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Place of utter Darkness, fitlieft callid Chaos : Here Satan with his Angels lying on the burning Lake, thunderstruck and astonish'à, after a certain Space recovers, as from Confusion, calls ир him who next in Order and Dignity lay by him; they confer of their miserable Fall. Satan awakens all bis Legions, who lay 'till then in the same manner confounded : They rife, their Numbers, Array of Battel, their chief Leaders nam’d, according to the Idols known afterwards in Canaan and the Countries adjoining. To these Satan directs his Speech, comforts them with Hope yet of regaining Heaven, but tells them lastly of a new World and new kind of Creature to be created, according to an ancient Prophecy or Report in Heaven'; for that Angels were long before this visible Creation, was the Opinion of many ancient Fathers. To find out the Truth of this Prophecy, and what to determine thereon, he refers to a full Councel. What his Apociates thence attempt. Pandemonium the Palace of Satan rises, suddenly built out of the Deep : The infernal Peers there fit in Council.

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F Man's First Disobedience, and the Fruit

Of that Forbidden Tree, whose mortal tast Brought Death into the World and all our woe, With loss of Eden, 'till one greater Man Restore and regain the blissful Seat, Sing Heav'nly Muse, that on the secret top Of Oreb, or of Sinai, didft inspire That Shepherd, who first taught the chosen Seed, In the Beginning how the Heav'ns and Earth Rose out of Chaos : Or if Sion Hill Delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flow'd Fast by the Oracle of God; I thence Invoke thy Aid to my adventrous Song, That with no middle flight intends to foar Above th' Aonian Mount, while it pursues

IS Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime. And chiefly Thou o Spirit, that dost prefer Before all Temples th’ upright Heart and pure, Instruct me, for Thou know'ft; Thou from the firft Walt present, and with mighty Wings out-spread 2. Dove-like sat'st brooding on the vast Abyss And mad'At it pregnant: What in me is dark Illuniine, what is low raise and support; That to the heighth of this great Argument I may

assert Eternal Providence, And justifie the ways of God to Men.

Say first, for Heav'n hides nothing from thy view Nor the deep Tract of Hell, say first what cause Mov'd our Grand Parents in that happy State,



Favour'd of Heav'n so highly, to fall off
From their Createur, and transgress his Will
For one Refraint, Lords of the World besides?
Who first seduc'd them to that foul revolt?
Th’infernal Serpent; he it was; whose guile
Stirr'd up with Envy and Revenge, deceiv'd 35
The Mother of Mankind, what time his Pride
Had cast him out from Heav'n, with all his Hoft
Of Rebel Angels, by whose aid aspiring
To set himself in Glory above his Peers,
He trusted to have cqualld the Most High,
If he oppos’d; and with ambitious Aim,
Against the Throne and Monarchy of God
Rais'd impious War in Heav'n and Battel

' proud
With vain Attempt. Him the Almighty Power
Hurl'd headlong Aaming from th'Ethereal Skie, 45
With hideous ruine and combustion down
To bottomless perdition, there to dwell
In Adamantine Chains and penal Fire,
Who durft defie th’Omnipotent to Arms.
Nine times the Space that measures Day and Night
To mortal men, he with his horrid Crew si
Lay vanquish’d, rowling in the fiery Gulf
Confounded though immortal: But his Doom
Reservd himn 10 more wrath; for now the thought
Both of lof happiness and lasting pain

55 Torments him'; round he throws his baleful eyes That witness'd' huge affliction and dismay Mix'd with obdurate pride and stedfast hate: Al once as far as Angels kcu he views

The dismal Situation waste and wild,

60 A Dungeon horrible, on all sides round As one great Furnace fam’d, yet from those Aames No light, but rather darkness visible Sery'd only to discover lights of woe, Regions of sorrow, doleful shades, where peace 68 And rest can never dwell, hope never comes That comes to all; but torture without end Still

urges, and a fiery Deluge, fed With ever-burning Sulphur unconsum'd: Such Place Eternal Justice had prepar’d

70 For those rebellious, here their Prison ordain'd In utter darkness, and their Portion set As far remov'd from God and light of Heav'n As from the Center thrice to th'utmost role. Ohow unlike the place from whence they fell ! There the companions of his fall, o'erwhelm'd With Floods and Whirlwinds of tempestuous fire, He soon discerns, and welt’ring by his side One next himself in power, and next in crime, Long after known in Palestine, and nam'd 80 Beelzebub. To whom th’Arch Enemy, And thence in Heay'n call'd Satan, with bold Words Breaking the horrid silence thus began.

If thou beeft he ; But O how fall'n! How chang'd From him, who in the happy Realms of light 85 Cloath'd with transcendent brightness didst out-hinc Myriads tho' bright! If he whom mutual League, United thoughts and counsels, equal hope And hazard in the Glorious Enterprize,




Join'd with me once, now misery hath join'd
In equal ruin: Into what it thou seest
From what heighth fäll’n, so much the stronger provid
He with his Thunder: And 'till then who knew
*The Force of those dire Arms: Yet not for chore,
Nor what the Potent Victor in his Rage 95
Can else inflict, do I repent or change,
Though chang’d in outward luftre; that fix'd mind
And high disdain, from sense of injur'd merit,
That with the mightiest rais’d me to contend,
And to the fierce Contention brought along
Innumerable force of Spirits arm’d
That durft dinike his Reign, and me preferring,
His utmost power with adverse power oppos'd
In dubious Battel on the Plains of Heav'n,
And shook his Throne. What tho' the field be lost?
All is not lost; th’unconquerable Will,
And study of Revenge, immortal hare,
And courage never to submit or yield:
And what is else not to be overcome?
That Glory never hall his wrath or might
Extort from me. To bow and sue for Grace
With suppliant Knce, and deifie his Power,
Who fiom the Terror of this Arm fo late
Doubted his Empire, that were low izdeed,
That were an Ignomixy and Shame beneath TIS
This Downfal; since by Fate the Strength of Gods
And this Empyreal Substance cannot fail,
Since through Experience of this
In Arms not worse, in Foresight much advanc’d,



great Event

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