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most.” This narrative of a Whaling Cruise, of the late English school. There is more by a young man of the West, appears to us of Woollet and of Kilian than of Finden er very nearly as clever a book as that of Mr. Bartalozzi in the landscape and figures. Dana. It is not in any respect modeled The style of its execution leans more to after it, and does not treat of any similar strength and feature than to softness and scenes, except those in which the ill-treat smoothness : an inclination which speaks ment of sailors is painfully exhibited. But well for the rising spirit of the art. The it has nearly the same simplicity of styfe, shadows are profound and simple, the disdirectness of remark and earnest spirit of tances bosky and varied : the whole has a humanity, with a decided though never firm and clear effect, and produces an boisterous vein of humor, of which the agreeable impression on the eye; but for “ Two Years before the Mast” possesses its effect on the deeper sense we could very little. It is, unquestionably, one of find some fault with it. Only one thing the best books of the season, and deserves, strikes us, in the graver's part, as amend. as it can hardly fail to have, a wide circu- able, and that is that the accidental shadows lation. It is published in the most elegant on the figures are hard and patchy. The style of paper and typography, and embel- artist, in his effort after clearness, has fallen lished with a large number of engravings. naturally enough into hardness-a fault in
There is a great deal in the book that is the present state of engraving which we really interesting. The writer tells his incline rather to praise than to blame. narrative not merely for amusement but for A word on the design of this excellent a purpose. He has, throughout the plea- picture, (which we are compelled to judge santries of his wandering descriptions, like of through the engraving only) It strikes Dana, a design to show up the abuses of our fancy, or our understanding, or both, authority on the sea to which sailors are that the action of the soldier refusing subject. Some of his censures are perhaps Major Andre's offer of a bribe, is too theanot quite reasonable, but in the main he trical. The honest man seems to be acting, teaches some noteworthy and painful les in the worldly eye, not as an honest, bluff
The part of his adventures occupied soldier of Washington's army, but as a very by his whaling experience is amusing, and honest piece in one of Mr. Coleman's tragi: presents a good many clever scenes. After comedies. The Andre looks finished and arriving on the eastern coast of Africa, elegant, has a Washington-like, i. e., firstcomparatively unfrequented by vessels of rate gentleman-like, air, which is pleasing commerce, the adventurer, whose whaling enough ; but the sitting figure pleased our ámbition had been quite tryed out of him, fancy best. By the by, are the " lights" of bought off his discharge, and remained the desh and draperies strong enough? several months at the Island of Zanzibar. His descriptions of the possessions, government and character of the Imaum of Mus.
The Complete Poetical Works of ROBERT cat are of decided interest. He tells us
SOUTHEY, LL.D., (late Poet Laureate.) many things that are new, and our stock of
Collected by himself. New York : Apknowledge of the whole eastern coast of
pleton & Co. Africa is increased. Our readers will re
This is a volume of eight hundred and collect that portions of these chapters were
forty pages, printed in clear and handsome published some months since in the Re- type, on paper of the finest quality, and il. view. He afterwards visited the Island of lustrated with engravings from a variety of St. Helena. The volume concludes with celebrated pictures. The publishers de
ry full history of the Whale Fisheries, serve much credit for introducing the abounding in novel and interesting matter. poetry of this distinguished author to the The book is a thoroughly readable one.
American public in so beautiful a form.
The fact is, the time has now arrived Engraving of the Capture of Major An. when, in the mechanical execution of a
dre, from a painting by A. B. DURAND, book, our best Houses are getting to feel in the possession of the Hon. James K. that they ought not to be eclipsed by the Paulding. Figures engraved by ALFRED noted Houses of London. This is as it Jones; landscape by Smillie and Hin- should be: many valuable works published
Published by the American within a few years have been remarkably Art Union, exclusively for the members. cheap, but utterly unfit to put into any 1945. (Size of Plate 18 in. by 13.) permanent library.
As an intellectual man, Robert Southey Engraving in this country has not failed belongs to the race of giants. Very few to keep pace with other arts : our best line are the men who, on the whole, have done engravings would compare well with the more to enrich the treasures of polite litebest of Italy and Germany. The excellent rature; but on the present occasion we shall work before us, if it be taken as a measure only express our opinion of him as a poet. of the public and artistic taste, shows no Like all the master-minstrels of the past, thing of the weak and superficial handling Fe stands alone, and cannot with propriety
be compared with any of his brother poets. bitious Italian from turning his strong EngIn his poetry, we find a most strong yet lish into lame Tuscan ; Milton, on the delicate imagination married to plain prac. other hand, would very probably be grati. tical common sense; and the results of this fied and proud if he could see the version union are of peculiar value to the lovers of of“ Paradise Lost” made, some years since, what is true and beautiful in 'nature and into bold and sublime Icelandic. Tasso humanity. The prominent feature of has not been unfortunate in obtaining an Southey's poetry is its versatility. The English dress. He is by no means so diffilover of heroic and historical poetry will cult an original as Dante. Not to be find in Joan of Arc and Madoc in Wales measurably successful would be a disgrace. the love of Freedom recorded in the most Fairfax's version, of which Wiley & Put. faithful style. The reader who would nam published some time since an elegant have glimpses into the inner being of the edition, was very rich and felicitous, pos. unfortunate, need only turn to his English sessing a fecundity and flow of expression and Botany Bay Eclogues, and his occa- alınost Shakespearean. Fairfax, indeed, besional pieces, where the pauper's funeral longed truly to the Elizabethan age. Dr. and the sorrows of the bereaved are so Johnson put the wretched translation of truthfully described. He who would enjoy Hoole before it ; but the Doctor was a fola hearty laugh, can turn to the Nondescripts lower of Dryden and Pope, and had no apand the Devil's Walk If one would parti. preciation of the riches of that earlier cipate in the wild and fascinating delirium period. We never could get a great way of an imagination at once grotesque and into Hoole; it is very smooth and very dull. chastened, he must read the marvelous The present version, by Wiffin, is in. legends of Thalaba and Kehama, which are finitely superior to it. In some respects iť enough in themselves to perpetuate an is better than Fairfax's. It is as flowing eminent reputation. No library can be and eloquent, but not so richly simple and considered complete without his poetical picturesque — has not so much of the works, and no person can understand the quaint old splendor of adornment, like the full power of a virtuous minstrel without illuminations of the Missal and the Gothic reading the poetry of Southey, whose mo- window. It has, however, the very great rality is as eminent as his poetic faculty. excellence of being more literal; it posSouthey is not only a fine poet-he is an sesses also about equal strength. It is impulsive yet most rational philosopher; written in the Spenserian measure. We and neither his most charming prose, and are not certain but the original octave almost as charming poetry, have been stanza would have been better. An objecsufficiently read in this country.
tion to taking it was, doubtless, that Fair.
fax had also chosen it. The octave is The Jerusalem Delivered of TORQUATO less monotonous. It is the same with that
Tasso. Translated into English Spen. of Berni and Pulci and Ariosto, and which serian verse, with a life of the author, Whistecraft first imitated, and after him by J. H. WIFFIN. New York : Apple. Lord Byron, in “ Don Juan.” It is ridicu. ton & Co.
lous, by the way, to call it the Don Juan 2. Tasso's Jerusalem Delivered, trans measure, as if Byron invented it. The
lated by Fairfax. New York: Wiley volume is executed in the same beautiful & Putnam.
style with the Dante of the publishers,
There is in the front the finest head of the “In Venice, Tasso's echoes are no more," poet we have seen - a high forehead, (unless you hire the gondolier to sing crowned with laurel, and eyes strangely him ;) but the chief effort of the second soul-full, but filled with profound melangreat poet of Italy will not easily die. choly. Poor Tasso ! his whole face is as i The Jerusalem” is, still, more popular unnaturally sad as that with which“ the among the Italians, as it has been for the
woe-worn Dante smiled." last two centuries, than the “ Divina Com. media” of Dante, though not placed by Rudinental Lessons in Music, and Pri. their critics in so lofty a rank, as an origin
mary Note Reader : 1 vol. 18mo., pp. al work. It has also been translated into
252, and 1 vol. 12mo., pp. 72, by J. F. every cultivated language of modern Eu.
WARNER, translator of Weber's Theory rope. This has spread widely the know
of Musical Composition, &c., &c. New ledge of it, though not, perhaps, its just re
York : D. Appleton & Co. putation. If a translation be not very excellent, it inevitably lowers the idea of the The former of these two works, namely, original in the mind of the new reader of Rudimental Lessons in Music, contains taste. Whether it is a favor, then, to an the intellectual information which is proauthor, especially a poet, to melt his fine perly concerned with the primary elements creations over again in a foreign crucible, of Music, regarded either as an art or as a depends entirely on the skill of the alche science, either in its relationship to vocal mist. Byron was glad to buy off some am- performance or to instrumental ; and it is
intended alike for all persons taking their notions. The author, one of the most first steps in musical studies, of whatever learned and speculative of the conjectural description. Its distinguishing properties School, entered upon the field of ancient are completeness, valuable accession of new and primeval bistory, as, in a dream, fancy. matter, late improvements in the method of ing ourselves kings, we enter and take teaching, naturally consecutive order of possession of fairy land. Of all men that topics, clear and intelligible style, simpli- ever wrote or speculated on history, he is fication of musical terms, extended and the most skillful in the use of facts, and out minute lists of questions, (adapted the of two or three, will easily build a world, more easily and thoroughly to impress the and carry it through a century of events. mind of the learner with the material points Particular institutions, the growth of ignoof the subject, and to facilitate the use of rance and necessity, such as that of caste, the book by teachers,) equal adaptation to of monarchy, of hierarchy, &c., have with both teachers and learners-to both vocal him the force of divine ideas, and seem to and instrumental students, and a peculiarly be presiding like demons, or world spirits, exact and methodical arrangement for the over human destiny. The individuality of purposes of schools. The work bears ob. man is lost; his only merit is obedience ; vious marks of proceeding from a master's his only wisdom a tradition ; all divine hand, and of being admirably adapted to its knowledge is the precious relict of a priobject.
meval communication to first created man. The Primary Note Reader, or, First Dreaming happily arnid these plastic topics, Steps in Singing at Sight, consists of a he seems to delight in the very tenuity and series of note exercises fitted to beginners shapeless darkness of the past. He is eloin vocal music. These exercises commence quent amid his phantoms; and, by a copious with the simplest rudiments of the vocal and powerful style, and a free discursiveart, namely, with the mere scale, and pro- ness, whirls his reader along with him ceed onward by a gradually ascending through the wastes of his dream land. course of drills, through all the principal From such writers, as guides and instructvarieties of rhythm, the more common ors, we pray to be delivered. Let them melodic or interval progressions, all the delight us, and open our intelligence, but leading keys, both major and minor, the we need not too much admire them. Spe. more usual modulations, chromatic pro- culative intelligence is cheap enough powgressions, exercises in two, three and four adays : we have a deal too much of it. parts, (including pleasant little songs, with Meanwhile this writer has the praise of words, passages with ornamental notes, firing many a good intellect into a grander exercises in the c-cless, and vocalizations activity. While we deny and doubt him, for the discipline and improvement of the he exercises us in an admirable manner; voice. The characteristic peculiarities of but the well-informed will read him with these exercises are brevity, gradual pro. more profit than tyros in history. He stands gressiveness, intrinsic agreeableness, me first among his class. thodical classification, variety and completeness.
Scenes in the Rocky Mountains, Oregon, The two works, taken together, consti California, New Mexico, Texas and tute a complete set of books for persons Grand Prairies. By A New ENGLANDtaking their first steps in the study of vocal ER. Carey & Hart. music, and seem very finely adapted to lead the pupil, by a plain path, to thorough at
On the whole, a very poor book ;- loose tainments.
observations, loosely put together, intended Combined with the very great simplicity witty parts utterly flat, and pathetic inci. of those works, there is, withal, an eleva. dents set forth, often in the worst kind of tion of character which entitles them to lymphatic sentiment-a plentiful mixture more than ordinary regard. They hold a of bombast and lack of sense. The simple marked distinction above most books of the and picturesque language of the Indian, kind which have heretofore been thrown where he attempts to give it-and the atinto the market. .
tempt is, unfortunately, frequent-is in
general thoroughly spoiled by the stilted The Philosophy of History, in a Course What is worse, the volume gives us very lit
anglicising of our book-making traveler. of Lectures, delivered at Vienna, by tle new information—"two grains of wheat FREDERICK VON SCHLEGEL. Translated from the German, with a memoir of the in a bushel of chaff.” He claims, in his Author, by James Burton ROBERTSON, knowledge of these regions ; but we have
preface, add greatly to
our stock of Esq. Fourth edition, revised. London: Henry G, Bohn. 1816.
seen nearly the whole of it before. Then
the writer must needs take up the idea, A fourth English edition of a very fa- that great vigor and rapidity of style is to mous book, which has furnished a whole be gained by mincing the whole up in generation of historic dreamers with plastic small paragraphs. More than half the book
is in paragraphs of single sentences. Still, service to their owner in descending the hardly any volume can be written about the abrupt precipices, which his habits so often wilderness of prairies and mountains in the render necessary. In leaping from an elevawest, without containing some passages of his horns, and thus saves himself from the
tion, he uniformly strikes upon the curve of interest; and it may be affirmed with rea
shock of a sudden and violent concussion. sonable safety, that a portion of the book is “ The color of these animals varies from a —worth reading. Several pages together yellowish white, to a dark brown, or even are sometimes narrated with tolerable sim- black. A strip of snowy whiteness extends plicity-and here and there a new fact from ham to ham, including the tail, which is may be gleaned. Something good is occa
short and tipped with black. sionally said of some animal or bit of natu
“Instead of wool, they are covered with ral scenery, when he does not attempt fine much like that of the domestic sheep, and the
hair, which is shed annually. Their cry is writing. For instance, a passage about the
same natural odor is common to both. mountain sheep ;-the fine writing we have “It is extremely difficult to capture any of “pounded” in brackets.
them alive, even while young-and it is next
to impossible to make them live and thrive in “The flesh of this animal is equal in flavor any other climate than their own. Hence, to that of the buffalo. It is generally in good the mountain sheep has never yet found a order, tender and sweet, and slightly assimi- place among our most extensive zoological lates our common mution in taste.
collections." “ The habits and appearance of mountain sheep resemble those of no other animal. He tells us some things which we never
“They select for their favorite habitation heard of before;—we doubt if any one else: the rugged fastnesses of ragged and inaccessible mountains. In the cold of winter, they
" While winding among the ravines and descend to some of the numerous valleys that so beautifully diversify the scenery of these of' a strange-looking, dark-colored animal,
aspen groves, we obtained an indistinct view regions, where the verdure of spring so rarely that my companions pronounced a “carcague.' fades; and, as the warm season advances, “Of the character, or even the existence of they commence their return towards the lofty such a creature, I cannot speak from positive snow-peaks, keeping even progress with knowledge-this, if one, not being sufficientspring and fresh flowers along the mountain- ly near for a scrutinizing observation, and no side..
other of the kind ever came in my way-bul, • [Theirs is a life of unbroken spring, in answer to inquiries, I am enabled to give beauty and grandeur are their dwelling place the following description, for the correctness -and mid the awe-inspiring sublimiiy of of which, however, I will not vouch, though, nature's works, is their home. They gam
for my own part, inclined to accredit it. bol upon the fearful verge of the steep cliff, or climbits perpendicular sides, bidding defiance Mountains, and of a family and species found
“The 'carcague' is a native of the Rocky to all pursuers. There, secure from enemies, in no other part of the world as yet known. they rear their young, and teach them to leap He seems a distinct genus, partaking the verse the dizzy heights in quest of the varied mixed nature of the wolf and bear, but is far
more ferocious than either. sweets of changeful spring ]
“ His color is a jet black, hair long and “ These animals are remarkably acute of coarse, and body trim and slender. His head sight, and quick of scent and hearing. The and neck are like those of a wolf, but his wil least noise or taiuture of the air excites their and feet assimilate to the bear, and his body attention, and places them instantly upon the presents the marked qualities and appearance alert. Mounting upon some high rock, they of both. will stand for hours in the same posture, gaz. “In size, he is considerably larger than the ing in the direction of the fancied danger. If
common cur-dog, and is more agile in his fully satisfied of its reality, they abandon their position for another and a safer one, high from the presence or scent of man, and re
movements. Unlike the bear, he will not run among more rugged peaks, and often beyond gards the 'lord of creation' with neither fear the possibility of offensive approach. Their
nor favor. Hence, he is looked upon as a hue is so near akin to that of the rocks which
creature much to be dreaded by all who are grace their range, they are with difficulty anywise conversant with his character and identified when standing motionless, and the
existence. hunter is constantly liable to mistake the one
“The representatives of his family are sel. for the other.
dom met with, which affords the principal “In size the mountain sheep is larger than the domestic animal of that name, and its
reason why so little, comparatively, is known
of his nature and habits, general appearance is in every respect dissim
ilar-excepting the head and horns. The lat. • ter appendage, however, alike belongs to the He afterwards makes some ridiculous ef.
male and female. The horns of the female forts to show that the Sioux had intercourse are about six inches long, small, pointed and with the Romans. Thus-Bestia, (Latin,) somewhat flat-but those of the male grow to a wild beast ; Beta, (Sioux,) a buffalo ;(!) an enormous size. I have frequently killed Tepor, (Latin,) warmth ; Tepe, (Sioux,) a a half or three feet in length, and from eigh- lodge ; (!!) Pater, Latin,) father; Pater, teen to nineteen inches in circumference at
(Sionx,) fire ; (!!!) Mena, (Latin,) a narrow the base.
sharp fish ; Mena, (Sioux,) a knife ; (!!!!) “These ponderous members are of great -a kind of reasoning by which Fuellen
showed Monmouth to be like Macedon; Light in the Dwelling; or A Harmony of and Adair and Boudinot, that the Cherokees the Four Gospels. New York: D. Apwere the lost tribes of Israel.
pleton & Co. He, again, p. 199, informs us of the existence, among the mountains, of a colony of
This is a large and finely printed volume white aborigines :
of nearly six hundred pages, intended to
supply a short homily, to be read at the “By information derived from various family altar, for every day in the year, sources, I am enabled to present the follow- For those who live not in the present, it is ing statement relative to this interesting pev a most valuable work, ple:
“The Munchies are a nation of white abo- Chambers's Information for the People. rigines, actually existing in a valley among. the Sierra de los Mimbros chain, upon one of
A popular Encyclopædia. First Amethe affluents of the Gila, in the extreme north
rican edition, with numerous additions, western part of the Province of Sonora.
and more than five hundred engrat. “They number about eight hundred in all. ings. Philadelphia : G. B. Zeiber & Co. Their country is surrounded by lofty mountains at nearly every point, and is well wa The name of “ Chambers”—so long contered and very fertile, though of limited ex nected with one of the most unaffectedly tent. Their dwellings are spacious apart useful and intelligent journals published in ments, nicely excavated in the hill-sides, and the language—is sufficient to insure for this “They subsist by agriculture, and raise compilation a general regard. Looking
intoihe work itself, we find it in every cattle, horses and sheep. Their features correspond with those of Europeans, though with way admirable, full of interesting informaa complexion, perhaps, somewhat fairer, and tion on a thousand topics, and, what is a form equally if not more graceful.
more, information to be relied on. The arAmong them are many of the arts and ticles are, of course, by different hands, as comforts of civilized life. They spin and is evident enough by differences in style; weave, and manufacture butter and cheese, but the language employed is generally with many of the luxuries known to more enlightened nations.
lucid and flowing, and marked with a Their political economy, though much simplicity suited to the subject. after the patriarchal order, is purely republican in its character. The old men exercise Pictorial History of England, Nos. 5, 6, the supreme control in the enactment and execution of the laws. These laws are usually
7. New York: Harper & Brothers. of the most simple form, and tend to promote the general welfare of the community. They
We have before commended this work, are made by a concurrent majority of the se as undoubtedly affording more accurate inniors in council-each male individual, over formation respecting the early ages of Eng. a specified age, being allowed a voice and a land, especially of the customs and man. "Questions of right and wrong are heard dents, individual characteristics and gleams
ners of the people, with local annals, inciand adjudged by a committee selected from the council of seniors, who are likewise em
of biography, than any other history in the powered to redress the injured, and pass sen- language. It has not the originality and tence upon the criminal.
polish of Hume, or perhaps the fullness of “In morals, they are represented as honest political changes to be found in Turner; and virtuous.' In religion, they differ but lit- but it is in general respects superior to them tle from other Indians.
both, and is full of interest on every page. “They are strictly men of peace, and never
It is issued by the publishers with much go to war, nor even, as a common thing, oppose resistance to the hostile incursions of elegance-quite equal in the main to the surrounding nations. On the appearance of English cops, of which it is designed to be an enemy, they immediately retreat, with a close transcript. their cattle, horses, sheep and other valuables, to mountain caverns, fitted at all times for their reception-where, by barricading the A Text Book of Chemistry; for the use entrances, they are at once secure, without
of Schools and Colleges. By JOHN a resort to arms.”
WILLIAM DRAPER, M.D. New York : Of course, our philosophic traveler con Harper & Brothers. siders them a colony of Romans ;-some persons might doubt if the people described This volume contains the substance of exist at all.
the lectures which Mr. Draper has been The book is, perhaps, worth purchasing; accustomed for some years to deliver in the but, with several others that have lately University of New York. It is much fuller been written about these regions, it quite than any school book on Chemistry yet pubsinks out of sight in comparison with Fre- lished, containing, in a popular form, and mont's Narrative, some parts of which are lucidly arranged, all the modern discoveries almost as admirable as Cæsar's Commenta- in this interesting and important field of ries.
knowledge. The illustrations are ample.