« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
of bolting on the part of delegates from the ment to protect the rights of persons or pro Cotton States, unless their views in regard toperty on the high seas, in the Territories, or Platform should be adopted.
wherever else its constitutional authority ex. On the 27th, the Platform Committee, failing tends. to agree, presented an assortment of Platforms, The fourth that, when the settlers in a Terri from which the Convention was expected to tory bave adequate population to form a State make its selection. The majority report, pre- Constitution, the right of Sovereignty.com. sented by Mr. Avery, of N. C., was as fol- mences, and, being consummated by their adlows:
mission into the Union, they stand upon an Resolved, That the Platform adopted at Cincinnati be equal footing with the citizens of other States
, affirmed, with the following resolution:
and that a State thus organized is to be admitThat the National Democracy of the United States ted into the Union, Slavery or no Slavery: hold these cardinal principles on the subject of Slavery in the Territories: First, that Congress has no power to
The day was spent in fierce debate, without abolish Slavery in the Territories , second, that the Ter- coming to a vote on any of these various proporitorial Legislature has no power to abolish Slavery in sitions. the Territories, nor to prohibit the introduction of slaves therein, nor any power to destroy or impair the right of
On the 28th, Senator Wm. Bigler, of Pennproperty in slaves by any legislation whatever. sylvania, moved that the majority and minority to defeat the faithful execution of the
Fugitive Slave instructions to report in an hour, the following Resolved, that the enactments of State Legislatures reports be recommitted to the Convention, with Law are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effects.
resolutions : Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Govern- Resoloed, That the Platform adopted by the Demoment to protect the rights of person and property on the cratic party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following high seas, in the Territories, or wherever else its jurisdic- explanatory resolution: tion extends.
Resolved, That the Government of a Territory, or. Resoloed, That it is the duty of the Government of ganized by an act of Congress, is provisional and tempothe United Statos to afford protection to naturalized rary, and, during its existence, all citizens of the United citizens from foreign countries.
States have an equal right to settle in the Territory, Resoloed, That it is the duty of the Government of without their rights, either of person or property, being the United States to acquire Cuba at the earliest prac. destroyed or impaired by Congressional or Territorial ticable moment.
Legislation. The principal minority report, which was pre- to the doctrine that it is the duty of Government to
Resoloed, That the Democratic party stands pledged sented by Mr. Henry B. Payne, of Ohio, and maintain all the constitutional rights of property, of signed by the members of the committee whatever kind, in the Territories, and to enforce all the from Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode decisions of the Supreme Court in reference thereto.
Resolved, That it is the duty of the United States to Island, Connecticut, New-Jersey, Ohio, Indiana, afford ample and complete protection to all its citizens, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa, Minnesota, whether at home or abroad, and whether native or New-York, and Pennsylvania, (all the Free
Resobed, That one of the necessities of the age, in a States except California, Oregon, and Massachu- military, commercial and postal point of view, is speedy setts), reaffirmed the Cincinnati Platform; de communication between the Atlantic and Pacific States; clared that all rights of property are judicial in and the Democratic Party pledge such Constitutional
Government aid as will insure the construction of a their character, and that the Democracy pledge railroad to the Pacific coast at the earliest practical themselves to defer to the decisions of the period. Supreme Court on the subject; ample protec- the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as
Resowed, That the Democratic Party are in favor of tion to citizens, native or naturalized, at home shall be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, or abroad; aid to “a Pacific Railroad;" the Resolved, That the enactments of State Legislatures acquisition of Cuba, and that all State resistance to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugitive stave to the Fugitive Slave Law is revolutionary and Law, are hostile in character, subversive of the Corusti
tution, and revolutionary in their effect. subversive of the Constitution. Gen. Benj. F. Butler, of Massachusetts, pre
Mr. Bigler moved the previous question. sented another minority report, reaffirming the moved to lay Úr. Bigler's motion on the table.
Mr. W. Montgomery (M. C.), of Pennsylvania
, Cincinnati Platform, and declaring Democratic He did not regard as a compromise a propos iprinciples unchangeable in their nature when tion for a Congressional Slave Code and de applied to the same subject matter, and only reopening of the Africau Slave Trade ; recommending, in addition to the Cincinnati learning that the adoption of his motion w Platform, a resolution for the protection of all have the effect of tabling the whole subject. 8, bem citizens, whether native or naturalized.
withdrew it. A division of the question Mr. Payne stated that his report, although a called for, and the vote was first taken on minority one, represented one hundred and motion to recommit
, which was carried, 15 seventy-two electoral votes, while the majority 161; but the proposition to instruct the cir. report represented only one hundred and mittee was laid on the table, 2424 to 567 twenty-seven electoral votes.
follows: Mr. James A. Bayard (U. S. Senator), of Delaware, presented another series of resolutions, as Massachusetts, 127; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut he
YEA8.-Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont follows:
New-York, 85; Pennsylvania, 8; Delaware, 3; M The first affirmed the Cincinnati Platform. land, 51; Virginia, 15;
North Carolina, 10; South C The second declared that Territorial Govern-lina, 8; Georgia, 10; Florida, 8; Alabama, 9; Lo belle ments are provisional and temporary, and that 4; Kentucky, 5 Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois,
ana, 6; Mississippi, 7 ; Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Misso during their existence all citizens of the United Michigan, 6; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4; California, sen States have an equal right to settle in the Terri-2427. tories without their rights of either person or 7; Pennsylvania, 15; Maryland, 27; Missouri, 9; ;
NAY8.-Massachusetts, t; Connecticut, 1; New-Jerow property being destroyed or impaired by Con- nessee, 11; Kentucky, 7, Indiana, 6; Wisconsin, he gressional or Territorial legislation.
California, t; Oregon, 8563. The third, that it is the duty of the Govern- Subsequently, on the same day, Mr. Avdihe
from the majority of the Committee on Platform, strict of Columbia. Now, we maintain that Congress has reported the following:
no right to prohibit or abolish Slavery in the District of
Columbia. Why? Because it is an existing institution. Resolved, That the platform adopted by the Democratic It becomes the duty of Congress under the Constitution to party at Cincinnati be affirmed, with the following ex- / protect and cherish the right of property in slaves in that planatory Resolutions :
District, because the Constitution does not give them the First. That the government of a Territory organized by power to prohibit or establish Slavery. Every session of an act of Congress, is provisional and temporary; and, Congress, Northern men, Southern men, men of all parduring its existence, all citizens of the United States have ties, are legislating to protect, cherish and uphold the instian equal right to settle with their property in the Territory tution of Slavery in the District of Columbia. without their rights, either of person or property, being des- It is said that the Cincinnati platform is ambiguous, and troyed or impaired by congressional or territorial legislation. that we must explain it. At the South, we have main.
Second. That it is the duty of the Federal Government, tained that it had no ambiguity; that it did not mean in all its departments, to protect, when necessary, the Popular Sovereignty; but our Northern friends say that rights of persons and property in the Territories, and it does mean Popular Sovereignty. Now, if we are wherever else its constitutional authority extends. going to explain it and to declare its principles, I say
Third. That when the settlers in a Territory having an let us either declare them openly, boldly, squarely, adequate population form a State Constitution, the right or let us leave it as it is in the Cincinnati Platform. I of sovereignty commences, and, being consummated by want, and we of the South want, no more doubtful platadmission into the Union, they stand on an equal foot-forms upon this or any other question. We desire that ing with the people of other States; and the State thus this Convention should take a bold, square stand. What organized ought to be admitted into the Federal Union, do the minority of the committee propose? Their solution whether its constitution prohibits or recognizes the institu- is to leave the question to the decision of the Supreme tion of Slavery.
Court, and agree to abide by any decision that may be Fourth. That the Democratic party are in favor of the made by that tribunal between the citizens of a Territory acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on such terms as shall upon the subject. Why, gentlemen of the minority, you be honorable to ourselves and just to Spain, at the earliest cannot help yourselves. That is no concession to us. practicable moment.
There is no necessity for putting that in the platform, beFifth. That the enactments of State legislatures to de- cause I take it for granted that you are all law-abiding feat the faithful execution of the Fugitive Slave Law, are citizens. Every gentleman here from a non-slaveholding hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and state is a law-abiding, citizen;, and if he be so, why we revolutionary in their effect.
know that when there is a decision of the Supreme Court, Siwth. That the Democracy of the United States recog- even adverse to his views, he will submit to it. nize it as the imperative duty of this Government to pro- You say that this is a judicial question. We say that tect the naturalized citizen in all his rights, whether at it is not. But if it be a judicial question, it is immaterial to bome or in foreign lands, to the same extent as its native- you how the platform is made, because all you will have to born citizens.
say is, “this is a judicial question; the majority of the ConWhereas, one of the greatest necessities of the age, in a vention were of one opinion; I may entertain my own opinpolitical, commercial, postal and military point of view, is ion upon the question; let the Supreme Court settle it.". a speedy communication between the Pacific and Atlan- Let us make a platform about which there can be no tic coasts: Therefore be it
doubt, so that every man, North and South, may stand Resolved, that the Democratic party do hereby pledge side by side on all issues connected with Slavery, and adthemselves to use every means in their power to secure the vocate the same principles. That is all we ask. All we passage of some bill, to the extent of the constitutional demand at your hands is, that there shall be no equivoca. authority of Congress, for the construction of a Pacific tion and no doubt in the popular mind as to what our Railroao, from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, principles are. at the earliest practicable moment.
Mr. H. B. Payne, of Ohio, replied at length, Mr. Avery took the floor, and spoke at length in faylor of his report, and in the course of his and, in the course of his argument, said: remezt ks said :
The question of Slavery had distracted the Courts and
the party since 1820, and we hoped by the Compromise I have stated that we demand at the hands of our measures of 1850, the Kansas law of 1854, and the PlatNorthen brethren upon this floor that the great principle form of 1852 and 1856, that the policy of the Democratic which w cherish should be recognized, and in that view I party was a united and settled policy in respect to Afrispeak the common sentiments of our constituents at home; I can slavery.
The Democracy of the North andI inte nd no reflection upon those who entertain a differ- have, throughout, stood by the South in vindication of
when I say that the results and ultimate conse- their constitutional rights. For this they claim DO quences to the Southern States of this confederacy, if the credit. They have simply discharged their constitutional Popular Sovereignty doctrine be adopted as the doctrine duty; and, though some southern Senators may rise in of the Democratic party, would be as dangerous and sub- their places and stigmatize us as unsound and rotten, we ventre of their rights as the adoption of the principle of say we have done it in good faith, and we challege contraCongresonal intervention or prohibition. We say that, in diction. We have supposed that this doctrine of Popular Acontest for the occupation of the Territories of the United Sovereignty was a final settlement of the Slavery difficulty. Na alle Southern men encumbered with slaves cannot You so understood it in the South. We are not claiming
vith the Emigrant Aid Society at the North. We anything in our Platform but what the Cincinnati Platform
What was the doctrine of 1856 ? Non-intervention by elating to slavery, for the sum of $200, while it Congress with the question of Slavery, and the submission the Southern man the sum of $1500. We say, of the question of Slavery in the Territories, under the
wherever there is competition between the Constitution, to the People.
rritories of the Federal Government, and if, could prove from the Congressional debates that from
may be established by Congress in any Terri- in Congress on this subject. e right, directly or indirectly, to affect the insti
To show that Squatter Sovereignty had been avery, then you can see that the Legislature by either directly or indirectly, may finally ex-generally acc ted as the true Democratic docy man from the slaveholding States as ef- trine, Mr. Payne quoted from eminent Southern
if you had adopted the Wilmot Proviso out Democratic Statesinen as follows: re told that, in advocating the doctrine we now
FROX A SPEECH OF HOX. HOWELL COBB, OF GEORGIA. violating the principles of the Cincinnati platy say that the Cincinnati platform is a Popular majority of the people of Kansas should decide this
"I stand upon a principle. I hold that the will of the : platform; that it was intended to present and enforce that great principle. Now, we who question, and I say here to-night, before this people and report deny that this is the true construction of sion of the people there. l'hold to the right of the People
before this country, that I, for one, shall abide the deci-. nti platform. We of the South say that when to self-government. I am willing for them to decide this the Cincinnati platform we understood, from the Territories stand in the same position as
question." phof Columbia, that non-interference and nonDein the Territories was that same sort of non- “I would not plant Slavery upon the soil of any por
and non-intervention forbidden in the Dis. ' tion of God's earth against the will of the people. The
ent opin bn,
FROM THE SAME.
FROM THE SAME.
FROM THE SAME.
Government of the United States should not force the then acting as Chairman of his Delegation, and now pre institution of Slavery upon the people either of the senting the majority report aunounced: • Territories,' or of the States against the will of the peo
“North Carolina gives ten votes for the Platform, and ple, though my voice could bring about that result. wili give ten thousand majority in November.”
| In his letter of acceptance, Mr. Buchanan, in an em FROX A SPEKCH OF VICE-PRESIDENT BRECKINRIDGE, phatic and clear manner, thus expressed his views of “But those who hold that the Territorial Legislature this Platform: cannot pass a law prohibiting Slavery, admit that, unless " The recent legislation of Congress respecting domes the Territorial Legislature pass laws for its protection, tic Slavery, derived, as it has been, from the original Slavery will not go there. Therefore, practically, a and pure fountain of legitimate political power, the will majority of the people represented in the Territorial of the majority, promises, ere long, to allay the danger. Legislature decides the question. Whether they decide ous excitement. This legislation is founded on princiit by prohibiting it, according to the one doctrine, or by ples as ancient as Free government itself, and in accord. refusing to pass laws to protect it, as contended for by ance with them has simply declared that the people of a the other party, is immaterial. The majority of the peo- Territory, like those of a State, shall decide for them. ple, by the action of the Territorial Legislature, will selues, whether Slavery shall or shall not exist within decide the question, and all must abide the decision when their limits." made."
Mr. Payne had extracts yet behind of speeches from Stephens, of Georgia, one of the most distinguished States
men of the South—from Mr. Benjamin, of Louisiana “But if non-intervention by Congress be the principle Mason, of Virginia-more qualified, he admitted, but that underlies the Compromise of 1850, then the prohibi- still emphatic. The Senator from Delaware, too, Mr. tion of 1820, being inconsistent with that principle, should Bayard," had fully indorsed the doctrine of Popular be removed, and perfect non-intervention thus be estab- Sovereignty. lished by law.
So had Mr. Badger, of North Carolina, and Judge “Among many misrepresentations sent to the country Butler of South Carolina. Mr. Hunter of Virginia, cerby some of the enemies of this bill, perhaps none is more tainly one of the wisest and purest statesmen which the flagrant, than the charge that it proposes to legislate Democracy now numbers amongst her leaders in the Slavery into Nebraska and Kansas. Sir, if the bill con- land-he, also, says that the people shall have the right tained such a feature it would not receive my vote. The to decide on all questions relating to their domestic right to establish involves the correlative right to prohi- institutions. In his speech, he used these words, almost bit, and, denying both, I would vote for neither." identical with the Platform of the minority:
“The bill provides that the Legislatures of these Ter
ritories shall have power to legislate over all rightful “Upon the distracting question of domestic Slavery, subjects of legislation consistently with the Constitution their position is clear. The whole power of the Demo And, if they should assume powers which are thought to cratic organization is pledged to the following proposi- be inconsistent with the Constitution, the Courts will de. tions: That Congress shall not interpose upon this sub-cide that question whenever it may be raised. There is ject in the States, in the Territories, or in the District of a difference of opinion among the friends of this measure Columbia ; that the people of each 'Territory shall deter- as to the extent of the limits which the Constitution immine the question for themselves, and be admitted into poses upon the Territorial Legislatures. This bill prothe Union upon a footing of perfect equality with the poses to leave these differences to the decision of tne original States, without discrimination on account of the Courts. To that tribunal I am willing to leave this deci. allowance or prohibition of Slavery.”
sion, as it was once before proposed to be left by the
celebrated Compromise of the Senator from Delawarr. FROM A SPEECH BY HON. JAMES L. ORR, OF S. C.
He also read an extract of a similar character from a “Now, I admit that there is a difference of opinion speech by Mr. Toomubs, of Georgia, one of the inpoldest amongst Democrats as to whether this feature of Squat- men on the floor of the American Senate, taking ground ter Sovereignty be in the bill or not. But the great point in favor of non-intervention by Congress. upon which the Democratic party at Cincinnati rested
Need he accumulate these extracts to show that got & was, that the government of the Territories had been single statesman who has figured in Congress, 08 late transferred from Congress, and, carrying out the spirit years, but has taken this high ground? and genius of our institutions, had been given to the Mr. Samuels, of Iowa, presented the followpeople of the Territories."
ing report on behalf of the minority of the FROM A SPEECH BY HON. A. H. STEPHENS, OF GEORGIA, Platform Committee :
tu “The whole question of Slavery or No Slavery was to 1. Resolved, That we, the Democracy of the Union, in be left to the people of the Territories, whether North Convention assembled, hereby declare our affirme
Dn or South of 86° 30', or any other line. The question was the resolutions unanimously adopted and declar Sed as & to be taken out of Congress, where it had been impro- platform of principles by the Democratic Convention at perly thrust from the beginning, and to be left to the Cincinnati, in the year 1856, believing that Demak ocratic peuple concerned in the matter to decide for themselves. principles are unchangeable in their nature, w
hen ap This, I say, was the position originally held ly:lle Eouth plied to the same subject matters; and we record al mmend when the Missouri Restriction was at first proposeil. The as the only further resolutions the following: principle upon which that position resis, lits at the very Inasmuch as differences of opinion exist in the Demofoundation of all our Republican institutions: it is that cratic Party as to the nature and extent of the the citizens of every distinct and separate community of a Territorial Legislature, and as to the pow. or State should have the right to govern themselves in duties of Congress, under the Constitution of thg
United their domestic matters as they please, and that they states, over the institution of Slavery within tet. Sae Terri should be free from intermeddling restriction and tories : arbitrary dictation on such matters, from any other 2. Resolved, That the Democratic Party will
abide by Power or Government, in which they have no voice." the decisions of the Supreme Court of the UnionMr. Payne continued. But for consuming time, he
on the questions of Constitutional law. could read for half an hour, to show that every eminent Southern man had held the same opinion on the doctrine to atford ample and complete protection to a str.
3. Resowed, That it is the duty of the Unit of popular sovereignty. Mr. Payne would read from the Cincinnati Platform zens, whether at home or abroad, and whether boule
foreign. to show what it laid down. All should be familiar Resolced, That one of the necessities of th v. with it: “The American Democracy recognize and adopt the speedy communication between the Atlantic anathe d Pacife
a military, commercial, and postal point of bt principles contained in the organic laws, establishing the states ; and the Dennocratic Party pledge such M Territories of Kansas and Nebraska as embodying the tional Government aid as will insure the constry C only sound and safe solution of the 'Slavery Question' upon which the great National idea of the People of this period.
a railroad to the Pacific coast, at the earliest privode <ction of whole country can repose in its determined conservatism of the Union-non-interference by Congress with of the acquisition of the Island of Cuba, on 81 ien
5. Resoloed, That the Democratic party ares, Slavery in State and Territory, or in the District of as shall be honorable to ourselves and just to ind Columbia," They nominated Mr. Buchanan on that Platform, to defeat the faithful execution of the Fugit; '8;
6. Resoloed, That the enactments of State Leerow agreed on by the representatives of every State in the Law, are hostile in character, subversive of
din, he Union, as the official record would show. There was not tution, and revolutionary in their effect. ich one dissenting voice in the whole list of States. In casting the vote of North Carolina, his friend, Mr, Avery,
Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, again ve to
Powen are and
ed Statas 15:11
Are are be consti
(as a minority) the Cincinnati Platform without of the original resolution proposed by the gentlemaa
from North Carolina.
Mr. Butler's Platform affirms the Cincinnati
Yeas–Maine, 8; Massachusetts, 8; Connecticut, 24; The majority of the Convention, confident of New-Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 16+ Delaware, 3; Mary their power to reject the majority report, were land, 54; Virginia, 121; North Carolina, 10; Georgia, 1); anxious for a vote; but the minority seemed Missouri, 41; Tennessee, 11; Kentucky, 9; Minnesota,
, determined to stave off definite action for that Nays-Maine, 5; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; day, and carried their point by a system cur- Massachusetts, 5; "Rhode Island, 4, Connecticut, 8t; rently termed“ filibustering,” which would have New-York, 85; New Jersey, 2; Pennsylvania, 104; Mary: done no discredit to the House of Representa- Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Mississippi, 1 ; Texas, 4;
land, 21 ; Virginia, 21; South Carolina, 8; Florida, 3; tives at Washington. The confusion and hub- Arkansas, 4, Missouri
, 44; Tennessee, 1 ; Kentucky, 8; bub which prevailed may be comprehended Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13;
Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; Wisconperhaps, by the following extract from the offi- sin, 8; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 21'; California, 1–198. cial report of the proceedings :
So the amendment was rejected.
The minority report (that of Mr. Samuels) Mr. Bigler obtained the floor, and desired to suggest was then read, and, after ineffectual attempts to the Convention that, by common consent, and without to table the subject and proceed to a nominaany further struggle, they should adjourn. (Cries of “I object !" "I object !")
tion, the vote was taken and the minority Mr. Hunter, of Louisiana.--I appeal to my Democratic report was adopted as an amendment or substifriends of the South and my Democratie friends from all tute, as follows: parts of the Union--(Cries of "order !" " order !" and The greatest disorder prevailing in the Hall.)
Yeas–Maine, 8; New-Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5. The President-The Chair begs leave, once for all, to Massachusetts, 1 ; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; Nev. state-and the Chair entreats the Convention to listen to York, 85 ; New.Jersey, 5; Pennsylvania, 12; Maryland, this declaration-that it is physically impossible for the 8t; Virginia, 1; Missouri, 4; Tennessee, 1 ; Kentucky, Chair to go on in a contest with six hundred men as to 27; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11; Michigan, 6; who shall cry out loudest; and unless the Convention Wisconsin, 5; Iowa, 4; Minnesota, 4–165. will come to order, and gentlemen take their places and
Nays-Massachusetts, 6; New-Jersey, 2; Pennsyl-
Texas, 4; Arkansas, 4; Missouri, 5; Tennessee, 11 ; Ken.
The question was then taken on the adoption
The delegation from Alabama, by its Chair. e a less evil than that this incessant confusion and dis- man, then presented a written protest, signed order, presenting such a spectacle to the people of South by all its members, announcing their purpose to Carolina, should continue to prevail in this most honorable body of so many respectable gentlemen of the high withdraw from the Convention. They were est standing in the community, engaged in debate and followed by the delegations from Mississippi, deliberation upon the dearest interests of the country. Florida, Texas, all the Louisiana delegation 'Applause.)
except two, all the South Carolina delegation It was finally agreed that the vote should be except three, three of the Arkansas delegation, aken the next day—or rather the following two of the Delaware delegation (including Monday, and the Convention adjourned.
Senator Bayard) and one from North Carolina.
Mr. Walker, of Alabama.-Mr. President, I am in-
The undersigned delegates, representing the State of amendment, by striking out all after the word “re before your honorable body the following statements of solved," and inserting the proposition proposed by him on behalf of that minority. The first question will
On the eleventh day of January, 1860, the Democratio be, therefore, upon the amendment moved by the gen. party of the State of Alabama met in Convention, in the tleman from Massachusetts (Mr. Butler). If that amend city of Montgomery, and adopted, with singular unani. ment falls, the Convention will
then come to a vote upon mity, a series of resolutions herewith submitted: the amendment moved by the gentleman from Iowa (Mr. Samuels). If, however, the amendment of Mr. vention assembled, That holding all issues and principles upon
1. Resolved by the Democracy of the State of Alabama in Con Butler prevails, then that amendment will have taken which they have heretofore ailliated and acted with the Nathe place of the amendment moved by Mr. Samuels, and tional Democratic Party to be inferior in dignity and impor. the next question will be upon substituting it in the place tance to the great question of Slavery, they content themselves
ALABAMA PROTESTS AND WITHDRAWS.
with a general re-afirmarce of the Cincinnati platform as to spects subject to criticism, we should not have felt oursuch issues, and also indorse said platform as to Slavery, selves in duty bound to withhold our acquiescence. together with the following resolutions :
But it has been the pleasure of this Convention, by an 2. Resolred further, That we re-aflirm so much of the first
almost exclusive sectional vote, not representing a maresolution of the platform adopted in the Conveniion by the Democracy of this State, on the 8th of January, 1836, as jority of the Democratic electoral vote, to adopt a platrelates to the subject of Slavery, to-wit : "The unqualified form which does not, in our opinion, nor in the opinion right of the people of the Slaveholding States to the protection of those who urge it, embody in substance the principles of their property in the States, in the Territories, and in the of the Alabama resolutions. That Platform is as follows: wilderness, in which Territorial Governments are as yet unorganized."
[Here follow Mr. Samuels' resolutions as adope 3. Resolved further, That in order to meet and clear away obstacles to a full enjoyment of this right in the Territories, ted. See Platform.]
e-aflirm the principle of the 9th resolution of the Platform adopted in Convention by the Democracy of this State, Southern Democracy are ;
The points of difference between the Northern and on the 14th of February, 1818, to wit: “That it is the duty of the General Government, by all proper legislation, to secure
1st. As regards the status of Slavery as a political in. an entry into those Territories to all the citizens of the United stitution in the Territories whilst they remain Territories, States, together with their property of every description, and and the power of the people of a Territory to exclude it that the same should be protected by the United States while by unfriendly legislation; and the Territories are under its authority."
2d. As regards the duty of the Federal Government to 4. Resolted further, That the Constitution of the United States is a compact between sovereign and co-equal States, united protect the owner of slaves in the enjoyment of his proupon the basis of perfect equality of rights and privileges. perty in the Territories so long as they remain such. 5. Resolved further, That the Territories
of the United States
This Convention has refused, by the Platform adopted, are common property, in which the States have equal rights, to settle either of these propositions in favor of the South, and to which the citizens of every State may rightfully emi. | We deny to the people of a Territory any power to legis. grate, with their slaves or other property recognized as such late against the institution of Slavery; and we assert in any of the States of the Union, or by the Constitution of the that it is the duty of the Federal Government, in all its United States.
6. Resolved further, That the Congress of the United States departments, to protect the owner of slaves in the enjoy. has no power to abolish Slavery in the Territories, or to pro- ment of his property in the Territories. These princi. hibit its introduction into any of them.
ples, as we state them, are embodied in the Alabama 7. Resolved further, That the Territorial Legislatures, creat Platform. ed by the legislation of Congress, have no power to abolish
Here, then, is a plain, explicit and direct issue between Slavery, or to prohibit the introduction of the same, or to im; this Convention and the constituency wbich we have the pair by unfriendly legislation the security and full enjoyment of the same within the Territories ; and such constitutional honor to represent in this body. power certainly does not belong to the people of the Territo- Instructed as we are, not to waive this issue, the con. ries in any capacity, before, in the exercise of a lawful authori- tingency, therefore, has arisen, when, in our opinion, it ty, they form a Constitution preparatory to admission as a becomes our duty to withdraw from this Convention. Siate into th: Union ; and their action, in the exercise of such We beg, sir, to communicate this fact through you, and lawful authority, certainly cannot operate or take effect before to assure the Convention that we do so in no spirit of their actual admission as a State into the Union.
8. Resolved further, That the principles enunciated by Chief anger, but under a sense of imperative obligation, proJustice Taney, in his opinion in the Dred Scott case, deny to perly appreciating its responsibilities and cheerfully subthe Territorial Legislature the power to destroy or impair, by mitting to its consequences, any legislation whatever, the right of property in slaves, and L. P. WALKER, Chairman. 0.0. HARPER, maintain it to be the duty of the Federal Government, in all
J. S. Lyon,
LEWIS H. Cato, of its departments, to protect the rights of the owner of such
JOHN A. WINSTON,
JNO. W. PORTIS, property in the Territories; and the principles so declared
ROBERT G. SCOTT,
F. G. NORMN, are hereby asserted to be the rights of the South, and the South shoul aintain them.
A. B. MEEK,
W. C. GUILD, 9. Resolved further, That we hold all of the foregoing propo. J. R. BREARE,
JULIUS C. B. MITCHELL, sitions to contain cardinal principles-true in themselves-and
H, D. SMITH,
W. C. SHERROI), just and proper, and necessary for the safety of all that is
G. G. GRIFFIN, lear to us; and we do hereby instruct our dedegates to the
W. L. YANCEY,
J. T, BRADFORD, Charleston Convention to present them for the calm consider
D. W. BAINE,
T. J. BURNETT, ation and approval of that body-from whose justice and patriotism we anticipate their adoption.
N. H. R. Dawson,
A. G. HENRY, 10. Resolved further, That our delegates to the Charleston
R. M. PATTON,
W m. M. BROOKS, Convention are hereby expressly instructed to insist that said W. C. McIVER,
R. CHAPMAN, Convention shall adopt a platform of principles, recognizing distinctly the rights of the South, as asserted in the foregoing
Mr. Walker also presented a resolution to the resolutions; and if the said National Convention shall refuse to adopt, in substance, the propositions embraced in the pre- effect that no other person than the retiring dele. ceding resolutions, prior to nominating candidates, our dele. gates to said Convention are hereby positively instructed to gates had any authority to represent Alabania withdraw therefrom.
in the Convention. 11. Resomed further, That our delegates to the Charleston Convention shall cast the vote of Alabama as a unit, and a
The Alabama delegation then withdrew from majority of our delegates shall determine how the vote of this the ball. State shall be given. 12. Resolved further, That an Executive Committee, to con
MISSISSIPPI WITHDRAWS. sist of one from each Congressional District, be appointed, whose duty it shall be, in the event that our delegates with- Mr. Barry, of Mississippi.-I am instructed by the draw from the Charleston Convention, in obedience to the 10th Mississippi delegation to state that they retire from the resolution, to call a Convention of the Democracy of Alabama Convention with the
delegation from Alabama. (Cheers.) to meet at an early day to consider what is best to be done.
They have prepared a protest, which they desire to subUnder these resolutions, the undersigned received their mit, but by accident it is not now here. I desire also to appointment, and participated in the action of this Con- state that they have adopted unanimously a resolution vention,
that they are the only delegates—which is uncontestedBy the resolution of instruction, the tenth in the series, and that no one is or shall be authorized to represent we were directed to insist that the platform adopted by them in their absence upon the floor of the Convention, this Convention should embody,“ in whole,” the proposi- (Cheers.) tions embraced in the preceding resolutions, prior to
Mr. Mouton, of Louisiana.- Mr. President, I have but nominating candidates.
a short communication to make to the Convention. I do Anxious, if possible, to continue our relations with this not do it as an individual. I am authorized to say by Convention, and thus to maintain the nationality of the the delegates representing Louisiana in this Convention, Democratic party, we agreed to accept, as the substance that they will not participate any longer in the proceedof the Alabama platform, either of the two reports sub- ings of this Convention. (Cheers.).
leretofore we have mitted to this Convention by the majority of the Commit- been in the habit of saying that the Democracy of the tee on Resolutions—this majority representing not only country was harmonious. (Laughter.). Can we say go a majority of the States of the Union, but also the only to-day with any truth? Are we not divided, and divided States at all likely to be carried by the Democratic party in such a manner that we can never be reconciled, be. in the Presidential election. We beg to make these re
cause we are divided upon principle! Can we agree to ports a part of this communication.
the Platform adopted by the majority of the Convention, [See heretofore the two sets of resolutions re- and then go home to our constituents and put one con
struction on it, while Northern Democrats put another! ported by Mr. Avery.]
No, Mr. President, I think I speak the sentiment of iny These reports received the indorsement in the Com- State when I say that she will never play such a part. mittee on Resolutions of every Southern State, and, had (Cheers.) If we are to fight the Black Republicans to either of them been adopted as the platform of principles gether, lét us do it with a bold front; let us use the sans of the Democratic party, although possibly in some re- arms; let us sustain the same principles. I was willing