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school-fellow, Barnes,) who always re land. I select the one prefixed to Foliage, minds me of Fielding. It was he that in a volume of poetry and translations pubtroduced me to A. (Alsager), the kindest lished in London in 1818: “ To Sir John of neighbors, a man of business, who contrived to be a scholar and a musician. He John: This book belongs to you, if you
Edward Surnburne, Bart. My Dear Sir loved his leisure, and yet would start up at a minute's notice to do the least of a prison will accept it
. You are not one of those er's biddings. Other friends are dead since who pay the strange compliment to heathat time, and others gone. I have tears
ven of depreciating this world, because for the kindest of them, and the mistaken you believe in another; you admire its shall not be reproached, if I can help it. beauties both in nature and art; you But what return can I make to the L's. think that a knowledge of the finest voices (Lambs), who came to comfort one in all it has uttered, ancient as well as modern, weathers, hail or sunshine, in daylight or ought, even in gratitude, to be shared by in darkness, even in the dreadful frost and the sex that has inspired so many of snow of the beginning of 1914?
them. A rational piety and a manly Great disappointment and exceeding vi. ciousness may talk as they please of the patriotism does not hinder you from pui. badness of human nature ; for my part, I ting the Phidian Jupiter over your organ, am on the verge of forty, and I have seen a
or flowers at the end of your room; in good deal of the world, the dark side as well short, you who visit the sick and the as the light, and I say that human nature is prisoner, for the ke of helping them a very good and kindly thing, and capable without frightening, cannot look more of all sorts of excellence. Art thou not a tenderly after others than you are rerefutation of all that can be said against it, garded by your own family; nor can any excellent Sir John Surnburne ?--another one of the manly and amiable friends that friend whom I made in prison, and whose I have the happiness of possessing, more image, now before my imagination, fills my fitly receive a book, the object of which whole frame with emotion. I could kneel is to cultivate a love of nature out of doors, before him and bring his hand upon my and of sociality within. Pray pardon me head, like a son asking his father's blessing. It was during my imprisonment that another this public compliment, for my own sake, S. (Mr. Shelley), afterwards my friend of and for sincerity's. That you may long friends, now no more, made me a princely continue to be the centre of kind, happy offer, which at that time I stood in no need looks, and an example to the once cheerof. I will take this opportunity of men. ful gentry of this war and money-injured tioning, that some other persons, not at all land, is the constant wish of your obliged known to us, offered to raise money enough and affectionate servant, Leigh Hunt.” to pay the fine of £1,000.”
To conclude, I will copy two sonnets, Hunt's dedications display a frankness and parts of two epistles, showing the and cordiality which remind us of the graceful and kind-hearted intercourse that noble old writers of hale and hearty Eng. subsists between Hunt and his friends :
TO THOMAS BARNES, ESQ.
Written from Hampstead.
Dear Barnes, whose native taste, solid and clear,
This charm our evening hours duly restore ;
Save the crisp fire, or leaf of book turned o’er,
the whole of it, up to its extremest limits; were a new idea to him, that Texas had and as little doubt did he seem to enter- its western boundary on the Rio Grandetain, as long ago as the 15th of June, that nor yet by talking of that boundary as the Rio Grande constituted its western “an exposed frontier,” proper and conboundary. Gen. Taylor was then so in- venient to be occupied by the protecting structed. Under instructions, he took up forces of the Government. On the 23d of a position in Texas, " beyond the Nue. Aug., a dispatch was written from Washces,” and this occupation was designed ington to inform General Taylor that expressly for the protection and defence the Administration then had “reason to of Texas-not of Texas on this side of believe that Mexico was making efforts that river only, but of Texas wherever to assemble a large army on the frontier Texas was, and wherever Texans were. of Texas ;” and he was instructed that, By orders of the 13th of July, he was to “should Mexico assemble a large body protect and defend the territory of Texas, of troops on the Rio Grande, and cross it to the extent that it has been occupied by with a considerable force, such a movethe people of Texas.” “The Rio Grande ment must be regarded as an invasion of is claimed to be the boundary between the the United States, and the commencement two countries, and up to this boundary of hostilities.” And yet he was told in you are to extend your protection-only the same dispatch, that they “bad mo excepting any posts on the eastern side more explicit instructions to give him in thereof, which are in the actual occupancy regard to his movements than had been of Mexican forces, or Mexican settle. already forwarded.” At that time, even ments over which the Republic of Texas a danger felt to be imminent could not did not exercise jurisdiction at the period draw from the President a positive order of Annexation, or shortly before that to move the army to the Rio Grande; event.” Such were then the General's what, in the name of wonder, was it that orders; and under them, and to fulfill made that order of such “ urgent necesthem to the letter, he selected and main- city” on the 13th of January ? tained his position on the west bank of But we have not forgotten that the the Nueces. What we want to know is: President had then, as he states,“ received what had happened, on or about the 13th such information from Mexico as rendered of January, to create such an “urgent it probable, if not certain, that the Mexinecessity” for directing his position to be can Government would refuse to receive changed from the Nueces to the Rio our Envoy.” If the President really offers Grande? and that change to be made, too, this as a reason for moving the army to wholly regardless of any Mexican posts the Rio Grande, then it must have been or Mexican settlements on this side of on one of two grounds : either that he that river! Up to that time the “ Army intended to consider the rejection of Mr. of Occupation,” in its position at Corpus Slidell as cause of war, or to make it, if Christi, had served abundantly to protect he could, the occasion of war, with Mexi. Texas, and the whole of it, to the extent co, on the part of the United States, and that it had been occupied by the people to lead the way to the commencement of of Texas, and strictly in accordance with hostilities accordingly; or, he apprehendthe orders of the 15th of June, and the ed that Mexico would follow up that act 30th of July. No war had been declared, by herself making war on us, or invading and Texas had not been invaded ; and all Texas. apprehension that it would be was past. Now we are prepared to say, and mainNo such apprehension was sincerely felt tain, that the President had not the slighteither in the camp or in the cabinet. We est reason to believe—nor do we suppose have furnished the proof of this significant he did believe, or would so pretend—that fact already. We ask again then : where- Mexico was about to commence hostili. fore the orders of the 13th of January? ties because she had rejected, or would What were the grounds of that “ urgent reject our Minister. The subject of this necessity" which then arose to provide mission, and the temper and manner in especially for the better defence of “ that which it was conducted, ought to receive portion” of country which lies beyond a full exposition in this connection. But the Nueces ? Certainly, the President we cannot now enter into it. We think does not account for it, by declaring that if the object really was to conciliate the “meantime Texas, by the final action of Mexican Government in the matter of An. our Congress, had become an integral part nexation—the point of offence to Mexi. of our Union,”—nor by declaring, as if it co-nothing would have been more un
happy than the course adopted and per. in the crisis, that the voice of the Amerisisted in. And the Government should can people shall be unanimous in favor of have known that such conciliation was redressing the wrongs of our much-inthe way both to peace, and to the secur- jured and long-suffering claimants." In ing of our just rights and interests at the other words, this affair was to be so conhands of Mexico. But let this pass. ducted, that the hearts of the American Mexico refused to receive Mr. Slidell in people might be “prepared for war.” Fi. the ordinary form as a Minister, resident nally, Mr. Buchanan says: “ In the near that Government, until he, or some. mean time, the President, in anticipation body else, had first been received as a of the final refusal of the Mexican GovCommissioner, to make terms with her in ernment to receive you, has ordered the regard to Annexation. Such a Commis. Army of Texas to advance and take posioner she professed herself willing to re- sition on the left bank of the Rio Grande ; ceive. Mr. Slidell insisted that she had and has directed that a strong fleet shall promised to receive a Minister, with full be immediately assembled in the Gulf of powers. This she denied; and he was Mexico. He will thus be prepared to act rejected. Now, the very grounds on with vigor and promptitude the moment which she put this rejection--however that Congress shall give him the authority.” absurd, and however false--show con What becomes now, we ask in view clusively that she did not mean war by of this explicit declaration, of the prethis rejection. She meant to run the tence set up by the President, that his hazard of a war begun by us for such a order of the 13th of January, for the cause; but the manner of the rejection movement of the army from the Nueces precluded the idea of its being taken as a to the Rio Grande, was prompted by some declaration of war on her part, or as lead- new and urgent necessity, " 10 provide ing necessarily to such a declaration, or for the defence of that portion of our counto any acts of hostility. We are per- try!" Who does not now see that that fectly safe in saying, that the President order originated in another and a very did not so regard ii-by anticipation or different design? The rejection of Mr. otherwise.
Slidell was to be the signal for war—the The other alternative then remains, ostensible ground of which should be the namely: that be intended to consider, and unsatisfied claims of our citizens on the 80 far as depended on him, to make, the justice of Mexico. There were real obrejection of Mr. Slidell, taken in con- jects which were not disclosed. The nection with the unsatisfactory state of hearts of our people were to be prepared our relations with Mexico, cause of war, for the war. Congress was to be apor rather the occasion of war with that pealed 10 for its authority, but not-as power; and that be directed the move- events have demonstrated-until a hosment of our army to the Rio Grande, by tile incursion and military demonstrahis order of the 13th of January, as a tions, under Executive direction, carried hostile operation, or at least as calculated, through Mexican settlements and Mexiin its very nature, and by its necessary can military posts up to the gates of a effects and results, to leave no alter. Mexican city, more than one hundred native but war to either Government. miles beyond the remotest dwelling of We believe this to have been the exact any Texan citizen, and the remotest limstate of the case. Indeed the proof that its of Texan authority and jurisdiction, it was so is at hand, and is incontrovert. had made the war inevitable, and left ible.
Congress no alternative but to adopt and On the 201h of January Mr. Buchanan prosecute it. The President knew as addresses a dispatch to Mr. Slidell, writ- well as we could tell him, that the Rio ten after information had been received del Norte was the nominal boundary of of the “probable” rejection of the Min. Texas only; that Texas could not make ister. In this dispatch the purpose of it her boundary by her declaration merethe President is fully disclosed. He tells ly; that the country on the east bank of Mr. Slidell, in case of his final rejection, that river for fifteen hundred miles, conthat “nothing will then remain for this stituting parts of four provinces or deGovernment, but to take the redress of partments of Mexico, with several cities the wrongs of its citizens into its own —Santa Fé among the number-was inhands." The desire of the President habited exclusively by Mexicans, and is, that you (Mr. Slidell] should conduct was, as it had been continually, excluyourself with such wisdom and firmness sively under Mexican jurisdiction; that
TO T. M. ALSAGER, ESQ.
With the Author's miniature, on leaving prison.
Some grateful trifle let me leave with you,
May peace be still found there, and evening leisure
EPISTLE TO CHARLES LAMB.
Oh, thou, whom old Homer would call, were he living,
EPISTLE TO WILLIAM HAZLITT.
“Et modo qua nostri spatiantur in urbe Quirites
Et modo villarum proxima rura placent.”—Milton, Eleg. 7. “Enjoying now the range of town at ease, And now the neighboring rural villages.”
Dear Hazlitt, whose tact intellectual is such