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It has been questioned how far the emotions that ever warmed the that conduct is laudable, that is un- breast of man, none is more exalted dertaken from the love of fame. or more pleasing than the reflection, The love of fame of itself is furely that generations unborn will rise no virtuous motive. But it de- and call them blessed. serves cultivation, in so far as it These observations naturally lead is subfervient to the interests of mo us to speak of that justice, which rality. The habit of acting virtu- history renders to the memory of ously, naturally tends to induce those men whose actions the revirtuous principles, and the benefit cords. to society is the same, whether the It is the daily complaint of viraction proceeded from the love of tue, that vice escapes with impureputation, or the pure desire of nity, and sometimes leaves the doing good.

world in triumph, while worth is As an incentive to goodness, the left to languish in obscurity, and love of fame is not, I apprehend, die disregarded. “ Reputation,” says discountenanced by our religion. Dr Jortin, “accompanies defert as 'The complete reward of the saints its shadow; but sometimes the day shall be enjoyed in heaven only. is overcast, and the shadow disapThe force of this inferior motive is pears." The actions of the good not, however, overlooked. Hence, are under-rated by their contempowe are told that amongst men, raries; their expectations disap" The name of the wicked shall pointed; and their beneficent acrot, while the righteous shall be in tions ascribed to motives which cverlasting remembrance."

they inly abhor. Such treatment By such a love of fame, the great often suggests reflections which even and the good in every age have the consciousness of rectitude is been more or less actuated. Nor scarcely able to support. The sufhave they often been afhamed to ferings of the good, however, find avow it.

with posterity an ample redress. Non omnis moriar, multaque pars mei The historic, like the poetic muse, vitabit libitinam, is not the vain glo- will not allow “the man who derious boast of the Roman lyric poet, ferves our praise, to die." + but the natural expression of a fen Vice may be for a time conceal. timent inseparable from conscious ed under the disguite which it asexcellence. Far from grudging fumes, but the maik will sooner or him the enjoyment of his well later be torn off. And then, when earned fame, we readily subjoin in authority can no longer awe, nor his own words,

success dazzle the mind, the cha.

racter will be estimated according " Sume superbiam meritis quæfitam.” to its intrinsic merits. “ Cicero was The most enviable distinction that I know, is, by our merits, to endear

+ To the historian we may apply ourselves to the affections of others;* the beautiful lines of Jortin, in which and every one will allow that of all he celebrates the power of the poet:

Omnes fata trahunt serius ocius;
Caligo subit, et triste filentium ;
Sed vates tenebras discutit invidas;

Virtutesque vetat nori.

Quique sui memores alios fecere merendo," have juftly a diftinguished place assigned by Virgil in the regions of the blessed.-- Æn. vi. 664.

Jortin's Tracts, Vol. I. 8vo.


abandoned by O&avius, and maf- his own breast, the hopes of Christifacred by Anthony." But read the anity, and endeavour, by every following fragment of Aurelius means, to recommend them to a Fuscus, and then tell me whether thers The man whose mind is you would choose to be the orator large enough to comprehend the or triumvir! "Quoad humanum ge- discoveries

discoveries of revelation, and whose nus immobile manferit ; quamdiu approving heart can witness, that usus literis, honor fummæ eloquen- he has nothing to fear from the tiæ pretium erit, quamdiu rerum Judge of all, must read with double natura, aut fortuna, steterit, aut relish, the pages of history. In memoria duraverit, admirabile pof- them he finds registered the dispenteris vigebis, et uno proscriptus fæ- fations of that Being whom he loves culo, profcribes Antonium omni- and adores. To him history is a bus." Whilst the human race ihall text book for which religion furcontinue ; whilst learning shall be nishes the comment. It teaches cultivated; whilst the highest emi- him to look beyond secondary caunence in eloquence shall be valued; fes, to that unseen Agent who difso long as the present constitution poses of all. A&tions, which seemn of nature shall last, or memory en. dictated solely by human caprice, dure; you shall flourish in the ad. he fees were ordered by Omniscimiration of pofterity, and, profcrib- ent Wisdom; and events, which ed in one age, you Thall expose An- men call contingent, foreseen from thony to the detestation of every eternity. generation.

The state of the heathen world, "Tis thus hiftory does justice to at the appearance of the Melliah, the injured. It may come too late and the circumstances that prepared for the individual concerned. But the nations for the reception of the its influence will be acknowledged gospel, were owing to no fortuitous to be powerful on posterity. By concurrence of human affairs. The thus encouraging virtue, and re- present state of the Jews, and the hilprefling vice, history will be allowed tory of the Christian church, are, on most effentially to serve the cause of any principle of political science, morality.

absolutely inexplicable. But taken We shall conclude this paper in connection with the prophecies of with a few observations on the use scripture, they exhibit an uncontro. of history in religion.

vertible proof, that the Most High, VOLTAIRE (Dizionaire Historique) who sees the end from the beginlaughed at Bolluet's making his dif- ning, ruleth in the kingdom of course on universal history a handmaid to religion. Voltaire, and Events, indeed, viewed fingly, men like him, have laughed, and and as they fall in fucceffion under may continue to laugh at such a observation, may sometimes appear subject. It is all they can do a. difordered. But contemplated against it. But whoever values the long, not only with their immediate dignity of his nature, or the best effects, but also with their remote, interests of society, will cherish in consequences, we perceive them

working together for some final

good. The history of every age • Precipium annalium munus eft, ne abounds with instances of this kind. virtutes fileantur; atque pravis dectis We may take two from the modern fatisque, ex pofteris et infæmia metus history of our own country. Henry fit. - Taciius.

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VIII. of England can only, in his the tyrant in the midst of his caprivate character, be regarded as a reer ; fets limits to the rage of the Headstrong capricious tyrant. His enemy, laying, Hitherto shalt thou caprices, however, were under pro- come but no farther. vidence, the very means of bring Such have been the discoveries, ing about the reformation. James which, in many instances, religion 11. superstitious and overbearing, has made. A similar explanation thought, no doubt, to awe the peo- might be given of every event, ple into submission to the fee of were we permitted to view it in all Rome. But those very measures its bearings and connections. These, on which he depended for the fuc- in the prefent ftate, however, are cess of his schemes, banished him concealed from man. And it is from the throne, and secured to Bri- from hence, that the use of history, tain, fuch civil and religious privi. in a religious view, becomes conliges, as constitute the happiness of fpicuous. From a number of facts her inhabitants, and excite the ad. which it records, the interference iniration of mankind.

of providence is undeniable. From The history of the world, confi. many circumstances it is no less dered without the light which reli- evident, that he is on the side of gion throws on it, would appear a probity and religion. Vice is gechaos, where crimes and calamities nerally attended with mifery, if not fly in casual confusion. But, if we with infamy. Happiness, if not take revelation for our guide, we glory, in the natural course of fee the beginnings of a fyftem grand things, encircles virtue. Were this in idea, and benevolent in delign: order unbroken, we would cona system over which goodness and chude, that the scheme of moral gowisdom preside. We see the fame vernment was in this life complete. power that formed the universe, But the daily infractions upon this luperintending the affairs of men. order, convince us, that the plan of At his nod, kingdoms and empires providence is at present only in its rife or fall. Without his appoint. commencement.

We see enough ment or permission, war does not to discover the general tendency of defolate the earth, nor peltilence things. The remaining darknets depopulate the nations. It is he that rests on the ways of the Al. who fcattereth the men that delight mighty is intended to impress more in bloodshed, that binds the people forcibly on the mind of man the in peace, and exalts the virtuous belief of that future world, where princes that bless them. The righteousness ihall be rewarded, and bloody conqueror is only the rod of vice punithed; the propriety of e. his wrath, to punish men for their very dispensation unfolded, and the transgressions. He forms the in. myitery of God for ever finished. struments with which he executes

W. H. his purposes, and employs them ac. Longridges cording to his pleasure. He arrests

For the Scots Magazine.


MALLET had dined with a com Mallet was once Janitor of the pany of Literati, and the bottle palled High School of this city: the word pretty freely. Having got into good tollatur is given by the Master to fpirits, he was taking the whole con- the Janitor, when a boy is to be versation almost upon himfelf. A fogged, who instantly takes up the Scotch Gentleman present, did not boy upon his back. Mallet did not relish this ; and wishing to stop him, expect that this part of his history he addressed Mallet by name, and was known to any of the conpronounced the word tollatur. Mal. pany. let was fo ftruck, that he was silent all the evening.

For the Scots Magazine.


THE diversity of conditions in character is, in the opinion of the which mankind are placed, with re- world, need hardly be mentioned ; fpect to many natural and adventiti- nor can it be diffembled that a deous circumstances, has a neceffary gree of malevolence is universally tendency to separate the fpecies into esteemed its principal feature. I moral claffes, distinguished from have always thought however, that each other by a corresponding va there is a want of humanity in the riety of character. Among the more unqualified language often made obvious causes of these distinctions, use of on this subjeđ by writers, who may be ranked those defects of con while they are only solicitous about formation, which destroy the symme- giving point to their remarks, fortry of the person and countenance, get that they are wounding the feeland render them objects of surprise ings of a numerous and most fenfiand disgust to the beholder. De- tive class of their readers. Lord Bacon formity is a circumstance of too in particular, has expreiled himselt much importance to the individual on the moral character of the dein whom it exists, not to have a formed, with a severity that might powerful influence in determining almost be called unfeeling, and which the bent of his difpofition; hence, a experience is very far from justifycommon character may be eafily ing. Still it must be acknowledged traced in those who agree in this that there is some foundation in unhappy peculiarity. What that truth for this universal opinion, for


a leaning towards misanthropy is Into this breathing world, fcarce half made
undoubtedly the natural effect of re-
markable inferiority in any particu- Thar dogs bark at me as I helt by them ;-

And that so lamely and unfashionably,
lar to the common standard of the why, 1, in this weak piping time of peace

Have no delight to pass away the time; The feelings that must arise in Unlefs to spy my shadow in the fun, the mind of a deformed person, on

And descant on my own deformity; comparing himself with others of the And therefore-fince I cannot provea lover,

To entertain these fair well spokeo days,— same rank and age, may be easily I am determined to prove a villain, imagined. He will necessarily be And have the idle pleasure of these days. indignant at finding himself 'thus disgraced by the hand of nature,

With these sentiments here exand for want of a direct object on which to fix his resentment, he will pressed, every man of a form like

Richard's, cannot help feeling somebe apt to transfer a part of it to mankind in general, who, he thinks, thing like a momentary fympathy;

nor is it possible for him to be pofcan never look upon him but with

sessed with the same complete deaversion. If endowed with an ardent character, he will burn to fig

testation of the tyrant as an indiffenalise himself beyond his more fa

rent spectator of the drama.

This tendency to malignity, every voured cotemporaries, and to efface the recollection of his natural far the most serious evil attending

by disadvantage by the lustre of his acquired merit. He will therefore be deformity; and if he is conscious quired merit. He will therefore be of fymptoms of it in his own breast, ambitious ; but his ambition will not he will labour to overcome them, de of the philanthropic kind; it will

with an energy of resolution proprompt him rather to make himself feared than beloved, as the chief portioned to the comprehenhon of

his views, and the strength of his pleafure which he proposes to him. Telf in the exercise of power, is to

moral feelings. Besides the com

mon motives, he has an interest pecontempt, by enforcing their ho- culiar to himself in avoiding the mage and mortifying their pride. him it would fall with an accumu

difpleasure of mankind, because on Obfcure feelings of this kind will oc lated weight. It may be remarked, casionally enter even the best regu- that owing to the solitary restraints lated minds, however carefully they may be repressed and discouraged ; natural sentiments of the species

imposed by civilized manners, the but in tempers of a bold and un

with respect to deformity are seldom principled caft, they will be expli: displayed in their full extent. We citely stated and avowedly acted up- fometimes observe them very frongon. Shakespeare has admirably es ly expressed by the vulgar, who are emplified this effect of deformity in less accustomed than their fuperiors, his character of Richard the third, and contrary to his usual manner of to disguise their emotions, or to releaving the character to develope it press them by contiderations of pro. self in the course of the action, has priety. Sentible of the injustice of expressly stated it in the foliloquy treating an involuntary misfortune with which the play opens.

as a crime, mankind endeavour as

much as poffible to rectify their fenI that am curtailed of this fair proportion,

timents, when the object of them is Cheated of feature by dissembling nature,

in other respects agreeable. But Deforni'd, uninih d, sent before my time when malice and deformity are uni


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