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For MARCH 1803.
Fagc ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS , On Disappointment
The Pretender's Address to his
Army before the battle of Cul-
loden Correction of a Mistake in Dr Ranken's History of France
“ When Willy Pitt," a Song by
157 On the Flights of Imagination
158 On Celtic Etymology
160 IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. Defultory Remarks on some sub
Proceedings in House of Lords jects in Natural History and
House of Cominons 203 Phyfiology
162 Stenographic Music
MONTHLY REGISTER. A Letter from a Man of Fashion 167
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. Extracts from the Journal of a France, present situation of the reTour through fra::ce &c. 169 public
206 On the Manners O' Embro
174 | Egypt, Cape of Good Hope A Curious fact in the History of Holland, America the Small Pox
177 GAZETTE INTELLIGENCE An Original Letter from James Thomson to his fifter
Disturbance in the Portsmouth
theatre Remarks on the Balance of Power,
Preis warrants iflued from the Edinburgh Review 179
Charges to the Jury in Col. DefOn the Character and Capacity of
pard's trial, by the Attorneythe Afiaticks
General, &c. A Curious custom in' Muscovy
EDINBURGH. An Account of the Tungoose
Determination of the DunfermOn the Origin of Springs 137. line election
217 Spanish Literature 189 City addrefs his Majesty
217 An account of the Life and Writ.
Grand Main of Cocks
217 tings of Dr Reid, Concluded
190 | Leading clauses in the Police Bill Foreign Literary Notices 194 for the City
218 Scotish Literary Notices
197 | Meeting of R. E. V. to offer their
21S Scotland's Bill of Fare
219 Sonnet to Hope
198 || High Tides at Leith
E DIN BURGH:
FOR THE PROPRIETORS :
The Life of Argyle will be concluded in our next number.
The communication entitled, Remarks on the New Edition of Chatter. ton's Works, hath been received, and will be inserted in our next. We were much pleased with the accurate and just observations it contains, and request the continuance of the author's correspondence.
THE “ Sentiments and Observations" with which we have been favour. ed by an anonymous Correspondent, seem to contain nothing new; and, we suspect, would not be interesting to the public.
R's paper on Politeness will probably appear in our next.
Our Correspondent who uses the signature H. is respectfully informed, that we took the trouble to make considerable alterations and corrections upon the
to which he refers, but after all we judged it unfit for publication. The author requests that, if the composition be defective, we should correct it, and that the public should be allowed to judge of the reasoning. The impropriety of this request is too obvious to need a single remark.
THE verses entitled “ An Extract from a Gothic Poem” have been received, and will be inserted in our next. We wish the author all manner of success in the prosecution of his design, and shall be glad to receive such other extracts as he
proper to send us.
Bonny Jean ; a Scotch Song, by the author of the Journey through the Highlands, has come to hand, and will appear in our next number.
THz Gleanings from a celebrated deceased poet are of such a nature, as Lo be entirely unsuitable to the nature of our miscellany.
The paper on Religious Establishment has just come to hand, but the author carries his principles to a dangerous length, and thus lays us un. der the neceflity of refusing it a place,
HÉ Parliament of England, ly offended that the parliaments
known by the name of the were prorogued before they could long parliament, met at London procure a redress of grievances, or on the 3d of November 1640. It before they had time to deliberate may be proper here to take notice upon what might be most beneficial of its character, and the design of to the prosperity and happiness of its meeting, lince the character of the nation. Argyle in the future part of his life Hence the present meeting of is much interwoven with its history. parliament diffused an universal joy. The protestants in England, who The people looked for redress from formed the majority of the people, an assembly, which the necessities had long been dissatisfied with the of the king had forced him to con. measures of the government. James From the character of the entertained very high ideas of the members, whose sentiments were royal prerogative, and hence was pretty generally similar to their own, frequently led to thwart the incli- they had reason to entertain very nations of the people. His fuccef- flattering expectations; and the for, Charles I, inherited the same friendship and co-operation of the disposition to defend the power of Scottish army, gave these expectathe crown against the encroachments tions an addicional strength.
In of the subjects. Besides, the people electing the members, they were were now utterly disgusted at the au careful to choose the most pious and thority and conduct of the bishops; patriotic, so that the parliar.ent while the king, from a regard to was chiefly composed of reformers, his own intereft, considered him- who were dissatisfied with the prefelf bound to support them to the fent administration of affairs. utmost of his power. But the arbi The sentiments of these reform. trary proceedings of Laud, who
ers were loon manifested by their had almost the fole direction in ec- public proceedings. Making the clefiaftical affairs, at once inclined necellities of the king a matter of the English to favour the cause of secondary moment, theyimmediatethe Scots. They were likewife high- ly proceeded to examine the peti VOL. LXV.
iions for a redress of grievances, majesty was said to conçur, became which were poured in upon them known, to the Commons, they were from all quarters.
So numerous alarmed, and entered into a bond were they, that the house was forc- of defence for the security of their ed to divide and subdivide itself into liberties, and of the protestant relia great variety of committees, for gion. The consequences of the disthe purpose of examining them. The covery, “ were infinitely prejudicial chief of these committees may be to the King's affairs, the court loft comprehended under four heads : its reputation, the reverence due to 1. Such
respected religion. the king and queen was lefsened, 2. Such as respected the manage and the House of Commons began ment of public affairs.
to be esteemed the only barrier of relating to criminal proceedings the people's liberties.”* Thus the and Courts of justice. 4. Those rupture betwixt the King and par. relating to popery, plots, defigns, liament commenced, and became &c. The result of their delibera- greater and greater, till the unfortions was an immediate impeach- tunate monarch gratified by his ment of the Earl of Strafford. He death the vengeance of an offend. was governor of Ireland, and had ed people ; and till the troubles, been earnestly requested by the King arising from democratic fury and to come to parliament, as a person aristocratic ambition, opened the in whom he could put implicit con eyes of the nation to perceive, that fidence. Upon his arrival, however, their best security and happiness Mr Pym, one of the most distin were to be found in the establishguished of the reformers, accused ment of a limited monarchy. him of being an enenly to the liber During these transactions, Arties of his country, and the greatest gyle was employed at home, in promoter of tyranny which the na. maintaining tranquillity, and regution ever produced. Upon these lating public affairs.
By his vague charges, aggravated by the prudence in council, and his exhigh rank which he held in his ma tensive influence with his country. jesty's favour, the Earl of Strafford men, he had a principal share in was attainted, and sentenced to exe. bringing about the pacification at cution. Archbishop Laud too, up. Rippon. While this treaty was deon the 18th of November, was im- pending, the Scottish parliament peached of high treason, and com- frequently met, and was frequentmitted to custody.
ly prorogued. But the treaty beTHESE violent proceedings of the ing now nearly concluded, the parparliament filled the king with the liament met at Edinburgh on the most uneasy apprehensions. In the 15th of July 1641. It was agreed loss of his favourites he saw his au. that no business of importance thority despised, and the stability of should be entered upon till the his government shaken. Hence he middle of August, when the King was drawn into a measure, which was expected to visit Scotland. operated as i cause of his future HITHERTO the Scots had presufferings. A plan was formed by served a degree of union rarely to some of the courtiers, to bring the be met with in times of civil comarmy that had been raised against motion. The influence of the coihe Scots to London, 10 overawe venant, which bound them to ab. the parliament, to rescue Strafford, ftain from divisive measures, operatand to take posseflion of the city. When this design, with which his * Neal's Hift. of the Puritaps.
ed with full effect. But a circum- fo, but was prevented by his friends. Itance at this time occurred, by They thought that a public examwhich that union was almost dif. ple was necessary to stop, for the folved. While the parliament was time
come, the progress of preparing accusations against the fuch dangerous and malicious atincendiaries, a discovery was made tempts. respecting Montrose, which threat
His Majesty, on account of his ened to be attended with important disagreement with his English para consequences. Jealous of the influ- liament, having resolved upon a vience of Argyle in the senate, and fit to Scotland, to strengthen his inof Leslie in the army, during the fluence in that country, began his treaty at Rippon, he had been car- journey upon the roth of August. rying on a secret correspondence At Gladsmuir, he was welcomed with the court to the prejudice of by Argyle, Lord Almond, and the covenanters. While the par- several other persons of distinction. liament was inquiring into this af- He arrived at Holyroodhouse upon fair, he was detected in a malicious the 14th, accompanied by a small attempt to wound the reputation of retinue of the nobility. On the Argyle, and to set him at perpetual 17th, he came to parliament, prevariance with his sovereign ; upon ceded by the Marquis of Hamilton which he was immediately arrested, carrying the crown, Argyle the and committed to custody. It ap- sceptre, and Sutherland the sword. peared that Montrose had propagat. His address to the parliament was ed a report, that the Earl of Ar- cordial and condescending. He gyle had said, in presence of the lamented the unhappy disturbances Earl of Athol, and eight others which had lately arisen. He prowhom he had detained in custody fessed his readiness to accomplish for making war upon their country: whatever he had promised for the “ That the parliament had consult- public fatisfaction, and claimed the ed both divines and lawyers about support of his subjects to liis authothe legality of deposing the King, rity transmitted entire through one and had come to a resolution, that hundred and eight generations of in fume cases the thing was legal kings. Argyle in reply, compared and expedient.” Mr Stewart, one the kingdom to a fhip toffed in a of the eight taken up with Athol, tempeltuous sea, and his majesty to was named by Montrose as his in- a skilful pilot steering her inrough former. Argyle denied the truth rocks and shelves, and casting out of this charge in the Itrongest terms, the most cumbrous baggage for her and, at the instance of his friends, fafety. He begged that ne would commenced a prosecution against not leave her, till he had brough: Stewart, before the High Court of her in safety to her desired haven. Justiciary. · Stewart retracted his The commons having obtained a accusation, and vindicated the in- redress of their principal grievances, nocence of Argyle. The trial, how- and the establishment of their civil ever, went on; Stewart was found
and religious liberties, bound thenguilty of the charge brought against felves to be faithful to the King, to him, condemned, and executed ac- guard his person against all plots cording to his sentence. Argyle
Argyle and conspiracies whatever, and to hath been accused of cruelty
maintain to the utinost of their fupplicating the royal clernency in
power peace and union in all his favour of Stewart. It appears, Majesty's dominions. however, that he intended to do During the sitting of this parliaVol. LXV.