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lee or Black Fox, the king or head chief of said Cherokee nation, actEastern limits ing on the part of, and in behalf of said nation, is one, that the eastern of the tract granted by the

limits of said ceded tract shall be bounded by a line so to be run from treaty of Jan.

the upper end of the Chickasaw Old Fields, a little above the upper 7, 1806. point of an island, called Chickasaw Island, as will most directly inter

sect the first waters of Elk river, thence carried to the Great Cumberland mountain, in which the waters of Elk river have their source, then along the margin of said mountain untill it shall intersect lands heretofore ceded to the United States, at the said Tennessee ridge. And in consideration of the readiness shown by the Cherokees to explain, and to place the limits of the land ceded by the said convention out of all doubt; and in consideration of their expenses in attending council, the executive of the United States will direct that the Cherokee nation shall receive the sum of two thousand dollars, to be paid to them by their agent, at such time as the said executive shall direct, and that the Cherokee hunters, as hath been the custom in such cases, may hunt on said ceded tract, untill by the fullness of settlers it shall become improper. And it is hereby declared by the parties, that this explanation ought to be considered as a just elucidation of the cession made by the first article of said convention.

Done at the point of departure of the line at the upper end of the

island, opposite to the upper part of the said Chickasaw Old Fields,
the eleventh day of September, in the year one thousand eight
hundred and seven.


Eunolee, or Black Fox,

Richard Brown,
Fauquitce, or Glass,

So, wo, lo, toh, king's brother,
Falaquokoko, or Turtle at home,
WITNESSES PRESENT:-Thos. Freeman, Thomas Orme.

T, the Indian names are subjoined a mark.


Made at Detroit, this seventeenth day of November, in the year of Nov. 17, 1807. our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and seven, by William

Proclamation, Hull, governor of the territory of Michigan, and superintendant Jan. 27, 1808 of Indian affairs, and sole commissioner of the United States, to conclude and sign a treaty or treaties, with the several nations of Indians, north west of the river Ohio, on the one part, and the sachems, chiefs, and warriors of the Ottoway, Chippeway, Wyandotte, and Pottawatamie nations of Indians, on the other part. To confirm and perpetuate the friendship, which happily subsists between the United States and the nations aforesaid, to manifest the sincerity of that friendship, and to setile arrangements mutually beneficial to the parties ; after a full explanation and perfect understanding, the following articles are agreed to, which, when ratified by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall be binding on them, and the respective nations of Indians.

ARTICLE I. The sachems, chiefs, and warriors of the nations afore- Consideration said, in consideration of money and goods, to be paid to the said nations, by the government of the United States as hereafter stipulated; do hereby agree to cede, and forever quit claim, and do in behalf of Cession. their nations hereby cede, relinquish, and forever quit claim, unto the said United States, all right, title, and interest, which the said nations now have, or claim, or ever had, or claimed, in, or unto, the lands comprehended within the following described lines and boundaries : Begin- Boundaries.

. ning at the mouth of the Miami river of the lakes, and running thence up the middle thereof, to the mouth of the great Au Glaize river, thence running due north, until it intersects a paralell of latitude, to be drawn from the outlet of lake Huron, which forms the river Sinclair; thence running north east the course, that may be found, will lead in a direct line, to White Rock, in lake Huron, thence due east, until it intersects the boundary line between the United States and Upper Canada, in said lake, thence southwardly, following the said boundary line, down said lake, through river Sinclair, lake St. Clair, and the river Detroit, into lake Erie, to a point due east of the aforesaid Miami river, thence west to the place of beginning

Art. II. It is hereby stipulated and agreed on the part of the United States, as a consideration for the lands, ceded by the nations aforesaid, in the preceding article, that there shall be paid to the said nations, at Detroit, ten thousand dollars, in money, goods, implements of husbandry, or domestic animals, (at the option of the said nations, seasonably signified, through the superintendant of Indian affairs, residing with the said nations, to the department of war,) as soon as practicable, after the ratification of the treaty, by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States; of this sum, three thousand three How the cor hundred and thirty three dollars thirty three cents and four mills, shall sideration is to be paid to the Ottaway nation, three thousand three hundred and thirty

be apportioner

and paid. three dollars thirty three cents and four mills, to the Chippeway nation, one thousand six hundred sixty six dollars sixty six cents and six mills, VOL. VII. 14


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to the Wyandotte nation, one thousand six hundred sixty six dollars sixty six cents and six mills, to the Pottawatamie nation, and likewise an annuity forever, of two thousand four hundred dollars, to be paid at Detroit, in manner as aforesaid : the first payment to be made on the first day of September next, and to be paid to the different nations, in the following proportions: Eight hundred dollars to the Ottaways, eight hundred dollars to the Chippeways, four hundred dollars to the Wyandottes, and four hundred dollars to such of the Pottawatamies, as now reside on the river Huron of lake Erie, the river Raisin, and in the

vicinity of the said rivers. U.S. will agree

Art. III. It is further stipulated and agreed, if at any time hereafter, to a reasonable the said nations should be of the opinion, that it would be more for commutation for the annuity,

their interest, that the annuity aforesaid should be paid by instalments, the United States will agree to a reasonable commutation for the an

nuity, and pay it accordingly. U.S. 10 supply Art. IV. The United States, to manifest their liberality, and dispothe Indians with sition to encourage the said Indians, in agriculture, further stipulate, to blacksmiths.

furnish the said Indians with two blacksmiths, one to reside with the Chippeways, at Saguina, and the other to reside with the Ottaways, at the Miami, during the term of ten years; said blacksmiths are to do

such work for the said nations as shall be most useful to them. Indians to have Art. V. It is further agreed and stipulated, that the said Indian nathe privilege of tions shall enjoy the privilege of hunting and fishing on the lands ceded hunting, &c. on lands ceded.

as aforesaid, as long as they remain the property of the United States. Reservations. Art. VI. It is distinctly to be understood, for the accommodation of

the said Indians, that the following tracts of land within the cession aforesaid, shall be, and hereby are reserved to the said Indian nations, one tract of land six miles square, on the Miami of lake Erie, above Roche de Boeuf, to include the village, where Tondaganie, (or the

Dog) now lives. Also, three miles square on the said river, (above the Ante, p. 49.

twelve miles square ceded to the United States by the treaty of Greenville) including what is called Presque Isle; also four miles square on the Miami bay, including the villages where Meshkemau and Wau-gau now live; also, three miles square on the river Raisin, at a place called Macon, and where the river Macon falls into the river Raizin, which place is about fourteen miles from the mouth of said river Raizin; also, two sections of one mile square each, on the river Rouge, at Seginsiwin's village; also two sections of one mile square each, at Tonquish's village, near the river Rouge; also three miles square on lake St. Clair, above the river Huron, to include Machonce's village; also, six sections, each section containing one mile square, within the cession aforesaid, in such situations as the said Indians shall elect, subject, however, to the approbation of the President of the United States, as to the places of location. It is further understood and agreed, that whenever the reservations cannot conveniently be laid out in squares, they shall be laid out in paralelograms, or other figures, as found most practicable and cortvenient, so as to contain the area specified in miles, and in all cases they are to be located in such manner, and in such situations, as not to interfere with any improvements of the French or

other white people, or any former cessions. Indians ac.

Art. VII. The said nations of Indians acknowledge themselves to knowledge the be under the protection of the United States, and no other power, and protection of

will prove by their conduct that they are worthy of so great a blessing. the U.S.

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, the said William Hull, and the sachems,

and war chiefs representing the said nations, have hereunto set their hands and seals.

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Done at Detroit, in the territory of Michigan, the day and year first
above written.


Pee-wan-she-me nogh,

Ma-mau-she-gau-ta, (or bad legs) Ka-wach-e-wan,


Po-qua-quet, (or the ball)

Quit-chon-e-quit, or big cloud,


Puck e-nese, or the spark of fire,

Ne-gig, (or the Olter)

Me-a-si ta,

Macquettequet, or Little Bear

Ne-me-kas, (or Little Thunder)
Sawanabenase, or, pe, che, ga, bu,

a, or Grand Blanc,
Ton quish,


Miere, or walk in the water,
Meu-e-tu-ge-sheck, or the Little I-yo-na-yo-ta-ha.

In presence of Geo. McDougall, Chief Judge Ct. D. H. and D. C. Rush, Attorney-
General. Jacob Visger, Associate Judge of the D. Court. Jos. Watson, Secretary to
the Legisl of Michigan. Abijah Hull, Surveyor for Michigan Territory. Harris
H. Hickman, Counsellor at Law. Abraham Fuller Hull, Counsellor at Law and
Secretary to the commission. Whitmore Knaggs, William Walker, Sworn Inter-

To the Indian names are subjoined a mark and seal.


Made and concluded at Fort Clark, on the right bank of the

Nov. 10, 1808. Missouri, about five miles above the Fire Prairie, in the territory of Louisiana, the tenth day of November, in the year of 28, 1810.

Ratified, April our Lord one thousand eight hundred and eight, between Peter Chouteau, esquire, agent for the Osage, and specially commissioned and instructed to enter into the same by his excellency Meriwether Lewis, governor and superintendent of Indian affairs for the territory aforesaid, in behalf of the United States of America, of the one part, and the chiefs and warriors of the Great and Little Osage, for themselves and their nations respectively, on the other part. Art. 1. The United States being anxious to promote peace, friend

A fort to be ship and intercourse with the Osage tribes, to afford them every assis- built. tance in their power, and to protect them from the insults and injuries of other tribes of Indians, situated near the settlements of the white people, have thought proper to build a fort on the right bank of the Missouri, a few miles above the Fire Prairie, and do agree to garrison the same with as many regular troops as the President of the United States may, from time to time, deem necessary for the protection of all orderly, friendly and well disposed Indians of the Great and Little Osage nations, who reside at this place, and who do strictly conform to,


and pursue the counsels or admonitions of the President of the United

States through his subordinate officers. A store of Art. 2. The United States being also anxious that the Great and goods to be kept Little Osage, resident as aforesaid, should be regularly, supplied with at the fort.

every species of merchandise, which their comfort may hereafter require, do engage to establish at this place, and permanently to continue at all seasons of the year, a well assorted store of goods, for the purpose of

bartering with them on moderate terms for their peltries and furs. A blacksmith, Art. 3. The United States agree to furnish at this place, for the use &c, to be fur

of the Osage nations, a black-smith, and tools to mend their arms and nished by U.S.

utensils of husbandry, and engage to build them a horse mill, or water mill; also to furnish them with ploughs, and to build for the great chief of the Great Osage, and for the great chief of the Little Osage, a strong block house in each of their towns, which are to be established near

this fort. Property stolen Art. 4. With a view to quiet the animosities which at present exist by the Osages between the inhabitants of the territory of Louisiana, and the Osage before the ac. quisition of Lou.

nations, in consequence of the lawless depredations of the latter, the isiana, to be United States do further agree to pay to their own citizens, the full paid for by U.S. value of such property as they can legally prove to have been stolen or

destroyed by the said Osage, since the acquisition of Louisiana by the United States, provided the same does not exceed the sum of five thou

sand dollars. Merchandise to

Art. 5. In consideration of the lands relinquished by the Great and be delivered. Little Osage to the United States as stipulated in the sixth article of this

treaty, the United States promise to deliver at Fire Prairie, or at St. Louis, yearly, to the Great Osage nation, merchandize to the amount or value of one thousand dollars, and to the Little Osage nation, merchandize to the amount or value of five hundred dollars, reckoning the value of said merchandize at the first cost thereof, in the city or place in the

United States, where the same shall have been procured. Money paid.

And in addition to the merchandize aforesaid, the United States have, at and before the signature of these articles, paid to the Great Osage nation, the sum of eight hundred dollars, and to the Little Osage nation,

the sum of four hundred dollars. Boundary line Art. 6. And in consideration of the advantages which we derive established. from the stipulations contained in the foregoing articles, we, the chiess

and warriors of the Great and Little Osage, for ourselves and our nations respectively, covenant and agree with the United States, that the boundary line between our nations and the United States shall be as follows, to wit: beginning at fort Clark, on the Missouri, five miles above Fire Prairie, and running thence a due south course to the river Arkansas, and down the same to the Mississippi ; hereby ceding and relinquishing forever to the United States, all the lands which lie east of the said line, and north of the southwardly bank of the said river Arkansas, and all lands situated northwardly of the river Missouri. And we do further cede and relinquish to the United States forever, a tract of two leagues square, to embrace fort Clark, and to be laid off in such manner as the

President of the United States shall think proper. Lines to be

Art. 7. And it is mutually agreed by the contracting parties, that run by U.S. the boundary lines hereby established, shall be run and marked at the

expense of the United States, as soon as circumstances or their convenience will permit; and the Great and Little Osage promise to depute two chiefs from each of their respective nations, to accompany the commissioner, or commissioners who may be appointed on the part of the United States, to settle and adjust the said boundary line.

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