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they could do nothing to assist spared from the lines before the assault. Lyons' gallantry, Sevastopol, and it was not until however, had an excellent moral the middle of May that the men effect, and prevented the fleet were available. The Kertch being over depressed at their forts then fell without a blow, failure.

the Russians retiring when they At last, in December 1854, saw that resistance was hopeeight months after war was less. Lyons had organised a declared, Dundas was relieved. light squadron of small craft This officer's popularity had under young and dashing offibeen rapidly on the wane, and cers, which he sent into the Sea when Lyons on his departure of Azoff, his son, Captain Lyons ordered the signal to be made, of the Miranda, being in com“May happiness await you !” mand. The operations which the fleet was quite entranced ensued were not of great imwhen a blundering signal-officer portance, for though the supsubstituted for “happiness ” the plies of the Russian army were next word on the list, so that somewhat interfered with, the the signal appeared, “ May garrison of Sevastopol still rehanging await you”! Dundas, ceived sufficient for their needs. however, was not nearly so The officers and men employed much to blame as the Adminis- on this service, however, showed tration which kept him in com- much resource and enterprise, mand: he ought to have been young Lyons especially istinrelieved a year before. When guishing himself.

His career Lyons became commander-in- was but a short one, for scarcely chief there was not much for had he returned to his father him to do. He gathered round before Sevastopol than a chance him a younger and more ener shell gave him his mortal wound. . getic set of officers than his late The loss of such a promising chief, and tried for some time son was a great blow to the in vain to get the French to father, and one from which he agree to more active measures. never entirely recovered. He The great difficulty was, that to remained in command of the operate on the line of communi- Mediterranean fleet two years cation in the Sea of Azoff it after the conclusion of the war; was necessary to force the but the comparative rest and Straits of Kertch. These were came too late to enable defended by powerful batteries, him to recruit his shattered and a land force was required health. He

home in to assault them.

1858, and quietly passed away The navy now understood in November from rapid conmost thoroughly that it was sumption, brought on by the no use to make an attack from heavy strain that the war enthe sea on forts without a land tailed. ing force to occupy the batteries In summing up the qualities when silenced. But for many

and services of Lord Lyons, his months not a man could be biographer more than




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son was

compares him to Nelson. This, fleet in search of the enemy. in my opinion, is a mistake. His merit consists in his doing Nelson was

a genius and a well what came to his hand; hero; Lyons was neither. Nel- his energy was untiring; he raised


at a time when won the confidence of his innot only the fate of Great feriors; and by his winning Britain but that of the liberties manners and high character of Europe depended upon the secured the respect and cordial upholding of the sea-power of co-operation of our somewhat our nation. Great as were the difficult allies, the French. sacrifices willingly borne by our There have been, and there people, our fleets

will be, many a Lyons in the stantly outnumbered at the navy, but only one Nelson. scene of action by those of our But Captain Eardley-Wilmot's antagonists, and genius was book is not the less valuable for needed in order to ensure vic- this reason, for it does not hold tory. Lyons was never tried up an unapproachable standard, Like many an

but rather shows how a other gallant seaman, his fore- who is not a genius may still sight was not always clear; he by devotion to duty live and

never called upon for a die honourably in his country's great decision; he never led a service.



in this way.




I WAS wanderin' dro' the thicket, hot and wet, and night a

comin': All to once I yeard a cricket set to drummin', drummin',

drummin'. Her buzzed so gude and neighbourly I laughed aloud to hear, I zimm'd 'twas engine dreshin' wheat to home in Devon-sheer.

Here us has no ice nor snow,

Like in purty Devon.
Oh, to hear the cattle low,

Winter nights in Devon !
“ Hark the herald angels sing”-
Mother with her Christmasing,
Boys all slidin' ring-a-ring

On our pond in Devon.

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Now the winter days be come, you beside the barn,
Fill the dresher, make her hum, fed with yellow corn.
Red the field, and green the bank, sun in mist a-settin',
Frost in air and smoke lieth low,—and I lies here a-sweatin'.



the afternoons
(Ricks beside the linhay).
Early shine the winter moons

(Ricks beside the linhay).
Far along the howlets whoopin',
Milkmaid calleth coop, coop, coopin',
Sweet red cows to farmyard troopin'

(Ricks beside the linhay).

Home-brew zider soft as cream, blaze of ashen logs,
Our little maids like cherubim round the fire-dogs :
But hereaway-I could ha' cried, 'twas just a goin' home,
I seed un so distinckly when I yeard yon cricket drum.

Here there be no winter days,

Same as home to Devon.
Never see the wood-fire blaze

(Jolly land of Devon !).
Here the niggers call me “Zir,”—
Oh, to be a labourer,
Back again amid good cheer-
Back to jolly Devon !








It is agreed on all hands that ters;

to make Mr Parnell played one of the lavish use of periphrasis. We most important parts in the shall take the liberty of calling political drama of his age. Men treason and murder by their of every shade of opinion are proper names, and of applying prepared to concur in that view. the terms “traitor” and “mur“Parnell was the most remark- derer” to any instigator, as able man I ever met,” was Mr well as to any perpetrator, of Gladstone's mature verdict; “I those crimes. For the truth is, do not say the ablest man; I that Mr Parnell was nothing if say the most remarkable and not the inveterate and implacthe most interesting. He was able enemy of England. It was

intellectual phenomenon." a character in which he gloried, Lord Rosebery expressed his and which, to do him justice, assent to this judgment the he would have scorned to reother day in Edinburgh. “I pudiate. We shall, accordingly, thought him very remarkable,"

remarkable,” endeavour to discuss his career says Mr Chamberlain ; "a great in precisely the same spirit in

I have often thought which we should seek to comParnell was like Napoleon. He ment upon that of the great allowed nothing to stand in his Captain to whom Mr Chamberway. He stopped at nothing lain not inaptly compares him. to gain his end.” Sir Charles But we cannot be answerable Dilke (who, it is to be observed, for it-nor, in truth, shall we had at least one thing in com- be either surprised or ashamed

with the Irish leader) —if we are unable to preserve attributes to him "inexorable a uniform composure of mood tenacity, sound judgment, know- and imperturbability of temper. ledge of his own mind at all It is one thing to review perils times, dauntless courage,

from the menace of which we iron will, and the faculty of are separated by the space of controlling himself and others.” three generations. It is quite These are not the qualities of another to recall dangers which mediocrity, and we make no ceased to be desperately formidapology for calling attention able only a very few years ago, to the life of a man who un and with which the course of questionably possessed them. events or the exigencies of party But let there be no misun- warfare may once again conderstanding

We purpose to front The reader, when employ very plain language he has refreshed his memory in dealing with our subject. with the tale, will not, we are

not to mince mat- persuaded, be slow to pardon




We are

1 The Life of Charles Stewart Parnell. By R. Barry O'Brien, of the Middle Temple, Barrister-at-Law. 2 vols. London : Smith, Elder, & Co., 1898.


the occasional ebullition of an so dear to Oxford men of twelve irresistible and righteous indig- or fifteen years ago, would be nation.

sufficient to demonstrate its

absurdity. An Irishman of the Charles Stewart Parnell was right sort will be welcomed as born at Avondale, county Wick- warmly and as heartily received low, on the 27th day of June as any Englishman or Scot. It 1846. On the father's side he is highly probable, we admit, came of an English family that the “aversion nourished which had been settled in Ire- by Mr Parnell was entirely land since the Restoration. He reciprocated by its objects, had as little of the Celt in him his schoolfellows, and his conas Swift. His mother was the temporaries at Cambridge. But daughter of an American naval the idiosyncrasy, and not the officer, of Ulster descent; and nationality, of the man from her he imbibed that rooted what provoked it. Englishanimosity towards England men, thieves though they which was the motive-power may be, have a large share of of his public action. That the those generous feelings with English were “simply thieves” which that class of persons was the sum and substance of is proverbially credited. The Mrs Parnell's political belief. undergraduates of the college The poor woman could not which Mr Pepys once adorned refrain from giving vent to were probably as fond of cricket her crazy

views even at the as the future Irish leader. But table of the Lord Lieutenant; when they discovered the spirit and she transmitted her peculiar in which he engaged in that form of monomania to more than pastime — when they proved one of her offspring. Charles, him ill-tempered, and "ever strangely enough, received his ready to take advantage of whole education in the detested every chance to outwit his country, showing himself at once opponents” – they doubtless idle and insubordinate. But he preferred his room to his comregarded both his school and pany, and told him so. Small college days “with peculiar blame to them if they did. aversion.” “These English de- Whatever else he may have spise us,” so the unhappy crea- been, Mr Parnell ture told his brother John, sportsman. “because we are Irish”; and His interest in politics was he seems to have kept harping first aroused by the Fenian on that string. A more foolish movement: and the significance notion never entered a dis- of the fact becomes obvious when ordered brain. Anyone who it is remembered, first, that knows the English Universities Fenianism was a political, not must be aware how ridiculous an agrarian, propaganda ; and, the idea is. Were it not super secondly, that it derived its mofluous to cite instances, the mentum from acts of lawlessness mere mention of the name of and violence. Mr O'Brien (need King-Harman, so familiar and

we say ?) treats us to a good



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