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tention of his Imperial Majesty to continue to cultivate the friendly relations which have always so happily existed between the government of the United States and that of the Ottoman empire-relations to which he attaches a very high appreciation.
I avail myself, also, of the present occasion to renew to your highness assurances of my high respect and very distinguished consideration.
JOHN P. BROWN,
Chargé d'Affaires ad int.
No. 5232103.] SUBLIME PORTE, BUREAU OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS,
July 15, 1861. Sir : I have the honor to inform you that his excellency Fuad Pacha has been called to the presidency of the supreme council of justice, confided, until his return, to his excellency Kiamil Pacha, and that my august master has deigned to appoint me his minister of foreign affairs.
The kind assistance which you have been pleased to give me, during my provisional direction of this department, is an assurance that you will continue the same favor in my endeavors to strengthen still more the relations of friendship and harmony existing between our respective governments.
I take occasion to offer renewed assurances of my high respect and perfect consideration.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Constantinople, July 16, 1861. HighyESS: I have had the honor to receive the letter you were so good as to write me, on the 15th instant, for the purpose of informing me that his excellency Fuad Pacha, having been appointed president of the supreme councii of justice, with which his excellency Kiamil Pacha has been charged until his return, his Imperial Majesty the Sultan has been graciously pleased to nominate you his minister of foreign affairs.
I thank your highness for this communication and the kind expressions which it contains, and beg your highuess to believe me most desirous of uniting with your highness in whatever may serve to strengthen the relations of friendship and harmony so happily existing between our respective governments, and which owe so much to the friendly sentiments entertained by your highness for the United States.
I hasten also to assure your highness of my perfect respect and most distinguished consideration.
JOHN P. BROWN.
Mr. Seward to Mr. Morris.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE,
Washington, August 28, 1861. Sır: The despatch of Mr. Brown, secretary of legation, (No. 10,) dated July 17, has been received,
It is probable that, before receiving these instructions, you will have already assumed the responsibility of asking an audience of the new Sultan, and tendering him, on the part of the President, the proper congratulations. If this duty remains unperformed, you will take an early occasion for it, and will assure him that this government has learned, with sincere pleasure, of his accession to the throne under felicitous auspices, and of the favorable impression which his administration has made upon the minds of the people over whom he presides, as well as in foreign countries. Assure him that we shall suffer no occasion to pass by on which we can demonstrate the good will and friendship of the United States for the government of Turkey, and that we shall be happy if circumstances shall enable the two countries to modify their commercial arrangements so as to increase intercourse between them.
You will receive herewith new letters of credence addressed to his Impe rial Majesty the present Sultan.
Mr. Brown's account of the favorable sentiments of his Majesty towards the United States is especially gratifying. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant,
WILLIAM H. SEWARD. E. JUY MORRIS, Esq., &c., 80., 8c., Constantinople.
The Swedish law is very strict against the violation of the rights of neutrals, and I am assured that there is no apprehension that any of the ports of this kingdom or of Norway will be prostituted to the wicked purpose of fitting out privateers.
* I have the honor to be, with much respect, your obedient servant,
B. F. ANGEL.
Herewith I beg permission to enclose a copy of my note to Count Man. derstrom, minister of foreign affairs, transmitting copies of the President's proclamations establishing a blockade of the ports in the seceding States, which I hope may meet your approbation. I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant,
BENJ. F. ANGEL. Hon. WM. H. SEWARD,
Secretary of State, &c., &c., &c.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
Stockholm, May 22, 1861. Sir: The President of the United States, in view of the disturbed and unhappy condition of public affairs in the southern portion of our confederacy, and in the exercise of what he regards as a legal right and constitutional duty, has ordered and established an effective blockade of the ports in the several States of South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, and North Carolina.
I have the honor herewith to transmit to your excellency copies of the President's proclamations upon this subject, for the information
of his Majesty's government, and I avail myself of the occasion to offer to your excellency the renewed assurance of my high consideration.
BENJ. F. ANGEL. His Excellency Count MANDERSTROM,
Minister of Foreign Affairs, &c., &c., do.
Mr. Angel to Mr. Seward.
LEGATION OF THE UNITED STATES,
Stockholm, June 4, 1861. Sır: In my conference with Count Manderstrom to-day I was informed that no application has been made to the Swedish government on behalf of the people of the so-called Confederate States for their recognition as an inde pendent nation, and although passports are not now required, either in Sweden or Norway, I am quite sure no agents are here from the seceded States for any purpose whatever. * I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedient servant,
B. F. ANGEL. Hon. WILLIAM H. SEWARD,
Secretary of State, &c., &c., &c., Washington.
In the contest in which we are unfortunately engaged, it is of great importance to secure the good opinion of mankind, and I am gratified in being able to inform you that, so far as my reading and observations extend, the better informed European statesmen express the opinion that those charged with the administration of public affairs have acted with the greatest modo ration and forbearance under circumstances which might perhaps have jus tified retaliatory measures, and in their defence of constitutional law and an organized government against treason and revolution they will have the sympathy and best wishes of all conservatives on this side the Atlantic.
I am, sir, your obedient servant,
B. F. ANGEL,