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ARTICLE X. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting When to take parties, as soon as the same shall have been ratified by the President of effect. the United States, by and with the advise and consent of the senate.

Done at Colerain, the 29th of June, one thousand seven hundred
and ninety-six.




Kelese Hatkie.
Tusikia Mico,

Inclenis Mico,

Nedhomotea Opoey,
Ookfuskee Tustuneka,

Tuscikia Mico.
Clewalee Tustaneka.


Tusikia Mico,

Cussita Mico,

Hosonupe Hodjo.
Fusatchee Mico,

Opoey Mico.

Holahto Mico,
Broken Arrows.

Tustunika Thlocco.
Tustuneka Mico,

Othley Opoey,
Opoey Tustuneka,

Oboethly Tustuneka.


Spani Hodjo,
Euchee Mico.


Upper Euphaules.
Osaw Enehah,

Ephah Tuskenah,

Tusikia Mico.


Upper Cheehaws.
Chehaw Mico.

Spokoi Hodjo,

Othley poey Mico,

Othley poey Tustimiha.


Opoey Thloeco,

Knapematha Thlocco.


Cusa Mico,
Pahose Mico,

Tusekia Mico Athee,
Tustunika Chopeo.

Halartee Matla,

Talahoua Mico,

Fusatchee Hulloo Mico,

Tusikia Mico,

Estechaco Mico,
Mico Opoey.

Tuskegee Tuskinagee,

Cochus Mico,
Tallessee Mico,

Opio Hajo,

Oneas Tustenagee,
Othley poey Mico.

Alak Ajo,
Little Oakjoys.

Stilepeck Chatee,
Meeke Matla.

Tuchesee Mico.
Hicory Ground.

Opoey Mico.

Cheea Hajo.


Talmasee Matla.

Opio Tustinagee,

Yafkee Matle Hajo,

Oboyethlee Tustinagee,
Tustincke Hajo.

Tustinagee Hajo,

Hillibee Tustinagee Hajo,
Coweta Matla,

Effa Tuskeena,
Coosa Mico,

Emathlee Loco,
Fusatchee Mico,

Tustenagee Mico,
Pio Hatkee,

Yaha Tustinagee,
Foosatchee Mico,

Cunctastee Justinagee.

Tuchabatchee Howla,
Spoko Hajo.

Coosa Tustanagee,

Neamatle Matla.

Chuckchack Nincha,

Tusticnika Hajo.
Opoyo Matla,
Lachlee Matla.


Big Tallasees.

Chowostia Hajo,
Neathloco Opyo,

Talewa Othleopoya,

Talmasse Matla,
Chowlactley Mico,

Niah Weathla,
Tocoso Hajo,

Hoochee Matla,

Ottessee Matla,

Muclassee Matla,
Tustinica Mico,

Eufallee Matla.
Opoy Fraico.

Big Talassee.

Cunipee Howla.

Elcatee Hajo,
Chosolop Hajo,

Hospotak Tustinagee.
Coosa Hajo.

Tuchabat chees.

Spoko Hodjo.


Tustinagee Chatee.
Tushegee Tustinagee,

Talmasa Watalica.

Spokoca Tustinagee,

Othley poey Tustinagec,
Tothes Hago.

Tuskeeneah. WITNESS :-James Seagrove, superintendant Indian affairs, C. N. Henry Gaither, lieutenant-colonel-commandant. Const. Freeman, A. W. D. major artillery and engineers. Samuel Tinsley, capt. 3d. sub-legion. Samuel Allinson, ensign 2d. sub-legion. John W. Thompson, ensign 1st U. S. sub-legion. Geo. Gillasspy, surgeon L. U. S. Timothy Barnard, D. A. and sworn Interpreter. James Burges, D. A. and sworn Interpreter. James Jordan. Richard Thomas. Alexander Cornels. William Eaton, capt. 4th U. S. sub-legion, commandant at Coleraine and secretary to the commission.

To New York, by the Mohawk nation of Indians, under the sanc-

tion of the United States of America, of all claim to lands in March 29, 1797. that state.


April 27, 1798. Ar a treaty held under the authority of the United States, with the

а Mohawk nation of Indians, residing in the province of Upper Canada, within the dominions of the king of Great Britain, present, the honorable Isaac Smith, commissioner appointed by the United States to hold this treaty; Abraham Ten Broeck, Egbert Benson, and Ezra L'Hommedieu, agents for the state of New York; captain Joseph Brandt, and captain John Deserontyon, two of the said Indians and deputies, to represent the said nation at this treaty.

The said agents having, in the presence, and with the approbation of the said commissioner, proposed to and adjusted with the said deputies, the compensation as hereinafter mentioned to be made to the said nation, for their claim, to be extinguished by this treaty, to all lands within the said state: it is thereupon finally agreed and done, between the said agents, and the said deputies, as follows, that is to say: the said agents do agree to pay to the said deputies, the sum of one thousand dollars, Agents of New for the use of the said nation, to be by the said deputies paid over to the Mohawk

York pay to and distributed among, the persons and families of the said nation, ac- deputies, $1000 cording to their usages. The sum of five hundred dollars, for the ex- and their expenses of the said deputies, during the time they have attended this penses. treaty: : and the sum of one hundred dollars, for their expenses in returning, and for conveying the said sum of one thousand dollars, to where the said nation resides. And the said agents do accordingly, for and in the name of the people of the state of New York, pay the said three several sums to the said deputies, in the presence of the said commissioner. And the said deputies do agree to cede and release, and these presents witness, that they accordingly do, for and in the name of The Mohawks the said nation, in consideration of the said compensation, cede and cede all right, release to the people of the state of New York, forever, all the right or title of the said nation to lands within the said state: and the claim of the said nation to lands within the said state, is hereby wholly and finally extinguished. In testimony whereof, the said commissioner, the said agents, and the

said deputies, have hereunto, and to two other acts, of the same
tenor and date, one to remain with the United States, one to remain
with the said state, and one delivered to the said deputies, to remain
with the said nation, set their hands and seals, at the city of Al-
bany, in the said state, the 29th day of March, in the year 1797.

Abm. Ten Broeck,

Jos. Brandt,
Egbt. Benson,

John Deserontyon.
Ezra L'Hommedieu,
WITNESSES :—Robert Yates, John Tayler, Chas. Williamson, Thomas Morris,
The mark of John Abeel, alias the Cornplanter, a chief of the Senekas.

To the Indian names is subjoined a seal.
[For a contract, dated Sept. 15, 1797, between Robert Morris and the Senecas, entered
into under the sanction of the United States, see post, Appendix I. p. 601.]

F (61)


Oct. 2, 1798.

Between the United States of America, and the Cherokee Indians

Preamble. Whereas, the treaty made and concluded on Holston River, on the

second day of July, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninetyAnte, p. 39. one, between the United States of America, and the Cherokee nation

of Indians, had not been carried into execution, for some time thereafter, by reason of some misunderstandings which had arisen :- And whereas, in order to remove such misunderstandings, and to provide for carrying the said treaty into effect, and for re-establishing more fully the peace and friendship between the parties, another treaty was held,

made and concluded by and between them, at Philadelphia, the twentyAnte, p. 43. sixth day of June, in the year one thousand seven hundred and ninety

four: In which, among other things, it was stipulated, that the boundaries mentioned in the fourth article of the said treaty of Holston, should be actually ascertained and marked, in the manner prescribed by the said article, whenever the Cherokee nation should have ninety days' notice of the time and place at which the commissioners of the United States intended to commence their operation : And whereas further delays in carrying the said fourth article into complete effect did take place, so that the boundaries mentioned and described therein, were not regularly ascertained and marked, until the latter part of the year, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-seven: before which time, and for want of knowing the direct course of the said boundary, divers settlements were made, by divers citizens of the United States, upon the Indian lands over and beyond the boundaries so mentioned and described in the said article, and contrary to the intention of the said treaties : but which settlers were removed from the said Indian lands, by authority of the United States, as soon after the boundaries had been so lawfully ascertained and marked as the nature of the case had admitted: And whereas, for the purpose of doing justice to the Cherokee nation of Indians, and remedying inconveniencies arising to citizens of the United States from the adjustment of the boundary line between the lands of the Cherokees and those of the United States, or the citizens thereof, or from any other cause in relation to the Cherokees; and in order to promote the interests and safety of the said states, and the citizens thereof, the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, hath appointed George Walton, of Georgia, and the President of the United States hath also appointed Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Butler, commanding the troops of the United States, in the state of Tennessee, to be commissioners for the purpose aforesaid : : And who, on the part of the United States, and the Cherokee nation, by the undersigned chiefs and warriors, representing the said nation, have agreed to the following articles, namely:

ARTICLE I. Peace and The peace and friendship subsisting between the United States and friendship per the Cherokee people, are hereby renewed, continued, and declared perpetual. petual.

ARTICLE II. Subsisting

The treaties subsisting between the present contracting parties, are treaties to ope. acknowledged to be of full and operating force; together with the conrate.

struction and usage under their respective articles, and so to continue.



ARTICLE III. The limits and boundaries of the Cherokee nation, as stipulated and Limits to remarked by the existing treatie veen the parties, shall be and remain main the same, the same, where not altered by the present treaty.

&c. ARTICLE IV. In acknowledgement for the protection of the United States, and for Cession of ter. the considerations hereinafter expressed and contained, the Cherokee ritory. nation agree, and do hereby relinquish and cede to the United States, all the lands within the following points and lines, viz. From a point on the Tennessee river, below Tellico block-house, called the Wild-cat Rock, in a direct line to the Militia spring, near the Mary-ville road leading from Tellico. From the said spring to the Chill-howie mountain, by a line so to be run, as will leave all the farms on Nine-mile Creek to the northward and eastward of it; and to be continued along Chill-howie mountain, until it strikes Hawkins's line. Thence along the said line to the great Iron mountain ; and from the top of which a line to be continued in a southeastwardly course to where the most southwardly branch of Little river crosses the divisional line to TuggaJoe river: From the place of beginning, the Wild-cat Rock, down the northeast margin of the Tennessee river (not including islands) to a point or place one mile above the junction of that river with the Clinch, and from thence by a line to be drawn in a right angle, until it intersects Hawkins's line leading from Clinch. Thence down the said line to the river Clinch; thence up the said river to its junction with Em. mery's river; and thence up Emmery's river to the foot of Cumberland mountain. From thence a line to be drawn, northeastwardly, along the foot of the mountain, until it intersects with Campbell's line.

To prevent all future misunderstanding about the line described in

Commissioners the foregoing article, two commissioners shall be appointed to superin- for running the tend the running and marking the same, where not ascertained by the line of the cesrivers, immediately after signing this treaty; one to be appointed by the commissioners of the United States, and the other by the Cherokee nation; and who shall cause three maps or charts thereof to be made out; one whereof shall be transmitted and deposited in the war office of the United States ; another with the executive of the state of Tennessee, and the third with the Cherokee nation, which said line shall form a part of the boundary between the United States and the Cherokee nation.

In consideration of the relinquishment and cession hereby made, the

Consideration United States upon signing the present treaty, shall cause to be delivered for the treaty. to the Cherokees, goods, wares and merchandize, to the amount of five thousand dollars, and shall cause to be delivered, annually, other goods, to the amount of one thousand dollars, in addition to the annuity already provided for; and will continue the guarantee of the remainder of their country for ever, as made and contained in former treaties.


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Kentucky road to be kept open.

ARTICLE VII. The Cherokee nation agree, that the Kentucky road, running between the Cumberland mountain and the Cumberland river, where the same shall pass through the Indian land, shall be an open and free road for the use of the citizens of the United States in like manner as the road from Southwest point to Cumberland river. In consideration of which it is hereby agreed on the part of the United States, that until settle

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