Page images
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

This table shows the average bushels and value per annum for ten years, 1868 to 1878, as follows:

[blocks in formation]

These figures are of great importance and value, and show the enormous amount in bushels and dollars of one branch of agriculture.

The following official statement, dated November 14, 1878, shows the amount of our exports exclusively agricultural, from 1875 to 1878:

Statement showing the currency value of the agricultural products herein mentioned, exported

from the United States during the years ending June 30, 1875, to 1878, inclusive.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Statement showing currency value of agricultural products herein mentioned, etc.-Cortinned.

Products.

1875.

1876.

1877.

1878.

Hides and skins, other than fur.... $1,729,7253 $2,905,921 $2,4-0,427 $1,296,810 Tallow

5,692,20:3 6,734,378 7,-83,616 6,69:7,377 Bubes and bone-dust.

1:32,216 69,159 121,493 78,9c9 Hair

429,193 310,761 338,407 361,348 Total aninials and their products....

10,983,772 10,020,219 10,824,023 8,422,534 Bread and breadstuffs : Barley

61,403 210,586 702,541 2,563,736 Bread and biscuit. 610,092 6:32.590 627,0334

730,317 Indian corn

24,454,9.57 33,265,2-0 41,6.1,245 48,0.30,338 Indian corn meal

1,230,533 1,30:1,027 1,511,1:12 1,336,107 Oats

290,5:37 5-8.583 1,150,656 1,277,920 Rye...

204,590 480.0-3 1,822 916 3,051,739 Rie flour.

54,964 39.0.34 39,672 30,375 Wheat

59,607, 6.3 68,3-2,-99 47,133,7,502 96,872,016 Wheat flour.

23,712,410 24,433,470 21,663,947 20,095,721 Other small grain and pulse.

C04,193 1,136,515 876,605 1,077,433 Maizena, farina, and all other

preparations of breadstuffs used for food

364,708 707,478

650,206

06_1,709,639 Total bread and breadstuffs.... 111,458,265 131,101,! 55 117,-06,676 11,777,811 Froits : Apples, dried....

326,193 67,915 920,292 260,095 Apples, green or ripe

722,217 221,764 906,112 381,261 Other fruit, green, ripe, or dried.. 269,6:32 210,177

207,252 296,310 Preserved in cars or otherwise... 315,931 327,434 702,341 435,450 Total fruits.

1,634,003

827,27 2,037,030 1,318,106 Seeds : Cotton

63,123

69,605 130,062 179,602 Flaxseed or linseed

137
257

8

437 Clover, timotby, garden, and all other..

1,227,750 1,348,750 3,403,685 2,085,887 Total seeds......

1,291,015 1,418,612 3,533.735 2,265,926 Textiles : Cotton, raw

190,638,625 192,659,262 171,118,508 180,031,484 Woul, raw......

62,751 13,-4.5 261,446 9.3,358 Hemp, raw .....

21,856 8,318 12,182 18,210 Total textiles........

190,723,235 192,681,425 | 171,157,136 | 180,143,052 Vegetable oil and oil-cake : Cotton seed

216,640 146, 135 842,248 2,514,320 Linseed

30,689 23,770 43,433 27,212 Oil-cake...

5,138,300 5,774,583 4,818,115 5,093, 103 Total vegetable oils and oilcake

5,385,629 5,944,490 5,703,728 7,636,715 Miscellaneous : Ginseng

638,926 646 9:4 562,265 497,247 Hay.

110,22.7 131 017 116,936 141,:340 }tops

1,2-6,501 1,381,521 2,305,355 2,1: 2,473 Rice.

19,831 30,918 78,112 33,933

Slalement showing currency value of agricultural products herein mentioned, etc.Continued.

Products.

1675.

1876.

1877.

1878.

Miscellaneous-continued :
Tobacco-leaf

$25,241,549 | $22,737,383 $28,425,521 $24,803,165 Pitatots

522,18! 431,443 5:33,187 541,593 Onious

51,259 54,015 4-,081 44,522 Other vegetables, raw, prepared, aud preserved.

169,323 133,272 116,518 138.509 All other agricultural products un enumerated ..

791,197 665,202 1,154,437 1,251,534 Total value of miscellaneous... 20.830,99.5

33,740,415 29,004,736

95_26,217,72

Total value of agricultural pro

ducts included in this sched-
ule....

430,575,923 456,429,995 459,439,233 536,033,951 Total value of exports of domes tic merchandiso

559,237,638 594,917,715 632,980,854 695,749,930 Per ceut. of agricultural pro

ducts to total domestic ex
ports.

77.00 76.72

72.59

77.05

For the year 1878 our exports from agriculture alone reached the enormous 811m of

- $536,038,931 While our entire expuits from all other sources, including agriculture, for 108, amount to...

695,749,930 Total exports, less agriculture....

$159,710,979 This shows that agriculture furnished full three-fourths of our entire exports, and amounted to more in dollars than our imports.

These statements establish the fact that, as in the past, we have mainly depended upon agriculture, so, in the future, we must look to it for our support and ability to pay for what we purchase abroad, as also the payment of our foreign debt and interest.

COTTON.

The soil of some of our States is so well adapted to the growing of cotton that we are the chief producer of the world, and must remain so. It constitutes the largest factor in our exports, bringing us since 1865 an average of more than $200,000,000 per annum, or more than two and a half billions for the thirteen years—which is more than our national debt. Without cotton our foreign trade would have been largely against us. There are good reasons to believe the production will increase from year to year. This large amount is part of the aid and contribution the Southern States bring to us in restoring prosperity to the whole country.

BREAL'STUFFS, INCLUDING ALL CEREALS, Constitute the next largest item in our exports, yielding last year $181,777,841, and an average since 1865 of near $100,000,000 per annum.

ANIMAL PRODUCTS, INCLUDING CATTLE AND HOGS, Rank next in exports, and amounted last year to $133,232,575, an average for the last decade of about $80,000,000 per annum. For this and breadstuffs we are chiefly indebted to the West.

BUTTER AND CHEESE.

This is an important farming and agricultural interest which has not hitherto attracted the attention it deserves, and one that is fast growing in our country. It is estimated that last year the total production of cheese was 350,000,000 pounds, and of butter 1,500,000,000 pounds; estimated value of both being about $350,000,000. This is the contribution of the whole country, and is the leading agricultural interest next to corn, being only one-fourth less in value, one-third more than cotton and one-seventh more than the hay crop. The exports for 1878 were :' cheese, $14,103,529; butter, $3,931,822.

The number of cows in the United States is estimated at about 12,500,000-over six times the number in Great Britain, and twice the number in France.

VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS AND EXPORTS.

The following statements, also from official sources, show the value of farm products, and exports of the same, as also estimated value of farm animals, and increase in the exports of some of the leading products, for 1876 and 1877 :

Value of farm products and exports of the same, and ratio of exports to total production, for

1876 and 1877.

[blocks in formation]
« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »