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out the ghastly spectacle its bosom exhib, burdens above the ranks, or shook them ited. The cannonading soon commenced, down on the heads of the soldiers, as the but with little effect, as the mist concealed artillery-wheels gmote against their trunks. the armies from each other. A hundred It was a strange spectacle, those long dark and sixty thousand of the allies, stretched columns, out of sight of each other, stretchin a huge semicircle along the heights, ing through the dreary forest by themwhile Napoleon, with a hundred and thirty selves; while the falling snow, sifting over thousand in the plain below, was waiting the ranks, made the unmarked. way still the favorable moment in which to com more solitary. The soft and yielding mass mence the attackAt length the battle broke the tread of the advancing hosts, opened on the right, where a fierce firing while the rumbling of the artillery, and was heard as Victor pressed firmly against ammunition and baggage-wagons, gave an Austrian battery. Suddenly, Napoleon forth a muffled sound, that seemed proheard a shock like a falling mountain. phetic of some mournful catastrophe. The While Victor was engaging the enemy in centre column alone had a hundred cannon front, Murat, unperceived in the thick in its train, while behind these were five mist, had stolen around to the rear, and hundred wagons—the whole closed up by without a note of warning, burst with the slowly moving cavalry. Thus march twelve thousand cavalry on the enemy. ing, it came, about nine o'clock, upon HoHe rode straight through their broken henlinden, and attempted to debouch into lines, trampling under foot the dead and the plain, when Grouchy fell upon it with dying. Ney was equally successful on the such fury that it was forced back into the left, and as the mist lifted, it showed the woods. In a moment the old forest was allied wings both driven back. The day alive with echoes, and its gloomy recesses wore away in blood-carts, loaded with the illumined with the blaze of artillery. wounded, moved in a constant stream into Grouchy, Grandjeau, and Ney, put forth the city; but the French were victorious incredible efforts to keep this immense at all points; and when night again closed force from deploying into the open field.. over the scene, the allied armies had deci. The two former struggled with the energy ded to retreat."
of desperation to hold their ground, and
although the soldiers could not see the BATTLE OF HOHENLINDEN. enemy's lines, the storm was so thick, yet
they took aim at the flashes that issued from “ The Iser and the Inn as they flow from the wood, and thus the two armies fought. the Alps towards the Danube, move near The pine trees were cut in two like reeds ly in parallel lines, and nearly forty miles by the artillery, and fell with a crash on apart. As they approach the river, the the Austrian columns, while the fresh fal. space between them becomes one elevated len snow turned red with the flowing blood. plain, covered chiefly with a sombre, dark In the mean time Richenpanse, who had pine forest-crossed by two roads only been sent by a circuitous route with a sinwhile the mere country paths that wind gle division to attack the enemy's rear, had through it here and there give no space to accomplished his mission. Though his marching colums. Moreau had advanced division had been cut in two, and irretrievacross this forest to the Inn, where, on the ably separated by the Austrian left wing, 1st of December, he was attacked and the brave general continued to advance, forced to retrace his steps, and take up his and with only three thousand men fell position on the farther side, at the village boldly on forty thousand Austrians. As of Hohenlinden. Here, where one of the soon as Moreau heard the sound of his cangreat roads debouched from the woods, he non through the forest, and saw the alarm placed Ney and Grouchy.
it spread amid the enemy's ranks, he or“ The Austrians, in four massive columns, dered Ney and Grouchy to charge full on plunged into this gloomy wilderness, de the Austrian centre. Checked, then oversigning to meet in the open plain of Ho- thrown, that broken column was rolled benlinden-tbe central column marching back in disorder, and utterly routed. along the high road, while those on either Campbell, the poet, stood in a tower, and side, made their way through, amid the gazed on this terrible scene, and in the trees as they best could.
midst of the fight composed, in part, that "It was a stormy December morning when stirring ode which is known as far as the these seventy thousand men were swal. English language is spoken. lowed from sight in the dark defiles of Ho “The depths of the dark forest swallowed benlinden. The day before it had rained the struggling hosts from sight; but still heavily, and the roads were almost impas- there issued forth from its bosom shouts sable ; but now a furious snow-storm dark- and yells, mingled with the thunder of ened the heavens, and covered the ground cannon, and all the confused noise of bat. with one white unbroken surface. The tle. The Austrians were utterly routed, by.paths were blotted out, and the sighing and the frightened cavalry went plunging pines overhead drooped with their snowy through the crowds of fugitives into the
woods--the artillerymen cut their traces, many; and he often doubtless put on the and leaving their guns behind, mounted appearance of intimacy when he really their horses and galloped away—and that had no such feeling. But there were a magnificent column, as sent by some vio: few whom it is evident Napoleon deeply lent explosion, was hurled in shattered loved. fragments on every side. For miles the least, can feel at ease, perhaps even en
No greatness, in this world at white ground was sprinkled with dead bodies, and when the battle left the forest,
dure existence-utterly alone. Napoleon's and the pine trees again stood calm and si: dearest friend was probably Duroc. Mr. lent in the wintry night, piercing cries and Headley's picture of his grief at Duroc's groans issued out of the gloom in every di- death is very fine; one who reads it can. rection-sufferer answering sufferer as he not help seeing how fine a subject it would lay and writhed on the cold snow. Twen- be for a historical painting. ty thousand men were scattered there amid the trees, while broken carriages and wag
DEATH OF DUROC. ons, and deserted guns, spread a perfect wreck around.”
“But his greatest misfortune, that which Much has been said of Napoleon's friend Duroc. As he made a last effort to
wounded him deepest, was the death of his coldness of spirit, his absorbing and un break the enemy's ranks, and rode again to changeable in-sphering of self. Now, it the advanced posts to direct the movements is undoubtedly true, that he was not of a of his army, one of his escort was struck very kindly nature. He was mainly em- dead by his side. Turning to Duroc, he bodied mind. His companions, of whom said, Duroc, fate is determined to have he had not many, were mostly compan.
one of us to-day.' Soon after, as he was ions of his intellect rather than of his riding with his suite in a rapid trot along heart. He was created ambitious, more
the road, a cannon ball smote a tree beside over; and continuous ambition can hard. him, and glancing, struck General Kirge. ly be dissevered from selfishness. Then, Napoleon was ahead at the time, and his
ner dead, and tore out the entrails of Duroc. too, he was so keen-eyed. He could suite, four abreast, behind him. The cloud “ look quite through the deeds of men,” of dust their rapid movements raised around and was able always to bend them to the them, prevented him from knowing at first furtherance of his schemes; and such a who was struck. But when it was told power can belong to no one without, als him that Kirgener was killed and Duroc most unconsciously, leading him to turn wounded, he dismounted, and gazed long all things into the
strong current of his and sternly on the battery from which the own purposes.
Indeed, circumstances shot had been fired; then turned towards will of themselves fall into the plans of the cottage into which the wounded mar
shal had been carried. such a man, This, of course, historians and the world will call selfishness. And and a bosom friend of the Emperor. of a
“ Duroc was grand marshal of the palace, so it is ; for a still higher union of ele- noble and generous character, of unshaken ments would lead a man to cover the integrity and patriotism, and firm as steel sweeping whirlpool of his own designs in the hour of danger, he was beloved by with an equal breadth of human interest all who knew him. There was a gentlein the affairs of others. That Napoleon ness about him and a purity of feeling the did, or could, have done this, no one will life of a camp could never destroy. Napoimagine. But it ought to be remembered, leon loved him—for through all the changes on the other hand, that all great men are
of his tumultuous life he had ever found
his affection and truth the same-and it in a manner isolated by their very great
was with anxious heart and sad countenness—can have but few companions, and
ance he entered the lowly cottage where with most of those hold but unfrequent he lay. His eyes were filled with tears, communion. It is still farther true, that
as he asked if there was hope. When told they seem more isolated, self-sphered— there was none, he advanced to the bedside therefore, to the common eye, selfish— without saying a word. The dying marthan they really are. Thus, many pre- shal seized him by the hand and said, “ My eminent minds, who are not selfish, ap
whole life has been consecrated to your pear so from their solitary position among service, and now my only regret is, that I men; and others who really are, appear replied Napoleon with a voice choked with
can no longer be useful to you.? Duroc.!" for the same reason twice as much so as their true character would warrant. This will await me, and we shall meet again.'
grief, there is another life--there you latter was in some measure the case with
• Yes, sire,' replied the fainting sufferer, Napoleon. From his superior isolated but thirty years shall first pass away, intellect he could not be familiar with when you will have triumphed over your
enemies, and realized all the hopes of our moon rose above the hills, bathing in her country. I have endeavored to be an hon soft beams the tented host, while the est man; I have nothing with which to fames from burning villages in the disreproach' myself.' He then added, with tance shed a lurid light through the gloom faltering voice, I have a daughter ;- —and all was sad, mournful, yet sublime. your majesty will be a father to her.' There was the dark cottage, with the senNapoleon grasped his right hand, and sit. tinels at the door, in which Duroc lay dyting down by the bedside, and leaning his ing, and there, too, was the solitary tent of head on his left hand, remained with closed Napoleon, and within, the bowed form of eyes a quarter of an hour in profound si. the Emperor. Around it, at a distance, lence. Duroc first spoke. Seeing how stood the squares of the Old Guard, and deeply Bonaparte was moved, he exclaimed, nearer by, a silent group of chieftains, and • Ahi sire, leave me; this spectacle pains over all lay the moonlight. Those brave you! The stricken Emperor rose, and soldiers, filled with grief to see their beleaning on the arms of his equerry and loved chief borne down with such sorrow, Marshal Soult, loft the apartment, saying, stood for a long time silent and tearful. At in heart-breaking tones, as he went, length, to break the mournful silence, and * Farewell, then, my friend !
to express the sympathy they might not “ The hot pursuit he had directed a mo. speak, the bands struck up a requiem for ment before was forgotten-victory, tro. the dying marshal. The melancholy phies, prisoners and all, sunk into utter strains arose and fell in prolonged echoes worthlessness, and, as at the battle of As. over the field, and swept in softened ca. pern, when Lannes was brought to him dences on the ear of the fainting warrior mortally wounded, he forgot even his army, but still Napoleon moved not. They then and the great interests at stake. He ordered changed the measure to a triumphant his tent to be pitched near the cottage in strain, and the thrilling trumpets breathed which his friend was dying, and, entering forth their most joyful notes, till the heav. it, passed the night all alone in inconsola ens rung with the melody. Such bursts of ble grief. The Imperial Guarà formed music had welcomed Napoleon as he retheir protecting squares, as usual, around turned flushed with victory, till his eye him, and the fierce tumult of battle gave kindled in exultation; but now they fell way to one of the most touching scenes in on a dull and listless ear. It ceased, and history. Twilight was deepening over the again the mournful requiem filled all the field, and the heavy tread of the ranks go- air. But nothing could arouse him from ing to their bivouacs, the low rumbling of bis agonizing reflections-his friend lay artillery wagons in the distance, and all dying, and the heart he loved more than the subdued yet confused sounds of a migh- his life was throbbing its last pulsations. ty hust about sinking to repose, rose on the “What a theme for a painter, and what a evening air, imparting still greater solem- eulogy on Napoleon was that scene. That nity to the hour. Napoleon, with his grey noble heart which the enmity of the world great-coat wrapped about him, his elbows could not shake--nor the terrors of a baton his knees, and his forehead resting on tle-field move from its calm repose-nor his hands, sat apart from all, buried in the even the hatred and insults of his, at last, profoundest melancholy. His most inti- victorious enemies humble-here sunk in mate friends dare not approach him, and the moment of victory before the tide of his favorite officers stood in groups at a dis affection. What military chieftain ever tance, gazing anxiously and sadly on that mourned thus on the field of victory, and silent tent. But immense consequences what soldiers ever loved a leader so ?” were hanging on the movements of the next morning-a powerful enemy was near,
We have nothing further to add about with their array yet unbroken--and they at length ventured to approach and ask for Napoleon. We simply feel, that while orders. But the broken-hearted chieftain in military genius, in diplomatic foresight, only shook his head, exclaiming, · Every- in far-reaching comprehensiveness of thing to-morrow! and still kept his State interests, in sublimity of self-coun. mournful attitude. Oh, how overwhelm- sel, in grandeur of sustained purpose, he ing was the grief that could so master that was superior to all the other leaders, stern heart! The magnificent spectacle of monarchs and statesmen of Europe, he the day that had passed, the glorious victo was not their inferior in magnanimity, ry he had won, were remembered no more, justice or faith. They were all, at times, and he saw only his dying friend before deficient enough iu these last great qualhim. No sobs escaped him, but silent and ities; but why assail one, and say nothing motivnless he sat, his pallid face buried in his hands, and his noble heart wrung with of the rest? France was Napoleon's agony. Darkness drew her curtain over country, and he fought for France; if he the scene, and the stars came out one after fought also for himself, he was not thereanother upon the sky, and, at length, the fore the worst among men.
Nothing is more striking, as we read but rather meets it with the firmness of these sketches, than Bonaparte's wonder one who has settled beforehand that it shall ful superiority, on the whole, to all his not overcome him. Marshals put together. Yet some of them “He did not possess that versatility of were remarkable men, and possessed genius which enabled Bonaparte so fre. among them some remarkable qualities. quently to turn his very defeats into vic.
tory-he depended rather on the strength Mr. Headley has not always dwelt as
and terror of the blow he had planned long on their individual characters as he and if that failed, it became him to pause might, but whenever he has chosen to before he gave another. Like the lion, he extend his portraits, he is very felicitous. measured his leap before he took it, and if We will give, as an instance, bis fine he fell short, measured it over again. But characterization of Soult, and with it will with all this coolness and forethought, his take leave of these volumes, with the re- blow was sometimes sudden and deadly as mark, that every one who has a library a falling thunderbolt
. A more prompt and should add them to his shelves.
decisive man in action was not to be found in the army.
As cool amid the falling “ Marshal Soult had less genius but more ranks and fire of three hundred cannon as intellect than most of the distinguished on a parade, his onset was neverthless a French Marshals. He had none of that high most terrible thing to meet. He carried chivalric feeling which so frequently bore such an iron will with him into the battle, them triumphantly over the battle-field, and disputed every inch of ground with but he had in its place, a clear, sound such tenacity of purpose, that the courage judgment, and a fearless heart. It required of the boldest gave way before him. no thunder of cannon to clear his ideas, Though he performed perhaps fewer per. his thoughts were always clear, and his sonal heroic deeds than many others, he hand ever ready to strike. He depended also committed fewer faults. After seeing on the conclusions of reason rather than on him a few times in battle, one unconthe inspiration of genius for victory. He sciously gets such an opinion of his invin. calculated the chances beforehand, and cibility, that he never sees his columns when his purpose was taken, it was no moving to the assault, without expecting ordinary obstacle or danger that could sudden victory, or one of the most terrific shake it. Such men as Murat, and Lannes, struggles to which brave men and Augereau, relied very much on the exposed. We do not expect the pomp and enthusiasm of their soldiers, and the power splendor of one of Murat's charges of which intense excitement always imparts. cavalry, nor the majesty of Ney's mighty Soult, on the contrary, on the discipline of columns, as he hurls them on the foe; but his troops, and the firmness and steadiness the firm step, and stern purpose, and resist. it gives, either in assault or retreat; and less onset of one who lets his naked deeds hence, when left alone, could be de- report his power. Soult's eye measured a pended on as an able and efficient gen- battle-field with the correctness of Na. eral. Though impetuous as a storm in the poleon’s, and his judgment was as good early part of his life, it was the impetuosity upon a drawn battle as upon a victory. of youth, rather than of character; and one Not having those fluctuations of feeling to familiar with his career, ever thinks of him which more excitable temperaments are as the stern and steady Soult. He was more subject, a defeat produced no discourageof an Englishman than Frenchman in his ment, and hence a victory gave the enemy natural character, and succeeded better than no moral power over him. It was singular most of the other French generals when to see in what a matter-of-fact way he took opposed to English troops. But though a beating, and how little his confidence in methodical and practical in all his plans, himself was destroyed by the greatest dishe knew the value of a headlong charge, asters. A man that is not humbled or and could make it. Still, he does not seem rendered fearful by defeat, can never be to rise with the danger that surrounds him, conquered till he is slain."
FINANCE AND COMMERCE.
The great and propitious event to be nearly at the quotations of last month, communicated this month, propitious to without any very active demand. Bills all interests, and especially to those of on London range from 74 to 84 per cent., Finance and Commerce, is the conclusion, on Paris about f.5-35, rates quite satisand ratification by the Senate of the factory to the Banks as rather inviting United States, of a convention with Eng. the import than the export of specie. land for the settlement of the long pend. The prices of the public stocks have ing Oregon controversy. There remains rather improved; the U. S. six per only for its entire completion and obli- cents. having been sold at 106—dividend gation, that it should receive the ratifi- off-which is an improvement of about caiion of the British Government; but as 1 per cent. in the last week or two. the Convention is in the very words of Pennsylvania Fives are also growing the project presented by that Govern. in favor, arising mainly from the increas. ment, its ratification is looked upon as a ing confidence, that the August dividend, matter of course, and all agree to con about which there has been great unsider this perilous question as amicably certainty--will be paid. The I'reasurer and definitively resolved; and there is of Pennsylvania, W. Snowden, who has rejoicing among all but the blind votaries not erred heretofore by too sanguine of the party, which proclaimed our title calculations, is said to have expressed his to the whole of Oregon to be unquestion. confident belief, that he will have suf. able, and anathematized all who should ficient funds for this dividend. suggest the surrender, in the way of com The wants and the ways and means of promise, of an inch of that territory. the General Government, for the prose
The satisfactory consummation, though cution of the war, were developed in the it has been accomplished somewhat earlier reply of the President, on the 16th inst. than we anticipated, was nevertheless to a call made by the Senate on the 6th confidently looked for, and in the last inst. for information on these points. number, the war between the United The sum required, over and above all States and Mexico was referred to by the ordinary expenditures of the Governus, as likely to dispose Great Britain ment, for prosecuting the war, until the more speedily to adjust her controversy close of the fiscal year 30th June, 1847, with us. The result has proved the ac- is estimated at a small fraction less than curacy of this forecast.
twenty-four million dollars ! and the ways By the last mail steamer, with London and means of providing this large sum dates to the 5th June, the news was re are thus set forth by the Secretary of the ceived of the success of Sir Robert Peel's Treasury: measure, for repealing the Corn Laws;
TREASURY DEPARTMNNT. the Bill having been read a second time
June 15th, 1846. in the House of Lords, in a full vote by
Sir: I have duly considered the resolu. 48 majority. This decides the question. tion of the Senate, of the 3d of June, 1846, As yet, little or no influence is exercised together with the estimates of the Secreupon our markets by this new feeling of tary of the Navy, of the 9th instant, and of Great Britain; and in the face of the the Secretary of War of the 13th incoming harvest-one of very large prom- stant, submitted by you to this departise--the prices of all bread stuffs are de- ment, and respectfully report to you as folclining. The fall in price of flour and lows: wheat has occasioned very large losses, It appears that the aggregate estimated and two or three old
and well-established expenditures of the War and Navy Dehouses engaged in that trade in the city, the 30th of June, 1816, and the 30th of June, have been borne down thereby.
1847, amount to $23,932,904, over and In money matters, the market is still above the estimates made by these departfar from easy or settled, although there ments in December last, and then submitis less pressure for money than some ted in my annual report to Congress, In weeks ago. Foreign Exchange remains that report it was supposed by this depart