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families, and the families of members of the Army and Navy, travelling between the continental United States and the Panama Canal Zone, may carry identity certificates issued by The Panama Canal in lieu of passports or identity cards issued by immigration officials.

(6) Citizens of the United States travelling across the Mexican border shall not be required, unless otherwise ordered by the Secretary of State, to bear passports provided that they have received citizens' identity cards from immigrant inspectors at the points where they depart from or enter the United States. Such identity cards shall be applied for in accordance with the preceding paragraph (a). Except as otherwise provided by the Secretary of State, such identity cards shall be issued only to persons residing within ten miles of the border and shall be valid for travel to points not more than ten miles beyond the border. Citizens entering Mexico without passports and with identity cards must have such cards verified by a diplomatic or consular representative of the United States in Mexico before returning to the United States, unless the Secretary of State shall otherwise provide.

(c) Citizens of the United States who are seamen upon vessels entering or leaving ports of the United States shall not be required to bear passports provided that they bear seamen's certificates of American citizenship issued by collectors of the ports of the United States as provided for in Section 4588 of the Revised Statutes. Citizens applying for such certificates shall supply such photographs and execute such forms and applications as the collectors shall require. No identity card other than a passport or a seamen's certificate shall be issued to a seaman

who is a citizen of the United States. Nothing in the foregoing paragraphs (a), (), and (c) shall be construed to prevent the use of a valid passport by any seaman or other citizen referred to in said paragraphs in lieu of a seamen's certificate or identity card as described therein.

TITLE 3

GENERAL REGULATIONS

Persons Liable to Military Service Sec. 12. No person registered or enrolled or subject to registry or enrollment for military service in the United States shall depart from the United States without the previous consent of the Secretary of War or such person or persons as he may appoint to give such consent. The Secretary of State shall issue no passport or permit entitling such person to depart without securing satisfactory evidence of such consent. Reference should be had to Section 156, Selective Service Regulations, and amendments thereto.

TITLE 4

AMERICAN CITIZENS: DEPARTURE AND ENTRY

Issue of Passports SEC. 13. The “Rules Governing the Granting and Issuing of Passports in the United States” as established on January 24, 1917, are continued in force without change.

Verification of Passports in Foreign countries SEC. 14. Passports are not valid for return to the United States unless verified in the country from which the holder starts on his journey to the United States and further verified in the foreign country from which he embarks for or enters the United States. No fee shall be collected by diplomatic or consular officers of the United States for or in connection with such verification.

ALIENS' PERMITS TO DEPART AND ENTER

TITLE 5

PERMIT AGENTS

Sec. 15. The officials designated in the appendix hereto are hereby appointed Permit Agents for the purpose of receiving from aliens applications for permits to depart from the United States. No Permit Agents have been designated in Tutuila, Manua, Guam, or Wake Island, as it is believed that travel from these points will not necessitate such appointments. For the time being persons desiring to leave any of these insular possessions may do so without securing permission hereunder.

SEC. 16. Representatives of the Bureau of Immigration of the Department of Labor, stationed in Canada or on the Canadian border, and all diplomatic and consular officers of the United States in foreign countries are hereby appointed Permit Agents for the purpose of receiving from aliens applications for permits to enter the United States.

Sec. 17. The Secretary of State is authorized to designate and appoint additional Permit Agents from time to time as he may deem advisable, and to revoke their appointments or the appointments of any Permit Agent aforementioned. All Permit Agents hereby or hereafter appointed are hereby authorized to administer any oath or affirmation required in these rules and regulations or in any amendment hereof or addition hereto. All persons empowered to issue special permits referred to in sections 10 and 11 hereof are

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hereby authorized to administer to applicants any oaths or affirmations deemed necessary in connection with their applications.

TITLE 6

PERMITS TO DEPART

SEC. 18. Except in cases for which special regulations are hereinbefore provided, any alien desiring to depart from the United States shall apply for a permit to the Permit Agent located nearest to the last residence of the applicant. Any Permit Agent is authorized to receive an application to depart if it appears that the applicant would be caused unreasonable hardship or delay if required to apply to the Permit Agent nearest his last residence.

Sec. 19. Each applicant shall submit to the Permit Agent, for transmission to Washington if required, a passport issued for his use by the Government to which he owes allegiance or by a duly authorized diplomatic or consular officer thereof, or of the country representing in the United States the interests of his country. Such passports must have been issued, renewed or visaed by a duly authorized representative of said Government, or of the country representing its interests in the United States, within ten days prior to the time of the application. Aliens who by reason of doubtful nationality, lack of nationality, or any other cause, are unable to secure passports may be granted permission to depart in the discretion of the Secretary of State.

SEC. 20. If the application is made to a Permit Agent located east of the Mississippi River, the application shall be made at least fourteen and not more than twenty-eight days before the date set for departure. If the Permit Agent is located west of the Mississippi River, the application shall be made at least eighteen days and not more than twenty-eight days before the date set for departure. In special cases additional time will be required for adequate investigation.

SEC. 21. Applications for permission to depart from the United States shall be made upon forms provided for the purpose by the Permit Agents and shall be executed by applicants according to the instructions printed thereon. Substantial copies of such forms and instructions are contained in the Appendix to these regulations.

Sec. 22. Applications shall be executed in triplicate. All copies shall be personally signed and sworn to by the applicant before the Permit Agent. The Permit Agent shall fill in the name of the applicant on the left hand margin of the application, and also the blanks for applicant's description. The remainder of the application need not be filled out by or in the presence of the Permit Agent. If the applicant has conscientious scruples against taking an oath, he may make affirmation to the truth of his statements and answers in the application.

Sec. 23. Each application shall be accompanied by four unmounted photographs of the applicant, not smaller than two by two inches nor larger than three by three inches in size, on thin paper with a light background. If the applicant is able to write, he shall sign all four photographs across the front thereof so as not to obscure the features.

Sec. 24. A married woman accompanying her husband, or a child or children under fourteen years of age accompanying either parent, may be included in the permit granted to the husband or parent and in such case will not be required to make a separate application. Photographs of persons so included in a husband's or parent's application must be furnished. Group photographs may be used in such cases.

Sec. 25. Every applicant shall furnish to the Permit Agent, in addition to any particulars required to be inserted in answer to the printed questions on the application blank, any information which may reasonably be required for the purpose of passing upon his application or for ascertaining the correctness of the particulars stated thereon or otherwise.

Sec. 26. Upon complying with these regulations, an applicant shall receive from the Permit Agent a card showing that the application for permission to depart has been filed. This card is not a permit to depart from the United States but is merely a receipt for the application, and for the passport if that has been retained.

Sec. 27. Within seven days prior to the proposed date of departure from the United States, the applicant shall again appear before the Permit Agent who received his application. At this time, or as soon thereafter as his case is decided, he shall receive back his passport and, if permission to depart from the United States is granted, the Permit Agent shall affix applicant's photograph to the receipt card previously issued and shall note thereon the fact that such permission has been given. The card then becomes a provisional permit to depart from the United States and must be preserved carefully for presentation to the proper officials at the point of departure. Such provisional permit is subject to revocation at any time without notice.

SEC. 28. An applicant desiring to leave the place where he makes application for permission to depart before receiving notice of the final action may arrange with the Permit Agent at the time of application that the provisional permit to depart, if granted, shall be given through a Permit Agent at some other point. The application receipt card, in such case, shall contain a note to the effect that final action is to be taken by another designated Permit Agent. In such case, the applicant shall apply to the Permit Agent thus designated for notice of decision.

Sec. 29. A similar request for a change of Permit Agent may be made subsequently to the filing of the application. A request so made may be received by any Permit Agent but will not be granted without express authorization from the Secretary of State.

SEC. 30. Permits to depart from the United States will be granted to applicants by or under the authority of the Secretary of State when it shall appear that there is reasonable necessity for such departure, and when upon investigation, such departure is deemed to be not prejudicial to the interests of the United States.

TITLE 7

PERMITS TO ENTER

Sec. 31. Subject to the exceptions and limitations hereinbefore set forth no alien shall be allowed to enter the United States unless he bears a passport duly visaed in accordance with the terms of the Joint Order of the Department of State and the Department of Labor issued July 26, 1917. Said Joint Order and the amendments thereto and instructions issued thereunder are hereby confirmed and made part hereof by reference, so far as their provisions are not inconsistent with these rules and regulations or with the President's Proclamation of August 8, 1918. A copy of said Joint Order is inserted in the Appendix to these regulations.?

SEC. 32. In accordance with the provisions of the Presidential Proclamation of August 8, 1918, a visa will be granted only when it shall appear that there is reasonable necessity for entering the United States and when upon investigation such entry is deemed to be not prejudicial to the interests of the United States.

Sec. 33. As a restriction additional to those provided by said Joint Order, hostile aliens shall not enter the United States from Canada unless they either secure visas in the manner prescribed by the Joint Order, or secure permits in the manner prescribed by Title 2, Section 10, paragraph (6), of these regulations.

Sec. 34. An alien's passport duly visaed together with a copy of the declaration required by said Joint Order shall constitute a permit to enter the United States within the meaning of the Act of May 22, 1918.

Appendix not printed; for joint order see ante, p. 802.

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