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FORTITUDE-Perseverance in.

As a pine

A broken fortune is like a falling column; Rent from Eta's top by sweeping tempests, the lower it sinks, the greater weight it has Jointed again and made a mast, defies

to sustain.

Ovid. Those angry winds that split him : so will I, Pieced to my never-failing strength and FORTUNE-Caprices of. fortune,

For berein Fortune shows herself more kind Steer through these swelling dangers ;

Than is her custom : it is still her use, Plough their prides up, and bear like thunder To let the wretched man outlive his wealth, Through their loudest tempest.

To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, Beaumont and Fletcher. An age of poverty.

Shakspeare, FORTUNE-Chances and Changes of. But, prince, remember thou

A good man's fortune may grow out at heels. The vows, the noble uses of affliction;

Ibid. Preserve the quick humanity it gives, The pitying social sense of human weakness;

Fortune makes quick despatch, and in a day Yet keep thy stubborn fortitude entire,

May strip you bare as beggary itself. The manly heart that to another's woe

Cumberland. Is tender, but superior to its own. Learn to submit, yet learn to conquer fortune ; Be ready for all changes in thy fortune; Attach thee firmly to the virtuous deeds

Be constant when they happen; but above all, And offices of life : to life itself,

Mostly distrust good fortune's soothing smile ; With all its vain and transient joys, sit loose.

There lurks the danger, though we least susIbid.

pect it : FORTITUDE-a Support in Sorrow. Hunt for no offices !- accept them offer'd The human race are sons of sorrow born ;

But never to the wrong of suffering merit, And each must have its portion. Vulgar Or thy own virtue—there may chance a time minds

When by refusing honours you most gain them. Refuse, or crouch beneath their load; the

Havard. brave Bear theirs without repining.

Mallet. Who would trust slippery Chance ?

They that would make FORTITUDE-Virtues of.

Themselves her spoil, and foolishly forget With such unshaken temper of the soul,

When she doth flatter, that she comes to prey. To bear the swelling tide of prosp'rous fortune, Fortune thou hast no deity, if men Is to deserve that fortune : in adversity

Had wisdom; we have placed thee so high,

JOL HSOR. The mind grows rough by buffeting tempests; By fond belief in thy felicity. But, in success dissolving, sinks to ease, And loses all her firmness.


There is nothing keeps longer than a mid

dling fortune, and nothing melts away sooner Thou hast been

than a great one. Poverty treads upon the As one in suffering all, that suffers nothing,

heels of great and unexpected riches. A man that fortune's buffets and rewards

La Bruyère. Has ta'en with equal thanks : and bless d are they

On fickle wings the minutes baste, Whose blood and judgment mingled are so well, And Fortune's favours never last. Seriou That they are not a pipe for Fortune's finger, To sound what stop she please. Shakspeare.

Fortune is like the market, where, many

times, if you can stay a little, the price will It is true fortitude to stand firm against fall.

Bacuits All shocks of fate, when cowards faint and die In fear to suffer more calamity. Massinger. Will Fortune never come with both bands full,

But write her fair words still in foulest letters! FORTUNE-Acquisition of.

She either gives a stomach and no food,Many have been ruined by their fortunes; Such are the poor in health ; or else a feast, many have escaped ruin by the want of And takes away the stomach,—such the rich, fortune. To obtain it, the great have become That have abundance and enjoy it not. little, and the little, great. Zimmerman. I

Skalspeare FORTUNE.


PORTUNE-Chances and Changes of. FORTUNE-Men of.
The old Scythians

Their folly pleads the privilege of wealth.
Painted blind Fortune's powerful hands with

Horace. wings,

FORTUNE-Power of. To show her gifts come swift and suddenly, Which, if her favourite be not swift to take, Fortune, to show us her power in all things, He loses them for ever.

Chapman. and to abate our presumption, seeing she could

not make fools wise, she has made them fortunate.

Montaigne. The wheel of fortune turns incessantly round, 1 and who can say within himself, I shall to-day be uppermost !

Confucius. The power of fortune is confessed only by

the miserable; the happy impute all their FORTUNE-Creating our own.

success to prudence or merit.

Swift. To be thrown upon one's own resources is to I be cast in the very lap of fortune; for our

FORTUNE-ruled by Prudence. faculties then undergo a development, and dis

It is a madness to make Fortune the play an energy, of which they were previously mistress of events, because in herself she is insusceptible.


nothing, but is ruled by prudence. Dryden. PORTUNE-Defects of.

FORTUNE-Inconvenience of a Small. 1 There is some help for all the defects of

The worst inconvenience of a small fortune fortune, for if a man cannot attain to the is, that it will not admit of inadvertency. 'ength of his wishes, he may have his remedy

Shenstone. | by cutting of them shorter.

Cowley. FORTUNE-Smiles of. PORTUNE-Favours of.

Pleasure has been the business of my life,

And every change of fortune easy to me, "Tis she that gives (so mighty is her power)

Because I still was easy to myself. Dryden. Paith to the Jew, complexion to the Moor. she is the wretch's wish, the fool's pretence, · The sluggard's ease, the coxcomb's providence. What real good does an addition to a fortune Souls heasenly-born her faithless boons defy; already sufficient procure ! Not any. Could Tbe brave is to himself a deity. Garth. the great man, by having his fortune increased,

increase also his appetites, then precedence PORTUNE-Gifts of.

might be attended with real amusement. Peceive the gifts of fortune without pride,


FORTUNE-Welcomeness of. and part with them without reluctance.

Antoninus. Good fortune that comes seldom, comes more welcome.

Dryden. Fortune gives too much to many, but to FORTUNE-Whims of. none enough.


Fortune, the great commandress of the world,

Hath divers ways to enrich her followers : PORTUNE-Grappling with.

To some she honour gives without deserving; We are sure to get the better of fortune, if To other some, deserving, without honour; we do but grapple with ber.

Seneca. Some wit, some wealth, and some wit without

wealth; FORTUNE-the Companion of Industry. Some wealth without wit; some nor wit nor Fortune is ever seen accompanying industry, But good smock faces, or some qualities

wealth, and is as often trundling a wheelbarrow as lolling in a coach and six. Goldsmith. By nature, without judgment; with the which

They live in sensual acceptation, FORTUNE-Kindness of.

And make show only without touch of sub

stance. Fate's dark recesses we can never find,

Chapman. But fortune at some hours to all is kind;

FORTUNE-Wings of. The lucky have whole days which still they choose,

Fortune's wings are made of Time's feathers, Th' unlucky have but hours, and those they which stay not whilst one may measure them. lose. Dryden.



FORTUNE and HAPPINESS-Distinct With hard and savage eye she views the food, Ideas.

And grudging, pinches their intruding brood. What avails all the pomp and parade of life Last in the group the worn-out grandsire sits which appear abroad, if, when we shift the Neglected, lost, and living but by fits; gaudy flattering scene, the man is unbappy Useless, despised, his worthless labours done, where happiness must begin at home! What. And half-protected by the vicious son, ever ingredients of bliss Providence may have Who half-supports him; he, with beary glance, poured into his cup, domestic misfortunes will Views the young ruffians who around him dance; render the whole composition distasteful. And, by the sadness in his face appears Fortune and happiness are two very distinct To trace the progress of their future years; ideas; however some who have a false idea of Through what strange course of misery, vice, life and a wrongness of thinking may confound deceit, them.

Seed. Must wildly wander each unpractised cheat;

What shame and grief, what punishment and FORTUNE-TELLER-The.

pain, A savage wilderness round him hung,

Sport of fierce passions, must each child susAs of a dweller out of doors;

tainIn his whole figure, and his mien

Ere they, like him, approach their latter end, A savage character was seen,

Without a hope, a comfort, or a friend.
Of mountain and of dreary moors. Wordsworth.

A hungry lean-faced villain,

I see a column of slow-rising smoke
A mere anatomy, a mountebank,

O’ertop the lofty wood that skirts the wild. A threadbare juggler, and a fortune-teller ;

A vagabond and useless tribe there eat A needy, hollow-eyed, sharp-looking wretch, Their miserable meal. A kettle, slung A living dead man : this pernicious slave,

Between two poles upon a stick transverse, Forsooth, took on him as a conjurer;

Receives the morsel-flesh obscene of dog, And, gazing in mine eyes, feeling my pulse.

Or vermin, or at best of cock purloin'd And with no face, as 'twere, outfacing me, From his accustom'd perch. Hard-faring race Cries out, I was possess'd. Shakspeare. They pick their fuel out of every hedge, FORTUNE-TELLER-Encampment of Which, kindled with dry leaves, just saves upthe.

quench'd Again, the country was enclosed, a wide

The spark of life. The sportive wind blows wide And sandy road has banks on either side;

Their fluttering rags, and shows a tawny skin, Where, lo! a hollow on the left appear'd,

The vellum of the pedigree they claim. And there a gipsy tribe their tent bad rear'd.

Great skill have they in palmistry, and more 'Twas open spread to catch the morning sun,

To conjure clean away the gold they touch, And they had now their early meal begun,

Conveying worthless dross into its place; When two brown boys just left their grassy seat

Loud when they beg, dumb only when they steal. The early traveller with their prayers to greet. Strange ! that a creature rational, and cast Within, the father, who from fences nigh

In human mould, should brutalize by choice Had brought the fuel for the fire's supply,

His nature; and, though capable of arts Watch'd now the feeble blaze, and stood de- By which the world might profit, and himself, jected by.

Self-banish'd from society, prefer On ragged rug, just borrow'd from the bed,

Such squalid sloth to honourable toil! Cooper And by the hand of coarse indulgence fed,

FORTUNE-TELLING-Influence of. In dirty patchwork, negligently dressid, Reclined the wife, an infant at her breast. Of many who say they do not believe in In her wild face some touch of grace remain'a fortune-telling, I have known few on whom it Of vigour palsied, and of beauty stain'd, had pot a very sensible effect. Mackenzie. Her blood-shot eyes on her unheeding mate Were wrathful turn'd, and seein'd her wants to FOUNDLING-A. state,

What extenuation is not authorized by the Cursing his tardy aid ; her mother there position of a foundling! Without parents, or With gipsy state engrossid the only chair. friends, or early teachers to direct him, his Solemn and dull her look; with such she stands, little bark set adrift on the ocean of life, to And reads the milkmaid's fortune in her hands, take its chance among the rude billows and Tracing the lines of life ; assumed through years, breakers, without one friendly hand stretched Each feature now the steady falsehood wears. forth to steer or save it! The name of "found.




ling" comprebends an apology for much, very not to be compelled to take your moral much, that is wrong in after-life. Prescoll. potions.

Massinger. POUNTAIN-A.

FREEDOM-Existing with Foreknow

ledge. It was a well Of whitest marble, white as from the quarry ; And rob himself of all that makes this vale

Man (ingenious to contrive his woe. And ricbly wrought with many a high relief, Greek sculpture ;-—in some earlier days perhaps Our future actings, then the objects known

Of tears bloom comfort) cries, If God foresees A tomb, and honour'd with a hero's ashes. The water from the rock filled, overflow'd it;

Must be determined, or the knowledge fail ;

Thus liberty's destroyed, and all we do Tben dash'd away, playing the prodigal, And soon was lost-stealing, unseen, unheard, or suffer, by a fatal thread is spun. Through the long grass, and round the twisted Say, food, with too much subtlety misled,

Who reasonest but to err, does Prescience Of aged trees-discovering where it ran

change By the fresh verdure. Overcome with heat,

The property of things? Is aught thou seest I threw me down, admiring as I lay.

Caused by thy vision, not thy vision caused

By forms that previously exist? To God
That shaly pook-a singing-place for birds,
That grove so intricate, so full of flowers,

This mode of seeing future deeds extends,

And freedom with foreknowledge may exist. Wore than enough to please a maid a-Maying.

Bally. !

Rogers. FREEDOM-Power of. "Tras sweet of yore to see it play

For, 0! her softest breath, that might not And chase the sultriness of day,

stir As springing high the silver dew

The summer gossamer tremulous on its throne, la whirls fantastically flew,

Makes the crown'd tyrants start with realmAnd flung luxurious coolness round

less looks!

Gerald Massey. The air, and verdure o'er the ground. Byron. FREEDOM-the Use of all Human

Powers. POUNTAIN-in the Desert.

For what is freedom, but the unfettered use This sycamore, oft musical with bees,

Of all the powers which God for use had Such tents the patriarchs loved ? O long un

given ? barn'd

But chiefly this, Him first, Him last to view May all its aged boughs o'er-canopy

Through meaner powers and secondary things The small round basin, which this jutting stone

Effulgent, as through clouds that veil His Keeps pure from falling leaves! Long may the


Coleridge. spring, Quietly as a sleeping infant's breath,

FREEDOM-Spirit of. Send up cold waters to the traveller

The greatest glory of a free-born people With soft and even pulse! Nor ever cease Is to transmit that freedom to their children. Yoa tiny cone of sand its soundless dance,

Havard. Which at the bottom, like a fairy's page,

FREEDOM-associated with Virtue. As merry and no taller, dances still, Nor wrinkles the smooth surface of the fount,

If with streamy radiance God Here twilight is and coolness : here is moss,

Had dazzling beamed upon his creatures' A soft seat, and a deep and ample shade.

eyelids, Tuou may'st toil far and find no second tree.

And shown Himself to their umbandaged view,

Coleridge. And with a voice divine to us had spoken, FRANCE-in Olden Times.

Destroying in our hearts the wondrous balance,

(Man ceasing to be man had lost his freedom) A monarchy tempered by songs. Champfort. Our soul would not have struggled with our

senses, FREEDOM-Battle of.

And void of freedom what would virtue be ? Freedom's battle once begun,

Lamartine. Bequeath'd from bleeding sire to son,

FREE-MEN-Qualities of, Though baffled oft, is ever won. Byron.

Who are the free?

They who have scorn'd the tyrant and his rod, FREEDOM-in Debate.

And bow'd in worship upto none but God; Pray you use your freedom, and so far, if it They who have made the conqueror's glory please you, allow me mine to hear you, only


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Unchain'd in soul, though manacled in limb-appear with the same distinction, or entertain Unwarp'd by prejudice—unawed by wrong; your friends with the same liberality as forFriends to the weak, and fearless of the merly, will he still think himself happy in strong.

your society, and, instead of gradually withThey who could change not with the changing drawing himself from an unprofitable conhour.

nexion, take pleasure in professing himself The self-same men in peril and in power; your friend, and cheerfully assist you to support True to the law of right, as warmly prone the burden of your afflictions? When sickness To grant another's as maintain their own; shall call you to retire from the gay and busy Foes of oppression whereso'er it be

scenes of the world, will he follow you into These are the proudly free! your gloomy retreat, listen with attention to

Prince. your

“ tale of symptoms," and minister the FREE-WILL.

balm of consolation to your fainting spirit! Ingrate, he had of me

And lastly, when death shall burst asunder All he could have; I made him just and right, every earthly tie, will he shed a tear upon Sufficient to have stood, though free to fall. your grave, and lodge the dear remembrance Such I created all th' ethereal powers

of your mutual friendship in his heart, as a And spirits, both them who stood, and them treasure never to be resigned? The man who who fail'd;

will not do all this, may be your companionFreely they stood who stood, and fell who fell. your flatterer—your seducer-but, depend

Milton. upon it, he is not your friend. Enveld. FREE-WILL-Responsibility of. They therefore, as to right belong'd,

FRIEND-Conduct towards a. So were created, nor can justly accuse

Chide a friend in private, and praise him in Their Maker, or their making, or their fato, public.

Solou. As if predestination over-ruled Their will, disposed by absolute decree,

FRIEND-Counsel concerning a. Of high foreknowledge. They themselves decreed

Take heed of a speedy professing friend; Their own revolt, not I: if I foreknew,

love is never lasting which flames before it Foreknowledge had no influence on their fault, burns.

Feltham. Which had no less proved certain unforeknown. So without least impulse or shadow of fate,

FRIEND-Countenance of a. Or aught by me immutably foreseen,

The lightsome countenance of a friend They trespass, authors to themselves in all,

giveth such an inward decking to the house Both what they judge and what they choose. where it lodgeth, as proudest palaces bare


cause to envy the gilding. Sir Philip Sidney.

Grace leads the right way: if you choose the

FRIEND-A Faithful. wrong, Take it and perish, but restrain your tongue; Much beautiful, and excellent, and fair Charge not, with light sufficient, and left free, Was seen beneath the sup; but nought was seen Your wilful suicide on God's decree. Corper. More beautiful, or excellent, or fair,

Than face of faithful friend; fairest when seen FRIEND-Character of a

In darkest day; and many sounds were sweet, Concerning the man you call your friend - Most ravishing, and pleasant to the ear; tell me, will he weep with you in the hour of But sweeter none than voice of faithful friend; distress? Will he faithfully reprove you to Sweet always, sweetest heard in loudest storm. your face, for actions for which others are ridi

Pollak, culing or censuring you behind your back? Will he dare to stand forth in your defence, A faithful friend is better than gold, wben detraction is secretly aiming its deadly medicine for misery, an only possession. weapons at your reputation ? Will he ac

Burtor. knowledge you with the same cordiality, and behave to you with the same friendly attention, As a true friend is the sweetest contentment in the company of your superiors in rank and in the world, so in his qualities he well ra fortune, as when the claims of pride or vanity sembleth honey, the sweetest of all liquors. do not interfere with those of friendship? If Nothing is more sweet to the taste, nothing misfortune and losses should oblige you to more sharp and cleansing, when it meets with retire into a walk of life, in which you cannot an exulcerate sore. For myself, I know that I

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