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his attention to the aspect of the country, for generations back, they were strangers ; it was thus it appeared to his perceptions : and the name and arms of the English no

bility, suspended over inns, emblazoned " He turned his eyes to the peasant's hut; over court-houses, and fixed in the walls of it was the model of the mere Irishman's churches, or shining above their altars, hovel, as it rose amidst scenes of desolation marked the extensive territories of these de during the civil wars of Elizabeth's reign. It scendants of the undertakers, and grantees was the same described by William Lithgow, of the Elizabeths, the James's, and the the Scotch pilgrim, the noted traveller of Charles's. The surface of the country, as it that remote day. A fabrick erected in a appeared, contained the leading facts of its single frame of smoke-torn straw, green, long history, and those who ran might read." pricked turf, and rain-dropping wallles ; where, in foul weather, ils master can scarcely inn in the village of Holy Cross, so named

The night found the travellers at a little find a dry part to repose his sky-baptized head upon.'

from the ruins of an abbey, one of the few “ He beheld the tenant of this miserable remains of religious antiquity in Ireland. dwelling working on the roads, toiling in We had forgotten to relate, that previous the ditches, labouring in the fields ; with an expression of lifeless activity marking his to their departure from Dublin, they enexertions, the result of their deep-felt inade. countered a formidable old lady, who proquacy: his gaunt athletic frame was meagre and fleshless, his colour livid, his features posed to make a third party in the chaise, sharpened; his countenance, readily bright- offered the gentlemen a religious tract, ening into smiles of gayety or derision, cx and proposed to accommodate her magpie pressed the habitual influence of strong dark passions. The quick intelligence of his care

on the outside. This proffered favour less glances mingled with the lurking sly- was declined; but the remembrance of ness of distrust-the instinctive self-defence the old lady haunted Mr. De Vere during of conscious degradation, He beheld multitudes of half-naked children, the loveliness the whole day, and he was more occupied of their age disfigured by squalid want, and with Mrs. Mary Magillicuddy's red nose, the filthy drapery of extreme poverty, idle than with any other image, and shuddered and joyless, loitering before the cabin door, with most fastidious abhorrence as her or following in the train of a mendicant mother, whose partner in misery had gone to chaise passed them towards the close of seek employment from the English harvest, the day. where his hire would be paid with the smile of derision, and where he would be expected

At Holy Cross the gentlemen visited to escite laughter by his blunders, who the abbey, and as they lingered and momight well command tears by his wretched- ralised among its ruins, the younger re"In the proclaimed districts, the misery

membered that seven years before, he of the peasant population was most conspi- had found, as he sauntered in the preFor he to whom

cincts of a Spanish convent, a mistress,

who belonged to the convent, and whom The world was no friend, nor the world's law,'

he regretted as the victim of a broken might well set both at defiance. The forfeit heart. As he was relating his romantic of life could be deemed but a small penalty adventure, a short wild laugh succeeded to him, who in preserving it, sheweth a greater necessity he hath to live, than any

to a soft sigh which had once before inpleasure he can have in living.'

terrupted the narration. In vaia did he “ The few vehicles, public or private, ob- search for the intruder; none could be servable on the high roads, the total absence found and the two friends returned to of a respectable yeomanry, marked the scantiness of a resident gentry, and the the inn with awakened and unsatisfied want of that independent class, “a coun- curiosity. At the next stage to Holy try's boast and pride. Yet many stately Cross, they took possession of a decayed edifices, the monuments of ancient splendour or modern taste, rose along the way; vehicle, bearing the motto and crest of the former in ruins, the latter almost inva. an Irish nobleman, Fitzadelm, marquis of riably unfinished. The castle of the ancient chief, and the mansion of the existing land. Dunore, and proceeded over the mounlord, were alike desolated and deserted.- tains called Gatries, upon a road begun Town succeeding town, marked the influ- but not finished by this same marquis. ence and power of the great English palatines, who drew their wealth and luxury At a little mountain house called Lis-nafrom a land, to which, like their forefathers, sleugb, they were detained for the night.



“ The little inn of Lis-na-sleugh, or the over a three-legged table, and a little pewter house of the mountain, was the genuine pro- vessel filled with whiskey, sat two travel. totype of all such inns in the remote cross- lers; one of them, by the pack which lay roads, or mountain roads in Ireland'; and at his fect, a pedlar; the other, ill-looking the kitchen, as is usual in such places, was and poorly clad; both earnestly conversequally the receptacle of the guest and the ing in Irish. Beside the fire-place, on an beggur; of those who could and those who old settle, were seated two females; one could not pay for a temporary shelter. The with her long Irish frize cloak, and the earthen floor of this hospitable apartment was hood drawn over her face, exhibited her undulating and broken ; a low mud wall with warmly-mittened hands to the fire, towards an aperture in it to see through, screened the which she was turned. The other, stately fire-place from the door; and the capacious and erect, her round figure covered in an old hearth, lined with a stone bench, afforded fashioned travelling cloak, and her head a comfortable retreat to the chilled or wea- enveloped in that corious coiffure made and ried traveller. It was now occupied by a called after the head of a French carriage, hagged, worn-out looking person, who re- and not many years back worn in Ireland peatedly drank from a poggin of water be under the name of a calesh. From the suside him. Above the bright clear fire of periority of their appearance, they were mountain turf, built upon the floor, hung assigned by the strangers to the chaise, suspended an immense iron cauldron, filled which stood at the door on their arrival, and with potatoes, not boiling, but boiled and seemned but just to have preceded them." drying. (5) In an angle of the kitchen,

The postillion, called Owny the Rabragh, (5) “ This Irish Murmile formerly, and even is an Irishman of some humour, and is rewithin these twenty years, was open to any markable for having escaped the fangs hand its plentiful contents might tempt. Now, however, the potato has risen in value with of the law, through the influence of his the increase of' wretchedness, and of that, one foster sister, a certain countess of Clanmeal a day is often with difficulty procured.-In the summer of 1817, the author being in the case, known in that country as the Bau country, within twelve miles of Dublin, on a vi- Tierna, or female chief; and who was sit at the seat of a person of rank, frequently observed that when the twelve o'clock bell rung

so great a benefactress to the poor, that to send the labourers home to dinner, they lay they often celebrated her charities over down in the dry ditches. Ou inquiring into the their whiskey. At the inn of Lis-na-sleugh cause of a circumstance so unusual, she was informed, both by the peasants and their over- was advertised the sale of a family manseers, that being unable to procure more than sion of Fitzadelm, and thither the travel. one meal of potatoes, (taken only with salt and water,) they preferred having that meal at night. lers proposed going as a matter of curiEven this wretched supper is extremely scanty. osity. Previous to this excursion the elFormerly potatoes (always the principal, or rather exclusive food) were sufficiently abundant der gentleman held some discourse apart in the poorest families. Now the father, or with the baccab, a beggarat Lis-na-sleugh, head of the family, is obliged to portion them out with great precision, lest an excess to-day who had mentioned, that he once carried should produce want to-morrow. Even in the to a schoolmaster of the neighbourhood a neighbouring counties of the metropolis the unfor. tunate wretches are seen searching the ditches for child, who, if he were alive, would be offals or cresses ; and many, to the author's know. heir to the estate of Fitzadelm. Nothing ledge, when she visited Munster in 1817, sup- of note happened at the inn, but the disported themselves by living on cabbage stalks thrown out from the great house of which she covery that the female bidden in the cawas guest. To such sufferers imprisomne!l, or lesh was Mrs. Magillicuddy. The apdeath, can have but few terrors. In Dublin, persons, male and female, have been known proach to the neglected domain of Fitzsately to commit small depredations for the pur- adelm, indicated the same habits of the pose of being sent to jail, where shelter, with bread and water, was provided for them

Two people, and the same wants conspicuous young women, lately brought before a most throughout the journey. respectable police magistrate, in Dublin, assigned the above reason for breaking windows. “ The scanty and miserable population A few days back, July 9ıb, 1819, eight hun- which appeared in the neighbourhood of dred persons presented themselves to the Men

the once princely Court of Filzadelm, was dicity Society of Dublin, to obtain any labour appropriately wretched and neglected that could be procured them at the rate of six- Prom a few mud-built huts, raised against pence per day. Such is the flourishing state of Ireland," so often vaunted hy English ofli- the park wall, occasionally issued a child or cial visiters, who drive rapidly through the a pig, while the head of its squalid mistress country, and are sumptuously entertained by appeared for a moment through the cloud of the Irish oficials, from whom they learn the smoke which streamed from the door, and lustle they return to describe."

then suddenly retreated. The long and

broken road which wound round the wall, ed at Lis-na-sleugh. All this was quite seemed to lengthen as the travellers pro- inexplicable; but here the travellers part, ceeded ; and they stopped to inquire the way to the nearest approach of a poor man Mr. De Vere sailing down the neighbour. who was driving a lamb with a straw rope ing river, and his friend trotting off upen round its leg. The man pointed to a winding his hobby. in the road, and directed them to the ruined gates of the principal entrance: he then

The Commodore soon met with an old took up the wearied lamb on his shoulders, antiquary scraping a rock to bring out an and proceeded sullenly on.

« The cratur!' said the driver, who was inscription. This personage has none of now walking beside his horses, as were also that hallowed venerable interest about the gentlemen : 'God help him! he is now bim, which characterizes “old Mortaligoing all the way to Ballinispig fair with ty,” though bis occupation resembles that that bit of a lamb ; eight good long miles, and may be it won't bring him over three of the Scottish wanderer. It may be tin-pinnies.'

that the thought of the latter never en“There is,' said the Commodore, 'a

tered lady Morgan's mind, though be mixture of indolence and laboriousness in these miserable people that is singular; they

was presented to ours; and that Ireland have neither the activity of savages nor the really furnishes the prototype of Terence industry of civilization. They want energy Oge O'Leary. This O'Leary was the for the one, and motive for the other.'”

very schoolmaster to whom the Baccah The strangers learned, when they had had carried the young son of the black entered the deserted mansion, that it was Baron. O'Leary at first seemed to reto be exhibited by the housekeeper, nick- cognize an old acquaintance, but the named Protestant Moll, and in her the Commodore disclaimed the honour of luckless Mr. De Vere recognised that ob- knowing bim; and after a little mystical ject of his admiration, Mrs. Magillicuddy, discourse on the part of the old man, he though her head was bound up in a stock- proceeded on horseback by the side of ing, and her great nose bidden by some the stranger, and informed bim of the brown paper, applied to a hurt she had history of the land before them. The received in a late stage of her recent tract in view he said, once formed part journey. Under the guidance of this of the principality of Macarthy More, lady they explored the house, till they whose first sovereign was Florence Macame to a room adorned by many decay- carthy. He was elected to his authority in ing pictures. One of these represented 1599; and one of his successors had since the Black Baron of Dunore, and another forfeited the estate, which was afterwards his brother and successor, the Red Baron. bestowed on an English lord, the MarMrs. Magillicuddy was chiefly eloquent quis Dunore. The first of the family only upon the subject of her conversion, and had lived in Ireland, though the present the gentlemen gladly released themselves Marquis once proposed to take up his refrom this topic when she proposed to go sidence at the castle, but never accomfor some keys which she could not find in plished his intention. In the vicinity of her pockets. She was scarcely gone the castle was an ecclesiastical ruin callwhen the sound of a seraphic voice greet- ed Monaster-ny-oriel, not wholly dilap. ed the rapt ears of the strangers. The idated, in which dwelt Father O'Sullivan, strain came—whence? no searching could a Catholic priest, and where Florence find; and the good lady never returned O'Leary kept his academy of " larned to aid in the discovery, but unfairly made runagates.” With the pedagogue the prisoners of her guests. They could not Commodore took up his abode as break locks, but they contrived to open lover of learning and retirement.” O' windows, and out they jumped ; looking Leary was induced to receive his tenant every where for the driver and the equip- by a mysterious letter, fixed to the latch age, but all was vanished except the bag. of bis door, announcing the design of a gage, kindly left behind, and a little stranger to come into the country, to cir. horse which the Commodore had purchas- cumvent a certain venal faction carried



on by an iniquitous raco, of the name of spoke, for it was his own story, plaze your Crawley. The seal of the billet “bore honour, and it wasn't with a dry cheek I

heard him. And yet, says he, cheering up the figure of a child, plucking the thorns and facing the fine young eaglet on the from a rose, with the motto:

ground, the eagle is a noble bird, Terence,

and even this poor fellow may yet soar “ Sou utile aind a que bt. wido."* high; though it isn't under the parent's wing

he'll imp his flight. Them were his words O'Leary's tenderness for his young if I was dying, and that was great eaking ward whom he had long since lost, is for a boy of twelve years old. rather more pleasing than his genealogi- Next follows the history of the Craweal history of the Macarthies; and thus be leys, a worthless and detestable family, expressed it, as he observed his guest to without any good or agreeable qualities, notice an object once cherished by the and exerting a most destructive influence favourite child.

upon all about them.

Miss Anne Clotworthy Crawley is “An old, and apparently very feeble eagle, with a leather collar round bis leg, and the nucleus round which all the rest of fastened by a chain to a fragment of the the tribe are congregated; and as they ruin, attracted the stranger's attention.O'Leary paused also, clasped his hands, and be introduced. Miss Crawley is the most

are prime movers in the tale, they must sighed; exclaiming,

« . You are not long for this world, my harmless of the family; she is an old Cumha, honey, and leaves your bit of food maid, whose earthly loves having all failfor the sparrows, my poor bird, that daren't come near you oncet, my king of the moun ed, is left only to heavenly things as a tains.'

refuge to disappoin ed affections; and 11 · He looks very sick, and I think sy- though her worldly passions are as much ing.'

**Oh! musha, the pity of him! He's ould alive as ever, she wears a methodistical and desolate like myself. Its twenty years livery, and converses principally upon and more since he came home to me in the divinity of her school ; however, she Dunkerron; and when he came in, with his looks all on fire, as he was wont after still cultivates some superficial literature, being out all day, Terence, my ould lad, and trivial accomplishments, so as at once says he, for that's a way he had of calling to gratify her own spiritual pride, and the me, that's be that brought me the eagle, Sir, he that had the eye of the cagle, and the petty vanity of her family. Miss Crawspirit of an eagle ; Terence, my ould lad, ley presides over the household of her I have brought you another pet says he.-Do elder brother, Mr. Darby Crawley. Mr. you mind, your honour, marking the word another, and maning himself to be one, the Darby Crawley and his two brothers, Mr. sowl! Have you, my lord, says I, for Sergeant, and Mr. Commissioner Crawthough he was then left to perish by his own ley, were sons of a former agent of the kin, and was sharing my bit and sup, in the Dunore family, the foundation of whose wilds of Kerry, I always called him my lord, as he was, or would have been; and fortunes was laid by this agency; and did so that day 'bove all others, for he had out of this productive mine, Mr. Darby scarcely a skreed of his ould red jacket left on bim; and called him my lord in regard Crawley still continues to draw much of of the jacket. Have you, my lord, says his resources. The influence which moI; and Terence, says be, you'll be kind to ney, cunning, and the extensive trust of this eaglet, (and it was fluttering on his left arm, with its blue bill and golden eye,) you land at his disposal, gave to this gentlewill be kind to it for my sake, and I'll tell man, enables him to obtain the various you why, Terence, says he, leaning his functions of magistrate, county treasurer, right arm on mine, looking with his smile; land jobber, road maker, attorney at law, his mother's smile, in my face. The poor bird has been driven from its parents' nest, landlord, and militia commandant; and all says he, I found it futtering on a bare rock the privileges and powers annexed to these exposed and perishing. For it is the nature of the eagle to chase away its young, when offices he abuses ;-extorting money from unable to supply its own wants. For want, the poor, demanding services of them, deTerence, says he, may overcome even a pa. nying redress to their injuries, fomenting rent's love. The tears stood in his eyes as he

their quarrels, multiplying suspicions and * " I am useful in sportiveness.” accusations against them; abetting impri

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sonments, transportations, and the whole Next comes the reception of the inte coercive systein ad he does all this chioness of Dopore and her party he with impunity and success. Ir. 129. Crawleys illuminat i yr: Crawley, go ley's three sons are educater in the prin- D a be- 1 mlor ner retinue, and are acciples of this worthy parot, and com- conparat, i clamorous legion of Irish pletely qualified to follow his example; peasants exuiting ic the anticipation of a though having come into life under more benefactress, and expressing that devofavourable circumstances than their fa- tion of admiration, which the lowest class ther, they are rather less illiterate, but in Ireland frel for the representatives of po less conceited. Indeed a mutual com- an ancient and noble house. Lady Dupact of flattery cherishes the common nore had neither an enlarged understandstock of vanity, the father admiring ing nor a feeling heart; and the fashion. his dear sons for their accomplishments, able friends who accompanied ber, were and the sons lionouring the father for his just as selfish and frivolous as she. The success in the world.

whole company were at first a little alarm. In the advertisement which the Com- ed, and then amused by the noisy and modore had observed at the inn, of the characteristic joy of the rustics; but eaintended sale of Court Fitzadelm, terns sily convinced by the generous Mr. Craw. were referred to Darby Crawley, Esq. ley, tha notwithstanding the demonstraThe Commodore having a purpose of bis tions of affection, the very men would own in the application, went to Mount not scruple to sacrifice the life of a suCrawley to learn the conditions of the rior “ twenty times over." sale. Whether the estate was really to Lady Dunore's party forms a most inbe sold is ambiguous; but that it certainly pipra goup, no way improved by the adwas not, to any resident proprietor inde- ditional si ciety of all the Crawleys; one pendent of the intriguing Crawleys, was rational an å respectable being, an uncle obvious to the Commodore. This he of her Ladyship, found a place in this learns at a most stupid family dipper given circle. at Mount Crawley; and learns also that the Crawleys were disconcerted by this cient Irish family, which, for two centuries,

« Mr. Daly, now in his 70th year, of an anlittle check of his presence and avowed had ippresented their native country, a pri. intentions, to their machinations; and yy-counselor of forty years standing, and saw that they were yet more embarrassed

one of the small minority which went out

on the occasion of the Union, was in perby a letter of the Dowager Marchioness son, character, and manners, a genuine of Dunore, expressing her intention to epitome of the ancient Irish gentleman.

He come immediately to the castle of Dunore, that 'species of chivalrous gallantry in his

preserved, even at his advanced age, to aid by her presence the election of manners, which not long since distinguishlord Adelm Fitzadelm to a seat in parlia- ed the gentry of the country, and which ment. Though professedly in the inte- sent them forth to foreign courts, the most

accomplished cavaliers of their day, or as a rests of the Dunore family, the secret monarch, who was bimself a fine gentleview of the Crawley's, was to turn the man, named them, the finest gentlemen in election, by some acts of their own, to Europe. Time, which had shed its snows

on the venerable head of Hyacinth Daly, Mr. Conway Townsend Crawley, the had not thinned his flowing hair,' which youngest son of this hopeful race; com- he still wore dressed with infinite care, and monly distinguished by his father as Coun- before, when he first took bis place in the

precisely as he had worn it forty-four years sellor Con; a political pandar, a misera- Irish House of Commons. This luxuriant ble time-server, and an egregious, fa- coiffure raised itself above a forehead unshionable pedant, who deceived weak and strongly contrasted with eyes and eye

furrowed and fair as the brow of youth, men into confidence, and foolish women brows, dark and unchanged in hue or lustre. to admiration; who was the boast of the The beautiful person of Mr. Daly, and it was family and the darling “slave" of his retained much of its freshness and vigour;

genuine Irish beauty, had, like his spirits, dear aun-so she calls him.

and nothing seemed changed by time, but

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