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clared, in his speech to the Legis. at Vienna, on the 29th of October, lative Assembly of Brazil, on the 1826. sixth of May, that "he had abdi. The undersigned may now be cated and ceded all the indisputa. permitted to ask, whether the pro. ble and irrefragible rights which mises of the abdication, and of the he had possessed to the crown of transmission of the Infant Queen the Portuguese monarchy to his to Portugal, were fulfilled. Did daughter the Princess Donna Maria not his Imperial Majesty continue de Gloria, Queen of Portugal.” to interfere in all the measures of His Imperial Majesty despatched detail of the Portuguese govern. Sir Charles Stuart from Rio de Ja. ment? Did he not create peers ? neiro to Lisbon, as the bearer of promote officers in the army and these instruments on the 11th of navy ? interfere in the selection May,--thus concluding the whole and nomination of ministers, and of this important transaction in four. in all the interior arrangements of teen days. It is obvious, from the the kingdom ? The Portuguese observation of these dates, that no
nation was disappointed in its hope person possessing any authority and expectation of a final separa. from his Majesty, with the excep. tion from Brazil ; and the disap- . tion of Sir Charles Stuart, could pointment of this hope and expecta. have interfered, even by advice, tion was still further confirmed by in the adoption of these measures ;
the detention of their young Queen and it is not pretended that such
at Rio de Janeiro. In the inean advice was ever received from his time, the dissatisfaction and discon. Excellency. The avowed object tent produced by the constitution of the measures of April and May, transmitted from Brazil were daily 1826, was to separate, finally, the increasing, and at last broke out kingdoms of Portugal and Brazil,- into acts of violence, and of open an event equally desired by both rebellion. In this state of things, parts of the monarchy. This ob. his Imperial Majesty, having first ject was accomplished by the pro. ordered his brother, the Infant Don inulgation of the charter, as ef. Miguel, to repair from Vienna to fectually and as solemnly as it could Rio de Janeiro, and having sent a be by an instrument executed by ship of the line to Brest, for the the sovereign himself. In the pro. purpose of conveying him thither, clamation addressed to the Portu. suddenly countermanded these ore guese nation, and dated the 2d of ders, and, unsolicited by his Majes. May, 1826, his Imperial Majesty ty, appointed his Royal Highness declared that his abdication should to be his Lieutenant in Portugal, become complete as soon as the and Regent of the kingdom. This constitution had been sworn to, and decision, the undersigned is ready the marriage concluded between to admit, may have been justly de. the Infant Don Miguel and the manded by the distracted condition Queen Donna Maria. The constic of the country, and, in point of fact, tution was sworn to, as his Imperial was subsequently recommended by Majesty bad directed, upon his Majesty. But he must, at the ception in Portugal, and the affi. same time, beg to observe to the ance of marriage was completed Marquis de Barbacena, that from what he has now had the honour to Britain, when offered, should havê state, it clearly appears that the been received with so little confi. abdication of the crown-he com. dence and alacrity. These counposition and grant of the constitu. sels have never been adopted by tional charter-the promise to send his Imperial Majesty, until the the Queen Donna Maria to Portu. course of events had rendered the gal—the unfortunate delay in the choice of any alternative impractiexecution of that promise, as well cable ; nor until, from this reluct. as the little respect paid to the ance and delay, they had, in a great pledge virtually given by the abdi. measure, been deprived of their cation, not to interfere from Brazil beneficial influence. In truth, it in the internal government of Por- may be affirmed, that so far from tugal; and, finally, that the nomi. Great Britain having been instru. nation of the Infant Don Miguel as mental in the production of the Regent, were all acts spontaneously evils which have recently afflicted emanating from the Emperor Don Portugal, they are mainly to be Pedro himself, which did not origi. attributed to the want of a frank, nate with the King, his master, and consistent, and direct course of for the effects of which his Majesty policy on the part of the Brazilian cannot be held responsible.
government itself. The undersigned will not con. The undersigned, &c. clude without further expressing his (Signed) ABERDEEN. regret, that the counsels of Great The Marquis de Barbacena, fc.
that no one has ventured to disre. The King, our sovereign, has gard it. This new proof of the been pleased to direct to the Secre. fidelity of my vassals calls on me to tary of State and despatch the fol. disclose to them my sentiments and lowing decree :
declare my wish to preserve their The promulgation of a repre. religion and laws, which have al. sentative system of government in ways rendered the Spanish name Portugal might have been expected glorious; and the subversion of to disturb public tranquillity in which always leads, as experience its neighbouring country, which, has taught, to demoralization and scarcely liberated from revolution, anarchy. was not, perhaps, generally anima. Let the circumstances of other led by the most perfect loyalty. countries be what they may, we But, though a few persons in Spain will govern ourselves by our own; have, indeed, dared secretly to en. and I, as the father of my people, courage the hope of seeing the an. will give more attention to the hum. cient form of government changed, ble voice of the immense majority the general opinion has been so of my vassals, who are faithful and loudly declared against alteration, useful to their country, than to the vociferations of an insignificant and rightful administration of justice, turbulent band, whose only desire which is the surest guarantee of the is to renew scenes, the memory of happiness of the people, and the which I do not now wish to recall. best recompense of their fidelity.
Having published a royal de. “ You are to hold this as intend. cree on the 19th April, 1825, in ed, and to take the necessary steps which, being convinced that our for publishing and carrying the ancient legislation was the most
same into effect." proper to maintain in force our sa. Signed at the Palace, the 15th of cred religion, and our mutual rights August, 1826.-Directed to the of paternal sovereignty and flial Duke del Infantado. vassalage, so well suited to our habits and education, I was pleased TARIFF OF AMERICAN COMMERCE. to assure my subjects, that no The King, our Lord, considering change should ever take place in the that the encouragement afforded to legal form of my government, nor the commerce of America, by the any Chambers, or similar institu- admission of foreign flags, granted tions, under whatever denomination, by the Royal Order of the 9th of be permitted to be established; it February, 1827, has not been sufnow only remains for me to informn ficient to promote this trade in the all the vassals of my dominions, various branches of industry and that I will act towards them accord. navigation concerned in it, and that ing to their deserts, putting in exe- it is still necessary to remove the cution the laws against those who inconveniences to which, in their break them, and protecting those present state, the commercial re. who observe them. Desirous of lations of that country are subject, seeing all Spaniards united in opi- from the existing duties and renion and will, I am determined to strictions, was pleased to assign the dispense protection to all who obey execution of this important task to the laws, and to be inflexible to all the Board of duties; and after the who audaciously attempt to dictate propositions, presented by them, new laws to the country.
had been examined by trusty and Wherefore, I have resolved intelligent persons, his majesty has that the said decree shall again be thought proper to approve and ortransmitted to all the authorities of der the observance, for the present, the kingdom ; charging, at the of the following tariff, instructions, same time, the magistrates with and regulations, . Provisional Tarif of Dulies, to be levied on goods imported from, or ex
ported to, America: Quantity, Weight, Value in | Nat.Flag For.Flag
or Measure. Rs. Vn. Rs. Ms. Rs. Ms. Indigo,
17 17 175 Sugar, arroba 40 4
8 Cocoa, (Guayaquil,)
20 Caracas and Maracaibo,
1 17 Coffee,
20 * Sugar proceeding from, or purchased in a foreign market, although the produce of Spanish America, to be considered as a foreign production, and inadmissible.
Tortoise Shell, (unwrought) arroba
quintal Hides, raw,
arroba Tin in bars,
quintal Cochineal, fine,
pound Granilla, Horns, unwrought,
quintal Wool, vichona,
pound Precious stones, į pr ct. in their
value, under all flags, Pita.Ran,
quintal manufactured, Vanilla, per bundle of fifty, Sarsaparilla,
but will be considered as included 1st. All other goods, wares, and in the above-mentioned general merchandise, not enumerated in duty. this tariff, and proceeding directly 4th. All goods, wares, or mer. from Spanish America, under a chandise, of the growth or manu. Spanish Aag, will pay three per facture of this kingdom, exported cent. on their value, as estimated under Spanish or foreign flag, will in the tariff of free trade, of the pay, for the present, the duties de. i2th of October, 1778, and 7 per signated by the export tariff of the cent., under a foreign flag.
14th of April, 1802, as modified by 2d. Goods, wares, and mer. laws of subsequent date. chandise, of Spanish America, will 5th. All foreign merchandise, pay no other royal duties than conveyed in national or foreign those already specified, according vessels from the depots or stores to their classes, upon their impor- of the custom houses in the habili. tation into the ports of Spain, ex. tated ports of Spain, with the cor. cepting that of Consulado, and responding register, will pay no others of a merely local character, other outward duty than that of dementioned in the royal order of posits, agreeably to the regulations the 12th January, 1827, as also that established for the ports of depoof Balanza..
site. 3d. The duty of Reemplazo will 6th. Foreign vessels arriving be, henceforward, 1 per cent. upon with the produce of Spanish Amea goods, wares, and merchandise, rica, direct from the foreign parts of proceeding from Spanish America, America, to the habilitated ports of
Spain, will pay a duty of 2 per their way to the habilitated posts of cent. besides those stated in this Spain, they shall be required to tariff.
make a declaration of their cargoes,
and to renew their registers before Regulations for the understanding continuing their voyage.
and execution of the preceding Art. 6. Spanish vessels, or those Tariff.
of neutral powers, which, having Art. 1. The ports habilitated for received their cargoes in the for. the trade to Spanish America, are eign ports of America, shall arthose of which are such at present, rive direct at the habilitated ports in virtue of a royal order.
of Spain, are to present their mani. Art. 2. The ports of Bilboa and fests with the formalities prescribed St. Sebastians are also provision- by the general instruction of the ally habilitated for the same pur. 16th of April, 1816. pose, and the administrative and Art. 7. Extensive and capacious controlling functions will be exer. stores of deposit will be established cised by the judge of contraband, in Puerto Rico and the Havana, agreeably to the rules to be drawn for the reception and safe keeping up immediately, and presented by of the merchandise and produce of the director general of the revenue Spain, which merchants may wish for his majesty's approbation. to send to foreign neutral ports ; as
Art. 3. The produce, goods, and also to receive the American coloeffects of the Spanish American nial produce which may be destined possessions, may be transported in for the Peninsula. Spanish or foreign vessels, upon Art. 8. In making such deposits, payment of the royal and other du. the same rules will be observed ties fixed in this tariff, with the there, as in the other ports of de: difference that an extra duty of two posit in Spain; the object proposed, per cent. will be charged in cases being no other than the preservawhen foreign vessels, laden with tion of the property ; in order to Spanish colonial produce, shall ar- whịch, an account will be kept of rive at the habilitated ports in the reception and delivery of all America.
goods, and of their change of own. Art. 4. All vessels, Spanish or ers. Half per cent, will be charged foreign, proceeding from the Ha. on the reception of such property, vana, Puerto Rico, or other places, and half per cent. more on their at peace with Spain, are to accom- delivery, to defray the expenses of pany the produce, goods, or effects, rent, salaries, and other unavoida. which they may have shipped ble charges. there, with a register from the Art. 9. All national or foreign custom houses of those places, ac. produce, goods, or effects, shipped cording to the present existing in the ports of the Peninsula, for practice.
those of America at peace with Art. 5. When the same vessels, Spain, and furnished with proper proceeding from other foreign ports registers, will pay, in the latter, the in America, shall touch at the duties established by the tariffs above-mentioned ports of the Ha, observed there. vana and Puerto Rico, with cargoes Art. 10. Silver, and other arti. of Spanish colonial produce, on cles, arriving from friendly poris,