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more frequently met with ; thus the sur The dinner over, the company retire to names terminating in ski or cki became spend the remainder of their time in some prevailing among, and characteristic of, pleasant way; and this is easily accomthe Polish nobles. Sometimes, however, plished when each guest endeavors to 80 terminating surnames are to be found contribute something to the pleasure of among the lower orders (as sometimes the other, and when the host and hostess servants take their lord's name); but enliven every scene with their smiles. then they are assumed only with the view Polished ease, freedom and courtesy in of borrowing from them the lustre of both sexes, cement all into harmonious gentility, which however never can im- union ; each pleases, and each in turn is pose upon natives that are nobles of pleased. If the company consist of titled right. It wonld be a mistake to believe and untitled individuals, it is no less that the names of all Polish nobleinen pleasant, for here they meet on the ground have the above-mentioned termination ; of being gentlemen bred--the all-importthose that are not derived from estates ant distinction. Besides, other titles have .but from some other circumstances, ter no importance among them, when they minate variously.
have that of a Polish gentleman ; and be. The Poles, not content with their birth. ing received by the same host, they are right title of a gentleman, endeavor al- made acquainted with each other without ways to enhance it by their own merit; the ceremony of an introduction. Acand to the outward graces and lofty feel- quaintances ihus commenced, are always ings of a well-bred man, they are careful acknowledged by the well-bred. to add a familiarity with literature. Thus While thus there is nothing to disturb the Polish gentleman never a total the enjoyments of the company, time stranger to belles-lettres. Residing in the glides on imperceptibly. Evening comes country on his estate as be generally and brings new pleasures. The music does, he amuses himself with field-sports, fills the festive hall with enchanting and seeks the company of his books, or melody, and youthful hearts begin to discharges the sacred duty of hospitality throb in expectation of the coming dance. to his guests; and it is particularly in First comes the host leading some lady the latter capacity that his national char- guest into the room, followed by a galacter appears. With the taste for litera. lant knight with the hostess. Each ture, he cherishes that also for the fine finds a partner to his taste, and all, arts, and when his means allow he is young and old, stand ready. The hall glad to gratify it. But let us see him at resounds with the polonaise, and the host home.
leads the van of the array of couples. He keeps his house always open, and Though he may be threescore and ten, on his table are ever to be found a few yet his elastic step, obedient to the elocovers for guests not expected. Here the quent violin-his loruly, graceful bearwife shines like a gem, and all things re- ing, as he leads the merry ranks in the flect the light of her smiles. It is her serpentine course through the hall, relord's desire, and it becomes her pleasure mind him that his blood still flows freely. to know how to direct her household af. Thus again and again they wind their fairs; the cooks and the waiters are her way upon the wax-polished floor at the dutiful subjects. It would make Doctor caprice of the music, that as rapidly Saw-dust shudder to behold the variety plunges them into a sweet revery, and as of courses that the domestics are busy in quickly brings them out upon the waves changing, while their lord with his guests of buoyant joy. sit at the table; but if he should taste the The polonaise is a national Polish generous wine, and should it chance to be dance with which evening amusements Tokay, he would be forced to acknow- are opened. The old even join in it, as ledge the merits of the cook, and the taste if to countenance the merriment of the and judgment of the mistress. While young. It is a sort of dignified promegood cheer merrily circulates round the nade to a very sweet music, an inade. company, from yonder gallery a band of quate imitation of which one finds in music pours melody into their ears; for what foreign musicians please to call the the host, being an adept in the philosophy polacca, of living, knows that music only can After the polonaise more lively dances scatter the turbulent passions and restore succeed, and the old are seated to behold the mind to calmness so important on this the graces of their sons and daughters. occasion, and he keeps the band in his pay. Now four couples have the floor io give
expression to their favorite music of the Time has dropped its dark curtain on mazurka. All fresh and joyous, clasp- these joyous scenes, and so must we ing each other's hands, with a gliding drop ours. Where joy, surrounded by step and waving graceful motion, they its innocent progeny, once was enthroned, float, as it were, to and fro on the billows grim sorrow, with disheveled hair, suiof the boisterous melody.
fused cheek, and eye red with tears, now The mazurka, or more properly ma- reigns; and the owl, bird of gloom and zurek, is another of their national dances; night, chants in the lofty halls its doleit consists in moderately quick and even ful dirge to the departed spirits. But as steps taken in an oblong space. The from the womb of night the light of day music of the mazurka has something issues; as from the depth of despair a boisterous and martial in its character, ray of hope ever glimmers; so from this and it is sui generis. The movements all-engulfing desolation the hopes of Poare gentle and exceedingly graceful, and land shall blaze forth. The ashes that display the good proportions of the cover the face of Poland have not lost dancers.
their vitality, nor ever will ; tbey are, As they dance, and the social glass and they will be, warm enough to give circulates, the joy increases; and the birth to the Phænix which, flapping its youth vie with each other to carry off mighty wings, will blast her enemies. the palm in the Cracovian dance or kra- No, the indomitable spirit of their forekowiak (krah-kov-yak). This dance, fathers is not extinct, it is only subdued lively though dignified, is expressive of for a while; it burns in the oppressed joy, and very fascinating to witness. In breast of every Pole; it gathers its laits movements, one would easily imagine tent strength quietly, only to hurl, soonjoy dancing with love.
er or later, with more certainty the fiend. But in these raptures of pleasure, as if ish despots to utter perdition. Then the not satisfied with their own, they resort sun of liberty shall rise to the benighted to some foreign dances, as the waltz, race of man, and all people will see English country dance, or some other. themselves brothers. At intervals, to rest the dancers, the band plays some national air, to which they NOTE.-The recent events in Poland cannot listen without emotion, since give us an opportunity to say a few their music embodies both thought and words more on the Polish cause; we feeling. Thus they feel and think, and promise, therefore, our readers in our laugh and make merry, till unwelcome next number, a supplementary chapter midnight comes to separate them from on “ Brighter days for Poland." the intoxicating bowl of joy.
It is the age of bubble! Everywhere
go mad? O Virtue fair!
What they know not-the odds 'tween truth and talk,
PASSAGES FROM THE LIFE OF A MEDICAL ECLECTIC.
THERE are petly annoyances which Indeed this was never more apparent disturb a man's equanimity a vast deal than in the gratulation and grandilomore than the real trials of life. We quence that succeeded the first lectures. brace our nerves and meet life's troubles Miss Dorothea Simons expressed her like men, but its disagreeables often find gratification by saying, “I am glad that us children. Amongst the minor ills ladies now have an opportunity to see which have always been my particular into things. I am sure, heretofore, our aversion, are smoke, black flies, musque- education has been too artificial”—meantoes and Fourth of July orations. It has ing superficial. But ignorance and conbeen said by some metaphysician, or so
ceit do not need illustration in my pages. phist-I leave the wise to settle which— They are continually illustrating themthat sins are only sins relatively--that selves, and though ihey will always be all crimes become virtues under peculiar manifested in every effort of the masses circumstances—for instance, rebellion in for elevation, the upward gushing of the the Revolution was patriotism, and self- Eternal Spirit of true Progress is none the destruction is duty when it is the only less glorious, though thus shamed and way to escape the blackest defilement. impeded by its great need. The lyceum I do not throw myself into the arena to grew and tourished. It was popular. contest for or against any question of În art, in science, in literature, and in this kind. I have only to say that trade, Americans are adventurous. We though I have never found ordinary have invented the cotton-gin; we have smoke odoriferous and grateful, or black discovered the law of storms; we have flies civil, or musquetoes amiable, or Py. dignified speculation and repudiation by thagorean in their propensities, I have legislative action; and last and meanest, heard one Fourth of July Oration that we have made mosaic in literature. aroused my enthusiasm, and brought be The lyceum gave an impulse to intelfore me images of grace and beauty, that lectual life. It gave wholesome occupawill glow and burn in my soul through tion to that superabundance of personal all my years.
curiosity so rife in small cities, and large In the young city of R—, which blends and unoccupied villages, and families. so lovingly with the parent city where I It gave new impulse to mind-new food reside, a Mr. Arnott, a friend whom I for thought and reflection-and stimuvery much prized for his devotion to lated inquiry greatly. I sympathized what he considered true and right, had with the effort of these young men, who, been mainly instrumental in founding a with aspiring minds and earnest hearts, lyceum for the praiseworthy purpose of were seeking elevation for all who elevating the masses. It would be a could go up higher. But my symdifficult task to tell how much the uned- pathy resembled that which many senucated were benefited by the effort to timental people feel, or think they give them not only general but analytic feel, for the poor and miserable in the ideas of astronomy, all kinds of philoso- world around them. They will give phy, poetry, ethics, mechanics, &c., all you any amount of sentiment, but ask in a dozen or twenty lectures of an hour them for one sacrifice of time, taste or each. (know of nothing more incon- convenience, to say nothing of absolute gruous than the winter's bill of fare at a happiness, and they are poorer than a lyceum, unless it be the “stock in trade” rich miser. I blush to say that such of a country store, where are apples and has been my interest often in the proanchovies, nails and needles, sugar and gress of humanity. But then I comfort salt, calico and codfish, coral beads and myself with the reflection that there is a cucumber seeds--indeed, where all the division of labor in the world necessarily alliteration of the alphabet is present. —that not only our ability but our taste My practice extended to a considerable may be consulted in our choice of the portion of the village of R., and I knew portion which we shall perform. I have the need the people had of mental culture. chosen my work. I endeavor to do it
with my might, and thus excuse myself showed the importance of education to a for all sorts of delinquencies and neglects country that has declared that the people in the spheres of other men. My friend, shall rule, thus virtually saying that igwho had been active in the establish norance and brute force shall be our only ment of the lyceum, was determined law if the people are left ignorant and that I should patronize his pet charity brutal. And then, when the uneducated by my presence at its annual celebration, looked discontentedly at him, his clear which was fixed for the Fourth of July. voice rung out, “ Man must be trusted He had labored with all diligence to in- with power before he can learn to use it. duce me to enlighten the multitude with The only condition which should entitle a lecture, and I had refused with much any one to a vote, or voice in our elecfirmness. I would let my light shine in tions, is, that he be a man. Let him the sick-room, but not in the lyceum. blunder if need be, let him fall if he must. I saw that I must attend the celebration, By exercising his powers he will come and walk in a procession of gentlemen. to walk erect, a being worthy to govern I gave myself up to blot out a day—o and guide himself.” After a clear and have my ears split with noise, great profound consideration of our political, words, and the every way fulsome decla- social, mental and moral condition, and mation and glorification of a Fourth of pouring out the o'er-brimming cup of July orator. But I felt that the sacri- praise to him, fice was due to my excellent friend, if
“ Who scorned to die a branded thing, not to the country. I seated myself in
Or kneel for mercy to a king,” the hall with much of the merit of a martyr. A tall, slender man, with eyes he plunged into the genuine field for that glowed like fire, and a hectic flúsh poetry, the natural scenery of our land. in his cheek, rose in the desk. He bad The awful thunder of Niagara,
the a MS before him, on which lay a band lake of storms,” and the vast family of which the many would have called deli- lakes, such as no other land can boast, cate and beautiful, but which revealed the mighty rivers that to me that utter falseness in physical
“ Seaward hurry by, training, which produces nervous weak Like Life to vast Eternity” — ness, irritability and misery; which are often felt but never accurately described, all passed before us like the lights and for they beggar description before the shades of a picture by a master hand. half of their horror is told. My eye I was wrapped from myself in a delirested on the hand, and I became inter- cious, whirling ecstacy. The orator ested as if reading in the hand-writing made me feel a heavenly assurance that of nature the symptoms of a patient.
as a people we must inevitably grow to was so much interested even before he be worthy of our Father-land. How I spoke, that I quite forgot to consider blessed the life that thus poured out its myself a martyr to the Fourth of July. treasures for me. I felt He began in a low and tremulous voice
“ The bounding pulse of life grow strong, to speak of our country. His was no
And all within, like budding leaf, tone of gratulation. He had not the one
Seemed young.” idea common to orators who spout foam and fury on our natal day, viz., “ that With deep sadness I saw the speaker we are the people, and that wisdom shall cease, and look for a moment upon his die with us.” He spoke hopefully of audience, as if 10 note the effect of his efour infant country-he felt our weak. fort, and then sink exhausted into his seat. ness, our deficiency; and he saw, too, I sat with my eyes riveted upon his flushed with clear sight our wonderful capabili- face-I saw him wipe the perspiration ties. Toil, struggle, the labor of a Her. from his reeking brow-I saw his face cules, or rather the labor of a host like become ashy pale, and then a friend drew Hercules, he saw and portrayed as the his arm within his, and led him away. I condition of completeness for us. His turned to my exulting friend and said, breast dilated, his tall form seemed “ It is hardly a profitable speculation to tower higher, and his dark eye to make all this preparation for a tifteen burned with an intenser light, as he minutes' talk. I was just getting interpointed to the young men, and said, “ It ested." is for you, I youth of my country, to My friend silently held his watch to bear the ark of our salvation !" He me. We had been two hours in the hall.
Two pieces of music had been performed, built on anything in this world! I looked the orator had read balf an hour, and around to see if any responsible person extemporized an hour. I now honestly could insure me the care of my patient expressed my gratification. There are without intrusion. I could not appeal to times when life hardly appears real to the wife. I saw at a glance that she me; I seem to be walking, talking and might be described by calling her a pretty, acting in a dream-a troubled dream- little innocent woman-an amiable, beauwhen a heavy load weighs on my heart. tiful, but unfortunately uninteresting and It is not cant when I say that the sins of unprofitable person. The Irish have a the world lie upon me. Its garnered sor. very characteristic name for an idiot, rows are poured out before me. I see the viz., “ an innocent." Though innocence want of those conditions which humanity is a desirable grace, it is not the virtue of demands in order to its healthy deveiop. achievement. I felt a sort of assurance ment. With a soul sick of the present, that Mrs. Moreton could never have any is it wonderful that I should at times de- of this last-named virtue. She might spair of the future? But this day with “ suckle fools and chronicle small beer,” the lyceum lifted the cloud from my but she could never be the companion of spirit. I had seen and listened to a man her husband. Presently, Mr. Arnott, my who had made me willing, for the mo friend of the lyceum, came in, and I ment at least, to look away from my inquired if he considered himself at libwork—and he had made my eye rest erty to employ a physician for Mr. Morewith pleasure on his sphere of action—he ton. He replied that he considered him. had charmed my fancy,moved the deeps of self responsible for the care of his friend. my heart, and made me believe that day I watched Moreton with earnest sympa. was dawning on America, if not upon the thy, doing very little but to allow him to world. I was in great good humor dur- get well, and seeking carefully to know ing the next two days, when the friend the causes of his illness, which was uniwho had procured for me all this plea- versally attributed by his friends to hard sure called for me. His countenance was study and laborious' exertion in his protroubled, and he hurriedly made known fession. Mrs. Moreton innocently anthe motive for his call. The Rev. James swered all my questions, hardly knowing Moreton, the orator of the Fourth, was ly. to what they tended. From her I learned ing at his house with brain fever. I went that soon after their marriage Mr. Moreto him immediately. As the Asiatic chole. ton became "nervous,” and subject to ra is often the closing convulsion, conse terrible depression of spirits. He had quent on a long series of sins against the dyspepsy and a rush of blood to the head, human constitution, so a brain fever is and his doctor recommended brandy and the result of accumulated wrong. “ The water, and a few drops of laudanum. curse causeless cannot come." I found for a time his spirits were better, and my hope and promise stretched upon his then he became more nervous and unbed in the oblivion of insanity. Only happy, and impatient toward herself and a few hours had elapsed since he stood their children, when these last were added before me in the pride of commanding to them. He was very successful in his eloquence-since he had swayed a thou- profession, and became celebrated for sand hearts as one. Now he lay with brilliant thought and stirring eloquence. stertorous breath, tense-bounding pulse After some weeks of very severe suffera shaven and blistered head, and every ing, Moreton recovered sufficiently to symptom denoting that if he did not enable him to relurn to his home in a die of his disease he must of his medica. neighboring city, and I lost sight of him. tion. In the extreme peril of his attack Some years after these events my friend his friend had called in three physicians, Mr. Arnott rung at my door one sultry one after another. One had given opium, afternoon in the latter part of the month another calomel, the third had bled and of June. He was much agitated : a carblistered him. He was delirious at the riage stood at the door : first, and was now in the stupor conse -For God's sake, Doctor," said he, quent from rapid depletion and the coma " allow me to brin the worst sort of a induced by opium. A very beautiful patient into your office." woman was weeping bitterly at a distance Certainly,” said I, “ '' any one you from the bed of the sufferer. She did please to bring is very welcome.” not approach him; he seemed to be With the assistance of the driver he frightful to her. Alas for hopes that are brought in a man dead drunk, covered