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The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.:

David Caldwell, being duly sworn, says that he accurately measured the land upon which John N, McCombs raised a crop of flax the past season, and the quantity of land is two acres, and no more.

David CALDWELL. Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Champion, this 1st day of November, A.D. 1878.

W. H. MCMURRAY, Justice of the l'cace. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.:

John N. McCombs, being duly sworn, says that he raised a crop of flax the past seaBon, u pon the ground measured by David Caldwell, and that the quantity of flux raised thereon was thirty bushe's, and no less. The cultivation of this llax was in the usual way, without fertilizer or manure.

Joux N. McCOMBS. Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Champion, this 1st day of November, A. D. 1878.

W. II. MCMURRAY, Justice of the l'eace.

At a meeting of the directors of the Trumbull County Agricultural Society, the following premiums were awarded on crops:

Corn. 1st, E. Alderman, Fowler

$10 00 2d, H. C. Fuller, Braceville

5 00

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FLAX, The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.

David Caldwell, being duly sworn, says that he accurately measnred the land opon which John N. Mi Combs raised a crop of flax the past season, and the quantity of land is two acres and no more.

David CALDWELL. Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Champion, this first day of November, 1878.

W. H. MCMURRAY, Justice of the Peace. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.

John N. McCombs, beiug duly sworn, says that he raised a crop of flax the past season upon the ground measured by David Caldwell, and the quantity of flux raised thereon was twenty-six bushels and no less. The cultivation of this flax was in the usual way, without fertilizer or manure.

Join N. McCOMBS. Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Champion, this first aay of November, 1878.

W. H. MCMURRAY, Justice of the l'eace.

POTATOES.

II. C. Foller makes the following statement of the cost of cultivating a crop of potatoes on one-half acre. Planted two years in sucession in potatoes :

1878. May 1. To 15 loads of manure, at 5Cc. per load

$7 50 1. To I day's plowing, at $2.30 per day.

2 50 3. To į day's harrowing, at $2 50 per day....

1 25 18. To 1 day's harrowing and marking, at $2.50 per day

62 18. To 3 bushels of seed, at 30c. per busbel.

90 18. To g day's planting, at 90c. per day

60 Jano 3. To 1 day's cultivating, at $2.50 per day

1 25 3. To į day's boeing, at 9.c. per day...

43 19. To 1 day's cultivating, at $2.50 per day.

1 23 19. To 4 day's hoeing, at 90c. per day

43 July 12. Today's plowing, at $2 50 per day.

1 23 12. To į day's hoeing, at 90c. per day....

45 October 5. To 2 days' digging potatoes, at 90c. per day

1 EO 7. To 1 day's digging potatoes, at 90c. per day

43

$20 72 The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.

Jubo Fuller, being duly sworn, says that he accurately measured the land upon which II. C. Fuller raised a crop of potatoes the past season, and the quantity of land is onehalf acre and no more.

Joix FULLER. Sworn to before me this 1st day of November, 1578.

J. A. BLACKBURN, Justice of the Peace. The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.:

II. C. Fuller, being duly sword, says that he raised a crop of potatoes the past season apon the ground measured by Jobo Fuller, and the quantity of potatoes raised thereon was eighty-five bushels and no less, measured in a sealed measure, and the statements in regard to the manner of cultivation, etc., are correct to the best of my knowledge.

II. C. FULLER. Sworn to before me this 4th day of November, 1878.

JAMES A. BLACKBURN, Justice of the Peace.

Potato crop of one-half acre, by II. C. Fuller. This field has been planted two your in succession id potatoes :

1818. May 2. To 15 loads of manure, at 50c. per load

$7 50 2. To I day's plowing, at $2 50 per day

2 50 4. To ļ day's barrowing, at $2...0 per day......

1 25 20. To 4 day's harrowing and marking, at $250 per day...

62 20. To 3 bushels of seed, at 30c. per bushel

90 20. To j day's planting, at 90c. per day....

60 June 4. To į day's cultivating, at $2.50 per day

1 25 4. To $ day's boeing, at 90c. per day

45 20. Today's cultivating, at $2.50 per day.

1 25 20. Tu ļ day's hoeing, at 90 cents per day

45

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July

13. To $ day's plowing potatoes, at $2.50 per day
13. To è day's hoeing, at 90c. per day
11. To 2 days' digging potatoes, at 900. per day.
12. To $ day's digging potatoes, at 900. per day

$1 25

45 1 80

45

Oct.

$20 72

The State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.

John Fuller, being duly sworn, says that he accurately measured the land upon which H. C. Fuller raised a crop of potatoes the past season, and the quantity of land is onehalf acre and no more.

John FULLER. Sworn to before me and subscribed in my presence, this 1st day of November, 1878.

JAMES A. BLACKBURN, Justice of the Peace. State of Ohio, Trumbull County, 88.

H, C. Fuller, being duly sworn, says that he raised a crop of potatoes the past season apon the ground measured by John Faller, and the quantity of potatoes raised thereon was seventy-five bushels and no less, measured in a sealed measure, and the statements in regard to the manner of cultivation, etc., are correct to the best of my knowledge,

H. C. FULLER,

Sworn to before me and subscribed in my presence, this 4th day of November. 1878.

JAMES A. BLACKBURN, Justice of the Peace.

DISFASES OF CATTLE.

AN ADDRESS BEFORE THE SHORTHORN CONVENTION, JANUARY 7, 1878.

BY PROFESSOR N. S. TOWNSIIEND.

MR. PRESIDENT : If I were as well known to all the gentlemen present as I am to yourself, it would not be necessary for me to say a word by way of preface. But to prevent any possible misunderstanding, I wish to say, at the outset, that, strictly speaking, I am not a Veterinarian. This, however, is true, my early life was largely spent among animals, and I had many opportunities of observing their various ailments. Subsequently, when a practicing physician, I never hesitated to render medical or surgical assistance to animals when my services were desired. And now, without pretending to be an authority on such subjects, I take pleasure in describing to you some of the cattle diseases that have come under my notice.

Last year the Secretary of State requested me to prepare a paper on the losses sustained in Ohio from animal diseases. I was compelled to say that I knew nothing certainly of the amount of loss actually resulting from such cause, and suggested that certain questions b printed on the assessors' blanks, the answers to which would put us in possession of some facts. This suggestion was acted upon, and from the returns obtained it appears that the losses resulting from diseases of animals for the year previous amounted to $2,511,049. The total value of the live stock of the State is assessed at $73,131,110; but if, as it is generally supposed, this assessment does not exceed two-thirds of the actual value, then the real worth of our live stock is $117,156,676, and on the same ratio our losses for the year amount to $3,766,573, or about three and a fourth per cent. of the total value. The losses sustained from diseases of horned cattle were only one and one-tenth per cent. of their value; the losses from disease of horses was two per cent., of sheep one and three-fourths per cent., and from diseases of swine twenty-four per cent. Although the reported loss to the owners of cattle is less than from any other kind of stock, it amounted to the sum of $280,000, and this sum increased to what would

represent the actual value amounts for the year to $120,000, which is a heavy tax on the profits of cattle owners, and a sum large enough to demand our attention.

Now permit me to refer to some of the diseases of cattle which may, in part, have occasioned this loss. In the dairy region of the north-eastern part of the Sta'e severe losses are occasionally sustained from abortion, or loss of the calf, before the natural period of gestation is completed. Such cases fall into two classes-sporadic or accidental, epizootic or contagious. Accidental cases are brought on by violence, by sudden fright, by drinking too freely of ice-cold water, or from eating unusual quantities of grain or o her kinds of food that occasion indigestion and colic. Some suspect, I think without sufficient foundation, that the smut upon corn produces abortion; others, and probably with better reason, think it may sometimes be caused by the ergot, which, in wet seasons, is found upon hay.

From whatever cause the disturbance comes, the cow manifests uneasiness, or perhaps gives evidence of pain, and she will probably have a mucous or bloody discharge from the vagina. Such symptoms during gestation are almost conclusive evidence of an approaching abortion. When this affection becomes contagious in any locality, no special cause other than contagion need be sought for; but, whether contagious or accidental, the symptoms and results are substantially the same. In treating these cases the sick animal should be thoroughly isolated, and sh: uld be made as quiet and comfortable as possible; and if there is an appearance of pain an ounce of laudanum may be administered. The laudanum may be mixed with water or milk, and given by the mouth, but it is better to introduce it by means of a syringe into the rectum; if necessary it may be repeated once or twice in twenty four hours.

The President: What has been the success of this treatment in epizootic cases ?

Dr. Townshend: When the disease has become contagious it will be necessary to add vigorous means of disinfection, fumigation with burning sulphur, or tır, or free sprinkling of dilute carbolic acid. Such measures, so far as I have had opportuities of observing, have been sufficient to arrest the malady.

Mr. Stevens Do you know anything of the virtue of hempseed as a preventive of abortion ?

Dr. Townshend: I do not An extract prepared from the tops of the hemp plant (Canabis Indica) may be found in the drug stores. This is a powerful narcotic, and would promptly allay pain, but I am not aware that it has been employed in such cases.

The seed of the American hemp (Canabis sativa) is not supposed to have much medicinal power.

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