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CHAPTER 56. AN ACT to change the name of Clara Elizabeth Dolph and George
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to provide for the State Printing
relating to all Rail Road Companies whose Charters have
to change the name of the Leavenworth, Pawnee and
to provide for the removal of the Records and Papers of
to provide for the redemption of Real Estate sold under
to abolish the office of Register of Deeds of the City of
to extend the provisions of an act entitled "An Act de-
78. JOINT RESOLUTION describing State Seal
79. AN ACT relating to Settlers upon Land without any legal right
CHAPTER 83. AN ACT to regulate the taking up and posting of Strays
to provide for the postponement of the sale of Real and
to postpone the time for collection of certain Taxes in
to legalize the assessment and collection of Taxes in and
to extend the time of paying Taxes in Leavenworth
to extend the time for the collection of Taxes in the
prescribing the duties and liabilities of the Treasurer of
to authorize the Governor to call into active service cer-
94. JOINT RESOLUTION, declaring the office of Probate Judge, in
95. JOINT RESOLUTION declaring the office of County Superinten-
97. AN ACT providing for the protection of Widows and Minor
to provide for filling vacancies in the Office of County
SECRETARY OF STATE'S OFFICE,
TOPEKA, KANSAS, Aug. 20, 1861.
I hereby certify that the "Acts and Resolutions" furnished the Printer of this Volume of Laws, are truly copied from the original Enrolled Bills on file in my office.
JOHN W. ROBINSON,
Secretary of the State of Kansas.
STATE JOURNAL OFFICE,
LAWRENCE, KANSAS, Aug. 22, 1861.
We hereby certify that this volume is made up from the manuscript Acts and Resolutions furnished us by the Secretary of State-the proof sheets having been carefully compared with the same.
TRASK & LOWMAN,
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.
IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776.
THE UNANIMOUS DECLARATION OF THE THIRTEEN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
WHEN, in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume, among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the laws of nature and nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.
We hold these truths to be self-evident :-That all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That, to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that, whenever any form of gov ernment becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute a new government, laying its foundation on such principles, and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate, that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves, by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object, evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security. Such has been the patient sufferance of these colonies, and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former systems of government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in
direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over these States. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world.
He bas refused his assent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
He has forbidden his governers to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation. till his assent should be obtained; and, when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature-a right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only.
He has called together legislative bodies, at places unusual, uncomfortable and distant from the repository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into a compliance with his measures.
He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing, with manly firmness, his invasious on the rights of the people.
He has refused, for a long time after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise, the State remaining, in the mean time, exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without and convulsions within.
He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the laws of naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.
He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.
He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers, to harrass our people and eat out their substance.
He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies, without the consent of our legislatures.
He has affected to render the military independent of and superior to the civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our Constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us;
For protecting them by a mock trial, from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these States;
For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world;