Page images


ALBANY, June 12, 1848. Some object, said the speaker, to General

GENTLEMEN :-It will not be in my power to Taylor, because he is from the South, and is a

be in New York on the occasion of the Whig slaveholder. Are we not one people? Do you Ratification Meeting, on the 14th inst, to which not love the Union ? Have I not the same you have done me the honor to invite me. I rights as a Kentuckian, to all the benefits of approve of the prompt call of this meeting; and our glorious Union, that you have as Pennsyl- if I were, or could be on the spot, I should atvanians? We are one people, from the Atlan- tend, and join in “ responding to the nominatic to the Pacific; from our most Northern line tions made at Philadelphia ;" though I could to the Rio Grande, we are one people--it is all not do so without a struggle with myself

. To my country—it is all yours. There is no coun me, it would not be unlike going to a festival try, there never was a country, like this. immediately after having witnessed the funeral Rome, in her mightiest days, never possessed obsequies of some long-cherished friends, while 50 vast and splendid a country as this-so grand, my inclinations would lead me rather to stay

It is a case not unso great, so glorious. Our destiny is as glori: behind with the mourners. ous as our country, if we hold together, and do like the state ceremonies observed in other not suffer sectional prejudices 10 divide us. countries, when the monarch dies, and his sucWe speak one language-our identity is the

cessor is instantly proclaimed. The cry is same-we are one consolidated people--and

“ The king is dead-long live the king." CLAY, our success has hitherto been glorious and un

WEBSTER, Scott, eminent men and civilians precedented. Shall we, then, divide in feeling? all, of tried and known principles, sink down beNo! no! No matter where our man is from, fore our eyes, while, rolling in upon us from the if he is an American. Gen. Taylor, in his South, a popular mountain wave sweeps over feelings, knows no South, no North, no East, them, on the crest of which is borne in triumph no West. He is an American. Where has the successful and war-worn soldier, ZACHARY he lived ? In his tent for forty years. His TayloR. The cry is instantly raised-long kome, for forty years, has been under the live Zachary Taylor! Well, as the monarchy American Flag !--the flag of his whole coun

cannot do without its king, so this Republic try. He is a national man-he has lived cannot do without its President, and the Whig ereryrohere, wherever the flag waves! He is not party must have its candidate. A National a Southern man–he is an American! He pro

Convention, speaking, by authority, in the name scribes no one, either of the North or South; of the Whig party, has proclaimed the name of and will you proscribe him for the accident of General Taylor as a fit candidate before the birth and home? He condemns no man for

American people for the Presidency. The the institutions of his State. Will you con

alternative candidate is General Cass-and demn him? He is a kind, generous, noble old

there is no other. As one of the people, I shall man-a true American in heart.

take General Taylor for my candidate, and not

General Cass. I believe he is a better soldier, GEN. TAYLOR'S HABITS.

a better man, and will make a better President He is a temperate man-he never drank a for the country than General Cass. And I am bottle of spirits in his life. His habits are ex- ready, as a Whig, without waiting to hear emplary.

further from him, to tender him my support, and

my humble but earnest efforts for his election; GEX. TAYLOR'S INFLEXIBILITY OF CHARACTER.

but I do this in the full confidence that he will Finally, said the speaker, he is a man you show himself in the government to be a man cannot buya man you cannot sella man thoroughly imbued with Whig principles. you cannot scare--and a man who never sur- Taking these principles into the administration Terders !*

with bim, and calling about him the right sort

of agencies for their maintenance, I shall not, If this be not sufficient to convince

for one, like him any the less, if he shall seem, those who are afraid of being betrayed, let as President, to think more of his country than them read the following from a gentleman of the Whig party. I shall like him the better long versed in political affairs, and whom if he shall put his country before any party. I our readers will not readily suspect of any shall not indulge in any fear that the Whig design of demoralizing the party. The party can suffer, so long as its cherished prinHon. Daniel D. Barnard, in reply to an

ciples are maintaiaed by official authority and

the power of the government. invitation from the Whig General Com

If we may see the new dynasty—or rather I mittee, to attend the Ratification Meeting should call it, perhaps, the last phase of an old in New York, wrote thus :t

dynasty—the worst and most mischievous the country has ever seen—which began with Mr.

Polk, also end with him, instead of being elon* New York Tribune, June 23d.

gated under General Cass; a dynasty, whose f Courier and Enquirer.

brief career in the person of President Polk has

been signalized by the absorption of nearly all honest and prudent, he cannot speak withauthority into Executive hands, by an unhal out deliberation : his mind has been occulowed war of invasion and conquest, by the pied with military affairs ; in these he is creation of an enormous debt, by the neglect well versed; but as the genius of the great and sacrifice of the great economical interests of the country, and by a policy looking at once

commander differs but little, perhaps not to the extension of the political power of the

at all in its kind, from that of the civil slave interest, the acquisition of foreign and chief, we may be sure his government distant possessions, and the necessary exercise will be devoid neither of energy, wisdom, of a vast, overshadowing and imperial power at nor economy the seat of the Federal government;-if we may

With energy, prudence and moral force, see an end put to this dynasty; if we may see the Congress of the United States once more

qualities equally necessary in the Combecome the government; if we may see the mander and the Governor, the history of Executive office once more reduced to its con the Mexican war shows him to be largely stitutional limits, and its power handled with endowed: the same qualities that fitted modesty, and with becoming deference to the him to plan a campaign and control the representatives of the national wants and the

movements of armies, will go with him national will; if we may see peace and not war into the Presidency. -the growth of freedom and not the spread of

Our confidence in Mr. Clay as candidate Blavery—made the policy of the administration ; if we may see the government mainly anxious

was unlimited ; but it was the character and for the consolidation of our Union rather than principles of the man, and not the fact of his its infinite extension, for the improvement, ad- being a civilian, that


that confidence: vancement and true glory of our country as it his traits are those of a great general as well is, rather than an external aggrandizement, to

as of a great statesman; he resembles those be maintained only by wars, secured, if at all, heroes who have been equally successful in only at the cost of order, quiet

, public virtue, the field and in the cabinet; the same popular contentment and felicity, and finally of the Union, and of liberty itself;--if we may look moral force that makes him what he is to the promise of advantages like these from the could not fail to have made him a great election of Gen. Taylor to the Presidency, general; it fits him equally to make sucand we have many assurances that we may-- cessful use either of civil or of military certainly every Whig, and every patriotic and science. Prudence, firmness, justice; inthat election with unspeakable gladness and vincible resolution, contempt of opinion, of joy. In this confidence, I for one am ready to danger and of accident, an elevated spirit; join the Whig party, and the people, in bearing these features enter equally into the charGen. Taylor forward to his destined place in

acter of him who defends with success, and the exalted seat once occupied by the Father of of him who justly governs, a free people. his Country

In losing his powerful support the party I am, gentlemen, with great respect, lose indeed many prospects of advantage; Your obliged friend and fellow citizen,

yet it cannot be denied that the present D. D. BARNARD. Messrs. J. H. Hobart Haws, Joseph R. Taylor, nomination offers opportunities of reform

and Royal H. Thayer, Committee of Corre- of vast importance to the nation. By an spondence.

election less violent and more popular,

contested not so much against men as We cannot but be satisfied with such against principles and measures, the optestimony. Had General Taylor ever dis- portunity will occur of breaking down the covered å taint of Locofocoism, his enemies system of party patronage to a great exwould by this time have raked it out of tent, and removing a cause of bitterness oblivion. But there is no proof, nor at and contention more injurions than any

other present any suspicion, of the kind, even in to the morals and happiness of the people. the mind of the most discerning of those If the private opinions of Gen. Taylor do who know him. We seek no further not fully agree, upon speculative points, with proof and shall not agitate the question ; those of the majority, he will not entertain we hold it certain that the affections the nation with badly written essays upon and prejudices of the nominee incline Free Trade, under the name of messages to him to the side which we advocate. We Congress; a conduct of which one look at his do not ask of him an immediate declaration countenance may convince us he is incapaon every point of Whig policy. As he is ble.



It seems to be taken for granted by many | the attention of the Convention to the Whigs, that the integrity of the party can statement which he proposed to read. be maintained by none but an ultra Whig. Admitting this to be true, it is “ This document went to show that Gen. not at all certain that any one of the Taylor had taken no part in bringing his name

His friends gentlemen nominated by the Convention before the American people. were real ultra Whigs; we do not know throughout the Union had placed him promi

nently before the country, to occupy the high that General Scott, or Mr. Clay, would office that was once held by the Father of bis fully agree with the ultra Whigs of Mas- Country. General Taylor considered himself sachusetts, in all their views of Whig doc- in the hands of his friends; and under the cirtrine; or that Mr. Webster would in all cumstances in which he had been brought forparticulars coincide with Mr. Clay, two ward, he did not think it proper to withdraw

himself. independent minds scarcely ever harmo-h

“Gen. Taylor wished it to be understood that, nize perfectly. Mr. Clay might be too

IN HIS OPINION, HIS FRIENDS WERE BOUND TO lenient towards the South, and Mr. Webster towards the North. It would very Convention, he being impressed with the neprobably happen that questions of policy cessity of a change in the Administration, and would arise on which the opinion of these thus of saving the country from its downward

But his friends would withdraw his gentlemen would not harmonize with that

name from the canvass, unless he should be the of Congress; all we should demand of them,

nominee of the Conrenlion.''* in that event, would be, that they should not oppose the expressed opinion of the

Thus by the clearest evidence, this most majority: unless it was certain that Con- serious objection to the nominee is comgress bad acted hastily, or under an undue pletely removed. He is a fair and honoror improper feeling, which time and re-able candidate of the Whigs, and the nomiconsideration would abate.

nee strictly of the Whigs : it is impossible In regard to war, General Taylor has under these circumstances either to negdeclared himself opposed to wars of ag- lect or to oppose him. gression, and we are assured that he is not

When the Whig Delegates met in Philathe man to excite a conquest fever in the delphia, and organized a Convention for minds of the people. Himself a humane the choice of a candidate, they pledged and successful soldier, he knows too well themselves virtually, by that act, to susthe evils of a successful war to hurry us tain, or at least not to injure, or oppose to needlessly into a contest: nor is he likely to the detriment of the party, the nominee of follow the policy of the present adminis- the Convention. If, after all that has been tration, which ruined itself by an enterprise, done and conceded, they withdraw their of which the only good results were to support from the nominee, it will of course the glory of its political enemies.

be from reasons that can be explained The second disqualifying objection to reasons of a solid and tangible character ; our candidate was, that he had insulted but from no quarter, as yet, have we heard the party by declaring himself an inde


such reasons. pendent candidate, and saying that he The Convention was agreed upon as a should run, whether nominated by the Con- necessary means for the integrity of the vention or not. The validity of this very party. The delegates were not sent there serious objection was destroyed by the to elect this or that man; their constitudeclaration of the General's friends in the ents knew very well, what they had often Convention. On the second day of Con- declared, that the members of the Convention, (Thursday, June 8th,) before pro- vention did not go to Philadelphia to elect ceeding to the first ballot, Judge Saun

some one man whom they had in view, ders of Louisiana obtained permission to but only to elect a candidate : who that read a statement presented by the delega-candidate might be, was a question which tion from Louisiana in reference to the only the event tould decide. position of General Taylor. He said, know

The members of the Convention went ing General Taylor as he had long done, and knowing that his position had been misunderstood and misconceived, he called

* National Intelligencer, Washington, June 10,


there in good faith and with no sinister | given by twenty different States, New York sentiments. They went for the party, to however giving twenty-nine of the whole, ascertain the sentiment of the majority; which showed a great concentration of feeland by that sentiment it was their intention ing for Mr. Clay in that particular State, to abide. The vote which they cast pledg- analogous to the feeling of Ohio for Gen. ed both them and their constituents to the Scott, and that of Massachusetts for Mr. nominee, whoever he might be.

Webster, and that of Delaware for Mr. Had any informality been suffered ; had Clayton. These great names are best beany fraud been practiced in Convention ; loved by those who stand in the best posihad the friends of any one of the candi- tion to appreciate them. dates been threatened, or in any way im The remaining candidate, Gen. Taylor, properly influenced, there might be a doubt had 111 votes, scattered through twentythere might be a question raised, how two States. far they were bound to the nomination. The vote for General Taylor at the first But there was no informality, there was no ballot was 111 ; seven entire States cast improper influence; it was an honorable an undivided vote for him, namely, the Convention, and its proceedings were ju- States of Missouri, Tennessee, Texas, Ardicious and satisfactory.

kansas, Florida, Mississippi and Georgia. Six names were offered to be voted for, From the Eastern delegations he had six namely, those of Messrs. McLean, Clayton, votes; from the Middle States 11 votes ; Webster, Scott, Clay, and Taylor. The from the Western 15 votes ; the remainder, whole number of votes cast was 279. Of being more than two thirds of the whole, these Judge McLean had two votes, one Southern votes. from Ohio and one from Iowa.

Mr. Clay had 16 Eastern votes: 13 The Hon. J. M. Clayton, of Delaware, Western: 23 Southern; the remainder had four votes ; three from his own State, from the Middle States. He had the undiand one from New York.

vided vote of two States, Maryland and The Hon. Daniel Webster, of Massachu- Connecticut. setts, had twenty-two votes ; twelve from A second, third and fourth ballot gave his own State, sir from his native State, General Taylor a still greater predomiand three from Maine.

He now had the undivided vote of Gen. Scott had forty-three votes, of thirteen entire delegations, namely: Wiswhich twenty were from Ohio, and nine consin, Iowa, Missouri, Illinois, Tennessee, from Indiana.

Texas, Arkansas, Florida, Louisiana, MisThe Convention thus discovered that of sissippi, Georgia, Maryland, Rhode Island. the six candidates, four were nominated Mr. Clay had now the votes of no one by single States or sections of country, and entire delegation. Of his original 97 not by a diffused and national vote. 32 continued to vote for him. In this

Had the forty-three votes cast for Gen. final ballot of 297 votes, General Taylor, Scott been from all parts of the Union, it having 171, a majority of all the votes, would have had a more sensible effect up was declared duly elected candidate of the on the Convention in his favor ; but as this party. It was observed in this last ballot, first ballot was to be a test of the relative that General Scott's votes rose to 63, popularity and nationality (if we may so whereas at first he had but 43. . speak) of the candidates, it was the most The Convention then proceeded to the important of the whole, and necessarily choice of a candidate for the Vice Presithrew out four of the names, notwithstand- dency. Four names were presented, to ing that it was supposed that many would wit : Abbott Lawrence, of Massachusetts, continue to vote their favorite names to Millard Fillmore, of New York, Andrew the last. The question of reputation or of Stewart, of Pennsylvania, and Thos. M. the people's choice, now lay between two T. McKennan, of the same State. The candidates, namely, between Mr. Clay and choice fell upon Mr. Fillmore, who at the Gen. Taylor.

second ballot received 173 votes, Mr. The first of these gentlemen received 97 Lawrence having 87. votes out of 279, something less than a Such are the most remarkable particuthird of the whole. These votes were lars of the election. The nomination was


received with applause and satisfaction, there will be abiding faith on the one hand, and the Convention discovered throughout and enduring fidelity on the other. a proper sense of propriety and decency, principles of our candidate, and what will be

It remains for us only to inquire what are the both in conduct and expression.

the character of his administiation ? Upon We conclude by presenting our readers these topics we shall speak freely and frankly, with the following extract from an article from unquestionable authority, but as briefly in the Albany Evening Journal, as we have and concisely as possible. met with nothing that seemed more ju Gen. Taylor is by birth and early educadiciously expressed :

tion, a Republican. His father, “ Col. Dick

Taylor," (as he was familiarly and honorably He expressed the hope that his friends would known in Kentucky,) was an elector of Presigo into the Whig National Convention“ pledged dent who voted first for Jefferson, and then for heart and soul” to the support of its nominee, add | Madison. In 1808 Zachary Taylor received ing that that nominee would have his best wishes his first commisson in the U. S. Army, with for success. These sentiments, but for what which he has ever since been gloriously conwe must regard as an error of judgment in the nected. He can look back through that long vista friends of Gen. Taylor at Washington, would of trial and privation without finding a reproach have been made known three weeks ago. Be- upon his name or a stain upon his escutcheon. fore the Whigs of the Union, therefore, Gen. He has had no quarrels with his brother offiTaylor stood, when the National Convention cers and no collisions with his fellow-citizens. met, in a false position. This, however, was He is “a Whig, though not an ultra one.” But less his own error than the error of the Whig he is a Whig who was warmly in favor of enfriends in whom he confided.

couraging American Industry ; and after the Gen. Taylor, though just what his answer to National Debt was extinguished, he was as Col. Haskell, of Tennessee, imports—" I am a warmly in favor of a distribution of the proWhig and a quarter over" —having been forty ceeds of the Public Lands among the heirs of the years in the army, was wholly unlearned and Republic, as the most just, equitable and fedunpracticed in politics. His position now be- eral” disposition of that surplus. He is a came as embarrassing as it was novel. The Whig who warmly opposed those wild Govfriends who enjoyed his confidence acquiesced ernmental Experiments which brought bankin, if they did not advise the course he has pur- ruptcy and ruin upon the people and the counsued. That course complicated and perplexed try. He is a Whig who warmly opposed the the question. In all that was done, however, annexation of Texas, foreseeing, as did other the fact that he was and is a Whig is fixed Whigs, that it would inevitably involve us in and remains.

War and Debt. He is a Whig who, deprecating We come not now to commend or to approve the spirit of conquest, was opposed to the subjuGen. Taylor's letters. Though showing him gation or the dismemberment of Mexico. *** independent, honest, and patriotic, time has There is, however, another and a higher proved that the idea of a “ no party” President question involved in this issue. Shall the geois wholly impracticable. And this truth, we graphical boundary, and the political power of doubt not, is as apparent to Gen. Taylor as it slavery, be enlarged and augmented by means was and is to the troops of Whig friends whom of the territory wrung from Mexico ? Gen. his letters pained but could not alienate. Taylor is identified by birth, location and

At an early day, before Gen. Taylor's po- interest, with the South and its institutions. litical sentiments were known, leading men of He is a planter and a slaveholder. But what the Administration party declared in his favor have been his sentiments upon these questions? for President. But when the fact that he is a Though a Southern man, like Messrs. CrittenWhig became fixed, they generally fell off

. den, Berrien, Mangum, Clingman and other Several such who had been nominated as elec- distinguished Southern Whigs, he was firm tors, or who had been active in Taylor meet- and uncompromising in his opposition to the ings, gave public notice of their secession, as Annexation of Texas; and, to our shame and signing as their reason, that they could not dishonor be it remembered, that while Kentucky support a Whig. Those who adhered to him, and North Carolina and Tennessee cast their regularly or irregularly, and of whatever polit- Electoral Votes against the Texas and Mexican ical hue, finally referred their hopes and based War Candidate, New York! and Pennsylvania ! their expectations upon the action of the Whig and New Hampshire! and Maine ! are ingloNational Convention. They are therefore riously responsible for the election of Polk, the merged in the Whig party. Gen. Taylor is Annexation of Texas, the War with Mexico, now, his friends having unreservedly pledged and all their attendant consequences! It was themselves to abide the result of the Whig from no wish and no fault of Gen. Taylor, that National Convention, the candidate of the Whig we have Texas and a part of Mexico. party. To the past, well-intended but ill But now that we have, by virtue of conquest judged, there is an oblivion. In the future, and treaty, vast territorial acquisitions, the

« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »