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duly registered, and declared to be Art. 3. In the custom house of on transit for foreign ports, will be habilitated ports, silver, when not allowed to proceed to their place in very large quantities, may be inof destination in the same vessel. cluded for all the purposes of land. The transfer of cargoes to Spanish ing, deposit, and payment of duties, vessels, and their coaveyance in in the permit granted by the col. the same, will also be allowed; but lector for the landing of other goods; a duty of one per cent. will be but in cases when silver is to be charged whenever the vessel, to imported in considerable quantities, which the cargo may be transferred, whether belonging to the King or shall be a foreign one. If the land. to private persons, the provisions ing and reception of the goods be established by the instructions of solicited, the ordinary rules ob. 1816 are to be carried into effect. served in such cases, will be put in

Art. 4. The register of every force, as if no transit had been de. vessel, arriving from friendly ports, clared.

with her invoices and custom house Art. 11. Article 91, chapter 7, certificates, are to form together a of the royal instruction of the 16th collection of documents, closed, of April, 1816, relating to the de. numbered, and inscribed with the duction to be made in the duties name of the ship, and that of the on cocoa, when this article shall be master, the port of departure, the declared to be intended for a fu. day of her arrival, and date of clear. reign market, is hereby annulled. ance.

14. Finally, articles 117, 118, Art 5. As no interference of the 120, 129, 130, 134, 145, and 137, authorities are necessary to the haof chapter 7, of said instruction, bilitation of vessels trading to Ameare also cancelled for the present, rica, registers will be granted to all in all things relating to the expor. such as are to be employed in na. tation to America.

vigating to the friendly ports of that continent; but when the intention

shall be to trade to the foreign Instruction to the Custom House, for neutral ports of America, custom

the clearance of American pro. house certificates will be given, duce, goods and effects.

with the usual formalities observed Article 1. The provisions of the for the exportation of goods to the tariff, and the regulations approved foreign ports of Europe. by his majesty,are to be kept in view. Art. 6. The collectors and ac.

Art. 2. The formalities to be ob. countants of the customs will be served, for the exact collection of particularly careful to furnish mer. the duties upon the admission of chants, trading to America, with goods from America, and in other the certificates defined by art. 90, cases relating to the inward and chapter 7, of the instruction of 1816, outward trade, are to be the same at the time of admitting the produce as those established in chapter 7, and effects of that country; and to of the instruction of the 16th April, require their presentation before 1816, excepting where any modifi. granting permits for the circulation cations shall have been made in of the same ; as also to cancel said the regulations of the same, or may certificates when their time shall be made in the present instruction. have expired, and to keep an ac

count of the increase or diminution the last time, to the seditious, the that may take place in such goods, language of mercy, being still in. by reason of new importations, ac. clined to listen io the petitions quisitions, sales, or shipments, or which they may address to me from other operations, in order to pre. their homes, if they are obedient vent the fraudulent entry and cir. to my voice ; and that, as King, I culation through the country of the am come to re-establish order, to colonial produce of America. give tranquillity to the province, and

Art. 7. No change is made in to afford protection to the persons the established mode of admitting and properties of my peaceable such of the goods, proceeding from subjects, who have been maltreated America, as are classed as bulky, in an atrocious manner, and to but Cocoa and Indigo ; and other chastise, with all the severity of the articles of this description are to law, those who shall disturb the be carried regularly to the custom public quiet. house, in order to their being in. Shut your ears to the perfidious spected, weighed, and charged, not. insinuations of those who, hired by withstanding the practice existing the enemies of your prosperity, and in some custom houses of despatch. making a parade of zeal for the reing such goods on the landing ligion which they profane, and for places.

the throne which they insult, proArt. 8. Should the interests of pose to themselves nothing else merchants require the adoption of but the ruin of this industrious pro. any new measures, or any alteration vince. You already behold the vain of the provisions established by this and absurd pretexts by which they tariff, regulation, and instruction, have attempted, till now, to co. the same will be announced in due lour their rebellion, belied by my time to them, for their information. arrival. I am not oppressed: the

I communicate the above to Y. persons who deserve my confidence E. by order of his majesty, for your do not conspire against our holy information, and other necessary religion: the country is not in dan. purposes ; and also in order that ger : the honour of my crown is you may direct it to be published not compromised, and my sovereign in the Gazette, without delay. authority is not coerced by any

God preserve your excellency party. Why, then, are arms ta. many years.

ken up by those who style themLuis Lopez BALLESTEROS. selves faithful subjects, pure royal. To His Excellency,

ists, and zealous Catholics? Against The Secretary of State.

whom is it their intention to em. Madrid, February 21, 1828. ploy them? Against their King

and Lord.

Yes, Catalonians, to take up Proclamation of the King of Spain, arins on such pretences, to fight

on arriving ot Tarragona. against my troops, to drive the ma.

CATALONIANS,- Behold me in gistrates from their homes, is to the midst of you, as I promised that revolt openly against my person, to I would be, in my decree of the contemn my authority, and to des. 18th of this month ; but learn that, pise the ordinances of religion, as a father, I am going to speak, for which enjoins obedience to the le

gitimate authorities ; it is an imi. Note from Mr. Alex. H. Everett, tation of the conduct, and even of Envoy Extraordinary, and Minis. the language of the revolutionists ter Plenipotentiary of the U. S. of 1820 ; it is, in fine, an attempt to Spain, to the Duke del Infan. to destroy the very foundation of tado, principal Secretary of State monarchical institutions; for if the for Foreign Affairs, respecting absurd privileges which the revolt. the independence of the ancient ere demand could be admitted, no colonies of Spain. throne in the univerge could be SIR : The government of the considered secure.

United States of America have I cannot but believe that my looked with deep interest at the royal presence will dissipate all war now existing between Spain prejudices and mistrusts; and I will and her ancient colonies, ever since not cease to hope, that, at my voice, its commencement. Situated in the the machinations of those who immediate neighbourhood of the re. would seduce you into conspiracy gions where it has been carried on, and rebellion will be defeated. they could not feel the same indif. But if, contrary to my hopes, the ference upon the subject which has last warnings are not listened to,- been shown by some other nations if the bands of the revolted do not inhabiting a distant quarter of the give up their arms, to the nearest globe. Their position, and the re, military authority, within twenty. lations naturally resulting from it, four hours after they shall have were circumstances over which been made acquainted with my they had no control ; and it was sovereign will, leaving the chiefs of not in their power, had they wished all classes at my disposal, that they it, to shrink from the responsibility may undergo the fate which I may that devolved upon them. It only please to inflict upon them, and do remained to meet the delicacy of not return to their respective homes, the situation by a corresponding with the obligation to present them. circumspection in their conduct; selves in the bailiages, to be again to proceed upon acknowledged immatriculated,—and lastly, if the principles, and in conformity with changes made in the administra. the best information they could protion and government of my people cure. Such has been, in fact, the are not annulled in the same space course of their policy. They have of time, the dispositions of my roy- spared no pains in endeavouring to al decree of the 10th of this month, obtain the most accurate accounts shall be immediately carried into of the state of the war at its several execution, and the remembrance of periods; and they have adopted the exemplary punishment which no important measure without great awaits those who shall persist, will consideration, and a careful inquiry be long perpetuated.

into the laws and usages of civilized Given at the Archiepiscopal countries. In pursuance of this Palace of Tarragona, the 28th of system, they have considered it Sept. 1827. I, The King. their duty to observe a fair and just

The Secretary of State of Grace neutrality between the two parties, and Justice,

and to entertain pacific and friend. FRANCESCO TADEO DE Calo. ly relations with both alike ; and

they have, with good faith, and to


The best of their ability, acted ac. have uniformly proceeded upon cordingly. They have lent no strict principles and known facts. military or naval assistance to Their decisions on important points either, but have freely granted to were adopted with almost unex. both the hospitality of their ports ampled unanimity; and have been, and territory, and have allowed the it is believed, very generally ap, agents of both to procure within proved throughout the civilized their jurisdiction, in the way of world. They have since been lawful trade, any supplies which closely followed by the two en. suited their convenience. When

When lightened and powerful governthe independence of the colonies ments whose position naturally call. appeared to them to be well es- ed upon them to take the lead, in tablished, it became a duty to re- this respect, among the nations of gard and treat them as sovereign Europe. powers; and their increasing in. While pursuing this line of con. tercourse with the United States duct, the government of the United made it convenient and suitable to States have also considered it their organize the relations between

between duty and their policy to employ the countries in the usual form, their good offices, from time to by exchanging diplomatic and com. time, with both parties, for the pur- . mercial agents invested with the pose of reconciling them to each usual

powers and characters.- other, and bringing the war to a But while the government of the close. This tedious contest, car. United States felt themselves not ried on in their immediate neighonly justified in these measures, bourhood, has been, and still is, a but bound in duty to adopt them, source of no little actual inconve. they have continued to observe, in nience to them, in various ways. word and in deed, their former It has been, in particular, the ulticourse of strict and honest neutrali. mate cause of the prevalence of ty. They have never taken upon piracy, to a fearful extent, upon themselves to express an opinion the waters that surround their upon the merits of the quarrel, or coasts; an evil which compels them upon the validity of the arguments to keep a strong naval force in ac. advanced by either party in support tive service, at a very unhealthy of its pretensions, still less to in- and dangerous post, and which no. tersere actively in favour of one or thing but the establishment of peace the other. The people of the Uni. will ever completely eradicate.ted States, including, as private They have, therefore, the most persons, the individuals composing powerful motives for wishing, in the government, have generally felt their own interest, to effect this and manifested a strong sympathy great object. But, independently with the inhabitants of the colonies, of any such considerations, the in consequence of the similarity common sentiments of humanity, of their position with that of the and the sympathy which all civil. United States half a century ago; ized and Christian nations naturally but this natural feeling has not been feel in each other's welfare, lead allowed to influence the public them to desire the close of this long measures. The President and Con. and cruel struggle. Entertaining, gress, in acting upon this subject, and wishing to entertain, the most


friendly relations with both parties, ble your excellency to lay them they cannot but feel the deepest before his Majesty in the precise interest in the restoration of har. form in which they are conveyed mony and good understanding be. to you, I now take the liberty of tween them, and in the consequent troubling you with a few sugges. general pacification of the Ameri.

tions in writing upon


and can continent. They have accord. interesting subject. ingly given to both, on many occa. The present moment seems to sions, such counsels as appeared be a favourable one for reviewing most likely to promote this object. the decisions that were taken at an As the independence of the colo. earlier period of the war, and for nies has appeared to them, for some considering whether events have years past, to be well established, not since occurred which make it they can imagine no other means expedient to change them. А of effecting the great purpose in course of proceeding which was question, except by the consent of apparently wise and politic ten or his majesty to treat with his ancient fifteen years ago, may have been provinces on the footing of sove. rendered, by the subsequent pro. reign and independent states; and gress of affairs, impolitic and ruinthey have, from time to time, with It may have been natural for all the delicacy required by the im. the King to make war upon his coportance and peculiar character of lonies at the time when they first the subject, and with all the respect declared their independence ; when which they sincerely cherish for there was a probability of reducing the Spanish government and na. them again to their allegiance, and tion, advised this measure.

These when it was yet uncertain whether counsels, although his Majesty has the efforts they were making were not yet thought proper to act upon the work of a few factious spirits them, have been received and lis. or of the whole community; and it tened to in the friendly spirit in may, nevertheless, be in the highwhich they were given ; and the est degree inexpedient to continue government of the United States the attempt to subjugate these colo. have been induced, in consequence, nies, now that they have grown up and by the generally friendly cha. into six or eight populous and pow. racter of their relations with Spain, erful nations, situated in a distant to continue the same course, as oc quarter of the globe, in the full ex. casion may appear to render it ex. ercise of all the prerogatives of so. pedient. I was accordingly in. vereignty, and respected and ac. structed, upon leaving my country, knowledged as sovereign by seve. to express to his Catholic Majesty, ral of the greatest powers of the and his ministers, the firm convic. world. It is the usage of prudent tion and earnest wishes of the go governments not to adhere with too vernment which I have the honour much constancy to any system, to represent, in regard to this ques. merely because it has once been tion. I have already communi. adopted, but to mark the course of cated them in conversation to your affairs, and to regulate their con. excellency's predecessor, and to duct by the present situation of yourself. In order to state them things, rather than the past. А with more distinctness, and to ena. statesman who attempts to counter.

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