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heard, etc. etc., but, after a little urging, consented to inform the company in general, that there was great dissatisfaction in the neighbourhood, that those who lived in log-houses at a little distance from the village, had not been invited to join the society; and also, that many people thought twenty-five cents quite too high, for a yearly subscription.
“Many looked aghast at this. Public opinion is nowhere so strongly felt as in this country, among new settlers. And as many of the present company still lived in log-houses, a tender string was touched.
“At length, an old lady, who had sat quietly in a corner all the afternoon, looked up from behind the great woollen sock she was knitting,
“Well now! that 's queer !' said she, addressing Mrs. Nippers with an air of simplicity simplified. 'Miss Turner told me you went round her neighbourhood last Friday, and told how that Miss Clavers and Miss Skinner despised every body that lived in log-houses ; and you know you told Miss Briggs that you thought twenty-five cents was too much ; did n't she, Miss Briggs ?' Mrs. Briggs nodded.
“ The widow blushed to the very centre of her pale eyes, but, 'e'en though vanquished,' she lost not her assurance. • Why, I 'm sure I only said that we only paid twelve-and-ahalf cents at the East ; and as to log-houses, I do n't know, I can 't just recollect, but I did n't say more than others did.'
“But human nature could not bear up against the mortification; and it had, after all, the scarce credible effect of making Mrs. Nippers sew in silence for some time, and carry her colors at half-mast for the remainder of the afternoon.
“At tea each lady took one or more of her babies into her lap, and much grabbing ensued. Those who wore calicoes seemed in good spirits and appetite, for green tea at least; but those who had unwarily sported silks and other unwashables, looked acid and uncomfortable. Cake few about at a great rate, and the milk and water which ought to have gone quietly down sundry juvenile throats, was spirted without mercy into various wry faces. But we got through. The astringent refreshment produced its usual crisping effect upon the vivacity of the company. Talk ran high upon almost all Montacutian themes.
butter now?' 'When are you going to raise your barn?' Is your man a going to kill, this week ? · I ha'n't seen a bit of meat these six weeks.' · Was you to meetin' last Sabbath ?' 'Has Miss White got any wool to sell ?' • Do tell if you 've been to Detroit ?
· Are you out o'candles?' 'Well I should think Sarah Teals wanted a new
56. Do you
gown !' 'I hope we shall have milk in a week or two,' and so on ; for, be it known, that in a state of society like ours, the bare necessaries of life are subjects of sufficient interest for a good deal of conversation. More than one truly respectable woman of our neighbourhood has told me, that it is not very many years since a moderate allowance of Indian meal and potatoes was literally all that sell to their share of this rich world for weeks together.
"• Is your daughter Isabella well ? ' asked Mrs. Nippers of me solemnly, pointing to little Bell, who sat munching her bread and butter, half asleep, at the fragmentious table.
· Yes, I believe so, look at her cheeks.'
yes s! it was her cheeks I was looking at. They are so very rosy. I have a little niece who is the very image of her. I never see Isabella without thinking of Jerushy ; and Jerushy is most dreadfully scrofulous !
“Satisfied at having made me uncomfortable, Mrs. Nippers turned to Mrs. Doubleday, who was trotting her pretty babe with her usual proud fondness.
"Do n't you think your baby breathes rather strangely?' said the tormentor.
«« Breathes ! how !' said the poor thing, off her guard in an instant.
"Why rather croupish, I think, if I am any judge. I have never had any children of my own, to be sure; but I was with Mrs. Green's baby when it died, and
Come, we 'll be off!' said Mr. Doubleday, who had come for his spouse. · Do n't mind the envious vixen,'aside to his Polly.
“Just then, somebody on the opposite side of the room, happened to say, speaking of some cloth affair, Mrs. Nippers says it ought to be sponged.'
“Well, sponge it then, by all means,' said Mr. Doubleday, ' nobody else knows half as much about sponging ; ' and with wife and baby in tow, off walked the laughing Philo, leaving the widow absolutely transfixed.
"6. What could Mr. Doubleday mean by that?' was at length her indignant exclamation.
“I am sure,' continued the crest-fallen Mrs. Campaspe, with an attempt at a scornful giggle, 'I am sure if anybody understood him, I would be glad to know what he did mean.'
"Well now I can tell you ; said the same simple old lady in the corner, who had let out the secret of Mrs. Nippers' morning walks.
Some folks calls that sponging, when you go about getting your dinner here and your tea there, and sich like ; as you know you and Meesy there does. That was what he meant, I guess. And the old lady quietly put up her knitting, and prepared to go home.'
pp. 227 – 233, These long extracts will convey a much better idea than any elaborate commendation of our own could have done, of one of the most spirited and original works which have yet been produced in this country.
Art. IX. - 1. The Second Exhibition of the Massachu
setts Charitable Mechanic Association, at Quincy Hall, in the City of Boston, September 23d, 1839. Boston:
I. R. Butts. 1839. pp. 134. 2. An Address delivered before the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, at the Celebration of their Eleventh Triennial Festival, and Second Exhibition and Fair, October 3d, 1839. By JAMES TRECOTHICK AUSTIN, Honorary Member of the Association. Boston : Isaac R. Butts. 1839. 8vo. pp. 36.
Not long since, we had occasion to notice a volume of statistics, published in pursuance of an order of the Legislature of Massachusetts, exhibiting the amount and value of the annual products of industry in the several towns of the Commonwealth. * That publication excited some surprise at the amount and estimated value of those products, particularly of those which come under the class of manufactures. The exhibition under the direction of the Mechanic Association, of which a description is given in the first of the pamphlets above named, afforded more conclusive proofs of the extent and perfection of the manufactures of Massachusetts, than could be afforded by printed statements or written documents. The great number and variety of articles exhibited, extending to a supply of almost all the wants created by our state of society, — their adaptation to the uses for which they are intended, and to the supply of the constant demand, — and the knowledge, in many cases, of the quantity of articles manufactured, of which only specimens were exhibited, could not fail to produce on the mind of the observer, a strong impression of the extent, activity, and skilful direction of that industry, which has produced such vast results. The place selected for holding the exhibition was the hall over the Quincy Market, in Boston. This hall is 520 feet in length, and 50 feet in breadth, with a rotunda of wider dimensions in the centre. In this hall the articles exhibited were systematically and tastefully arranged, in a manner to produce an agreeable effect upon the eye, and, at the same time, to secure a convenient access to each article exhibited. A few of the heavier articles, such as specimens of ornamental work in granite, church bells, &c., were exhibited in an enclosure, outside of the hall. The number of contributors to the exhibition was eleven hundred and ninety-six, of whom a large proportion presented not merely many articles, but a great number and variety of kinds of articles. For example, from the same manufactory were exhibited a large assortment of implements of hardware, or of cutlery, a large assortment and variety of printed and unprinted cotton goods, a variety of cloths, &c., so that the number of exhibitors affords no clue to the number and variety of articles exhibited. In several instances, the same individual exhibited a number of different inventions, for entirely distinct objects.
* North American Review, Vol. XLVII. pp. 255 et seq.
The exhibition remained open for twelve days, from the 5th to the 23d of September, during which period it was visited by about seventy thousand persons. In this number were included the contributors to the exhibition, the members of the Mechanic Association, with the members of their respective families, and sixty thousand purchasers of tickets, at twenty-five cents each. The receipts from the sale of tickets amounted to $ 15,000. The obvious effect of the exhibition on the minds of a great portion of the visiters, was gratification, and often surprise, at the excellence and beauty of the specimens presented, of the various produc tions of industry and art.
The pamphlet published by the Association, consists of the reports of the judges upon the comparative merits of the articles exhibited, and their claims to notice, and to the premiums offered. Upon the recommendations of the judges, twenty-five gold medals were awarded, one hundred and thirty-three silver medals, and two hundred and fifty-four diplomas.
It would occupy much more space than we can devote to the subject, to describe, or even to enumerate, the articles in this vast collection, which were deserving of particular notice. We will merely invite a moment's attention to a few, among the great number which might be selected, as specimens of the ingenuity and skill of the artists and mechanics, whose works were thus submitted to the public inspection.
Among the articles of machinery were several models of steam engines, - one being a finished miniature low pressure engine, of a good model, in actual operation, the work of an apprentice, and another a miniature locomotive engine, which was occasionally put in motion, drawing a train of cars over a circular railroad, on which children, among the visiters, were frequently indulged with a ride. There was also a small steam engine of six horse power, of a simple and compact structure, and neat workmanship, built by Hinckley and Drury, which was kept in operation during the exhibition, for the purpose of giving motion to the other working machinery exhibited. Its boiler and furnace were so constructed as to be placed upon the floor without brick work, and yet little heat was communicated to the room. It occupied little
space, and worked with remarkable stillness. The water for the supply of the engine was drawn, by suction, from a well in the neighbourhood. Among the machines, which were occasionally put in motion by this steam engine, were three planing machines, of different forms of construction, a cassimere shearing machine, containing some important improvements on machines previously invented for the same object, a tenoning machine, a dovetailing machine, and a rotary shingle machine. All these, and several other machines exhibited, are capable of affording most efficient aid in the mechanical operations for which they are adapted. The planing machines not only give a smooth surface to the boards or other pieces of timber subjected to their operation, but they fit them to a uniform thickness and exact dimensions, according to the gauge by which they are regulated. The spiral blades of the shearing machine are so constructed, that they grind and sharpen one another. It is adapted to cloths of the finest fabric, and shears with the greatest nicety, at the rate of ten or twelve yards a minute. The tenoning machine not only expedites, in a wonderful degree, but executes with the utmost exactness, portions of the process of making sashes, door-frames, and other similar work. The dovetailing machine is adapted to the making of boxes of almost every description, with great rapidity, forming a neat, exact joint, of remarkVOL. L. - NO. 106.