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our navigating, our manufacturing dom to pursue its establishment in strength. Upon the knowledge of the new states. these, actual and prospective, he With all our admiration of the took his measures; and although mental powers of Mr. Canning, they were not always wisely taken, whether as inherited from nature, since true liberality in the inter. or carried to the highest pitch by course of nations is, in the end, apt the discipline of business and study; to prove true wisdom: still, he took whether we marked their efforts them in a spirit that was British. when brought to the most momen.
He made it his boast, that British tous trials, or only gazed at them policy, British interests, the hope when they dazzled in lighter ones; of British sway, were ever upper. truth compels us to state, that he most in his aspirations and schemes. was never the political friend of To secure these, he called, as he this country. said, the new states of America into It is remarkable, that long as he existence. Truly he did, so far as was in office, there is no one occathe share that England had in that sion upon which he lent his sanc. great work was concerned; and it tion to any treaty or convention goes to make up the richest portion with the United States. That of of his fame ; as the earlier forecast 1815, one of fair reciprocity as far of Henry Clay, acting upon an ex- as it goes, both as to commerce and panded love of human liberty, earns navigation, was the work of Lord for him laurels, still richer, in the Londonderry, on the side of Britain. same field. If this be not the award Its renewal in 1818, was under the of justice to Mr. Clay, the part same auspices. From Mr. Canning which the United States first took literally nothing was obtained. in that great work, must for ever It was a remarkable distinction pass for nothing in our eyes. If it in the life of Mr. Canning, that he be not the award of justice, the climbed to the highest station that glorious recollection that the United a subject can occupy, by the un. States recognised them in 1822, aided force of his intellectual supremust be struck from history, be macy. He was, indeed, one of cause England recognised them in 1825. Mr. Canning's settled devo.
• Fortune's jewels, moulded bright, tion to the principles of monarchy,
Brought forth with their own fire and
light ;his constant, and, doubtless his ho. nest conviction, of its intrinsic but he fought his way to command superiority over all other forms for under great disadvantages of obthe government of man, followed scure birth and limited means. By him into this hemisphere. His the dint of genius and cultivation, official conferences with the French he distinguished his boyhood, and ambassador at London, record won the patronage of the haughty his preference of this form for dictator of English policy ;-by the the new states : agreeing here with powers of his eloquence, he main. the equally avowed predilections of tained for thirty-five years a com. France. Nor is it beneved that, plete ascendency over the most to the day of his death, he abated fastidious popular assembly of the any thing of this preference, though world ;-by a steady perseverance he had too much of practical wis. in the attempt to make the govern.
inent keep pace with the knowledge cd by the powers of the individual of the people, he destroyed the who addresses them; with their tendency of the English cabinet to understandings and their feelings repose upon prescription and influ. for the moment completely pros. ence ;-hy a courageous assertion trate before the influence of one of his own claims to honourable magic voice. distinction, he consolidated an ad. ministration of unequalled firmness; -and, by a thorough knowledge of the tendencies of the age, he main.
JOIIN EAGER HOWARD. tained himself in power against the
October 12, 1827. At his resi. most violent and the most subtledence, in Baltimore, John Eager attacks of the aristocracy.
Howard. Mr. Canning was the last, as he
John EAGER HOWARD was born was the youngest, of those extra
on the 4th of June, 1752, in Baltiordinary men who played a leading more county, state of Maryland. part in that great drama of British
His grandfather, Joshua Howard, politics, which formed one of the
an Englishman by birth, having, loftiest episodes of the fearful tra.
while yet very young, left his fa. gedy of the French revolution. ther's house, in the vicinity of This circumstance threw around Manchester, to join the army of the his political character a species of duke of York, during Monmouth's authority, which no comparatively insurrection, was afterwards afraid modern man could have obtained.
to encounter his parent's displca. He came into public life at the early sure, and came to seek his fortune age of 22. He passed through the
in America, in the year 1685– fever and turmoil of the days of
86. He obtained
a grant of Jacobinism, the most accomplished the land in Baltimore county, on skirmisher of Mr. Pitt's intellectual which Col. Howard was born, and forces. Whilst his master essayed which is still in the family, and the graver and loftier style of ora.
married Miss Joanna O'Carrol, tory, Mr. Canning wielded
whose father had lately emigrated
from Ireland. Cornelius, one of “The light artillery of the lower sky."
his sons by this lady, and father of
John Eager Howard, married He brought his literature to the aid Miss Ruth Eager, the grand daugh. of his politics, and accomplished as ter of George Eager, whose estate much by his pen as by his elo. adjoined, and now makes a consi. quence.
derable part of the city of Baltimore. The eloquence of Mr. Canning The Eagers came from England, was unquestionably of a more splen. probably soon after the charter of did and polished character than any lord Baltimore ; but the records afefforts of his later contemporaries. ford little information prior to 1668, He possessed in an eminent degree when the estate near Baltimore was that charm of intellect, which, of purchased. all the gifts to man, is the most John Eager Howard, not edu. powerful for good or for evil-the cated for any particular profession, charm of holding a mixed and di. was determined to that of arms by vided assembly completely absorb. the circumstances of his country
One of the first measures of de. ment, and turned the fortune of fence adopted by the colonies, the day. He was alike conspicu. against the mother country, was ous, though not alike successful, at the assemblage of bodies of the mi. Guilford and the Eutaws; and at litia, termed flying camps. One all times, and on all occasions, of these was formed in Maryland eminently useful.” Besides the in 1776, and Mr. Howard was ap. battles just mentioned, he was in pointed to a captaincy in the regi. the engagements of White Plains, mont of Col. J. Carvil Hall. His of Germantown, of Monmouth, commission, signed by Matthew Camden, and Hobkick's Hill. Tilghman, the president of the con. Having been trained to the in. vention of Maryland, is dated the fantry service, he was always 25th of June, 1776, a few days af. employed in that line, and was ter he had completed his twenty distinguished for pushing into close fourth year. This corps was dis. batile, with fixed bayonet; an missed, however, in the December honourable evidence of his in. of the same year, congress having trepidity, as it is well known how required of each of the states to seldom bayonets are actually crossfurnish a certain portion of regular ed in battle, even with the most vetroops, as a more effective system teran troops. It was at Cowpens of defence. On the organization that this mode of fighting was re. of the seven regiments which were sorted to for the first time in the to be furnished by Maryland, Cap. war; and the Maryland line was tain Howard, who had been re. so frequently afterwards put to this tained by the wish of the com. service, as almost to annihilate that missioners empowered to appointof- gallant corps. In this battle, Col. ficers, was promoted to a majority in Howard, at one time, had in his one of them, the 4th, under his for. hands the swords of seven officers, mer commander, Col. Hall. His who had surrendered to him per. commission is dated 10th of April, sonally. During the engagement, 1777. On the 1st of June, 1779, having ordered some movement of he was appointed lieutenant colonel one of the flank companies, it was of the fifth, and in the following mistaken by the men for an order spring he was transferred to the to retreat. While the line was in sixth ; and finally, after the battle the act of falling back, Morgan of Hobkick's Hill, he succeeded rode up to him, exclaiming, “that to the command of the second, in the day was lost.” “ Look at that consequence of the death of Lieut. line," replied Colonel Howard; Col. Ford, who never recovered men who can retreat in such or. from a wound received in that bat der, are not beaten.” Morgan then tle.
pointed out a position which he or. To the services of Col. Howard, dered him to take, and make a during the war, his contemporaries stand. Without halting his men, bear honourable testimony. In the and facing them about, he poured chivalrous and hazardous opera. a sudden fire on the enemy, and tions of Greene in the south, he then, on his own responsibility, was
one of his most efficient dashed on them with the bayonet.
conspicuous coadjutors. It was on this occasion that he saved “ At the battle of Cowpens,' says the life of the British general O'HaLee, - he seized the critical mo. ra, whom he found clinging to his
ehrrup, and claiming quarter. his immediate neighbours, and by O'Hara afterwards addressed to his companions in arms, but by the him several letters, thanking him most eminent worthics of his day. for his life.
The “ Father of his country,' Colonel Howard continued in his more than one letter, expressed to command till the army was dis. him his confidence and esteem. banded, when he retired to his pat. In one, he regrets Colonel How. rimonial estate near Baltimore. He ard's declining to accept a post, as soon after married Margaret Chew, a loss both to himself and to the the daughter of Benjamin Chew, public, and requests, in another, of Philadelphia ; a lady whose the interposition of a gentleman in courteous manners and elegant Philadelphia, to induce the colonel's hospitality, will long be remember. acceptance. “Had your inclina. ed by the society of Baltimore. tion,” says Washington in his let. In November, 1788, Col. Howard ter to Colonel Howard, “and pri. was chosen the governor of Mary. vate pursuits, permitted you to take land, which post he filled for three the office that was offered to you, years; and having, in the autumn it would have been a very pleasing of 1796, been elected to the sen circumstance to me, and, I am perate of the United States, to fill the suaded, as I observed to you on a vacancy occasioned by the resig. former occasion, a very accepta. nation of Mr. Potts, he was, the ble one to the public. But the same session, chosen for the full reasons which you have assigned term of service, which expired on for not doing so, carry conviction the 4th of March, 1803.
along with them, and must, however The fortunate situation of Colonel reluctantly, be submitted to." Howard's estate, in the immediate At his death, colonel Howard vicinity of Baltimore, not only was the highest officer in rank in placed him above the want which the continental service, except Gehas pursued the old age of too neral Lafayette-Gen. Sumpter, many of our veterans, but was the who is still living, having been an foundation of subsequent opulence. officer of militia, and without any The inconsiderable town which, at continental commission. the close of the late war, nuinbered less than ten thousand souls, has since, under the influence of that liberty which he aided in asserting, November 14th, 1827.-At New. expanded to a city of seventy-two York, in the sixty-fourth year of thousand, embracing, by degrees, his age, Themas Addis Emmet. within its growing streets, the vene. Mr. Emmet was born in the city rable shades which sheltered the of Cork, Ireland, in the year 1764, retired soldier. An old age, warm. being the second son of Robert Em. ed and enlivened by such topics of met, a respectable physician, and grateful reflection, is the most en. a lady whose maiden name viable of the conditions of human Mason ; a woman of superior under. life, as well as an object of the ut. standing and accomplishments. He most veneration and regard. To. was originally intended for the me. wards the soldier of the Cowpens, dical profession, and after comple. this regard was felt, not only by ting his classical studies at Trinity
THOMAS ADDIS EMMET.
College, Dublin, commenced his cordingly commenced the study of preparatory professional studies the law almost immediately after at the university of Edinburgh, completing his medical studies. where he graduated in September, Two years were spent at London 1784, as M. D.
in attending terms in the Temple, While in that university, he and the courts at Westminster, evinced the same untiring industry, where he ofien heard Erskine, and profound genius, which, at a then in the zenith of his fame. later period of his life, and in ano. He then returned to his native ther hemisphere, made him pre. land; was admitted to the bar in eminent at the bar. The thesis, 1791, and commenced the practice prepared according to the statutes, of the law in Dublin. at the time of taking his degree, Shortly after his admission to the was selected for its merit, and ap. bar, he married Miss Jane Patten, peared, among the best disserta. the warm hearted and affection. tions produced at that university, ate partner of his future life, and in the Thesaurus Medicus publish. who showed, throughout the long ed at Edinburgh by Smellie, the and severe trials to which his poli. naturalist. His inclinations, how. tical course subjected him, how ever, obviously tended to forensic justly she appreciated the charac. pursuits, and so conspicuous was ter, and coincided in the views of he at this early period as a speaker, the patriot of Ireland. that we find him acting as presi. Mr. Emmet very soon rose to dent of no less than five debating distinction at the Irish bar. He societies. One of these societies, rode the circuit with Curran ; to termed the speculative, was not whom, in the opinion of many, he confined to topics connected with was superior in talents, and un. the study of medicine, but em. questionably in legal attainments, braced the whole extent of poli. and general information. tics, metaphysics, political econo. This, however, was not the time my, and literature. With the view for him to realize his anticipations of completely preparing himself of legal distinction. The condi. for the medical profession, he also tion of Ireland was such as to en. visited the most celebrated schools gross the constant thought of all of the continent, making the tour of who regarded her as their coun. Italy and Germany.
try. For ages she had been suf. After attaining as much reputa. fering under the most monstrous tion as can well fall to the share of system ever devised by a bigoted a student, he returned to Ireland, and unjust government to oppress, with the intention of commencing impoverish, and enslave a con. the practice of his profession. À quered people. The resources different destiny, however, awaited and industry of Ireland had been him. His brother, Christopher regarded by their English neigh. Temple Emmet, a member of the bours as the legitimate objects of Irish bar, of surpassing talents, English cupidity, and the policy of was cut off by a premature death, the government had been directed, leaving a vacancy, which it was so as easiest to appropriate them determined that the subject of this to the use of the more favoured memorir should occupy. He ac. subjects of the empire. While