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improvement of the Museum of the Medical College. As a condition of this grant, the school was to admit so many indigent students, not exceeding one from each of the Fifth, Sixth, Seventh and Eighth Senatorial Districts, as might be recommended by the Boards of Censors of the State Medical Society of these districts, to free attendance upon their course of instruction.

Under this grant a brick and stone edifice, 76 by 44 feet in size, four stories high, and with a tin roof, was erected.

The first reports of this Medical School appear with the College report for the year ending in 1838, but the number attending lectures was not given. There were then five Professorships, viz. :

Institutes and Practice of Medicine. The Principles and Practice of Surgery. Obstetrics and Materia Medica. Anatomy and Physiology. Botany and Medical Jurisprudence. The course was subsequently enlarged, and the school derived accessions, both to its faculty and its students, from the discontinuance of the Fairfield Medical School in 1840.

Upon the establishment of the Syracuse University this Medical College was removed to that city, under the sanction of the Trustees of Hobart College, including the medical library and anatomical museuin. The building at Geneva has been since burned. The mineralogical cabinet, which was in the building and somewhat injured by the fire, is now in possession of Hobart College.

Statistics of Attendance and Graduation at the Geneva Medical

College.

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6

179 158

1935. 1336. 1937 1638. 1889 1840 1341. 1642. 1643. 1844

6857788555

1845... 1846. 1847. 1848, 1849. 1850. 1851. 1852 1858. 1854*.

1855....
1896..
1857...
1858...
1859.
1860
1861
1962

25 29 31 31 16 23 25 21 22

1864... 1865. 1966. 1867. 1868. 1869 1870. 1871 1872...

43
49

60
60 17
71 17
81 20
126 36
175 38
195 45
184 45

63
58
101
93
85
43

18
13
32
29
16
11

5
8
5
6
9
6
8

20 28 36 23 19 22 20 22

12 18 15 8 7 6 8

COO or CO NO COCO

1863....

* Lectures interrupted; no graduates.

PROFESSORS AND INSTRUCTORS IN THE GENEVA MEDICAL COLLEGE

IN THE ORDER OF THEIR APPOINTMENT.
Edward Cutbush, M. D., Chemistry and Pharmacy, 1835-39.
Thomas Rush Spencer, M. D., Theory and Practice, Materia Medica, General Pathology,
1835-54.

Willard Parker, M. D., Anatomy and Physiology, 1835-36.
John G. Morgan, M. D., Surgery, 1835-36.

Charles B. Coventry, M. D., Obstetrics, Diseases of Women and Children, Medical Jurisprudence, 1835-53.

Anson Coleman, M. D., Medical Jurisprudence and Botany, 1835-36.
James Webster, M. D., Anatomy and Physiology, 1836-54.
David L. Rogers, M. D., Surgery, 1837-40.
John De La Mater, M. D., Materia Medica and General Pathology, 1840-43.
Sumner Rhoades, M. D., Demonstrated Anatomy, 1840.41.
James Hadley, M. D., Chemistry and Pharmacy (Emeritus, 1853), 1840-69.
Frank Hastings Hamilton, M. D)., Surgery, 1840-47.
Corydon La Ford, M. D., Demonstrative Anatomy, 1842-46.
Charles Alfred Lee, M. D., Materia Medica and General Pathology, 1845.
James Bryan, M. D., Surgery, 1847-53.
Austin Flint, M. D., Theory and Practice, 1847-49.
George White Field, M. D. Demonstrative Anatomy, 1847-53.
William Sweetser, M. D., Theory and Practice, 1848-55.
John Fowler, M, D., Chemistry and Pharmacy, Medical Jurisprudence, 1858-82.
Charles A. P. Bowen, M. D., Demonstrative Anatomy, Anatomy and Physiology, 1853-55.
Joel E. Hawley, M. D., Surgery, 1854.
Frederick Hyde, M. D., Obstetrics, Surgery, 1854-72.
Augustine B Hawley. M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1854-55.

George Burr, M. D., Obstetrics, Diseases of Women and Children, Medical Jurisprudence, Anatomy, 1855-69.

Caleb Green, M. D., Materia Medica, General Pathology, Physiology and Pathology, 1855-62. Edward R. Maxson, M. D., LL. D., Theory and Practice, 1855-56. Charles N. Hewitt, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1855-56. Alfred Bolter, M. D., Theory and Practice, 1856-58. Elias De Long Corse, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1856-57. James H. Jerome, M. D., Anatomy and Physiology, 1856-60.

Hiram N. Eastman, M. D., Materia Medica and Practice, Diseases of Women and Children, 1858-72.

Joseph Beattie, M. D., Obstetrics, Diseases of Women and Children, Jurisprudence, 185962.

Lyman W. Bliss, A. M., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1859-67.
Nelson Nivison, M. D., Physiology and Pathology, 1862-72.
Ezra P. Allen, M. D., Obstetrics, Materia Medica, 1863-72.
Orin Smith, A. M., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1867-69.
Charles Rider, M, D., Ophthalmology, 1869-70.
Daniel S. Burr, A. M., M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1869-70.
Miles G. Hyde, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1870-72.

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2

UNIVERSITY OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK. The first suggestion leading to active measures for the organization of this institution appears to have been made by the Rev. Alexander Gum, D. D., of the Reforined Dutch Church, who not long before his death,' submitted to a chosen few in his study, the plans and various details for the establishment of a University in the city of New York.?

1 Dr. Gunn died at Bloomingdale, N. Y., September 18, 1829.

? Address by Chancellor Ferris, October 25. 1858. We are aware that this claim of origin of the idea has been asserted in favor of the Rev. James M. Mathews, who was unquestionably the most prominent in the movement in its early stages of organization, and who became the first Chancellor.

At the time of Chancellor Ferris' address here cited, the bitter controversies of former years had subsided, and from his position he was able to state facts without prejudice.

Frequent conversations led to renewed conferences in an enlarged circle, which included some of the most eminent men in the various professions, and many distinguished educators in various parts of the country. The subject was publicly announced toward the close of 1829, and committees were appointed to solicit subscriptions. Another committee, consisting of the Rev. James M. Mathews, D. D., Rev. Jonathan M. Wainwright, D. D., Hon. Albert Gallatin, and John Delafield, Esq., was appointed to address a circular to the heads of Colleges, and to such gentlemen as it was supposed could without inconvenience attend, inviting them to meet in convention in the city of New York, on the 20th of October, 1830, to discuss the subject of the establishment of a University in the city of New York.

About fifty literary and scientific gentlemen, including four College Presidents, about a dozen College Professors and members of various professions, among whom were several distinguished lawyers, clergymen and anthors from varions parts of the country, attended at the appointed time, and remained in session three days. Some who did not attend, sent elaborate papers upon educational subjects that they wished to have considered, and the proceedings as published embody a large amount of information upon University organizations in Europe, and suggestions for the new enterprise.'

A committee was appointed to arrange for a future meeting, but it was never held. Meanwhile a memorial was addressed to the Legislature' setting forth a plan, and claiming that $114,000 had been subscribed, and that various libraries and literary institutions in the city proposed to offer their facilities for the promotion of the object. A Council was organized to be thereafter elected by the stockholders, every subscription of $100 entitling to one vote. As first proposed, a widely elective series of studies was to be offered, from which a selection might be made to suit any special want, and degrees, honors and testimonials were to be given as found deserved. There was to be no professorship in Theology, and no denominational preferences were to be allowed in the election of a Council. In short, the plan was formed upon that of European Universities rather than that of the American College, as it had hitherto been arranged, and it was expected that it would afford opportunities which the latter did not then supply.

1 “Journal of a Convention of Literary and Scientific gentlemen, held in the Common Council Chamber of the city of New York, October, 1830." N Y., 1831, 8vo., pp. 287.

Assem. Doc. 197, 1831, pp. 9.

2

An act was passed April 18, 1831,' creating a corporation to be managed by a Council, of whom thirty-two were to be elected by the shareholders and four by the Coinmon Council. The Mayor of New York city was to be ex-officio a member. The elective members were to be classified, so that one-fourth were to be chosen annually; but if an election failed, or a vacancy occurred, the Council might appoint. The usual power of conferring degrees was granted, and the University was to be subject to the visitation of the Regents.'

A site was purchased on the east side of Washington Square, and a building erected, with a front of Sing Sing marble from the Prison quarries, which was at the time the finest specimen of Gothic College architecture in the country.'

The institution was opened in October, 1832, in Clinton Hall, then in Bleecker street, with 7 Professurs and 42 students, and the first class was graduated in 1833. The building commenced in July, 1833, was used in 1835, but not formally dedicated until May 20, 1837. The University had at that time a Chancellor and sixteen Professors. The chairs of the latter were as follows: (1) Civil Engineering and Architecture ; (2) Literature of the Arts of Design; (3) Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Belles-Lettres ; (4) Greek Language and Literature; (5) Latin Language and Literature; (6) French Language and Literature; (7) Italian Language and Literature; (8) Spanish Language and Literature; (9) German Language and Literature; (10) Hebrew; (11) Mathematics; (12) Natural Philosophy and Astronomy; (13) Chemistry and Botany;(14) Geology and Mineralogy; (15) Arabic, Syriac, Persian and Ethiopic, and (16) Evidences of Revealed Religion. A Faculty in Law had been planned, one in Medicine was in course of organization, and a Professorship had been created for educating Teachers of Common Schools. It was claimed that this was the first effort made in the United States for the special preparation of Teachers of Common Schools.

Chap. 176, Laws of 1831. ? The Council last elected were confirmed in office, viz. : Jonathan M. Wainwright, James M. Mathews, Spencer H. Cone, James Milnor, Samuel H. Cox, Jacob Brodhead, Cyrus Mason, Archibald Maclay, Morgan Lewis, Albert Gallatin, Samuel R. Betts, James Tallmadge, Henry T. Wyckoff, George Griswold, Myndert Van Schaick, Stephen Whitney, John Haggerty, Martin E. Thompson, James Lenox, Benjamin L. Swan, John S. Crary, Samuel Ward, Jr., William Cooper, Fanning C. Tucker, Oliver M. Lownds, Valentine Mott, Edward Delafield, William W. Woolsey, Charles G. Troup, Gabriel P. Disosway, Charles Starr, John Delafield, William Seaman, Gideon Lee, Benjamin M. Brown and Thomas Jeremiah, the last four being members of the Common Council of the city of New York.

3 In 1840 a debt of $9,860.19, incurred for this marble, was released by the State.

* The inaugural address was delivered by Hon. James Tallmadge, President of the Council, and sets forth in full the plan as then arranged.

The first subscriptions were not to become valid until $100,000 bad been pledged ; and when the charter was granted they amounted to abont $101,250. It afterward appeared that a part of this sum depended upon scholarships of $1,500 each, which it was expected that certain churches would assume, and this sum was in many cases put down in the name of the pastors without a precise uuderstanding of the obligation incurred. The affairs of the institution appear to have been conducted harmoniously, from the organization of the Council in April, 1831, until the summer and fall of 1838, when complaints began, which were carried to the Legislature, and on the 23d of April, 1839, they were referred by the Senate to the Regents for examination. A committee, consisting of the Chancellor (James King), Mr. Dix and Mr. Lansing, was appointed, with a clause requesting Mr. Wetmore to act in case any one of the former could not attend.

This investigation began on the 26th of April and continued till May 23, and the results were reported fully to the Legislature at its next session.

The committee distinctly stated that no evidence had appeared showing that the Chancellor (Dr. Mathews) had violated his important trust by the application of any part of the funds to private use, in the least degree ; but on the contrary, that his accounts had shown large balances due to him from advances made from his private funds, including his own salary as Chancellor, and amounting in all in March, 1839, to $13,421.

:

'Senate Doc. No. 10, 1840, pp. 29. It appears from this that the sum of $40,000 had been paid for the lot, and $150,000 for a building ; an expense far beyond the means in hand, and beyond the ability of the institution to meet in the financial crisis that followed. Some of the subscribers were unwilling, and many were un. able to meet their engagements. There was no specific charge of the application of funds to private uses ; but the committee expressed surprise that no regular book of accounts had been kept by any one connected with the University, and remarked that the very imperfect manner in which the pecuniary transactions of the Council were kept, was well calculated to encourage suspicion and lead to unfriendly imputations against those upon whom the duty devolved, of receiving and paying out the funds.

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