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tl THE NINTH CENTURY
lTH CITY ORIGINS
THE MIDDLE CLASS
3 այլ բաժինները չեն ցուցադրվում
Այլ խմբագրություններ - View all
activity agricultural artisans barbarians became beginning bishop Bruges burg burghers Byzantine Byzantine Empire capital Carolingian Empire castellan cause centers characteristic Charlemagne Church city law city population civilization clergy coasts commercial commune Constantinople continued Count of Flanders course demesnial diocese disappeared economic eleventh century emperors enjoyed episcopal cities established everywhere existed fact favor feudal Flanders France Frankish Empire Gaul gave Germanic Ghent Godric importance industry inhabitants invasions Islam Italy jurisdiction land later little by little Lombardy manifest market-tolls markets Marseilles Mediterranean merchants Merovingian Middle Ages middle class midst Moslem municipal naturally needs ninth century Norsemen obliged Omer organization origin peace peasants political port portus princes profit proof proprietors region religious Rhine Roman rural seigneur serf serfdom shores social society soil Spain status tenth thirteenth tion took towns trade tribunal tury twelfth century Venice Western Europe