious observances, But a still greater wonder has been acSabbath-keeping, and the rest, England has complished in the purification of Paris from not dared to attempt. We refer to the sup- the barefaced exhibition of female vice, pression of gambling houses and the ex which used everywhere to encounter the tinction of public prostitution. These eyes, and which rendered it impossible for social miracles, for they are truly nothing modest females to frequent the public walks less, have been worked by the present at certain hours. All this has been reformFrench government.

ed, and vice, wherever it may exist now, It is known to all who have been ac is at least compelled to do homage to vir. quainted with France, that gambling rooms tue by preserving the outward appearances have always been under the surveillance of and adopting the external manners of dethe police and were subjected to a tax, from cency and propriety. The theatres, the which a considerable revenue resulted. public amusements and the public promeThese establishments, in every variety of nades of Paris are now exempt: from the form, and on every scale of magnitude, intrusion of any persons who can offend abounded in every quarter of Paris. The the eye of the most inodest, or pollute the Palais Royal was especially noted for them, ear of the purest; and this is the case at all and as the chief part of that edifice is the hours, not only by day but by night. The private property of King Louis Philippe, streets at all hours are quiet and orderly, that personage had a direct advantage in and the pedestrian encounters nothing intheir continuance. Nevertheless, the wbole dicative of the presence of any other quali. system has been abolished, and no house of ties save virtue and propriety. When we play can now exist in Paris without the remember the condition of the Broadway, imminent risk of detection by the vigilance from the Astor House to Chambers street, of the police, and consequent subjection to we cannot but admit that the moral evils the penalties of the law. And in fact, this arising from the want of a strict and effimeasure of moral reform is carried into cient police are somewhat manifest. practical effect. Such houses now either

CRITICAL NOTICES.

THE MODEL OF THE CITY OF New sented entire, together with all Brooklyn, YORK.-Among the many happy produc. and the North and East rivers, with their tions of the modern art of perspective forests of masts and water-craft. Every drawing, we have always been particularly street is seen, no longer or wider than it interested in the aeroscopic, or bird's-eye should be in comparison with every other. views of great cities. London, Paris and Each building, large or small, whether the Rome especially, taken in this way, have Astor House, the University, or a sentrybeen to us particular studies; and we may box, is carved out of a separate piece of safely say that we have gained in one hour wood, and put in its place, with the exact a better knowledge of the physical aspect color and proportion that belong to it. of those “places powerful and eke re. Probably not a man in the city but could at nowned,” than we have from reading any once point out his own dwelling. Some of books. But no such pictorial view, how the larger structures, as Trinity and Grace ever skillfully executed, can equal in faith. churches, the City Hall, the University, the fulness and reality of impression the exhi. Custom-House, and Merchants’ Exchange, bition of a city in carved blocks of wood, are exquisitely shaped and finished, and by which every street and building, with would fetch high prices as models. The all the docks and water-craft shall be re number of separate pieces composing some produced to the eye, with an exact atten of them amount to several hundreds. Grace tion to proportion. We do not know that has over one thousand. So minute is the we have ever been more struck with any work, that the very awning-posts are given, curious work of art than with the “Model and all the rigging on the well-known vesof New-York city,” now on exhibition, con sels and steamers in the bay and rivers. structed by an ingenious young man, Mr. Nothing now in this city is better worth E. P. Belden, The felicitous minuteness seeing; and if it is to be exhibited over the displayed in this creation-for it is a Union, it will give people in distant places creation-is wonderful. The whole piece a perfect idea of the American Metropolis. is constructed on several compartments, To see it to advantage, it must be studied which, united, make a platform of nearly minutely. thirty seet square. The city is thus repre

before us,

Payne's Nlustrated London: a Series He hed several peeps at the slave-mar

of Views of the British Metropolis kets of Constantinople and other Turkish and its Environs ; with Historical places. The ugly slaves seemed to be and Descriptive Letter-press : Each very happy and contented, but he gives Part containing ten highly finished steel vent in several places to his sympathy for Engravings. Price 25 cents. C. Mul- the Circassians, and his contempt for their ler, 118 Nassau Street, New York. masters, especially on one occasion, when,

in the kitchen of the Harem, he tasted These Engravings are really beautiful.

a sort of vile mince-meat mess on which We have seen nothing that in so small compass gives so clear ideas of the chief the beauties were compelled to lunch. buildings of the great British Metropolis. ic sketches of scenes in Egypt, on the Nile,

The second volume contains some graphThe written descriptions are also well executed. There are in the two Numbers and more especially in Granada. There the Royal Exchange, St. Paul's

are many serviceable observations, by the from the River—a splendid apparition, Wayon matters, and things of general inthe Custom House, Christ's Hospital, the

terest, but no attempts at labored disser

tations and discussions. We should say vast stretch of Somerset House along the

that the author was an excellent fellow, Thames, that “ Buckingham Palace,

with a refined taste, and a jovial dispowhose costly walls were consecrated, at building, by the curses of the people and sition, but without any great pretensions the blood of Charles, the massive masonry that his book would be a good coinpanion

in any one department of knowledge ; and of Northumberland House, with many others

at a watering place or rustic retreat. “ Of note historic and antique renown.” Many curious antiquarian facts may be

The Novitiate; or a year among the gathered from the pages of the work.

English Jesuits. Harper & Brothers.

This is an account of the writer's expeShores of the Mediterranean ; with rience during one year spent at the College

Sketches of Travel. By FRANCIS of Stonyhurst, in a preparatory course for SCHREDER, Secretary to the Commo- entering the Society of the Jesuits as a modore commanding the U. S. Squa- priest. The book contains about three dron in that sea, 1843-245. Harper & hundred pages, but might have been made Brothers.

much shorter had the writer confined him

self to a simple statement of what he was These two handsome volumes are writ- required to do under the “ Exercises of Ig. ten in a lively and pleasing vein, in the natius,” without giving at length his medform of what appear to have been the itations and reflections which are rather veritable impressions of the moment, writ- dull reading, and show that Mr. Andrew ten down in journal fashion. Notwith- Steinnietz would not have distinguished standing an attempt to avoid saying too himself as a preacher had he remained in much on hackneyed scenes and subjects, the society. He appears to have been we think the author might have com sincere, however, and his statements bear pressed his work into half the space, and every appearance of truth. He had formmade it far more interesting to the reader, ed an exalted idea of the Jesuits' “ intel. by omitting much that is said about the lectuality and austerity;" he was to live ship, the officers, and the passages from among men “whose very name had beplace to place, and by confining himself come a pass-word to literature-men who to sketches here and there, and only where considered intellectual eminence worthy of he felt it to be an object to give nothing emulation, and had the means, by sequesmore than a glance. As it is, much of the tration from the world and ample wealth, work will be interesting only to those of encouraging every talent and predilecwho traveled in company, or who are tion to their greatest development.” In acquainted with the author and his friends. this he was disappointed. He saw but few The best thing in the first volume is the indications of talent, or even of extensive account of Jerusalem, in which he sums information among the fathers who were up, in a sinall space, the actual state of introduced to him. To one of them he things in the Holy City, without venturing put the question, “ How it happened that into any elaborate conjectural details as to amongst so many clever men of the society, which are the true and which the false no triumphant answer was put forth to relics; a maze, in endeavoring to unwind meet the · Provincial Letters of Pascal ?! ” which, most modern travelers contrive to “ There was,” said he; “but Father Dansicken both themselves and their readers iel's reply was heavy-it lacked the wit of midst the mass of superstition, bigotry and Pascal.” He gives the fathers and his importance which they encounter at every fellow-novices full credit for sincerity, but turn.

found it impossible to accommodate his

opinions to the standard, and often caught the intellectual attainment of those whom himself in the act of putting the question, I met at Stonyhurst, I doubt not, (and I “ Cui bono ?instead of deferring, as in candidly record the fact,) that each and all duty bound, to the judgment of his supe- had their peculiar talent: their tact adapted riors, and so left them. Obedience was to some peculiar emergency.' everything, and he was pointed to this The concluding part of the book contains Saint and that who had distinguished him- a summary of the history and constitutions self as a model of obedience--doing nothing of the Society, which presents much inexcept " permissu superiorum," and what formation in a small space. Some of the seemed a natural consequence of this “ ad questions of casuistry, and their answers, majorem Dei gloriam.” There are many certainly look too much like justifying the curious details tending to shed light on means by the end. But this, of course, is the peculiar devices for habituating the their peculiar inheritance. mind to one particular set of opinions. One single example was held forth to The American Journal of Science and show the nature of blind obedience and its Arts, conducted by Prof. SILLIMAN, B. reward. “A certain holy man was order SILLIMAN, jun., and JAMES B. Dana. ed by his superior to water a dry stick set

This work has, on the whole, done us upright in the ground. He obeyed without a question or a thought of a question cal published in this country. It has been

more honor abroad than any other periodi. and behold! the stick put forth branches received by the European world as the rep, and grew a beautiful tree.”. In the matter resentation of the scientificattainments and of chastity, our novice found some singular discoveries in the United States. And such facts to help him in keeping that most difficult of vows, such as that love divine in it is

. . Its merit is parallel, or very nearly, all its objects--but most to the Virgin and with the course and condition of science other female saints of the calendar-was

among us. There is never a number withbut human love, with all its raptures; only able and accomplished men in what is, ra

out some interesting articles from our most it was shorn of its grossness;" following ther arbitrarily, called science. It ought upon which discovery, there was a “ curious dream.” Again he observed that “men being the only Journal of the kind in

to be widely patronized-especially as prefer female saints for their patronesses, and that women prefer male saints for their America. Its efficiency has been increased

by the addition of Mr. Dana's name, and its patrons.

interest for the general reader, by the Some of the instances given in illustration of holy obedience, would be amus

greater frequency of its publication-being ing, were they not disgusting—but the

now issued every two months. flagellation is truly laughable when he describes “ Twenty whips crackling like

Bartlett and Welford's Catalogue of

Ancient and Modern Books, recently a hail-storm on twenty innocent backs :" and further tells us that " in the excite

imported. ment, very similar to a shower-bath, we The Catalogue published by this house, could not help tossing the whip, into the and to be seen at the end of the Review, desk ; and then, diving into the sheets, felt will be found to contain many works of very comfortable indeed.” The chain very great merit, and some rarely to be around the loins was the worst; like "the met with. We have examined many of huge centipedes of the west, crawling them the prices are affixed; and it may round the limb, that felt a sudden sting if be added with perfect confidence, that it made the slightest motion; for it was any person from a distance, noticing a parwhen we moved that we were truly mor.

ticular work, and desiring to possess it, tified.

may order it with perfect security, that He sums up the conclusion to which he its condition will be found to correspond finally came, in the following words, “I with the description. Antiquaries buying had long endeavored to distinguish between books for no other reason than because the 'greater glory of God, and the greater they are old, will find them preserved in glory of the Society of the Jesuits; I had leather cases of a musky fragrance, dread. fixed the idea in this matter, as in every- ed by all worms, next to embalmment. thing else, that the end was distinct from the means, and I am compelled to declare FILTRATION OF WATER.—There is no that every remark but one pronounced in subject which has more thoroughly tasked the novitiate, whether by novices or supe. the ingenuity of man than the filtration of riors, who visited us, brought home the water. Simple as the matter seems to every growing conviction that we were prepared one, millions have been expended to effect to take our “ shares” in a grand specula- it, and no means has been devised by which tion, which was to invest the entire earth it could be accomplished on anything like in its grasping monopoly." * “ Un- an extended scale. The quality of the best satisfactory as was the opinion I formed of river water is more or less impure; dele

terious substances, animalcules, and the “ Isn't it lucky ye'r didn't ate it before it like, are constantly visible in the waters of turned into fire in the insides of ye'r ?” the Croton and Schuylkill, when in their We can readily imagine the discomfiture of natural state. We are glad to observe, many a good housewife in the country, therefore, that the necessity which its im- who should endeavor to follow in detail purity begets has been supplied, in a con the elaborate directions here given for venient, simple and ingenious contrivance making what, when done, seems a very by W. H. Jennison. We seldom give place simple thing, and which a French cook to the notice of such matters, but as the would, by dint of industry, do up in a jiffey. invention is truly beneficial, and its con But though such a book will not make a struction founded on scientific principles, cook, it will contribute to improve one. we do not hesitate to urge its usefulness By adding a little of this, or subtracting a upon every resident citizen. We shall have little of that, we add new flavor to a wellmore to say about the Croton, and its intro- known dish. There are many things in duction into this metropolis.

the French cuisine which it is desirable to

have better known in this country. We French Domestic Cookery-combining el eat generally about twice as much meat as

egance with econoniy, &c. Harper & is good for us, or as we should do were the Brothers.

French method of cooking potatoes and

other vegetables more generally known. As no manual of politeness will of itself There are some very funny compounds in make a gentleman, so can no book of cook- the book before us, and variety enough to ery of itself make a cook. Experience is satisfy any gourinand—there being no less wanted in both cases. It is not sufficient than fifteen or twenty different methods of to be told when and where to make a bow; dressing every imaginable thing: sauces, but one must have been in the habit of ragouts and stews, in French, English, Ita. doing it all his lifetime to make it come lian, Spanish, German, Polish, Russian and easy and graceful to him. A receipt for Gothic. In turning over the leaves one is making an omelette is apparently a very astonished at the attention bestowed on simple thing, but it requires the science of trifles. We had supposed that 325 pages an experienced operator to“ pour the eggs of fine print might comprehend everything into the pan and fry quickly, taking care in the science, but we are told that "there that it be nicely browned underneath, fold is a quarto volume published, with a great it in half upon a dish and serve” so as to number of figures upon the art of folding a present the delicate light and savory pre- napkin, and giving it the form of animals." paration which graces a Frenchman's break. There is another, containing the art of fast table.

carving meats, fowl and fish. There are 7 Among the receipts here given is one

pages on that subject in this modest “ Cui. for “ omelette au rum,” which finishes sinière de la campagne et de la Ville.” with the direction to“ pour over it a good The book before us will be highly useful quantity of rum, and set fire to it at the to those gentlemen who are so perplexed moment of sending it to the table.” We to make out the dishes on French tables, remember to have heard of a lady in the and so afraid of tasting unknown thingscountry, who having seen, when dining the thousands of gaping travelers, who dine out, a plumb pudding served up in this at the house of a minister abroad, and drink way, determined, when next she invited the contents of finger-glasses, thinking.it company, to astonish them with the same.

"mighty weak lemonade ;” or, in their igThe receipt was placed before the cook norance of the French language, are obliged who prepared the pudding, and poured to go through the symbolical operation of over: it the brandy or rum; but, lest it milking the cow with both hands, before should all burn out before reaching the they can make the garcon comprehend dining-room, she lit a piece of paper, and that they want café au lait, and not coffee quietly following the stout Irish girl who and brandy. We remember hearing a genofficiated as waiter, set fire to the liquid tleman ask the name of a dish pointing to just as she was entering the room. Judy, a disguised chicken on the opposite side of who had not been advised of this move. a table d'hote. “ Poulet!" was the reply. ment, and had “ never heard of the inven “ 'Taint pullet-it's a tough old hen,” said shun before," no sooner saw the blue flames

an elderly gentleman, who had just helped arise than she dropped pudding and all himself to a piece, and was striving his into the fire-place, and by way of comfort. hardest to masticate it. So ends our chaping the mortified mistress, exclaimed, ter about cookery books.

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PARTY necessity and Party pride of of our readers will doubtless be glad to opinion have done their work. The last have that letter in a convenient shape for of the wise and benignant measures of enduring record and convenient reference. general policy, consummated by the Now that its purpose is consummated, it Twenty-Seventh Congress, has been is fit that we inquire how well the expecoverthrown by the Congress of 1846, tations which it was skillfully framed to under the immediate direction and prompt- excite are satisfied in the events which it ing of the President and Secretary of the has been made to accomplish. This letTreasury. That which the party now ter appears on its face to have been writfully in power dared not do when the ten in answer to one of inquiry from Mr. election of 1844 was pending-dared not Kane; but that letter of inquiry the pubeven manifest a wish to do by passing a lic have not been permitted to see. The bill through the House, in which their writer of this made personal application majority was very great—they have not to Mr. Kane for a copy or a sight of it, at hesitated to do when placed beyond the a time (February, 1845) when its publi. immediate reach of public reprobation. cation was recent and its purposes ouly When the votes of Pennsylvania and New on the eve of consummation—at a time, York were indispensable to the election too, when the inquirer, duly introduced of Polk and the Annexation of Texas, a and courteously received, was a sojourner bill to subvert the tariff of 1842 was de under the same roof with Mr. Polk as cisively laid on the table in a Flouse two- well as Mr. Kane. The last-named was thirds hostile to the Whig party and its urged to take into consideration the varichampion; but when the votes of these ous and contradictory interpretations States had been secured, and thereby the which had been given to the response of election of Polk and Dallas, the mask Mr. Polk, and the light which the public was thrown off altogether, and the mea- cation of the friendly queries to which it sure which the dominant party dared not was plainly a reply could not fail to shed evince a wish to repeal in 1844, falls be on the true and full meaning of the reply neath the weight of its overwhelming itself. All was fruitless, utterly. The power in 1846. And, as an introduction letter of Kane to Polk could not be obto our review of the recent act of Con- tained. That of Polk to Kane, however, gress and the Executive, we have deemed the willfully severed half of this importappropriate a republication of the famous ant correspondence-having been given letier' of Mr.' candidate-for-President to the public very soon after its reception Polk, in 1844, to his friend and support. by Mr. Kane in Philadelphia, and multier, Mr. Kane, of Pennsylvania. Many plied by millions of copies in every part

15

VOL. IV.NO. III.

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