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your bigoted kind, for were I grow big), in fact anywhere for to go down to the Darenth to- half-pounders, the angler to-day morrow it would be with a will do very wisely in following double taper-line in my equip- that example. The hair-bigot, ment. Once more, it is a quos- of course, does anything but tion of conditions. Only, I find wisely in using it in rivers it difficult to conceive the con- where the fish run to as many ditions that would justify the pounds as they run to ounces far from uncommon practice of on the waters where the use of using the essentially dry-fly hair originated ; still less wisely (that is, tapered) line with the when he attaches it to the essentially wet-fly (that is, more modern big heavy line; and the lissom) rod.

crown of his folly is his perThe taper-cast, like the taper- sistence in it after his adoption line, is essentially dry-fly equip- of the dry-fly method, which ment, but sometimes a cast of first introduced him to hair is substituted for it; and notice. this introduces to us a pretty With a

sense of strict imvariety, known as the Hairy partiality, which I trust has Bigot, which is found in greatest not been lost upon the reader, numbers in Yorkshire. It feeds I turn the search-light next almost entirely on hairs from upon the bigotry which enthe tails of young stallions, tirely taboos the cast of hair. and the rarity of its occurrence An excellent use of hair in among us is due to the in- fishing for small trout has creasing difficulty it has in been mentioned.

There are finding that form of susten- others,—for example, in flyance. My own belief is that fishing for dace, and in bottom the hairy bigot is a survival of lines, as in roach-fishing. From the first flight of that graceful all these the bigots of gut debar and charming species, the Fly- themselves. Gut, and gut only, Fishers. Let me explain more say they; and of course there particularly. The earliest an- are more of them who say it glers to make a reputation by now that drawn gut has been the use of the fly (if I am introduced. Drawn gut is silkright) were satisfied with com- worm gut, the diameter of paratively small fish, and when which has been decreased by they found the trout becoming a special process of drawing educated they very wisely and through steel plates, -and a successfully tried for them with nice lot of poor stuff the proa hair cast. The fame of it cess sometimes puts upon the spread through the country-side market! Now whither and beyond it; anglers every- bigotry leads some people. They where took to using hair, and are wedded to the finest-drawn on mountain burns and on gut, at least on two or three streams like those in the west lengths of their cast. In ninetyof England, where the fish nine cases out of a hundred run small (mainly because the that they cast over a fish they anglers there do not let them do not require this gut of cob

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fold an angler, the expertest, shy of plaited wire than genput a rod into his hand, and (for-erally they do of suchlike bidding him to apply the test innovations. No; the cause of feel to the shape, hexagonal in which the line bigots are or round) ask him to judge of found actively taking sides is the rod by the casting power of that of Taper-line v. Level-line, it, and nine times out of ten he and a complicate cause it is. will be wrong in his guess as to The level-line explains itself. the material used in its build. The taper-line, I may say for The clever angler, if he is driven the benefit of any reader, not into a corner, can do wonders a fisher, who has honoured us with an indifferent rod; and, with his company so far, may on the other hand, the finest. be either a line with a single product of the manufacturer's taper or a line with a double skill avails little in the hands taper. There are thus three of & duffer.

It is beyond great communions of line human ingenuity to make a bigots; but since a taper, rod that will make an angler. where used, varies in grade · The rod is the test of the with every style of sport and angler, and equally the angler may vary in position in any is the test of the rod. What is one style, there are as many best for one is not necessarily bodies of dissent from the taper best for another. Hear then communions as there are sixthis counsel, O novice! If you teenths of an inch of line about would be fitted with a rod, which to disagree. The arguplace yourself in a good manu- ment for the single taper is that facturer's hands, put his advice the line ought to be a true exto the test for yourself at the tension of the rod, and theoreti

, river - side, judge sagaciously cally it is unanswerable. On between your own experience the other hand, the double taper and the opinion of any expert gives increased power in casting. who offers one, and turn a deaf For long casting, especially on ear to all second-hand bigots. heavy, sluggish streams, where

, Finally, having made an excel- you have to get well over the lent choice beware of becoming fish, the double taper is often a bigot of that choice in turn, invaluable. I have found it so,

. A counsel of perfection, no

perfection, no but I have found also that with doubt; for which of us is free the double taper there is a from original sin ?

double drag on the cast and Pass now to the angler's a pull which prevent the correct line. Here, wonderful to say, extension and fall which the there is unanimity to level line gives. Perfection of material. Now that excellent close plaiting of the silk line lines of pure silk can be bought has supplied in great measure at a low price, the only reason the weight and power found in for preferring the old silk-and- the taper, without causing that hair has been removed; while imperfection in alighting to

; for some inexplicable reason which I refer. I am a levelthe faddists have fought more liner, therefore, but none of

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your bigoted kind, for were I grow big), in fact anywhere for to go down to the Darenth to- half-pounders, the angler to-day morrow it would be with a will do very wisely in following double taper-line in my equip- that example. The hair-bigot, ment. Once more, it is a ques- of course, does anything but tion of conditions. Only, I find wisely in using it in rivers it difficult to conceive the con- where the fish run to as many ditions that would justify the pounds as they run to ounces far from uncommon practice of on the waters where the use of using the essentially dry-fly hair originated; still less wisely (that is, tapered) line with the when he attaches it to the essentially wet-fly (that is, more modern big heavy line; and the lissom) rod.

crown of his folly is his perThe taper-cast, like the taper- sistence in it after his adoption line, is essentially dry-fly equip- of the dry-fly method, which ment, but sometimes a cast of first introduced him to our hair is substituted for it; and notice. this introduces to us a pretty With a

sense of strict imvariety, known as the Hairy partiality, which I trust has Bigot, which is found in greatest not been lost upon the reader, numbers in Yorkshire. It feede I turn the search-light next almost entirely on hairs from upon the bigotry which enthe tails of young stallions, tirely taboos the cast of hair. and the rarity of its occurrence An excellent use of hair in among us is due to the in- fishing for small trout has creasing difficulty it has in been mentioned.

There are finding that form of susten- others,-for example, in flyance, My own belief is that fishing for dace, and in bottom the hairy bigot is a survival of lines, as in roach-fishing. From the first flight of that graceful all these the bigots of gut debar and charming species, the Fly- themselves. Gut, and gut only, Fishers. Let me explain more say they; and of course there particularly. The earliest an- are more of them who say it glers to make a reputation by now that drawn gut has been the use of the fly (if I am introduced. Drawn gut is silkright) were satisfied with com- worm gut, the diameter of paratively small fish, and when which has been decreased by they found the trout becoming a special process of drawing educated they very wisely and through steel plates, -and a successfully tried for them with nice lot of poor stuff the proa hair cast. The fame of it cess sometimes puts upon the spread through the country-side market! Now

whither and beyond it; anglers every- bigotry leads some people. They where took to using hair, and are wedded to the finest-drawn on mountain burns and on gut, at least on two or three streams like those in the west lengths of their cast. In ninetyof England, where the fish nine cases out of a hundred run small (mainly because the that they cast over a fish they anglers there do not let them do not require this gut of cob

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web fineness; but have it they least makes his presence in must. And so you see on the the background felt and indisItchen anglers with every ex- pensable. Unless the whole pectation of getting into a three- theory of angling is wrong or four-pounder using gut that from the beginning, success lies originally was intended only to in persuading the fish that the rival hair in the single strand lure is natural food, and the over the smaller fish. This re- greatest success lies in deceiving calls an experience of my own, the fish with an artificial reprowhen I went out trout-fishing duction of that particular tidwith a dace hair cast in front bit of natural food which it of a gut cast. I raised big fish, fancies most at the moment. but I did not dare to strike. In short, angling practice is That, surely, was carrying based upon knowledge of the sportsmanlike

methods to tastes, likings, whims, temper absurd extremes; and so, it of the fish, and of the appearseems to me, they carry them ances of the various creatures, who in their zeal for the gossa- alive and kicking or drowned mer gut handicap themselves and limp, upon which the fish against the fish until they are feed,-about all which, as almost entirely out of the matter of fact, the angler is running.

little better informed than any We are fairly in sight now of of us is about the real mind the happiest hunting-ground of of our Japanese allies. This the angling bigot, and creels mystery of fish life has the and baskets and bags, landing advantage that it gives value nets and winches, and hooks to every honest record of with a hundred kinds of eyes angling experience; but it and as many kinds of bends, must be confessed that it also each with its champions, must covers a multitude of follies. keep our feet out of it no longer. We have reached now the These, like the angler's dress Dry-fly v. Wet-fly controversy. and rod and line and cast, are In staking out the claims of designed for his greater comfort the dry-fly, I strive to be imand good practice in his sport. partial, and to imagine us They do not greatly concern happy in a witness on that the fish. It is the subsequent side who is not bigoted beyond proceedings that interest him all reasoning. Him we will more. He is, after all, the chief require to justify his method party in the game of deception and to explain his position. which the angler proposes to “As the sport of fly - fishing play. If he detect the little progressed in the south of Engdevil masquerading in the garb land," I imagine him to anof a fairy fly, if he smell the swer, “the number of anglers poison in the mouthful of jam, increased, and their opportun-well then, the game doesn't ities decreased. They had come off. With the lure, a new educated the trout to so high act begins, and a fresh character a pitch that save in the Mayappears upon the scene, or at fly season it was almost a rare

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thing to make a good basket. ing power of the single fly was It was then that the experts increased. Wings were given among them took special note to many patterns that preof the fact that in their waters, viously had not been winged. and in the slow-flowing rivers The wings were enlarged next; of the Midlands, and indeed on then there

introduced rivers everywhere, the big fish double wings and various matetake up their feeding positions rials for floating bodies. The for the most part in the quiet succeeding stage, additions to pools. That is admitted ; and the hackles, was followed by 80 is it that the water - flies still more wing, and ultimately coming to the surface of the un- by rolled wings. By-and-by ruffled pools do so again and the feathers were soaked in again, dancing and fluttering various solutions—always still above and floating down gently as a means of floating the fly with the stream, whereas on -and lately they have been the heavy, rough - tumbling anointed with an odourless' water they are speedily drowned paraffin.” This is the stage, and carried below. That is not then, at which the dry-fly fisher all. The larvæ when they finds himself at present in his hatch in quiet waters have a evolution of natural action ; but chance of rising steadily to the almost certainly a further desurface and developing beauti- velopment will come, and that, fully into the perfect flies. On I could prophesy, will be with the other hand, those hatched the introduction of a hollow, below a heavy run are apt to transparent body and a natural be swept down with the cur- wing. rent." (Here, no doubt, our I hope that this argument witness is not stating a fact, which I have put into the but airing a theory; in sup- mouth of the dry-fly fisher does port of which, however, it may not do him an injustice. I do be noted that many of the not think that it does, and most deadly wet - fly patterns therefore I am fortified in comare closer representations of menting upon it at the expense undeveloped than of developed somewhat of dry-fly bigotry. I flies.) “The experts, then,” note, then, that the dry-fly is our obliging dry-fly man con- comparatively a modern inventinues his argument, “modi- tion, true daughter of Necessity, fied the wet - fly principle as forced upon anglers on water of applied to these big fish in slow- a certain character. The inferflowing streams, until there enco surely is not wrong that was developed the modern dry- there is water of another charfly method. If these big fel- acter (hereafter known as the lows were to be beaten, it was “other water”), where the failimperative, following nature, ure of the older method was to float the lure over them, and not so manifest; and presumin this

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the cast of several ably water of both kinds is to flies gave place to that of a be found in any river. Seeing, single fly. By times the float- however, that the older method

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