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Origin, causes, and prominent features of the first insur-

rections of Spanish Ainerica....... Page 88 to. 99
Originated in no want of loyalty ..,.... 100 . 107
Not actuated hy views of absolute independence... 107 II -
Proved by a parallel with Spain .....ii..111 · 114
Species of government prescribed by the laws for extra-

ordinary cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 · 118
Features of the first insurrections in Mexico ... . 118 · 121
Despondency the principal cause ........121 · 147
Conduct of Spain in a similar dilemma ...... 127 · 129
Local Juntas in Spanish America, authorized by law and

usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .!, 129 , 132
The object of those established, was reform..... 132 · 137
These insurrections not founded on principles of the

French revolution. , ........137 · 138
Spanish chiefs removed in a quiet manner .. .. .. 138. 139
Cadiz Regency declares war against Caracas. Cause of

the other calamities ............ 139, 142
Impolicy of England in suffering this decree to be executed 142 · 153
Effects of this decree drive Caracas to independence . . 154 · 156
Injustice and impolicy of this war, proved by Spanish

testimony 'iiiii....... 156 · 161
Unwarrantable conduct of the Cadiz government .. 161 168
New governments of Spain, no legitimate control over

Spanish America' . ......... 166 · 174
Charge of ingratitude on the part of Spain, unfounded 174 · 178
Spain deprived of her resources, by war with Spanish
, America'si.......... 178 · 182
Conduct of the latter arose from substantial grounds . . 182 · 193
Regency influenced by Cadiz monopolists ..... 193 · 197
Degraded state of the Spanish government, proved by

Lord Wellesley ........ .... 197 • 209
British governinent early notified of the causes of move . .

..ments in Spanish America si...... 209 : 222
Its silence principal cause of all the successive disasters 227 · 238
Illiberality on the part of Spain, and coldness on that of

England, gave rise to the most cruel of all wars- . 238 · 349
England made no timely exertions with the Cortes, on

this subject ....iiiiii. . 249. 257

Neglected to lay it before the Spanish public, and other

means within her reach ...i . Page 256 to 262 Irregularity, and consequent illegality of the new Cortes 262 · 268 How the Cortes ought to have addressed Spanish America 268 . 278 Redress sought by the American deputies in the Cortes 278 . 282 Nature of eleven propositions laid before the House . 282 295 Lessons Spain might have learnt from our struggle with

North America ........... 295 · 306 Attempts on the part of England, for free trade to Spa

nish America. How repelled . i....306 : 319 Attempts to mediate . ........... 319 · 329 Defects of the new constitutiou of Spain. It cannot be

lasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330 . 338 Cortes neglect the best opportunities of redressing and • giving peace to Spanish America . ..... 338 · 344 How the Spanish Americans might have addressed Spain ... and the Cortes ............ 344 .347 Peace being restored to Europe, England called upon to . stop the effusion of blood in Spanish America.

Proved on the grounds of humanity and justice 347 · 354 Horrors committed by the Spanisb armies in New Spain 354 · 365 Horrors committed in the other sections, particularly .. Caracas : ....... .... 365 - 370 Dreadful consequences to the British islands from arming . the Negroes in Caracas. Murder of prisoners on

both sides .............. 370 , 378 Motives for putting an end to these horrors : ... 378 · 385 Wants of Spanish America defined, as a basis of con

ciliation. This not dishonourable to Spain ... 385 · 392 Sentiments excited in the Mexicans, by the cruel war

waged against them. Their address to the Spa , • niards, inclosing plans of peace and of war · · 392 · 398 Odium accumulating on the British name ...... 398. 401 Conquest or conciliation, the only means of re-establish

ing the authority of Spain. Both considered. Any · peace effected by Spain herself, must be on the ba

sis of degradation England the only arbiter. . 401 - 402 Arguments of policy. Great resources of Spanish America.

Remarks on the failure of trade to Buenos Ayres 422, 428

Import trade and consumption of goods, in all Spanish

America. How it will increase compared with Spain 428 , 436 Exports and coinage of Spanish America. Susceptible of

great improvecients .......... 436 · 440 General improvements of that country, by liberal plans 440 · 447 England ought to ask a free trade there, as a remunera.

tion. This proved even advantageous to Spain · 447 · 457 Spanish America a most interesting connection to England 457 . 459 Why that country is not suited for a democratical governsom ment. How a permanent government ought to be .

established. ........... ..... 459 472 General conclusions, urging the interference of England,

and representing Lord Wellington, as the most pro

per person to aid in a measure of pacification . . 472, 480 Document A. Governor Picton's address to the inhabitants of the

Spanish main, containing offers of the British government. Ditto B. Instructions given by Joseph Napoleon to revolutionize

Spanish America in his own favour Ditto C. Remonstrance of the Cabildo of Mexico, explaining the

reasons of a change of government. Ditto D. Regency war and blockade decree against Caracas. Ditto E. Letter from the Junta of Caracas to the Marquez de las · Hormazas, explaining the defects of the Spanisk system of go

verninent, in America. Ditto F. Letter from the Junta of Caracas to king George III. ex

plaining the reasons of a cltange of government. Ditto G. Planš of Peace and War, sent by the insurrectional Junta

of New Spain to the viceroy of Mexico. Ditto H. Description of the Mita in Peru. Ditto 1. Correspondence between the Governor of Curagoa, and

General Bolivar of Caracas, respecting Spanish prisoners. Ditto J. An account of the horrors committing in Caracas, and their

fatal consequences to all the West Indies.

N.B. It has been thought better to ask the indulgence of the reader, for the typographical errors, originating out of the hurry of publication, than to burden him with an errata list.

Lond op ': Printed by W. GLINDON, Rupert-street, Ilay market.

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