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with difficulties and embarassments in Lord Derby said, he fhould not opthe great business with which their at- pose the bill in its present itage, but tention was occupied. He concluding if any thing should be said to crini. by expressing a hope, that the com nate the condud of the Magiftrates, munication would be made with as he should claim for them tbe right of little delay as possible, and that it being hcard at the bar in their own de would prove decisive and satisfactory. fence, parsuant to the prayer of their

10. The Duke of Atholl moved the petition. His Lordship then presented third reading of the Edinburgli road a petition, from 4000 of the electors bill on Thursday.

of Nottingham against the bill. Ok The Duke of Norfolk opposed the dered to lie on the table, and permiffa motion on the ground, that the bill as granted to support it by counsel. it now stood, militated against the The Lord Chancellor conceived that principles of good faith, and against the very ground of the bill, implied a the established custom of Parliament. high degree of culpability on the part In the general road act there was a of the Magistrates.' The evidence beclause, he believed, which tended to fore the commitee of the other house, exempt every species of manure from left a very unfavourable impreffioa toll. No such provision had been made of their condud on his mind, yet be in the bill in queftion, and he therefore was open to a contrary impression, if considered it as unjustifiable, that those the evidence of the petitioners tended persons who took lands contiguous to to that effect.-The bill was read a the road described by the bill, should third time, and ordered to be commit. be so injuriously disappointed by its ted. operation, precluding them from 'con The first report of the commissioners veying lime and other manure with of Naval Enquiry was presented and out additional expence. A divilion ordered to lie on the table. took place, and there appeared for the 13. Lord King rose to draw the at. motion, 65--Against it, 15.

tention of the house, to the accounts 12. Upon the motion of the Duke relative to the revenue, and expendio of Atholl, for the third reading of the ture of the nation, entered into a mi. Edinburgh road bill,

nute examination of the different pa. The Earl of Suffolk opposed it, on pers, pointed out their variaiions, and the ground of its being directly in the went into a string of calculations, fron face of a general road bill, whereby ma- which he concluded that the revenue nure is exempted from all turnpike was by no means equal to the expendi. duty. The present bill, he observed, ture, and moved that thefe accounts was destructive of good faith between be referred to a commitee. tenant and landlord, and would be de. Lord Auckland replied, went through trimental to agriculture in that part of the same accounts, and drew a very the country. He moved that, the ge different conclution, and so far fros neral road bill be read.

being a deficiency, it appeared by The Duke of Atholl opposed it on

his statement that there was above the ground, that it did not extend to L. 9,000,000 for contingent applict Scotland.

tion. The Duke of Clarence spoke to or After some futher conversation on der, and maintained that it could only the subject, the motion was put and be known by hearing the title of the rejected without a division. bill read, whether it extended to Scot. 16. Lord Pelham brought down the land. The title seemed to regard Eng. the following Message from his Majel. land solely.

ty, which was read, first by the Lord The Earl of Morton supported the Chancellor, and next by the Clerk at bill, and answered the objections of the table. Lord Suffolk.

“ G. R. The question being put, the house “ His Majesty thinks proper to see divided, contents for the third reading quaint the House of Peers, that the dif69-Not contents 16-Majority 53. cussions which he anounced to them in

Lord Carrington moved the fecond his Message of the 8th of March latt, reading of the Nottingham Elc&ion as then subfifting between his Majetty Regulation bill.

and the French Government, have been


terminated; that the conduct of the given to the representations of his MaFrench Government has obliged his jesty's minifters ; the arrest and impriMajefty to recall his Ambassador from sonment of Captain D'Auvergne, an Paris, and that the Ambassador from officer in the British Navy, without the French Republic has left London. its being publicly known on what

* His Majcity has given directions ground such gross insult was offered ; for laying before the House of Peers, and ladly with regard to the military with as little delay as pofible, copies preparations which were carrying on in of such papers as will afford the fullest the ports of France and Holland, fatinformation to his parliament at this ed as the ground of calling on the iinportant conjuncture.

country for an armament. Another * It is a consolation to his Majesty matter, his Lordship said, was the to reflect, that no endeavours have been contre projet reported to have been wanting on his part to preserve to his handed to Ministers fince Lord White subjects, the blessings of peace, but worth left Paris. He concluded by under the circumstances which have moving for the papers relative to the occurred to disappoint his juft expecta. first object he had mentioned. tions, his Majeity relies with confi. Lord Pelham had no objection to the dence on the zeal and public spirit of first motion, and said that be possibly his faithful Commons, and on the ex. might be able to state on lionday next, ertions of his brave and loyal subjects, what were the representations made by to support him in his determination to his Majesty's Minifters. The affair of employ the power and resources of Captain D'Auvergne was accommodathe nation, in opposing the spirit of ted, and required, he thought no further ambition and encroachment which at obfervation. A contre projet respecting present actuates the Councils of France; Malta and the conditions on which his in upholding the dignity of his Crown; Majesty should hold it for ten years and in afferting and maintaining the had been communicated, but in so rights and interests of his people.” fecret and unofficial a manner, that

Lord Pelham then moved, that it be he thought it highly improper to lay it taken into consideration on Monday before the House, and cautioned their l'ennight.

Lordships against relying on it as the The question being put by the Lord basis of any negociation. Chancellor on this motion,

Lord Boringdon expreffed himself Earl Stanhope rose, and lamented perfectly satisfied with the explanation the occasion that forced us into ano- which had been given, and consented ther war. He descanţed, in a strain of with leave of the house to withdraw defpondency, on the poliibility of the his motion, at the same time thanking whole British Navy the bulwark of the his noble friend for his opennels and country, being annihilated, by the in- candour. vention of an American gentleman, Earl Fitzwilliam rose, and proceed. which had been communicated to the ed to Itate parts of his Majesty's des French Government. No means had claration which were unsupported by been adopted to prevent this vifafter, any documents found among the papers so that our feets might be destroyed by on the table. These referred to the an unseen hand, in our own ports. warlike preparations which France had

The motion of Lord Peiham was assumed, when his Majesty's Ministers then agreed to nem. con.

advised the King to send down the de17. The Royal a fent was given, by claration of 8th March laft; their incommission to 36 public and private terference respecting Switzerland, the bills,

Cape of Good Hope, and the republic 20. Lord Boringdon rose and remark of the lonian Sea, and the remonitraan ed that vouchers were wanting to lupo ces of the British Governinent againit port fome of the statements in his Ma- the First Consul, sending French forces jesty's declaration, especially with re

into Holland. gard to the violence which is aflerted Lord Pelham in reply said, that his to have been offered to the velleis and Majesty's Ministers could have no obproperty of his Majelly's fubjects, and jection to the fullest inquiry into their no justice afforded to those who have conduct, on all the points alluded to beeo aggrieved, or a fatisfactory anfier


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but he did not conlider that this in. would remember the nature of thx quiry made a part of the matter to be conftitution which had been banied discusicd on Nionday. On the subject of down to us by our ancestors, and I nding French troops to Holland, he would transmit it unimpaired to ou now presented to the House, a paper posterity. If the ambition of Book which he doubied not would be quite parte was not refifted, our nobility fitisactory to the Noble Earl

would be annihilated, our

aiian After some further conversation, in would be overturned, and the gloir which the Earl of Carlitie, Lord Hoof Britain would be set for ever. On bart, and Earl Spencer took a part, the the contrary, if we remained true to inotion of Lord Fitzwilliam our Sovereign and our rights, and interwithdrawn.

eits, we would continue as we had all aMay 23d. The order of the day for long been, the freeft and most indep:nd. taking inio confideration his Majesty's ent kingdom in the world. Our fuca meslage being read,

have had the presumption to alledge, Lord Pelham rose, and after some pre- that Britain, angle handed, was not able liminary observations, fated, that the to cope with France. He was, hor. great question to decide from the ever, confident to say, that Britais, papers on the table was- Whether fingle handed, had never y-t wanted there were sufficient grounds for the an arm to check injustice, and to cousiwo me lages sent by his Majesty to teract ambition. the House? whether in fact, there was Earl Stanhope thought, that the dif. fufficient ground for war; and in his ferences with France might have been opinion, war was inevitable, with the accounmodated, that she had not beca view of prolurving our national honour, aggrandised, but on the contrary, by of protecting our commerce, and of the loss of St Domingo, was non fecuring our liberty, and our existence, weaker than at the time of ligning ibe as an independent state.

treaty of Amiens. His Lord mip Gated the proceedings The Duke of Clarence observed, with regard to Malta, the representa. that this was one of the most impor. tions of the French government, re ant queßions that ever had beca difspecting the freedom of the press in cusled in a British parliament. It dthis country, the removal of the mounted to this, whether Englaad French Emigranis, the answer by his Mould maintain her ancient rights and lijcfty's Minilers, the jealousy which independence, or bow the neck to the existed on account of Sibanini's tour yoke of a foreign power. Inmediate. in Egypt, and the dread of that coun. iy after figning the treaty of peace, try becoming the property of France. part of Italy was made an integral If any doubt remained of the vicws of part of France, the independence of the First Consul on the latter object, Switzerlaud was violated, and Hol. the language of Bonaparte to Lord land was at this moment over run by Whitworth put an end to it, Malta, French troops, and held in compkie tis Loidihip confidered as the best fe fubjugation by that ambitious goveracurity to this country against the ambi,

Still greater was what was atious' viu ws of France, and therefore, yowed with respect to Egypt. The his Majesiy's Mwisters had advised chief Contul made no fecret of bis 13. leeping poffeffion of it. His LordMip. tention, that sooner or later that proconclu led by moving an addrels to his yince must fall within bis power. la Majefty, exprefsive of the indignatioa support of this, his R. Highness referred of the Ilouse at the conduct of the to the infamous report of Sebaftiani French government, with full assurance who had calumniated the British con. of their support in the ftruggle with duct, and the British Commander in fo ambitious an enemy.

Egypt. This was also proved by the The Duke of Cumberland, in a very conversation of the chief Conful with animated speech, went over leveral of Lord Whitworth, in which he contra the topics which had been discussed by dictedfadly the declaration of his owa Lord Pchain, and particularly took Minister Talleyrand, who had gika notice of the attack of Bonaparte on out that Sebastiani's expedition was thelliberty of our press,on which he pro. merely comnercial. Belides these jut posed reftraints which could neither be grounds of complaint, they had dared to brooked nor tolerated. He hoped we



demand that we should change the fun. treaty, had not been acceded to. He damental laws of our conftitution—they placed the highest value on the friendfought to fetter the liberty of the Britilh ihip and attachment of Russia, which press, under whose fiecdom the freedom he confidered as calculated to promote of the country had equally flourished. the material advantage of both counWith respect to the infraction of the tries; and it was in his opinion, the treaty on our part, Malta was the only best thing that could happen to the in, thing they ventured to urge; but as tereft of Russia, that Malta ihould conno guarantee from the intervening cir- tinue in the polieflion of Britain, the cumftances, had been found, according only Naval power that could secure to the fipulation in the treaty, that it the independence of its inhabitants. should not be ceded till it was guaran. It was by the means of Malta, that teed. Malta having been refused to be Bonaparte had been capable of overdelivered up, could not be considered turning Egypt, and it was owing to as any violation of the spirit of the its recovery by this country, that treaty. On this question his Highnefs Great Britain had been able to rescue trusted that the House would be unani. Egypt from the ambitious power of mous that they would exert every France. And as we were now going nerve-and if war must be entered to war chiefly on account of Malta, he into, we Mhould pursue it with ardour hoped there would be an end of every and unanimity; he hoped that the re. pretext for that ifland being garrisoned sult would be glorious for this country, by any other than a briuth garnison, and fortunate for the bappiness of the and that not for a limited time, but world.

in perpetuity. Fie trusted that henceLord Mulgrave exprefled his satisfac. forth, this country would be induced tion at hearing the last speech, which to consider Malta as a British poffeffion, he thought highly worthy of a prince and for British purposes, as well as of the House of Brunswick. His Lord. securing the safety of the rest of Eufhip went over the principal points of rope. For he was perfuaded there was aggression, or the part of France since no protection for the people of Malta figning the treaty of Amiens. He but by Great Britain alone, and that ridiculed the idea of restoring Malta because this country alone bad a Naval to the ancient Order of Knights, which power able to protect them. in fact no longer exifted, he ridiculed The Marquis of Lansdowne, thought also the proposition of France, for the that on a dispassionate consideration of interference of the Pope in the election all the circumftances, there did not of a Grand Master, which at no period appear to him sufficient grounds for of the Maltese history had been at.

going to war.

It was more the protended with beneficial consequences, vince of Russia and Austria, to inter. And if the demands of France had been pose in checking the ambitious views agreed to, or countenanced with re. of France, with regard to Italy and gard to laying restraints on the liberty Switzerland than of this country. He of the press, and violating the rights was not inclined to lay so much ftress of hospitality, by driving the emi. on the possession of Malta, being a grants from this country, he would sufficient ground for going to war, as not be surprised to have heard a de a Noble Lord had done. He still hopmand, that we should receive Nappered that an opening was left for treatTandy as a commercial agent, and ing, so that the object might be obArthur O'Connor as pro-consul of Ire- tained by negociation, and the horrors land.

of war averted, Viscount Melville declared, that The Duke of Norfolk said, that he fince the negociation had been entered Mould still advise his Majesty's Minif. into, he felt no small degree of anxiety, ters, not to withhold Malta from those from the apprehension that Malta to whom its cession by the treaty of A. should eventually be ceded to France. miens had been ftipulated, provided The treaty of Amiens, as it respected the effectual guarantee of Rullia could Malta, was incapable of execution; be procured. Yet if Russia, mould for the guarantee of the different not engage to guarantee its indepenpowers of Europe, proposed by that dence, according to the spirit of the


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treaty; and if there were other insults tents 10.-The original quefion was and aggressions by France, he was carried without a division. persuaded that every Briton would ar. June 2. Earl Fitzwilliam ftated bis dently fupport his Majesty's Governo reasons, in fupport of the various ment in a war, which if thus waged, grounds of complaint again't Minitiers, muit be waged for the honour and ine and he moved several resolutions, cota dependent existence of this country. fidering their conduct, both in make

Lord King thought the queftion, ing the peace, and in conducting the fuch a one as the House ought to de. negociation. cide, chiefly upon the confideration of

After a long debate, the house di. prudence, which if duly consulted, vided on the first resolution, Contents would determine their Lordships not 17-Non-contents 86,-Majority 69.Laitily to concur in any refolutions The other refolutions were negatived that would rather tend to infame, than without a division, to foften the existing hoitility. No 11. The royal affent was given by shing had yet pafled to render a speedy Commillion to the General defence reconciliation utterly impossible. He bill; the Militia completion bill, the therefore moved an amendment, the Dylart harbour bill, the Scots paroc. object of which was, " 10 affure his hial Schoolmatters bill, and to several Majesty of the support of that House, private bills. in every juft arrangement which his Majetty might be gracioudly pleased to make for ihe preservation of peace." Lord Ellenburough said, that i was

HOUSE OF COMMONS. dot now to be asked, for what we

Continued from page 485. were going to war, after the accumulated infults and aggressions offered to May 16. The Chancellor of the Er. this country, by the ambition of chequer presented the following mes, France, and he conceived it scarcely sage from his Majesty : poflible, for the House to contemplate * His Majesty thinks it proper to acEwe wantonnels of Franke in aggreflion, quaint the House of Commons, that without being unanimously excited to the discussions which he anounced to condemn iis injustice in the decisive them in his message of the sth March language, of the proposed address. laft, as then fubfitting between his

Earl Moira thoughi, that there was Majesty and the French Governmeni, fufficient ground for the step which have been terminated ; that the con. was now iaken by the evident fpirit duct of the French Government, has which acuared the enemy; a spirit, obliged his Majesty to recal his Ambal. which like the poisoned blaft, carried sador from Paris, and that the AmCalamity wherever it reached, pervad. bassador from the French Republic has ed all national confideration, and left London. blighted every folid intereit. The His Majefty has given directions queftion was not, whether Malta was, for laying before the House of Com. er was not a light concern, but whether mons, with as little delay as pollibie, British Suciety such as it is, was still copies of lach papers as will afford 1o lubiilt in this country, or whether the fullest information to his Parlia. we were to regulate ourlelves by an ment at this important conjuncture. obfequious and contemptible submis “ It is a consolation to his Majelly fon, to the wall and caprice of the

to reflect that no endeavours have fost Conful.

been wanting on his part to preserve Earl Spencer, Earl Rossyn, and to his subjects the blettings of peace; Lord Grenville ft verally delivered but, under the circumitances which their sentiments, and concurred in the have occurred to disappoint his juft ex. opinion that there were sufficient pectations, his Majetty. relies with grounds for going to war, to check confidence on the zeal and public spirit the boundless ambition of France, and of his faithful Commons, and on the

fccure our own independence ; af. exertions of his brave and loyal fub. ier which the House divided on the jects, to support him in his determina. asendaient, Non-contents 142--Con. tion to employ the power and refour


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