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with us.

But you are impatient all this mens he hourly gives us of his while to hear of your friend M-, English and his French, he is not about whom you enquired so anxi. content with any one of the lanoufly in your last. With regard to guages in its native purity, but his health, I shall only fay, that enriches each with materials borI hope our journey fouthward will rowed from the general stock. He . improve it. In other respects, as is a clever, active, plausible fellow, well as in that, he must have un and promiles to be a very useful. dergone much change fince you travelling-fervant. As to Edwards, formerly knew him; yet, even now, he is a good, honest, faithful lad, I diftin&tly recognise in him those who is much attached from gratiamiable qualities, which then at tude to M-'s family, and who tracted and secured your esteem and is permitted to accompany us, mereaffection. They are tempered by ly because he could not think of the more manly virtues, and regu- parting with his master. Though lated by a knowledge of the world, he speaks no language but his mobut they will always maintain a ther tongue, we may have no reapredominancein his character. From 191 to repent our having taken him this, joined to the extent of his knowledge, the accuracy of his As no free communication is yet judgment, and the delicacy of his open betwixt the two nations, we . taste, I anticipate much of both can only get over under a flag of pleasure and improvement in his truce, and in a vefsel ernployed by company.

He likes to talk of his Government. We are therefore de.. intimacy with you, and this has at tained here in a state of teazing suronce eltablished betwixt us an indis- pence, with regard to the time of soluble bond of union.

our departure. In the mean time, We set out from London, two we amuse ourselves as well as the days after the public rejoicings for place will allow, though it affords the figning of the Preliminaries of few objects to interest and gratify PEACE. This happy event gives curiosity. The docks extend into rise to the indulgence of many the very heart of this little town, pleasing reveries, checked, however, and begin now to resume an ap. by occasional alternations of fear. pearance of aclivity, which had but

F. F. Q. S.! M---- has stood too long been suspended. Every the journey wonderfully well, and countenance seems brightened by we are ready to proceed to France hope, and animated by the pursuit by the first verrel that offers. We of some object. I believe no place have brought with us two servant, in the kingdom joined more cordi. Cimbaloni and Edwards. The firit, ally than Dover in the general re: as you will guess from his name, joicings at the prospect of Peace. is by birth an Italian, tho' by Its prosperity, I may almost fay, residence he is a citizen of the its existence, is entirely dependant world. Under different masters, on our intercourse with France. he has travelled through almost The castle forms a picturesque every country in Europe, and he crown to a mountain at the north profelles to ipeak all forts of lan- end of the town, and during the guage, English, French, Spanish, war, has been confiderably improv. Portuguese, Dutch, German, Turk; ed. On the brow of a cliff which ith, and modern Greek, besides his hangs over the pebbly thore, are vernacular tongue. But if I may perched the new barracks, to which Le allowed to judge from the speci: the only access is a narrow tunnel Vol. LXV.




drilled through the chalky rock, for him at Calais, and a packet is and lighted at intervals from above. ordered to be in readiness to depart Some of the apartments are mere

with them to-morrow. I was excavations in the substance of the mused with the object of my visimountain, which is ealily perforated tor's journey to France. It is, to without being liable to fall in upon get quit of a giddiness or confusion in the workmen. All the mountains his head! I have heard of many a in this neighbourhood consist of this sound brain being rendered giddy cretaceous matter, in which there and confused by a trip to the Con. are embedded great quantities of tinent, but I never before knew ground flints deposited in horizon- that prescribed as a cure for the tal ftrata, at intervals of about three disease. Its virtues seem to refeet of solid chalk. From the semble those of the fumes of tobacbattlements of the castle, the cele co so feelingly described by our brated cliffs of Shakespeare form a country man in these elegant verses; confpicuous object. They rear their lofty head to the southward of the

« Tobacco reek, Tobacco reck, town.

“ When I am well, it makes me fick : O&. 17. I was interrupted yef “ Tobacco reek, Tobacco reek, terday by a welcome call from a “ It makes me well when I am sick." fellow-traveller, who is in the same predicament with ourselves, and I willingly close this long letter to who came to announce the prospect expedite matters for our departure. of a fpeedy release from it. The My next will be dated from Calais, Ambassador, it seems, has sent Yours, with esteem & affection, down two or three carriages, and I forget how many horses, to wait

For the Scots Magazine.


This interesting letter needs no true a sence of my present condi. comment. Cold indeed mult that tion, as I finde exprest by your breat be, which can peruse it with. lettre of the 8 of this month, and out emotion, or reticet upon his declaration ; bothe wch I receaved fate without regret.

upon Fryday last. And the same

reason wch makes you discreetly Cairsbrook, Monday, July 31.1648. and generously at this tyme for

beare to press any thing to me, “ My Lords and Gentlemen,

hinders me likewais to make par" It is no small comfort to me ticular profeffions unto you, least that my native country hath so it may be imagind that defyre of


liberty should be the only secretary and friendly debate, we shall very to my thoughts : yet thus much I well agree. To conclude : I cancannot but fay, that as, in all hu- not for the present better show my maine reason, nothing but a free thankefullneste to you, for the gepersonnall 'treaty with me nerous and loyall expressions of setle the unhappy distractions of your affections to me, than by givthese distressed kingdomes, fo, if ing you my honest and harty adthat could once be had, I would vice, wch is, really and constantly, not doubț but that (by the grace (without seeking privat ends) to of God) a happy peace would soone pursue the public profeffions in follow; such force, I belive, true your declaration, as fincere Chrifreason hath in the harts of all men, tians and good subjects ought to when it may be clearly and calmely doe; alwaies remembring, that as heard. And I am not ashamed at the best foundation of loyalty is all tymes to professe, that it hath Christianity, so true Christianity and so shall be alwais want of un- teaches perfect loyalty ; and, with. derstanding, not will, if I doe not out this just reciprocation, neither yeald to reason, whensoever and is truly what they pretend to be. from whomsoever I heare it ; and But I am both confident that this it were a strange thing should rea. needs not to you, as also that you son be less esteemed because it comes will rightly understand this, which from me, wčh truely I doe not ex is affectionatly intended by your most pect from you; your declaration asseured reall constant friend, seeming to me and I hope that

CHARLES R." your actions will prove that I am not deceaved) to be so well ground Superscribed, “ For the Lords and ed upon honor and justice, that al. Gentlemen Committies of the Scots beit, by way of opinion, I cannot Parliament, together with the Ofigive a placet to every clause in it; cers of that Army." yet, I am confident, upon a calme

For the Scots Magazine.



DAVID HUME Esq. to Sir H- E-.

Dear Sir H.

commission from you ; but receiv'd I had been very anxious for some considerable ease on seeing your time, on account of a rumour, that letter to Edmonstone, where you the ministry intended to take your tell him that the blow is already

E 2



ftruck, and that it has not hit you. , I beg to be remember'd to the It did indeed occur to me that fo Doctor, I am sorry to hear that fingular a way of treating you, Gt is growing out of all shape, woud procure you friends, who, and yet still recains his inclination to when power should come to their foppery ; for my part I have ceas'd turn, wou'd see justice done you; dressing since my belly has swell'd that it was by the late promotions so enormously. Alas! that is not that your brevet of LicutenantColonel an infirmity like growing fat, to be was entirely to be disregarded, and disguis'd with powder and poma. that to serve longer under such dis

We hear that Mrs M-roy couragements, was more diagree. shines extremely; and impiously able thin to lose all your labour; captivates all hearts, without giving and that at worst, the general being the least return of her own: I hope satisfy'd wieh your conduct, wou'd that the rumours which have been be casily able to make you compen. spread abroad, so much to her dirfation for your loties. I hope I am advantage, are not true ; what is right in these views or conjectures. doing? Is he always as obsti. However high an idea I may have naté, and sometimes as much in the entertain’d of philosophy in general, wrong as formerly ? Does his difor your approximation towards that mission from his Majesty's service, noble acquirement; I thou'd be enfure us of your company next forry to find, that the indifference Summer? I ask a great many querwhich

you express, proceeded entire. tions to fill up this letter of condolely from philosophy.

ance, or confolation; but I defire I have been fet upon by several to to live on very easy terms with my write fomething ; tho'it were only friends. I know you hate, and I hate to be inserted in the magazines, in to give trouble : It will be sufficient, ppolition to this account which if, on our meeting, you give answers Voltaire has given of our expedia to my long catechism. I am with tions ; but my antiver still is, that great fincerity, it is not worth while, and that he Dear Sir His fo totally miltaken in every cir your affectionate friend and cumstance of that affair, and indeed

humble servant, of every affair, that, I presume, no

David HUME. body will pay much attention to Edinburgh, him. I hope you are of the time opinion.

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THE king found, on his accession, with uncommon facility, and was per. an able adminiftration, strong from the feet master of foreign affairs. He filled combination of partice, and popular the office of secretary of itate from the from uninterrupted success.

year 1723, to the death of Mr Pelbam The duke of Newcastle was the of. in 1754, when he became first lord of tepsible head of this ininistry. A vete the treasury. Placed at the head of afran in the service of government, he fairs, he was distracted with the multiwas confidered the leader of the Whig plicity of business : weakness of counparty, and during a period of forty- cils, fluctuation of opinions, and defie three years, filed a high fituation at' ciency of spirit, marked his adminiftracourt and in the cabinct. His princely tion. In 1744, he strengthened himself fortune and extenfive influence render- by a coalition with the Tories and the ed him a powerful coadjutor, and his Whigs in opposition to government, uniform zcal in promoting the fuccef- and formed the administration whicha hon of the house of Brunswick, endear was ludicrously termed the broad boz ed him to the great majority of the tom. The discordant parts of this moteWhigs, as the champion of that caute. ly combination, were principally ceIn bis temper he was fretful and capri- mented by the conciliating manners of cious, and jealous of those who rivalled Mr Pelham; but on his death in 1754, bis political ascendancy. This jealousy, dillensions broke out, and after many which formed the leading feature of his ineffcctual attempts to form a permacharacter, was restrained by the supe- nent adminiftration, (during which the vior talents and authority of Sir Robert duke made a temporary relignation in Walpole, but on his retreat it became November 1756, and continued out ot uncontrouled, and engendered perpe. office till July 1757) that cabinet was tual altercations with succeeding ininif- arranged which continued, without efters, not excepting even his own bro. fential alteration, till the period at which ther, Mr Pelham. Some peculiarities this history commences. The duke of in his manner, and a want of method Newcastle still retained the controul of in the transaction of bufiness, exposed domestic affairs, and the patronage of him to ridicule. He was trifling and the church; but the conduct of the embarrafled in conversation, always ea. war, and thc management of the house gor and in a hurry, unbounded in adu. of commons, were committed to Mr lation, and profuse in promises. Yet Pitt. the duke of Newcastle pofletled much

Mr Pitt commenced his political cagreater abilities than are ulually attri reer as a Whig, in opposition to Sir buted to him: he had a quick compre. Robert Walpok, and soon distinguishhension, was a useful and frequent de- ed himself by the fplendour and energy bater, spoke with great animation, wrote of his eloquence. He was an adherent


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