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AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY

NEGOTIATIONS WITH, AND CONDITIONS IN, AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY-Continued

Dec. 23 (64)

Dec. 29 (53)

1919 Jan. 2 (64)

Jan. 8

Jan. 13 (80)

Subject

The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate
Peace (tel.)

Note from French Embassy, November 23_(text printed), stating that Austro-Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs has expressed wish that Allied diplomatic missions at Berne be authorized to handle all economic questions directly with Austro-Hungarian Legation, and setting forth French Government's opinion that such direct relations must await final peace. Note from Swiss Legation, November 29, enclosing similar request from Austro-Hungarian Ministry for Foreign Affairs to U. S. Government (texts printed). Department's inclination to make reply to French Embassy and Swiss Legation giving opinion similar to that of French Government.

The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Acting Secretary of
State (tel.)

From Lansing: Approval of proposed replies to French
Embassy and Swiss Legation.

The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Commission to
Negotiate Peace

Note from Swiss Political Department, December 27 (text printed), communicating German-Austrian Government's proposal of a mixed commission to discuss the international position of the new German-Austrian State.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Commission to Negotiate
Peace (tel.)

Undated telegram from Hungarian Government proposing to Allied Governments that Hungarian prisoners of war be allowed to communicate with their families and that they be repatriated as soon as possible (text printed).

The French Ambassador to the United States (Jusserand) to the
Secretary of State

Decision of British, French, and Italian Governments that the French and Italian commanders in chief shall decide the line of demarcation between their zones of action in Austria, any differences of opinion to be submitted to Marshal Foch to be placed before the interested Governments; three notes implementing decision: (1) from Italian commander in chief, December 10, 1918, (2) from French commander in chief, December 12, 1918, and (3) from Marshal Foch, December 22, 1918 (texts printed).

The Charge in Switzerland (Wilson) to the Commission to Nego-
tiate Peace

Letter from Count Sigray, informal representative in Switzerland of the Karolyi government in Hungary, concerning the possibility of elections in Hungary, and requesting that matter be referred to U. S. and Allied Governments (text printed).

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Date and number

1918 Dec. 26

Dec. 26

Dec. 31 (3)

Dec. 26 The Secretary of State to Professor A. C. Coolidge

[blocks in formation]

Dec. 27 Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Secretary of the Commission to
Negotiate Peace (Grew)

Intention to leave for Berne immediately for the purpose of
proceeding to Austria-Hungary; names of others in group.
Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Report of interviews with three Austrian leaders in Berne
December 30.

2

5

Jan. 6

8

AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY
THE COOLIDGE MISSION

Jan.
[10 ?]

Subject

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Switzerland (Stovall)

Instructions to enter into negotiations with Governments of Germany and Austria-Hungary in order that observers of political conditions being sent out by the American Commission to Negotiate Peace may be afforded the necessary assistance by those Governments.

Assignment to the Commission to Negotiate Peace for the purpose of proceeding to Austria to observe political conditions there and in neighboring countries.

The Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to
Professor A. C. Coolidge

Directions to establish headquarters in Austria and send out observers to cover former Austro-Hungarian Empire and adjacent regions, particularly Poland, reporting to the Commission all matters of interest.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace

Account of an interview, December 30, with Count Sigray, who declared that a statement by the Allies that the settlement in Hungary would be made on the basis of justice and not present military occupation would help situation in Hungary.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to Professor Clive Day, of the Commis-
sion to Negotiate Peace

Account of two interviews concerning Bulgaria and especially
Macedonia, one with Gueshov, former Prime Minister of Bul-
garia, and the second with a professor in the University of
Sofia.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Recommendation by Count Sigray that an American or
British regiment be stationed at Budapest to combat growing
Bolshevist peril.

The Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate Peace (Grew) to
Dr. S. E. Mezes

Request for recommendations in regard to Count Sigray's suggestion of a joint statement by the Allies concerning the settlement in Hungary.

Dr. S. E. Mezes to the Secretary of the Commission to Negotiate
Peace (Grew)

Attitude that there seems to be no objection to such a joint
statement and that it might help to ease Italo-Jugoslav ten-
sion also.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Secretary of State

Request for authorization to use the American consulate in Vienna for working accommodations.

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1919 Jan. 9 (11)

Jan. 9

(12)

Jan. 10 (13)

Jan. 11 (14)

Jan. 12 (15)

Jan. 13

Jan. 16 (37)

1918 Sept. 29

Nov. 14

Nov. 21 (610)

Nov. 22 (612)

AUSTRIA AND HUNGARY

THE COOLIDGE MISSION-Continued

Subject

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Report of visits by several representatives of the German
part of Southern Tyrol to protest against annexation to Italy.
Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Impressions concerning the situation in Poland.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
First impressions of the situation in Vienna; Government's
anxiety to know when, if at all, they will be allowed to send
representatives to the Peace Conference.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Letter from Lieutenant Foster in Warsaw, January 9, de-
scribing conditions in Poland (excerpt printed).

Professor A. C. Coolidge to the Commission to Negotiate Peace
Arguments advanced by German Austrians against the
inclusion in the Czechoslovak state of large blocks of German
population in Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia.

Professor A. C. Coolidge to Professor W. E. Lunt, of the Com-
mission to Negotiate Peace

Difficulties in discovering present national tendencies of the
Ladins; report of a conversation with one representative of the
Ladin district.

The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Chargé in Switzerland
(Wilson) (tel.)

From Lansing: Approval of Professor Coolidge's request for use of consular quarters in Vienna.

BULGARIA

The Bulgarian Armistice Convention

With military covenant regulating conditions of suspension
of hostilities.

The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Intention of Serbian Government to create international
commission to investigate violations of the Hague Conventions
by the Austrians, Germans, and Bulgarians, and request to
United States to appoint a member.

The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Sofia, November 20: Order from chief of Entente
military mission, at direction of French Government, that
Bulgaria must evacuate Dobrudja; information that order vio-
lates armistice and that Cabinet has resigned; inquiry whether
United States can intervene to have order revoked.

The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
From Sofia, November 21: Note from Prime Minister to
Chief of the Entente mission stating that, since evacuation of
Dobrudja would violate armistice, Cabinet is resigning (text
printed); belief that prompt action is needed to prevent over-
throw of government by French intrigues.

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Date and number

1918 Nov. 25

Nov. 29 (190)

Nov. 30 (192)

Dec. 3 (193)

Dec. 10 (33 [37])

Dec. 10 (2)

Dec. 12 (250)

Dec. 12

Dec. 12 (6)

Dec. 16 (6)

BULGARIA-Continued

Subject

The Secretary of State to the Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge)
(tel.)

Attitude of U. S. Government that it cannot properly ap-
point a member to international commission to investigate
Bulgarian atrocities, since U. S. forces did not participate in
Balkan campaign.

The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
(tel.)

Information that Roumanian troops have crossed Danube; request from Prime Minister that United States intervene to assure strict adherence to armistice terms.

(Footnote: Forwarded to Colonel House as Department's telegram No. 132, December 6.)

The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
(tel.)

Information that situation in Dobrudja has improved; that
Roumanian troops have withdrawn.

The Consul General at Sofia (Murphy) to the Secretary of State
(tel.)

Statement that situation is worse; Bulgaria's desire that
English and French troops occupy Dobrudja.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
(tel.)

Reports from Red Cross sources that Bulgarian officials are
rendering repatriation of Greeks as difficult as possible and
subject them to great hardships.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France
(Sharp) (tel.)

Report of conversations with Prime Minister and Minister of War, in which appeals were made for American intervention in several situations in Bulgaria.

Colonel E. M. House to the Acting Secretary of State (tel.)

Statement by General Bliss that he sees no remedy for situations such as crossing of Danube by Roumanian troops; that if conditions are serious they will be considered at Peace Conference.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Secretary of the Commis-
sion to Negotiate Peace (Grew)

Explanation of pro-Bulgarian sympathies of American mis-
sionaries in Bulgaria.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
(tel.)

Information that Bulgaria seems to have no interest in Thrace but is most interested in return of Dobrudja and acquisition of part of Macedonia.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France
(Sharp) (tel.)

Prime Minister's request that prominent Bulgarians be
allowed to lay Bulgarian cause before U. S. delegation at Paris;
information that similar request has been made to British and
French Governments.

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Dec. 24

Dec. 27 (3)

Dec. 28

Dec. 30 (5)

1919 Jan. 1 (8)

BULGARIA-Continued

Subject

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Ambassador in France
(Sharp)

Article from L'Echo de Bulgarie, December 13 (text printed), containing important declarations by the Prime Minister, in reply to an interpellation in the Chamber, concerning the situation in Dobrudja.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State

Report, based on conclusions drawn from numerous conversations with Bulgarians and others, concerning attitude of Bulgaria toward Allied countries, toward her Balkan neighbors, and toward question of the Dobrudja.

The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Acting Secretary of
State (tel.)

From Saloniki from Sofia, December 15: Conversation of
the Chargé in Bulgaria with the King concerning Bulgaria's
situation; King's statement that Bulgaria places her whole
reliance upon United States.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of State
Article from L'Echo de Bulgarie, December 18 (text printed),
containing extracts from speech of Prime Minister concerning
Bulgarian territorial aspirations which it is hoped the Peace
Conference will consider favorably.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Chargé in France
(Bliss) (tel.)

For American Mission: Entry of Roumanians into Dobrudja; understanding that action is due to orders from Paris; fear that situation may endanger government of Bulgaria.

The Commission to Negotiate Peace to the Consul General at
Saloniki (Horton) (tel.)

Instructions to inform U. S. Chargé in Bulgaria that Prime Minister's request that Bulgarian representatives be allowed to lay their cause before U. S. delegation in Paris must await French Government's action on similar request addressed to it.

Professor Clive Day to Mr. William C. Bullitt

Opinion that President Wilson could do much to stabilize conditions in the Balkans if he would give warning that U. S. Commissioners would not recognize changes effected by violence or acts contravening the armistice.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate
Peace (tel.)

Desire for reply to Bulgarian request for permission to send delegates to Paris.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Commission to Negotiate
Peace (tel.)

Prime Minister's announcement in Parliament of receipt of a telegram from Mr. Hoover indicating possibility of Bulgaria's securing flour from United States; Parliament's vote of thanks to U. S. Government.

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