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known to you the situation of If I can thus, gentlemen, look France.
abroad with satisfaction, the do. The relations with the European mestic state of my kingdom does powers continue to be amicable not offer me less security. You and satisfactory. The affairs of will see by the documents which the east alone present some diffi. will be laid before you, that if the culties; but the treaty that I have products of the different contribu. signed with the king of England and tions have suffered some diminu. the emperor of Russia, hus laid the tion, the sources of the public foundation for the pacification of wealth are not lessened for any Greece, and I have reason to hope length of time. Extraordinary cir. that the efforts of my allies, and cumstances have produced an ex. my own efforts, will triumph over cess of expenditure for which it the resistance of the Ottoman will be necessary to provide. I have Porte, without the necessity of our ordered my ministers to render having recourse to arms.
you an account of them; and I The unexpected battle at Nava. have required of them, to press rino was at the same time an occa. constantly towards a severe and ex. sion of glory for our arms, and a
tensive economy. brillant pledge of the union of the I have called my son to act in the three flags.
military promotions. The army The peninsula has been for a will find in this new arrangement long time a cause of eacrifice to the most certain testimony of my us; this is near an end; secure on regard towards it. her frontiers, Spain is employing The progressive developements herself with perseverance in the of commerce and industry, that task of crushing in her bosom, the glory of peaceful states, have in. deplorable seeds of civil discord. creased their wants, and solicit Every thing assures me, that I more numerous outlets. It is my shall be able, very soon, with the wish that a minister appointed in consent of the king my nephew, to their interest, should have the spe. restore my soldiers to their country, cial employment of proposing to and to relieve my people from a me every thing which may be propainful burden.
per to assist their activity, which is A vig: r us blockade, to termi. ever increasing nate only when I shall have re. However intimate may be the ceived the satisfaction which is due connexion which must exist be. to me, is kept up, and is punishing tween religion and the education Algiers, and protecting French of men, public instruction and ec. commerce.
clesiastical affairs have appeared In distant regions, and under the to me to require a separate direc. uncertain dominion of infant go. tion, and I have ordered the divi. vernments, our flag has suffered sion to be made. some aggressions ; but I have or. Wishing to strengthen more and dered that just reparation should more in my states the charter which be exacted, and I have prescribed was granted by my brother, and measures which will for the future which I have sworn to maintain, I protect from all damage the for. shall be watchful, that the labours tunes of my subjects.
are carried on with wisdom and
judgment, which shall place our ers continue to be friendly. The legislation in harmony with it. assurances I receive from my allies
Some high questions of public offer me a pledge, that notwithadministration have been pointed standing the events which have out for my attention Convinced desolated the east, peace will not that the true strength of the throne be disturbed in the rest of Europe. is, next to the divine protection, in To hasten the pacification of observing the laws, I have ordered Greece, I have, in concert with that these questions should be ex. England and Russia, sent to the amined, and that their discussion Morea a division of my troops. At should bring out the truth, which the sight of some thousand French. is the first want of princes and men, determined to accomplish people.
their noble task, that celebrated Gentlemen, the happiness of country, too long ravaged, has France is the object of all my af. been restored to peace and securi. fections, of all my thoughts. To ty. There, as at Navarin, the secure this, I shall know how to union of the flags has proved maintain the power and watchful to the world the respect of the three authority which belongs to my crowns for the faith of treaties, and crown.
my soldiers take pleasure in re. I depend, gentlemen, and I de. counting the sincere support which pend very much, on the assistance they have found in the English of your information, and on the
navy. union with me of your feelings. A formal declaration, notified to The word of your king, calling for the Porte, has placed the Morea the union of good men, can here and the neighbouring islands under only find hearts disposed to listen the protection of the three powers. and to respond to it.
This solemn act will suffice to ren.
der a protracted occupation unne. Paris, Jan. 27 1829.
cessary. I continue to assist the To-day his majesty opened the Greeks to rebuild their ruins, and session of the chamber in the my ships bring back to them those Louvre.
Christian slaves whom the pious After the usual preliminary ce- generosity of France has restored remonies had been through, and to their country and to liberty. the peers and deputies had taken So many cares will not prove their seats, his majesty delivered vain. I have reason to believe the following speech :
that the Porte, more enlightened, Gentlemen, -I am happy in
am happy in will cease to oppose the treaty of seeing you every year assembled the 6th of July, and it may be hoped around my throne, to promote, in that this first arrangement will concert with me, the great interests not be lost for the re-establishment of my people.
of peace in the east. This satisfaction is the more The situation of Spain has allively on the present occasion, as I lowed me to recall the troops which have pleasing communications to I left at the disposal of his Catholic make to you, and important labours majesty. My soldiers are returned to intrust to you.
to their country, after having reMy relations with foreign pow. ceived from the inhabitants of all the countries through which they The moment is doubtless not far have passed, testimonies of esteem distant when I shall be able to give and respect, due to their excellent to those relations a stability advan. discipline. Considerable sums tageous to my subjects; meantime I have been advanced to the Spanish have appointed consuls to watch government; a convention has over their interests. been signed to regulate the pay. Such, gentlemen, is the happy ment of them.
state of our relations with foreign The hope which I still retain of powers. Whatever may be the obtaining from the dey of Algeirs events that the future reserves for a just reparation, has retarded the us, I shall certainly never forget measures which I may be obliged that the glory of France is a sato take in order to punish him; cred deposite, and that the honour but I shall neglect nothing to pro. of being the guardian of it is the tect the French commerce from fairest prerogative of my crown. insult and piracy; and striking ex. Order and peace prevail in the amples have already taught the interior. French industry, already Algerines that it is neither easy nor so justly celebrated, is daily dis. prudent to brave the vigilance of tinguished by new improvements. my naval force.
Some branches of our agricul. Engagements contracted by an ture and commerce are suffering, ancient French colony had ceased but I hope that it will be possible to be executed. After having con- for me to lessen the evil, if I should vinced myself that this inexecution not be enabled to cure it. was the result of inability, I have The long inclemency of the sea. consented to open with more effi. sons, and the unfavourable delay cacious negotiations for the in. which the harvest experienced, terests of the colonies and of com. awakened for some weeks the so.
licitude of my government. Dis. Many of my subjects have suf. tressing doubts with respect to the fered by the measures taken by state of our resources have been the emperor of Brazil in his war speedily dispelled by more positive with the republic of Buenos Ayres. information. The substance of all Some of their vessels have been is assured, and if the price of corn, captured. The convention which while it augments the prosperity of I have just ratified, while it con. the landholders, increases for a mo. firms, with respect to the right of ment the distress of the indigent, blockade, a conservatory principle Providence has created beneficence always maintained by France, en. to relieve those who suffer. sures to them the restitution of their The press, freed from restraints, loss. On this occasion, as on all enjoys entire liberty. If licen. others, I owe praises to the French tiousness, its fatal enemy, still marine, which shows itself worthy shows itself under the cover of a of its noble mission.
generous and confiding law, pubThe successive shocks which lic good sense, which becomes have agitated some of the new more firm and enlightened, does states of South America have left justice to its aberrations, and the the political situation of those states magistracy, faithful to its noble trauncertain, and rendered it difficult ditions, know its duties, and will to form regular relations with them. always fulfil them.
eek it any
The necessity of placing the re. protecting and moderating power ligion of our fathers in security which belongs to the crown, the full against any attack, to maintain in scope of action and force which my kingdom the execution of the public order requires. I have laws, and at the same time to en- caused a project, which will be sure among us the perpetuity of the presented to you, to be prepared priesthood, have induced me, after with care. I invite all the medita. mature reflection, to prescribe the tions of your wisdom to this project, measures which I have felt to be and I confide the discussion of it to necessary.
your love of the
public good, and to These measures have been ex- your fidelity. Every day gives me ecuted with that prudent firmness fresh proofs of the affection of my which reconciles the obedience due
people, and enhances the sacred. to the laws, the respect due to re- ness of the obligation which I have ligion, and the just regards to which contracted, to dedicate myself to its ministers are entitled."
their happiness. This noble task, Communications will be made to which you, gentlemen, will assist you on the state of our finances.
me to fulfil, must daily become You will be happy to learn, that the
more easy. estimates of the revenue for 1828 Experience has dispelled the have been exceeded. This in. charm of insensate theories.creasing prosperity has not relaxed France, like yourselves, knows on the system of economy in which what basis its happiness reposes, my government must endeavour and those who should daily to advance farther, without, where but in the sincere union of however, forgetting that useful ex- royal authority and of the liberties pense is also economy.
which the charter has consecrated, Numerous labours will occupy would be openly disowned by it. the session which is opened to-day. You, gentlemen, are called upon You will have to discuss a code
to render this union more close and which is destined for the army, and more solid ; you will accomplish deserves serious attention.
this happy mission like faithful The law on the endowment of subjects, and loyal Frenchmen, the Chamber of Peers, and many and your efforts will be equally other laws worthy of your attention, certain of the support of your king, will be presented to you. A serious and of the public gratitude. and important project will, above all, call for your solicitude. It has been long since acknowledged, that Law relative to Journals, and perio. there is a necessity for a new muni.
dical writings. cipal departmental law, the whole of which shall be in harmony with
CHARLES, by the grace of God, our institutions. The most diffi. &c. cult questions are connected with We have proposed, the Cham. its organization. It ought to secure
bers have adopted, we have or. to the communes and to the depart. dained, and do ordain, as follows: ments a just share in the manage.
Art. I. All Frenchmen of legal ment of their interests; but it must age, enjoying civil rights, may, at the same time preserve to the without being prev ously autho. rized, publish a journal or periodi. the branches of knowledge above cal publication, by conforming to specified, provided they do not the requisitions of this law.
appear more than twice a week. Art. 2. The proprietors of every 4th. All periodical publications journal or periodical publication, which are not political, and which shall be bound, before its publica. are published in any other than the cation, to furnish a security. French language.
If the journal or publication ap- 5th. Periodical papers exclusive. pear more than twice a week, whe. ly devoted to advertisements, legal ther on a stated day or irregularly, notices, maritime arrivals, and price the security shall be for 6000 francs currents. de rentes.
Every violation of the regulations The security shall be equal to of this or the preceding article, three quarters of the specified sum, shall be punished according to the if the journal be published only 6th article of the law of June 6th, twice a week.
1819. It shall be one half of the above. Art. 4. Where there are asso. named security, if the journal ap- ciations, the society shall be one of pear only once a week.
those defined and regulated by the It shall be one fourth thereof, if commercial code. Except where it appear only twice a month.
the journal shall be published by The security for the daily jour. an anonymous society, the asso. nals, published in other depart. ciates shall be bound to choose ments than those of the Seine, the from their body, one, two or three Seine and Oise, and the Seine and agents, who, according to the terms Marne, shall be 2000 francs de of articles 22 and 24 of the com. rentes in cities of 50,000 people mercial code, shall have his indi. and above ; and 1,200 francs de vidual signature. rentes in other cities; and the half of If any of the responsible agents those sums for journals which ap. shall, from any cause, withdraw pear less often.
and cease to act, the proprietors Art. 3. The following shall be shall be bound within two months exempted from giving security. to supply his place, or to reduce
1st. Journals which appear only the number of the agents, by an monthly, or less often.
act of the same formalities, as that 2d. Journals exclusively devoted by which the association was formto the mathematical, physical and ed. They shall be permitted with. natural sciences, to learned works, in the time above specified, to aug. and inquiries to the mechanical ment the number, on complying and liberal arts, that is to say, to with the same formalities. If only the sciences and arts which en. one agent has been appointed, gage the attention of the three they shall appoint another within academies of science, of inscrip- 15 days after his decease; in detions and of fine arts of the royal fault whereof the journal shall be institute.
discontinued, under the penalty of 3d. Journals which do not dis. 1000 francs for every sheet pub. cuss political subjects, and are ex. lished after that time. clusively devoted to letters, and Art. 5. The responsible agents,