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hister plenipotentiary in that coun. cutive, which has further given the try. The treaty of amity, naviga. ' necessary directions for its being tion, and commerce, with the same carried into effect. nation, has been discussed in the The public treasury, in conserepresentatives' chamber, and quence of the changes in the new when it shall obtain the approba. tariff of maritime customs, which tion of the general congress, will retards the receipt of the duties for strengthen the liberal harmony ninety days more than before, has which now subsists between the suffered some falling off, which has two nations. The proper exequa. been increased by The schemes of tur has been granted to the con- speculators. Notwithstanding, no suls named by that government for diminution is remarked in the ar. our ports of Campeche and Ma. rivals of vessels in our ports; and zatlan.

our domestic markets, in the midst The minister plenipotentiary of of the commercial changes that the republic of Colombia, having have occurred, afford a fair profit fulfilled the most important objects for the goods consumed, and in. of his mission to his government, vite speculators to enterhas presented his letters of recall, prises. and taken leave.

Happily, the chief part of our atThe treaties of union, league, tention has hitherto been occupied and perpetual confederation, con- in the interior of the republic; and cluded at Panama between the ple. if the government has until now nipotentaries of the American re. given itself much anxiety to attend publics, have been examined by with the fidelity and promptitude the chamber of representatives, which the national honour demands, and I confidently hope that the to the loans of foreign houses, we congress will devote its first la.

may now be assured that the firm bours to the conclusion of a mat. determination of the government, ter, which has excited the attention seconded harmoniously by the in. of the world.

defatigable zeal and activity of the The general congress having congress, will accomplish the obapproved of the treaty of amity, ject in view. To this end, the eighth navigation, and commerce, with his part of the receipts of the maritime majesty the king of the Nether. ports is appropirated, and this lands, it has been forwarded for return will produce an alleviation, the exchange of ratifications. An so that the interruption that has exequatur has also been granted been suffered in the operation of for a commission of Mexican con- the sinking fund and the payment sul, executed by the president of of dividends will cease. the Swiss Diet in favour of Senor The executive has also trans. Carlos Lavater.

mitted to the two chambers proThe law for the naturalization jects of a law whereby the pay. of foreigners, which the best inte. ment will be expedited, so that we rests of the republic have so long shall be able to repeat the evidence demanded, has been passed in the of that good faith which characsession which is now concluded; terizes the Mexican nation. The it has also been signed by the exe. urgency of these duties demands, gentlemen, that your time of re. Should the odious Spanish flag laxation should be very short. appear in sight of our ports, or

The administration of justice should the enemy presume to tread in the tribunals of the federation, upon our shores, they will be humand in those of the districts and terri. bled and overthrown. You have tories, has occasioned among you given power to the executive; the important and luminous discussions. people offer their arms and their You will, doubtless, complete your fortunes. A great people is invin. work, which is one truly worthy of cible when it is determined to be the national gratitude. The exe- free. cutive will use its exertions, as it You retire, fellow citizens, only has hitherto done, to introduce all to return to the task which the na. possible regularity into this depart. tion has imposed upon you as a ment, and to supply the defects of duty, and has given you as a law. the existing law. The law regula. Your country owes you much; reting the proceedings againstva

tire with the satisfaction of having grants, visibly operates to improve done her service. public morals, and to preserve them from the attacks continually made Decree of the Legislature of Mexico. upon them by the idleness of this Art. 1. Spaniards who capitula. class of men; and the government ted, whatever be the terms of their hopes soon to see united, by this capitulation, and other Spaniards provision, the honour and the spirit mentioned in the 16th article of the of the republican system.

treaty of Cordova, shall leave the Our ecclesiastical affairs have territory of the republic within the hitherto been somewhat embarrass. term the government may fix, not ed for want of convenient arrange- exceeding six months. ments with the apostolic see, but Art. 2. Those, notwithstanding they will soon be regulated upon their capitulations, may depart, or a basis established by the general may remain, who, 1stly, are mar. congress. The executive has en. ried with Mexicans ; 2dly, who have deavoured to form his instructions children here that are not Spanish; to the newly nominated minister to 3dly, widowers who have children Rome, in exact accordance with that are not Spanish ; 4thly, who this basis.

are sixty years of age ; 5thly, who The army preserves its former suffer from any durable physical system, equipment, and discipline. impediment; 6thly, those who by The national marine has harrassed their capitulations, may remain in the the enemy on the coasts of Cuba, republic. and the brigatine Guarrero was Art. 3. All Spaniards, who, since lost in a combat of immortal glory the declaration of independence, for the Mexicans. You, gentle have entered secretly, or unlaw. men, have displayed the national fully, shall leave the territory of gratitude to the brave defenders of the republic within the term which the flag of the republic, and the the government may fix. whole nation has resolved on the Art. 4. In like manner, those construction of another ship that shall depart, within the term the shall maintain our glory and be the government may designate, who avenger of our injuries.

have entered since the same pe. riod, with passports, provided they the governors shall have qualified have not obtained letters of natura. any Spaniard as notoriously disaf. lization or citizenship.

fected, the government shall order Art. 5. Also, the Spanish cler: him to leave the federation within gy, who are not comprized in the the term fixed upon for that pur4th and 5th exceptions of the se- pose. cond article.

Art. 9. The transportation of the Art. 6. Spaniards of every class, Spanish clergy who may leave the who are notoriously disaffected to. territory, shall be paid out of the wards independence, and the es. funds of their order. tablished system of government,

Art. 10. To such of the capitushall depart from the territory of lated as receive no pay from hold. the republic within the term which ing a civil or military office, the the government may designate, government shall order to be given carrying with them their effects, out of the public fund, what it may paying the established exportation esteem just for their removal from duties.

the territory of the federation. Art. 7. Those Spaniards shall Art. 11. The expenses of civil be considered notoriously disaffect. and military officers shall be paid ed to independence, and the at the cost of the federation, to existing form of government, who, the place which the government 1stly, have returned to the republic, may designate ; and, moreover, after having emigrated at the time one year's pay shall be given them of the establishment of indepen. at the time of their embarkation. dence, or of the adoption of the Art. 12. To the Spanish ecclesi. federal republican form of govern- astics in employment shall be ment; 2dly, who may be regarded given, at the time of their embaras suspicious, on account of ser. kation, the sum which the govern. vices done to the Spanish govern. ment may determine, correspond. ment, contrary to the independence ing to one year's income, and, of the nation; and those who, al. also, the expenses of transporta. though positively decided in its tion. favour, have obstinately propagated Art. 13. All Spaniards expelled sentiments in favour of a constitu. in virtue of this law, shall have tional monarchical system, and of power to return to the republic, inviting to the throne any foreign and enjoy their offices, after Spain prince; 3dly, those who have been has recognised its independence. expelled from any of the states, Art. 17. The discretionary powby virtue of laws passed by their which this law embraces, respective legislatures.

shall be understood as granted for Art. 8. The governors of the six months only, counting from the states shall determine the qualifi- publication of it. cations to which the preceding Art. 15. After the publication of article refers, respecting Spaniards this law, all the movements which that are subjects of the states : the have been made, with the view of general government, notwithstand. expelling the Spaniards, shall be ing, having power to judge of consigned to oblivion ; so that, on them in regard to such as inhabit this account alone, none of those any part of the republic. When who have been the authors of them,




or who have co-operated in their 4. Within one month after the execution, shall be molested, sav. publication of this law, the persons ing always the rights of mediation. embraced in the preceding article,

will present to the government, either personally or by proxy, through the medium of the secreta.

ry of foreign relations, the docuThe president of the United Mexican

ments which prove their title to States to the inhabitants of the

exception. Republic.

5. Spaniards who do not depart Be it known, that the general con. within the time prescribed, will be gress have enacted the following punished by six months imprison. decree :

ment in a castle, and afterwards 1. All Spaniards who reside in

sent away, in the manner of those the interior states or territories of who returned to the republic duthe Oriente and Occidente [east ring the war with Spain. and wesi), the territories of high 6. The government will report and low California and New Mexico, to congress, every month, concern. shall, within a month after the pub. ing the execution of this law. lication of this law, quit the state or 7. Those who, in the opinion of territory in which they reside, and the government, cannot pay the within three months the republic. expense of their journey and voyThose residing in the intermediate age, shall have it paid at the charge states and territories, and the fede. of the federation, to the nearest ral district, shall quit the state, ter. port of the United States of the ritory, or district of their residence, North—the government to proceed within one month, and two months according to the strictest econo. the republic: and those residing in my. the maritime states of the gulf of 8. In the same manner the jour. Mexico, shall depart from the re. pey and voyage of such religionists public within one month from the as the funds of the province [of publication of this law.

convents,] or convent, to which 2. By Spaniards are intended they belong are incompetent to prothose born in countries now under vide for shall be paid at the public the dominion of the king of Spain, expense. and the children of Spaniards born 9. The government will make due at sea. [This last clause, we un signification to the Spaniards who derstand, was introduced to effect are entitled to remain in the republic: the expulsion of certain persons, but they cannot afterwards establish from whose presence the govern. themselves on the coast: the govern. ment was anxious to be relieved.] ment being at liberty to compel 'Those born in Cuba, Porto Rico, those who now reside there to retire and the Philippines, are alone ex. into the interior, in case of a threat. cepted.

ened invasion. 3. From the provisions of the 10. The Spaniards who receive first article, are excepted, 1. Those pension, (a stipend from the govern. physically impeded, so long as the ment orecclesiastical benefice,) will impediment exists. 2. The children have the share which of right be. of Americans.

longs to them, if the establish

themselves in any of the friendly His excellency enjoins that this republics or nations, on notice of law be "printed, published, circula. such 'residence being given by the ted, and promptly obeyed.” To consuls of this republic_but not if such as have not the means of de. they remove to countries governed fraying their travelling expenses to by the king of Spain.

the port of embarkation, the rate 11. The law of the 20th Decem. of allowance is from fifty cents to ber, 1827, is repealed, except the ar. a dollar a league, "according to the ticle which prohibits the introduction distances and the class and rank of of Spaniards and subjects of the Spa. each individual.” The expenses nish government into the republic. by water are to be regulated by the FRANCISCO DEL MORAL, commissaries of the ports under the

President of the ch. of dep. general instruction to exercise the Jose FARRERA,

strictest economy. Vice-President of the senate.

[Dated at the palace of the Fede. Jose J. B. Ibanes,

ral Government, Mexico. March Secretary ch. deputies. 20th, 1829.] Ant. Maria de Esnaurizar,

Secretary of the senate.




In the name of God, the author the said republic, who, after having

and legislator of the universe: exchanged their full powers, and

The republic of Colombia and finding them in good and sufficient the republic of Peru, sincerely form, have agreed on the following desiring to put an end to the war articles : in which they have seen them. Art. 1. There shall be a perpetual selves placed by fatal circum- and inviolable peace, and constant stances, which have prevented to and perfect friendship, between both the friendly settlement of the republics of Colombia and Peru, their differences, and now finding so that hereafter, it shall not be themselves happily in the condition lawful for either of them to commit of being able to effect it, and to or tolerate, directly or indirectly, establish at the same time more the commission of any act of hos. intimate and cordial relations, both tility against their people, citizens nations have constituted and nam. and subjects, respectively. ed their ministers plenipotentiary, Art. 2. Both contracting parties that is to say : his excellency, the bind themselves and promise so. Liberator, president of the republic, lemnly to forget all the past, enhas appointed Pedro Sual, citizen deavouring to remove every mo. of the same, and his exeellency tive of disgust which the disagree the president of Peru has appointed ments which have happily termi. D. Jose Lama y Loerdo, citizen of nated, may recall ; to promote their

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