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And therefore Earth is soon depriv'd of Light,
And Rays as foon come on, and chace the Night;
The Negro Darkness wash'd becomes a White.

And yet here's no Deception of the EYE, 395 For 'tis its Office only to defcry,

Or how, or in what Place the SHADOW is;
It must not pass the narrow Bounds of this:
But if the SHADOWS are the same, or no ;

Whether they dy; or, as the Body, go ; 400 'Tis not the Office of the EYE to know :

'Tis Reason's Office that : for that's design d
Things NATURE, and PHILOSOPHY to find :
Then fix not on the Eye the FAILURES of the Mind.



on Catullus,corrects this Lection sing of the Poet, and expreffes and reads carmine for in ignem : properly enough that perpetual quafi carmine lana trahatur ; ta- [ Destruction of the Rays of the king carmen for the Instrument Sun. Nardius for in ignem reads usd in the Wool-Manufacture, margine, and others,, imagine, and which is likewise callid pec- erroneously, and without Reaten, in English, a Card. From fon. whence carminare fignifies the 393.The Negro Darkness, &c.] same as pectinare. Varro de ling. Nigras umbras, the black ShaLatin. Carminari lana, tum di-dows. À Shadow seems black, çitur, cùm caret eo, quod in eâ because, as I said before, it is nohæret. And Pliny, lib. 2. cap. thing but Air depriv'd of Light, 38. & lib. 19. cap. 1. uses the or a Privation of Light : but same Word. In which Sense we Light is white and clear; theremay interpret the Meaning of fore Shadow is black and dark. Lucretius in this manner: That

394. And yet, &c.] Having new Beams flow from the Sun as finish'd his Disputation concern. fast as the first vanish, as from ing Sight and Vision, he takes a Heap of Wool new Threads occafion, from the two last Proare drawn in the Card, so that blems, to affert and defend the when the first are drawn and ta-Certainty of the Senses, which ken away, new ones may still be

not those Problems only, but sedrawing in the same Card: But veral others that he enumerates this Interpretation feems not so as Examples, to v. 489. Teem natural as the former. Faber re

to weaken and contradict. Now tains the first Reading, and ob- he insists that the Senses are inferves it to be a Greek Proverb, fallible, because they receive the Faiverre's mūg, and that it is us’d Images of Things, just as they by Plato and Lucian, when they are brought to them: They un. speak of a useless Piece of Work, derstand not the Nature of and that can never be ended. Things, nor do they judge or Dicitur de re inutili, ovávutw, determine any thing concerning & quæ abfolvi non possit. Creech it. Therefore there is no Fallain his Latine Edition adheres to cy in them, but all Errours prothis Interpretation; and says, it ceed from the Judgment of the agrees very well with the Mean- | Mindo For Example; tho? wę


Thus SHIPs, tho' driv'n by a prosperous Gale, 405 Seem fixt to Sailors ; those seem under Sail,

That lie at Anchor fafe : and all admire,
As they row by, to see the Rocks retire.

Thus STARS seem faften'd to the steady Pole,

Tho' all with daily conftant Motion roll; 410 Yet they, when they have climb'd the tedious East,

Pass thro' the Sky, and headlong fall to WEST:
And so the Sun and Moon seem fixt above,
Yet sure Experience tells us that they move,

And NOTES. may be deceiv'd in seeing Light 407. The Rocks retire.] Thus or Shade; yet that Deception is too Virg. Æneid. 3. V. 72. not the Fault of the Eyes, but of the Mind : For the Office of the Provehimur portu, terræque urEyes is only to see the Light and besque recedunt. the Shade; but it belongs not to them to determine what Light Which Sir R. Blackmore seems and Shade are; but to the Mind : to have imitated, Therefore notwithstanding that a Shadow seems to move, tho'it They spoom'd away before the do not move, it being only a shoving Wind, Privation of Light ; yet our And left retreating Towns and Eyes are not deceiy’d: for they Cliffs behind. see what it is their Business to fee ; they see the Shadow, now 408. Thus Stars, &c.] In in one place, now in another. these 6. v. is contain'd Example Cicero, lib.4. Acad. Quæft. af- II. of the Stars, the Sun, and cribes Certainty to the Senses, the Moon, which seem to us to provided they be found and stand still, tho they are whirl'd Itrong, and that all things be re- about in a perpetual and swift moy'd that might be any Obfta- Motion. Whence the Poet arcle to them. And Lactantius, gues, that the Eyes are not delib. de Opificio Dei, cap. 9. is ceiv'd, because they see the Sun, of the fame Opinion.

the Moon, and the Stars, in the 404, Thus Ships, &c.] In these places where they are ; but that 4. V. Lucretius brings his ift the Mind errs in not discerning Example to confirm his Afferti-, those to be several Places, and on, that neither the Eyes, nor imagining all those Places, in any of the other Senses, are ei- which the Sun, Moon, and Stars ther false or fallacious, but that are, to be one and the same Place. they are true and certain : as al The steady Pole,] The End so that the Mind only deceives, or Point of the Axle-tree, on and is deceiv'd, in judging of which Astronomers imagin'd the Things amiss, and otherwife Heavens to be turn’d. There than they are. For it is not the are two of them ; one in the Office of the Eyes, to judge whe- North, noted by a Star, callid, ther the ship be mov'd, or not, Polus Arcticus, the North Pole: but of the Mind only: from The other in the South, but in. whence it follows, that not the vifible toʻus, call's, Polus AnEyes, but the Judgment only tarcticus, the South Pole, errs, and is mistaken.

414. And




And Rocks in Seas, that proudly raise their Head,
Tho' far disjoin'd, cho' Royal Navies spread
Their Sails between, yet; if from Diftance shewn,
They seem an Ifland, all combind in one.

So Bors, that whirl around, then ceafe to move,

Think all the Pillars dance, and Roofs above; 420 Softrong the Thought, they dread the cort'ring Wall,

And fear the Roof will crush them with the Fall...,

Thus when kind NATURE fhews her INFANT-Day,
And the new Sun peeps forth with trembling Ray;

And loath, or fearful to begin the Race,
425. Looks o'er the Mountains with a blushing Face;

That Hill, o'er which the humble Beams appear
Scorching with neighb'ring Flames, is often near,
And we might touch the Sun, if we were there:

414. And Rocks, &c.] These, ges of Things that stand still in
4. v. contain Example III. in the same manner, as it would re-
which the Poet brings an In-ceive the. Image of a Thing in
stance of Mountains, standing at Motion, if it self were
fome Distance from one another rest. The reason of this is, bem
in the midst of the Sea ; which cause the Spirits, that belong to
nevertheless, when seen from afar, the Sight, being shaken and di-
seem contiguous, and so like a sturb'd by the whirling Morion
Continent, that they appear like of the Body that turns round,
one huge Mountain only, or like fly about in a circular Motion
one valt Island: In 'which the likewise, and cease not to move fo
Eyes are not deceiv'd neither, it soon as the Body stands ftill ; in
being not their Office to judge like manner as a Wheel that has
of the Distance of Objects : but been turn'd about with Vio-
the Mind alone deceives, who lence, ceases not its Motion so
imagines there is no Space be- soon as the moving Hand is re-
tween the Mountains, because tird, but whirls several Rounds
there appears none.

afterwards. 418. So Boys, &c.] In these 422. Thus when, &c.] In these 4. v. he proposes Example IV. 10. v. he brings Example V. of When Boys, says he, turn them- the Sun, that seems to rise very selves often around, or are turn'd near to Mountains, tho' between about by others, a Giddiness en- the Sun and chose Mountains sues, and the Walls and Cielings there be an immense interval of of the Houses seem to them to Space. For when the Sun is feen moye round, and be whirld a- to rise over Mountains, he seems bout, even tho' they themselves almost to touch them with stand still, and have ceas'd to his Fires, and yet those Mounrun round. In which the Eyes tains are scarce two Thousand are not deceiv’d, but the Mind Bow-shor distant front us; nay, itself, which supposes, that the perhaps not five hundred Cafts of Sensorium, in which the Agita- à Dart. The reason is, because the tion continues, receives the Ima- Eyedoes not perceive the Distance



When yet the real Space is vastly wide; 430 Great Tracts of Land, and many a swelling Tide,

The distant Sun, and that near Hill divide.

Thus little PUDDLES, that in Streets do lie,
Tho' scarce Inch-deep, admit the searching Eye,

To view as large a Space, as Earth from Sky. 435

Thus when in rapid Streams my Horse has stood,
And I look'd downward on the rolling Flood;

Tho NOTES of Objects, and therefore we fup-, 3. v. he produces Example VI. pose there is no Distance at all. and alledges, that even in the

Her Infant Day,] Rubrum thallowest Waters is seen no less tremulis Jubar ignibus, says Lu-l a Space, than the Distance biecretius. Varro de ling. Latin. tween Heaven and Earth. For if lib. g. says, that the Star which any one looks down into Water, appears before Sun-rising, is callid not above an Inch deep, he will Jubar, quia in summo habet dif- seem to see the Sky in it, lying, fusum lumen, ut leo in capite as much below the Earth as jabar : And Feftus : Jubar tel. the Sky is diftant from it. la, quam Græci pwopoegv, id eft,

The Reason of which is, because Luciferum appellant,quod fplen- the Eye always fees the object, dor ejus diffunditur in modum on the fide, from which the Ray jubæ leonis. And Servius on

comes last of all directly to it; this Verse of Virgil,

and therefore sees the Sky, or

the Sun and Stars, in the Place It portis jubare exorto delecta where the Water is: and that by juventus.

means of the Ray, which, being says,Jubare exorto, i. e. orto Lu- between the Water and the Sky, cifero. Nam proprie Lucifer Ju- or the Sun and Stars, is directly bar dicitur, quod jubar lucis ef- join'd with that, which is befundat. Lambinus too follows cween the Eye and the Water. these Antients; and others take in which Case the Mind it self; jubar in this place to fignify the perceiving nothing between the Splendour or Light, that fore-directed and the reflected Image; runs the rising Sun, that is, to judges that the Sky, or the Sun fay, Aurora, or the Morning it and Stars are really in that self: Which last Opinion is not Place, and transfers to beneath, without Reafon, fince Jubar is all the Space and Distance that sometimes taken for the Bright-is above. And hence it is not the ness or . Splendour of any thing Errour of the Eye, but of the whatever : Statius Thebaid.


Mind. V. 895. Et pictum gemmis ga 435. Thus when, &c.] In these leæ jubar. Yer notwithstanding 5. v. is contain'd Example VII. all these Authorities, Creech in of a Man on Horseback, standhis Latine Edition of Lucretius ing still in the midst of a River, says, that nothing is more cer- and looking down upon the Watain, than that Jubar here fig- ter : for then some Force seems nifies the Sun : Nihil certius to carry the Body of the Horfe, quam unam eandemque rem in even tho he stand still, up ahoc versu jubar, &.v. 408. So-gainst the Stream: And on which lem appellari. Creech. in loc. fide foever he cafts his Eyes, all 432. Thus little, &c.] In these things seem to flow and move in


Æn. 4. V. 130.

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Tho' he stood ftill; I thought he did divide
The headlong Streams, and strive against the Tide ;

And all Things seem'd to move on ev'ry Side, 440

Thus COURTS, tho' equal wide, yet seem to bend, And grow more narrow at the distant End;

The NO TE S. the same manner. In which not these Portico's they were somethe Eye, but the Mind is mifta- times carry'd in their Coaches, ken; for, whereas the Eye ob- for so we may call them for the serves the Waves succeeding one Likeness of the Use of them, and another in time, the Mind ap- sometimes in their Chairs, on prehends besides, that they suc- Mens Shoulders : Besides, that ceed one another in Place; and they sometimes walk'd on Foot thus judges one and the same in them, either for their Health Place, to be as many places be- or Pleasure, is certain beyond all hind, as Waves on that part haye Dispute : And for these several beat against the Horse.

Reasons these Places were callid 440. Thus Courts,&c.] What Geftationes, Viridaria, Deam

Translatour here calls bulationes, and Porticus. In Courts, Lucretius calls Porticus. these Walks they us’d sometimes Now the most wealthy among to walk, or be carry'd, a certain the antient Romans had stately Number of Paces, as Plutarch Walks, both for fair and rainy reports of Cicero, in his Life. Weather : The first were in the And this Custom appears from Shade of Trees, and sometimes the following antient Inscription planted with Box or Rosemary, which we find in Pignorius, de as Pliny witnefles in an Epistle Servis, p. 141. and by which to Gallus. The second were un- they knew when they had been der magnificent Roofs, fuppor-carry'd, or had walk'd, a Mile. ted from one End to the other on Pillars of an equal Height, IN

HOC and plac'd at equal Distances : The Roof too was of an equal

POM ARIO Height, and the Side-Walls ex GESTATIONIS adly alike, nor was the Portico

PER CIRCUITUM broader in any one place than in

another. We may judge of the
Length of them from Juvenal, QUINQUIENS
Sat. 4. v. 5. where, speaking of

EFFICIT PASSUS the luxurious Crispinus, he says,

Quid refert igicur quantis ju-
menta fatiget

These large Places of Recrea-
Porcicibus ?

tion, these cover'd Walks were

but suitable to their other MagAnd Sat. 7. V. 178.

nificence : For their Houses were

for Largeness like Cities, as SeBalnea fexcentis, & pluris Por- neca witnesses, Epist. 9o. & 114, ticus, in qua

fo that, according to the several Gestetur Dominus, quoties plu- Seasons of the Year, they fomeit.

times us'd one Part of their

House, sometimes another. In Whence we may gather, that in these were their Conaciones,

Xx Veftibula,

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