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Date and number

1919 Jan. 9 (23)

Jan. 10 (24)

Jan. 14 (6738)

1918 Nov. 13 (2337)

Nov. 16

Nov. 19

Nov. 25 (226)

Dec. 4 (623)

BULGARIA—Continued

Subject

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of
State

Report on conditions in Dobrudja; belief that a failure by the U. S. Government to urge observance of armistice will reflect on United States.

The Chargé in Bulgaria (Wilson) to the Acting Secretary of
State

Mémoire from the Mayor of Silistra to the officer com-
manding the British forces in Silistra (text printed) setting
forth situation in Dobrudja and begging for a guarantee of
Bulgarian rights.

The Chargé in France (Bliss) to the Acting Secretary of State
(tel.)

Joint telegram from Allied Ministers at Jassy, January 10 (text printed), setting forth Roumanian view of Dobrudja situation.

TURKEY

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Visit from the Armenian Committee to Italy, who called to
present the situation and the hopes of Armenia.

President Wilson to the Secretary of State

Telegram from Italian Minister of State, November 8 (text printed), describing meeting held by representatives of Armenia and attended by prominent Italians, at which resolution was passed to apply to President Wilson, Clemenceau, Lloyd George, and Orlando for recognition of the Armenian national delegation headed by Nubar as a government. President Wilson's expression of sympathy for Armenians, and instructions to reply to the telegram that everything possible will be done.

The Italian Ambassador (Macchi di Cellere) to the Counselor
for the Department of State (Polk)

Memorandum from the Italian Embassy (text printed) in
regard to alleged violations of the armistice by Turkey in
Tripoli.

The Diplomatic Agent and Consul General at Cairo (Gary) to
the Secretary of State (tel.)

Joint declaration by British and French Governments
(text printed) that their aim in the East is to emancipate all
peoples oppressed by the Turks and to establish national
governments which derive their authority from the will of the
people.

The Minister in Greece (Droppers) to the Acting Secretary of
State (tel.)

Report of many petitions from Greeks for redemption of
their fellow countrymen from foreign governments.

Page

264

266

268

271

272

273

274

275

Date and number

1918 Dec. 6 (41814182)

Dec. 16

Dec. 21

Dec. 29 (M-5/G)

1919 Jan. 2 (351)

Jan. 4 (1)

Jan. 7

Jan. 22

Feb. 6

TURKEY-Continued

Subject

The Greek Legation to the Department of State

Description of the serious situation of Christians in Turkey; request that United States begin action necessary to save them.

The British Embassy to the Department of State

Telegram from Foreign Office to British Ambassador in
Italy, December 13 (text printed), instructing him to inform
Italian Government that there are no grounds for occupation
of Constantinople and Anatolia by Italy, but that British
Government sees no objection to Italian troops proceeding to
Turkey and Thrace.

The French Chargé (Chambrun) to the Acting Secretary of State

Proposals of Allied representatives at Constantinople for removing Germans and Austrians from Turkey; readiness of French Government to accede to propositions; request for attitude of U. S. Government.

Admiral W. S. Benson to the Secretary of the Commission to
Negotiate Peace (Grew)

Information that State Department does not believe it
necessary to send an Admiral as High Commissioner at Con-
stantinople but that Rear Admiral M. L. Bristol has been
directed to proceed to Salonica and to hoist his flag on the
U. S. S. Nahma.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Swiss Minister (Sulzer)

Request that German Government be informed that U. S.
Government is not in position to intervene in favor of German
civilians being permitted to remain in Turkey inasmuch as the
United States was not a signatory of the armistice with Turkey.
The American Commissioner at Constantinople (Heck) to the
Ambassador in France (Sharp) (tel.)

Report on political and economic conditions in Turkey.
Professor W. L. Westermann to Mr. William C. Bullitt
Information that letter has been received from delegate of
Georgian Government concerning claims of that Government.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Italian Chargé (Valentino)

Statement that inasmuch as the United States is not a party to the armistice with Turkey, U. S. Government is unable to take up with British Government the situation created in Tripoli by Turkish violations of armistice.

The Acting Secretary of State to the French Chargé (Chambrun)

Statement that U. S. Government is not immediately concerned in proposals for removing Austrians and Germans from Turkey, since the United States was not a party to the armistice with Turkey.

Page

276

277

278

279

279

280

283

284

284

TERRITORIAL QUESTIONS AND RELATIONS WITH NEW STATES

JUGOSLAVIA

Date and number

1918 Nov. 11 (89)

Nov. 12 (128)

Nov. 13 (5751)

Nov. 13 (2342)

Nov. 14 (2349)

Nov. 14 (2351)

Nov. 14 (2355)

Nov. 14

Nov. 16 (2363)

Nov. 16 (2368)

Subject

The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State
(tel.)

For the President: Advice that if it is decided to recognize
National Council of Zagreb as representative of Serbo-Croat-
Slovene nation it might be well to assure Jugoslavs guardedly
that their territorial aspirations are a matter for the Peace
Conference to settle.

The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State
Report on the formation of the new Jugoslav Government
(National Council at Zagreb), the negotiations between it and
the Serbian Government for some form of union, and the
movements of the Italian forces, which are a source of alarm to
both Serbia and the National Council.

The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
(tel.)

Information that communication from the President of the
National Council of Zagreb has been received, enclosing protest
of National Council to Allies and United States in regard to
manner in which terms of armistice are being executed.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that a delegate from city of Fiume has addressed
himself to Allies through Italian Prime Minister, stating that
the city has resolved to annex itself to Italy and asks Italian
protection during transition.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that the French are being charged by the British and
Italians with being at bottom of present Jugoslav movement
along Austrian and Dalmatian coast.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that naval attaché has referred to Rear Admiral
Bullard a communication from the Chief of Staff of the
Italian Navy requesting a joint occupation of Spalato by
Americans, British, French, and Italians.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of growing tension over Dalmatian question.

The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Irritation felt by Serbian Cabinet members because of
Italian attitude in Austrian fleet question and because Italy
has occupied alone Fiume and several ports of Dalmatia and
Montenegro.

(Footnote: Transmitted to Ambassador in France in Department's telegram No. 6312, November 16, with instruction to confer with Colonel House and report how JugoslavItalian situation is regarded in Paris.)

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)

Augmentation of Italian feeling against Jugoslavs by
latter's attempts to forestall Italian possession of ports on
Adriatic; statement that Italian public now boldly claims
Fiume as Italian city.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Information that a detachment of troops has occupied
Fiume but that doubt exists as to whether they are Italian
or international.

Page

287

287

291

292

292

293

293

294

294

295

[graphic]

TERRITORIAL QUESTIONS AND RELATIONS WITH NEW STATES

JUGOSLAVIA-Continued

Nov. 18 (120)

Nov. 18 (5267)

Nov. 19 (50)

Nov. 20 (5924)

Nov. 20

Nov. 20 (2384)

Nov. 20 (2385)

Nov. 20 (129)

Nov. 20 (1306)

Subject

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Summary of general trend of present Italian opinion on
Adriatic and Jugoslav questions.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that French have taken over bay near Fiume and
that Italians seem to question their reason for doing so.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Occupation of Fiume by Italians, November 9; report of
serious conditions in Fiume.

The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Request from President of Jugoslav
Provisional Government that U. S. troops occupy strategic
points where it is feared conflicts may occur between Jugo-
slav and occupying Italian troops; statement that similar
request was received recently from Orlando.

The Minister in Switzerland (Stovall) to the Secretary of State
Communication dated November 11, and enclosure, Novem-
ber 9 (texts printed) to which reference is made in telegram
No. 5751, November 13.

The Secretary of State to the Special Representative (House) (tel.)
From President Wilson: Instructions to urge Supreme
Command to acquiesce in request of President of Jugoslav
Provisional Government that U. S. troops occupy strategic
points.

The Ambassador in France (Sharp) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of discussions with Serbian Minister, with head of
Jugoslav movement, and with French Foreign Minister con-
cerning Jugoslav-Italian situation.

The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Substance of telegram from Serbian Minister of War to
Foreign Office reporting that Italian and U. S. forces have
landed at Fiume.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Inflamed state of Italian public opinion in regard to Adriatic
and Jugoslav questions; increasing feeling against the French,
who are believed to be stirring up Jugoslav hostility.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression by King of Italy of pleasure that Allied con-
tingents are going into ports along Eastern Adriatic.

The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Telegram from the Italian Prime Minister to the Italian
Ambassador in France (text printed) setting forth requests
made by the French Ambassador in Italy concerning occupa-
tion of territory by Italian forces, and Prime Minister's reply
as to why it had been necessary for Italy to occupy Fiume.

The British Embassy to the Department of State

Report from British Minister at Nish that Jugoslavs and
Serbians have not yet succeeded in arriving at an agreement;
Minister's opinion that recognition should not be given Jugo-
slavs until an accord has been reached.

Page

295

296

296

297

298

301

301

303

304

305

305

306

TERRITORIAL QUESTIONS AND RELATIONS WITH NEW STATES

Date and number

1918 Nov. 21 (2386)

Nov. 21

(2390)

Nov. 22

Nov. 22

Nov. 22 (6379)

Nov. 22 (145)

Nov. 24 (163)

Nov. 25 (2406)

Nov. 26 (1072)

Nov. 26 (2407)

Nov. 26

Nov. 26 (2405)

JUGOSLAVIA-Continued

Subject

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Indignation caused in Italy by transfer of Austro-Hungarian
fleet to Jugoslavs; fear of disastrous clash.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Foreign Minister's expression of apprehension over situation
along Eastern Adriatic and his desire that U. S. observers be
sent to that region.

The Special Agent at Corfu (Dodge) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Expression by French naval commander in chief of anxiety at
attitude of Italian Government in regard to Eastern Adriatic
region.

Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)

Discussion with Italian Ambassador of disturbing reports from abroad concerning Italian-Jugoslav relations.

The Acting Secretary of State to the Ambassador in France (Sharp)
(tel.)

Information that the Department has expressed to the Italian Ambassador its concern over Italian-Jugoslav friction in the Adriatic and its hope that Italy will take no step to increase such friction until matters can be discussed at the Peace Conference,

The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
For the President: Communication from British Ambassador
to France (text printed) indicating that British Government
would favor occupation of strategic points in former empire of
Austria-Hungary by U. S. forces; intention to take matter up
with Supreme Command as soon as French reply is received.

The Special Representative (House) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Statement by French Foreign Office (text printed) that
French Government would favor occupation of strategic points
by U. S. troops.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report of peculiar situation caused by sudden change of
Austro-Hungarian officers to Jugoslav officers.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State

Letter from the Syndic of the Free City of Fiume and the delegate of the National Council of Fiume (text printed) dealing with the history and present status of Fiume.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Request from Foreign Office that U. S. troops not be with-
drawn from Fiume and Cattaro.

Memorandum by the Assistant Secretary of State (Phillips)

Italian Ambassador's belief that it would be dangerous for President Wilson to enter Peace Conference with idea that Pact of London need not be considered, inasmuch as whole of Italy is enthusiastic for it.

The Ambassador in Italy (Page) to the Secretary of State (tel.)
Report that situation in Eastern Adriatic is somewhat im-
proved; information that French attitude has changed and
that French Admiral has been instructed to act sympatheti-
cally with Italians.

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