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or two hundred miles further up the Mis- St. Louis within a few weeks past; one of souri this winter. Fort Osage is three hun which has been lost in the Missouri, bedred miles by water above the mouth of the tween St. Charles and Belle Fontaine. Missouri, and is the present limit of our popu. lation to the west. The safety with which the expedition, consisting of ten boats, has The dispute between General Adair and ascended this stream, is an evidence that General Jackson, it is said, has been satisthe danger of navigating that river is more factorily accommodated, through the friend. imaginary than real. Several boats, carrying ly interference of the venerable Governor provisions to the Yellow Stone, have passed Shelby, of Kentucky.

KENTUCKY.

ART. 12. CABINET OF VARIETIES.

TIIE BLUNDERER.

(From the London Lilerary Gazelte.) of a sudden, he recollected that he had lent

them to a friend. Upon another occasion, HERMIT IN LONDON,

he kept dinner waiting two hours at a

friend's house, and upon flying in a passion Or Skelches of Fashionable Manners.

at his coachman's neglect, he was informed No. III.

that he had sent his carriage to bring home his little nephews from school. He lost an

aunt's favou by outbidding her at a sale of THERE cannot be a better man than Sir china, which be did, thinking that she had

Michael Marall. No one more oblig. an interest in keeping up the price of the ing; nothing is kinder than his heart; yet article ; and a rich cousin scratched him bo one on earth commits more unlucky mis- out of her will for speaking against Methotakes in company. From these, he is reck: dism, he having entirely forgot her religious oned a mere scatter-brain, a marplot, a quiz, persuasion. and is often avoided. From these, he has But of all the unfortunate days of blunders got himself into very serious scrapes, and that ever occurred, that was the chief on has lost bis very best friends. Finally, from which I met bim at dinner at the Marthese unwilling errors, he, who of all men chioness'. Being in general two hours too in the world, wishes most to please and to late, and resolving to make amends for his do good, scarcely ever opens his mouth usual failures, and never having dined at without committing a blunder,—without the Marquis's before, he arrived two hours giving offence.

before he was expected. The score of serSir Michael is now fifty years of age; yet vants in the hall stared at him on his arrival, is he as thoughtless as when first I knew him, and then looked at each other--as much as which is thirty years ago. As a proof of the to say, " Is he mad? what a queer genius corfusion of his brain, he forgets daily to this Sir Michael must be !" But the groom wind up his watch, sets it wrong afterwards, of the chambers, with his accustomed offiand is never in time any where. In his cious grin and low bow, said, mechanically, commonest concerns he is always under “ My Lord will be down in ten minutes," some misapprehension--some mistake; and and then placed his chair, bowed, and handin his conversation, be is sure to say or to ed him a newspaper. He had time to spell do something out of time or out of plaee. every word of it. After which he took up a If he meet a widower, he will invariably in- novel and went through it. quire after his wife. If he meet a lady who At length a powdered servant opened the is divorced, he will (forgetting the circum- folding-doors, and in walked the Marstance) beg lis respects to her husband. He chioness. Sie Michael had never seen her not unfrequently asks unmarried ladies after before; but he was acquainted with her sistheir children; and people at variance, after ter Lady Barbara, to whom the resemblance their friend so and so. The many who do was striking. He rose up, and made his not know and pity this absence, or rather best bow; wbilst the Marchioness smiled on this confusion of his, consider that he either him with her usual dignity and mildness. intends to hoax them, or to insult them. Cheered by this into sell-confidence, he thus The few who are acquainted with his in- began: 'I need not (bowing a second time) firmity, fear to ask bim to their house, lest ask your Ladyship to whom I have the bohe say or do something offensive to their nour of speaking, seeing so strong a resemcompany.

blance betwixt your daughter and yourself.' I remember one day when he made an “Daughter, Sir, I have none; you must appointment with me to ride together to mistake.”. Probably-Madam-I may; I see a cottage on the banks of the Thames: ask your Ladyship's pardon.' we waited a considerable time ; at last he Ai this moment her elder sister, Lady kung the bell, and asked why the groom did Barbara, entered the room. "That, that, not bring his horses to the door when, all that lady, Medam, is the person I meant; !.

VOL. IV. No. iy.

39

took her for your Ladyship's daughter. She is as women wish to be who love their Lady Barbara, your most obedient! de. lords. Ha, ha, ha! yes, pretty far gone; lighied to see you look so well: indeed the there's no fear of the title's being extinct; likeness'—-(Marchioness) " is that of u no, no ; I hope soon to have the pleasure younger to an elder sister: my sister Bar- of wishing you joy on the change of ber bara is three years older than myself (drily); ladyship's shape ; very large indeed, but alt but (with a smile of contempt) there is cer- in very good time.:-Marquis. “ Sir Mi. tainly a strong family likeness.” “Oh! yes, chael, I hope that her ladyslip's change of beautiful! vastly like indeed! a strong- shape will not be sa sudden as you expect; very strong family likeness, particularly else must ill health be the cause. She is, i about the eyes' (Lady Barbara squints confess, rather corpulent, but is not so in dreadfully.). Here ensued a loud laugh of the way which you imagine." Here he the two ladies. (Marchioness) “ Do you turned from him, and left him overwhelmed think so, Sir Michael ?" (Sir Michael per with shame they had been married only ceiving the obliquity of the sister's eye) three months. “No, my lady, not at all, not a bit!'

Now entered Colonel O'Fagan, who, after (Marchioness) “I am quite mortified to making bis obeisance all round, attacked think how long you have been kept waiting. the Baronet. " Sir Michael, you played me My Lord is not yet come from the House; a pretty trick to-day; you promised to and I am much later than usual myself, bav. bring me here in your carriage, knowing as ing been detained at Philips and Robins's." you do that one of my horses is lame; and

I understand your Ladyship: yes, the two here you are before me, after keeping me money lending attorneys; I know them waiting, an hour and a half."— My dear well; hard dogs.' “ Not at all, Sir Michael, Colonel, I ask ten thousand pardons; but it I mean the auctioneers.” • Yes, yes, (all is my coachman's fault; he never put me confusion) the auctioneers I mean.'

in inind of it as I bid him, for my memory (Marchioness) “ I see that you have taken is most treacherous ; 'tis entirely his fault'; up that scurrilous novel, what think you of but he is an Irishman, and one must pardon it?" "Beautiful! full of wit ! how it cuts up his bulls and blunders sometimes; they be. the gouty alderman, pocketing the poor's long to his country, and he cannot help rates! and the fat, gumbling Marchioness' them.'— The Colonel, angrily, “ Sir Michael, (the latter was berself.) (Lady Barbara, you are very polite; but here stands an wishing to relieve him) “ Hem! did you Irishman before you, (born in London to be look at those trifles in verse ? They are very sure,) who never made a bull in his life, trifles, burt written merely at leisure hours, nor disappointed his friend." mere bagatelles composed on the spur of Baronet was struck dumb, and sat silent the occasion. What think you of them?" until dinner was announced. • Trifles, trifles indeed ; mere bagatelles, as Defeat and ditfidence took sireh posses. your Ladyship justly observes ; quite below sion of him at table, that he scarcely dared par; childish, very childish indeed; a catch- to open his mouth. At last the Marquis, penny, no doubt. Lady Barbara---- Child- seeing his consternation, endeavoured to ish, as you say ; very much below par; but draw him out, by saying, “ Sir Michael, did no catchpenny, Sir; they are my composi- you observe the sale of our old school-feltion, and were never sold, but printed for a low's estate! it fetched eighty thousand few friends, more indulgent and partial than pounds! should you have thought it worth Sir Michael Marall," (the knight in an as much?” “By no means, my dear Lord; agony) • Pardon me, my Lady; my ho- and I was as much surprised to see the crim. nour

con. business of Lady-(he was stopped by (The Marquis entered) “My dear Baro- a look of the Marquis's) -I mean the death met, how are you? Why, you are come in of old Lady-(another frown)-the mar: time to-day. (Turning to the Marchioness) riage of Captain Bracetight to a mechanic's This is my very oldest friend." Her lady- daughter.'. The crim. con. Jady, whose pubship gave a contemptuous look, which said, licity had been revived after lying dormant Je vous en fais mon compliment.

twelve months, sat opposite to him; the old The company now began to arrive brisk. lady's daughter, in deep moarning, was on ly; carriages chased carriages down the his right-hand; and Captain Bracetight's street; and the thander of the street-door brother was near the foot of the table ! was like a feu de joie. The Marquis now drew his friend aside, and said, “ Michael, I

« Each looked on the other, none the silence

broke.” am beartily glad to see you here. It is now three years since I met you at Newmarket. Sir Michael blushed and stammered, I have been to Naples and to Vienna since, coughed, called for water, and besitated. and have got married. I am sorry that I His next neighbour on the left addressed had not an earlier opportunity of introduc. him; and he stuttered so in reply, that the ing you to the Marchioness; but you will other, who had an impediment in his speech, tind her at all times happy to see you."- almost suspected that he was turning him Sir Michael. No doubt; I read it in her into ridicule. countenance. A very sweet woman! a At the desert, four beautiful children most interesting persoa! and I perceive that were ushered in, walking by files in rather

The poor

a stage-effect way. They were the Mar, plain, modest man, who had nothing of the quis's nephews and nieces. His brother and charlalan about him. Without any know. sister were at table, and the children had ledge of chemistry and physics, he possessheen sent for as a recreation to them. Every ed one of the most singular talents that can one was eager to praise them, to extol their be imagined. He opened fast-locked doors beauty, to enumerate their good qualities, without any key or any smith's tool. He &c. Sir Michael, after priming himself with only put into ihe key-hole a pointed piece a glass of bermitage “to bear his courage of wood, made the sign of the cross over up," thouglit that he would be complimen- it, spoke soine words, and, in an instant tary 100: What lovely children!' exclaim- the door sprung open! Highly credible, ed he, fixing bis eyes at the same time on and by no means credulous persons, have their father, who is remarkably plain. assured me themselves, that they bave been * What lovely creatures!' repeated he, laying eye-witnesses of this. Great church doors, much emphasis on the word lovely. Are which had just been strongly fastened, flew all these children yours?' " So her Lady open with much force as soon as he made ship says," replied the husband; and there use of his charm. The eye witness only was nothing but blushes, smiles, surprise, observed that B. had a brown polished stone and confusion round the table.

in his band, of an unknown composition. His last blunder was respecting Walter The king heard a great deal of this very Scott. Being asked by a lady what he singular man, who, far from seeking to de. thougbt of that excellent poet, whom he ceive, endeavoured to avoid celebrity as had seen in his tour through Scotland, be much as he could ; lived in peaceful refire. replied, “Charming, charming; but 'tis a ment, and, like a new Proteus, gave proofs piiy he is so laine." How do you mean? of his talents only when compelled. " Gussaid Mrs. Freethink, a blue-stocking lady. tavas wished to be acquainted with him, Is it his poetry (continued she) or bis per. and intimated tliat he would send for bim, son, to which you allude? « His person" - to convince himself of the truth or false(here he recollected the lameness of the bood of the wonderful powers attributed to Marquis's brother! so, trying to recover him, but informed him, at the same time, bimself, he recalled his words) --- pot in his that he, (the king,) to guard himself against person, Madam, but in his poetry"—(reflect- deception, would not acquaint him before. ing on the beauty of his lines, and the pub, band of the particular day or hour: he, lic opinion, he recovered himself again by) bewever, let him know, (ivhich might as "T=I-meau in both-in neither-upon well have been omitted but relala refero!) my soul, I beg your pardon-I do not know that an old ruinous church, in the neighwhat I mean." Here a general laugh could bourhood of Gripsholm Castle, where, at no longer be controlled, and he was laughed that time, the court resided, was fixed on at by all present. He retired early; took for the scene of this operation. From this French leave; went home; passed a sleep- moment strict watch was of course kept, less night; and never returned to Doricourt that nobody should enter the church, in House. The Marchioness has given orders which divine worship had long ceased to to ber German porter to say to the Baronet be performed. always, “ Madame n'est pas visible ;" and In the middle of the night one of the the whole family has dropped him. king's courtiers suddenly came to Biærn

The poor Baronet will at last be obliged ramm's door. B. is in bed. He must got to live the life of a recluse, as he will not be up; and quickly dress himself, under lie able to keep an acquaintance in the town; strictest watch of the king's messenger, get or perhaps he may end by some very serious with him into the carriage; and they imconsequences attending these habitual mis- mediately drove off. They arrive early in takes, for these unmeant insults are never the morning at Gripsholm. The king and forgiven, and, so weak are we, that many five of his confidential attendants, and who can generously pass over and forget Biærnramm, go to the appointed churcb. an injury, can never pardon the being de- B. said beforehand, that he would make a graded, or rendered ridiculous, whether it figure appear, which they should see vne be intentionally or unintentionally--in joke, after another. The figure would appear to or in earnest.

all of them with the same features, but to THE HERMIT IN LONDON. each in a different attitude. He had neither

any instrument, (or at least any visible one,)

nor any chemical ingredie: t. After repeatSUPERSTITIONS, APPARITIONS, &c.

ing several unintelligible words, be takes

the persons present, one after another, by What I have already said to you of Gus. the hand, and brings them into a corner of tavus III, has probably excited many a smile the church, and what do they see now? a at the weakness of the human mind. But human form standing upright and motionthe most singular is still to come! There less, but with the eyes open, and every apwas, at Stockholm, a Finnlander, named pearance of life. The figure seemed to be Biæernramm, who had an office in the Chan- a youth of abont 15 or 16 years of age, cocery, where he had to translate the Swedish vered in a white garment, something simiordinances into the Finnland language; a lar to a priest's mantle. One of the specta-

tors saw only the upper half of the arm of raving, or if they wanted to make a joke of this figure, another only the under half; my credulity; but I am certain that neither from a third there was hid another part of was the case. It is equally difficult to deay the figure, as if a kind of mist alternately these stories and to believe them; and the concealed a part of it from the eyes; but incredulous philosopher is not satisfied with all six, on communicating their observa. merely doubting. The eye-witness whom tions, agreed that they had seen a youth I last mentioned, had, during this singular standing upright, clothed in white. B. could transaction, asked himself: sogno o son des not have produced the successive changes to ? I asked myself the same question, as by new processes; for as one of the specta- he related it to me; and perhaps you will tors had contemplated the apparition at his do so likewise, while you are reading this leisure, (every one was allowed six or eight minutes, time enough to prevent any illu. sion of the senses,) led him by the hand

FRENCH VERSATILITY, back to his place, taking another in his turn

The celebrated column, in the Place Ven. to the.corner of the church.

dome, at Paris, which Buonaparte erectThe youthful figure was surrounded by a ed, on the model of Trajan's pillar, with the radiant circle ; but B. bad expressly desired cannon taken at Austerlitz, which were cast them not to come too near to it, and espe. into a grand series of spiral relief, comme cially not to touch it, because the touch, as

morative of his victories, and a Colossal he was convinced, would produce a violent Statue of the Conqueror to surmount the electrical shock. 'Every one obeyed his in- whole, is well known to the British public

. structions. They at last all went away. The allies, on capturing Paris, were about The spectators, astonished at what they had to destroy this monument, but at last were seen, asked one another the cui bono of such satisfied with removing the statue, and the a miracle; but could not deny it, and still column still stands, a record of the warlike less explain it.

achievements of Napoleon and his armies. In order to make you shake your head It might be thought puzzling to mould such still more, my dear cautious, sceptical friend! stubborn materials into a compliment to the I add, that I have heard all this related in a other powers of Europe, and to the restored very small, chosen circle ; and even by one monarch; but a Frenchman's ingenuity is of the six eye-witnesses, who is most cer- equal to any thing in this way. One of the tainly neither an anecdote hunter nor a vi- sides is without an inscription, and a clever síonary. The same Biærnrumm possessed,

fellow proposes that it should be filled up as

follows: as equally credible persons have assured me, several other gifts of this kind, of which

A la paix de l'Europe he could himself give no account, and

Et au retour du Roi legitimate,

L'armée Française would say nothing more than that, “ God

Fait hommage de ses victoires had given them to him, and that they did

M.DCCCXVII. not belong to the vain, arrogant men of learning, who pertended to know the reason of every thing." In fine, he was far from DECLARATION OF THE ALLIED SOVEREIGNS. boasting of these wonderful gifts, displayed « Now that the pacification of Europe is them unwillingly, and frequently resused accomplished, by the resolution of with. inquests of this kind, saying, "One must not drawing the foreign troops from the French tempt God.” Sometimes, however, he territory; and now that there is an end of yielded; and the following is an account, those measures of precaution which depłoby an eye-witness, of what

was then seen. rable events had rendered necessary, the “He placed a wooden table, without any Ministers and Plenipotentiaries of their metal about it, in the middle of a dark majesties the Emperor of Austria, the King room ; and on the table, three candlesticks, of France, the King of Great Britain, the either of ivory or of china. When he had King of Prussia, and the Emperor of all the then spoken a few words, there issued from Russias, have received orders from their the joints of the doors and windows brilli. Sovereigns, to make known to all the courts ant lights of many colours, which at first of Europe the results of their meeting at danced round the spectators, and then stood Aix-la-Chapelle, and with that view to pubstill upon the candlesticks, and spread such lish the following Declaration : a light in the room, as if it had been bril- “ The convention of the 9th of October, liantly illuminated with wax tapers. At ano. which definitively regulated the execation ther time, he took steel and fint, and struck of the engagements agreed to in the treaty them together as one usually strikes a light, of Peace of November 20, 1815, is conwhen there appeared a radiant figure, which sidered by the Sovereigns who concurred was first visible in one corner of the room; therein, as the accomplishment of the work at a second stroke, in a moment changed of peace, and as the completion of the poits place, and showed itself in another cor. litical system destined to ensure its solidity ner; and, at a third stroke, upon the ceil- «« The intimate union established among ing."

the monarchs, who are joint parties to the I looked the relaters of these miraculous system, by their own principles, no less stories sharp in the face, to see if they were than by the interests of their people, offers

to Europe the most sacred pledge of its fu• leathery, and alternate, marked with lateral ture tranquility.

veirs projecting downwards; they are paral« The object of this union is as simple as lel, and are ten inches long. When incisions it is great and salutary. It does not tend to are made into the trunk, it dischargés abunany new political combination to any dantly a glutinous milk, moderately thick, change in the relations sanctioned by ex. without any acridness, and exhaling an isting treaties. Calm and consistent in its agreeable balsamic odour. The travellers proceedings, it has no other object than the drank considerable quantities of it without maintenance of peace, and the security of experiencing any injurious effects; those transactions on which the peace was viscidity only rendering it rather unpleasant, founded and consolidated.

The superintendant of the plantation as“ The Sovereigns, in forming this augustsured them that the negrocs acquire Mesh union, have regarded as its fundamental ba- during the season in which the cow-tree sis their invariable resolution never to de- yields the greatest quantity of milk. Wlieb part, either among themselves or in their re- this fluid is exposed to the air, perhaps in sations with other States, from the strictest consequence of the absorption of the oxy. observation of the principles of the right of gen of the atmosphere, its surface becomes nations; principles which, in their applica- covered with membranes of a sybstance that tion to a state of permanent peace, can alone appears to be of a decided animal nature, eflectually guarantee the independence of yellowish, thready, and of a clicesy coneach government, and the stability of the sistence. These membranes, when sepageneral association.

rated from the more aqueous part of the " Faithful to these principles, the Sove. Quid, are almost as elastic as caoutchouc ; reigns will maintain them equally in those but at the same time they are as much dismeetings at which they may be personally posed to become putrid as gelatine. The present, or in those which shall take place natives give the name of cheese to the couamong their Ministers; whether it shall be gulum, which is separated by the contact of their object to discuss in common their own the air; in the course of five or six days it interests, or whether they take cognizance becomes sour. The milk, kept for some of questions in which other governments time in a corked phial, had deposited a little sball formally claim their interference. The coagulum, and still exhaled its balsamic same spirit which will direct their councils, odour. If the recent juice be inixed with and reign in their diplomatic communica- cold water, the coaguium is formed in smali tions, shall preside also at these meetings, quantities only; but the separation of the and the repose of the world shall be con- viscid membranes occurs when it is placed stantly their motive and their end.

in contact with nitric acid. This remarka" It'is with such sentiments that the Sove- ble tree seems to be peculiar to the Corditreigns have consummated the work to which liere du Littoral, especially from Barbula to they were called. They will not cease to the lake of Maracabo. There are likewise labour for its confirmation and perfection. some traces of it near the village of San Thiey solemnly acknowledge, that their Mateo; and, according to the account of duties towards' God, and the people whom M. Bredmeyer, in the valley of Caucagua, they govern, make it peremptory on them three days journey to the east of the Caracto give to the world, as far as in their cas. This naturalist has likewise described power, an example of justice, of concord, the vegetable milk of the cow-tree as posof moderation ;' happy in the power of sessing an agreeable flavour, and an aroconsecrating, from henceforth, all their ef- matic odour; the natives of Caucagua call forts to the protection of the acts of peace, it the milk-tree. to the increase of the internal prosperity of their States, and to the awakening of those sentiments of religion and morality, whose empire has been but too much enfeebled by

LOO-C1100 ISLAND.* the misfortune of the times. (Signed) Near the sca, large level fields are rolled

METTERNICH, HARDENBERG, or beat so as to have a hard surface. Over
RICHELIEU, BERNSTORFF, this is strewn a sort of sandy black carth,
CASTLEREAGH,

NESSELRODE, forming a coat about a quarter of an inch WELLINGTON, Capo D'ISTRA." thick. Rakes and other implements are Aix-la-Chapellc, Nov. 15, 1818." used to make it of a uniform thickness, but

it is not pressed down. During the heat of the day, men are employed to bring water

in tubs from the sea, which is sprinkled over Mr. Humboldt and his companions, in the these fields by means of a short scoop. course of their travels, heard an account of The heat of the sun in a short time evapoa tree which grows in the valleys of Aragua, rates the water, and the salt is left in the the juice of which is a nourishing milk, and sand, which is scraped up and put into wbich, from that circumstance, has received the name of the cow-tree. The tree in its

* Extracted from Captain Hall's "Account of general aspect resembles the chrysophyllum a Voyage of Discovery to the West Coast of cainito ; its leaves are oblong, pointed, Corça, and the Great Loo-choo Islaud."

METHOD OF MAKING SALT IN THE GREAT

ICOW-TREE.

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