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people, on St Charles's day, being the

BRITISH NORTH AMERICA. King's festival, to demand of his Catho. lic Majesty the return of the Jesuits into “ London, Jan. 29. The last letters his dominions, and to wear, the habit of from Quebec mention, that upwards of fecular priests. This put the King into seventy decked vessels and navigable bata. great confufion; and so much the more, teaus had been employed last summer, in because on such days, when he appears carrying on the with the several to his people on the balcony of his pa- Indian nations on the banks of Lake Onlace, it is cuttomary to grant them what- tario, which had been of very great ad. ever they want."

vantage to the merchants." “ London, Jan. 8. They write from “ London, Jan. 30. According to reCadiz, that all the Jesuits in Mexico cent letters from Quebec, certain. Indihave been arrested, and transported to Eu- ans, at the back of Lake Superior, had rope ; but that they are yet ignorant con- informed the English, that several huncerning the fate of Paraguay and Peru.” dred miles inland, there is a populous na.

Paris, Jan. 4. Certain advices bring, tion of white men, with beards, acthat the Spaniards and Portuguese ha- quainted with the use of fire-arms, and ving entered, with united forces, into possessed of a very fertile country, envia Paraguay, the Jesuits opposed them with roned with mountains ; but that neither an armed force; but that, after a sharp their dress nor language resembled the and obftinate fight, 130 of the brethren French, English, or Dutch." were made prisoners, and direaly hanged “ Boston, New-England, Nov. 7. The up on the spot.”

melancholy and sudden deaths of Mr Ro“ London, Jan. 23. Some letters from bert Stewart and his three sons, by goMadrid mention advice having been re- ing down into a well [xxix. 656.] has occeived there from New Spain, that seve- casioned the following account of a simple ral Jesuits disguised like mule-drivers, method of practice, to avoid the ill effects endeavouring to escape to the North fea, of damps in wells, to be published here, had been stopped by his Majesty's officers, by a person who bas tried it, and apprebetween Panama and Darien, with seve- hends it may be of use:" When a ral loads of gold, filver, and other rich well is opened, we always lower a candle, effe&ts." - They write from Cadiz, as knowing that the same effed the wehi that advice was received of a late earth• bas upon the candle it will have on the quake at Lima, in South America, by life of man. If the candle burns bright, which the towns of Punta de Real, Gra- we go down without hesitation ; if it wax cias a Dios, St Julian, and other places, dim, and go out, we conclude it utterly received confiderable damage."

unsafe. And as wells lie open sometimes PORTUGAL.

a considerable time before they are freed

from the noxious vapours, there have been “ London, Jan. 8. In yeserday's Hol. several means made use of to free the well; land mail is the following article, dated as, first, to lower down a well-kindled Lisbon, Dec. !: “ The Hon. William- fire, which helps it but slowly, if at all; Henry Lyttelton, envoy-extraordinary, the next means I tried was powder, lowerfrom the King of G. Britain, holds free' ing it near the water; and then throwing quent conferences with the ministry, in a shovel-ful of embers into it to blow up, order to settle, in an amicable manner, which seemed more effectual: but the the inisunderstanding that has arisen be. last and most effe&ual method that I know tween the two nations, on account of of, has been by drawing water, and powe trade. He takes great pains to remove ring it back into the well. The last time This stumbling-block; for as lo the gene. I had occasion for this was last week, a ral system of politics, it is certain that well being opened in our neighbourhood, the molt perfect harmony subfifts between and it being necessary to go down, as the the two courts, notwithstanding the re- pump was in three pieces, the candie ports that have been maliciously propa- would burn but about two feet below the gated to the contrary."

stoning. I directed any lad to draw about “ Londo», Jan. 18. They write from forty pails of water, and pour it back inLition, that a Portuguese vesel from to the well, which was done a little be. Goa, in the East Indies, had just arrived fpre night on Thursday, and the next in the Tagus, having on board eighteen forenoon the candle burnt bright down Jesuits in irons, accused of trealonable to the water, and one went down into pradices against the flate."


the well, and fet the pump with all safe. be unnecessary, and consequently in the ty."

highest degree culpable. Upon this conBoston, Nov. 4. We hear the sala. fideration, the Moderator, in an ani. rics of the Governors of New York and mated addrels, exhorted his fellow.citiMafsachusetts, will be 2500 I. Sterling zens, to be stedfast in the nep they had each per annun, the Governor of New resolved upon; and the town unanimousHampibire's, 1000 l. ; those of the chief ly agreed to exert themselves, on all oca judges of the two first provinces, and of cafions, to support peace and good order. the secretary, 500 l. each.".

It would, however, be injustice to the Boston, Nov. 25. We have been fa- inhabitants not to observe, that the last voured with a fight of the China téa. resolution was come into, to thew an inplant in foliage, being cultivated by Capt. dignation at a dirty trick of some one Harrison of this town, some of the dried person, doubtless an enemy to our civil leaves being by Mrs Harrison presented rights, who, under cover of the prece* with the shrub, in flavour exactly resem- ding night, had pasted up a paper on the bling green tea. The Shrub is annual, venerable elm, said to contain matter adsowing its own seed in this climate, and apted (though happily it failed of the wants nothing but the method of cure to intended effect) to irritate the passions, render it useful throughout the continent." at a time when all depends upon our be

Boston, Dec. 16. The great demand ing cool, deliberate and firm. for Labradore or Hyperean tea, has rai- We bear that a merchant in this town fed the price above that of Bohea. A full reshipped back to London (in Capt. Cotfupply is expected in the spring, from our ting, one of the last vessels which failed eastern shores. Bobea tea is now wholly from hence for that place) upwards of laid aside, or used very sparingly, in ma. 200 1. Sterling worth of filks, they being.. ny of the belt families in this town." an article for which, at present, there is

Boston, Nov. 23. The inhabitants of but very little demand in these parts. this metropolis Itill persevere in their re- Many persons in the country have won. folution to discourage the use of foreign dered what Nould occasion the present fuperfluities (xxix. 691.), as the only scarcity of money : their wonder muft means of saving the country from impend- cease by being told, that only two vessels ing ruin. The town met by adjourn. carried off about 160,000 t. of our silver ment on Friday laft: The gentlemen and gold, paid for duties and taxes on so. appointed to obtain fubscriptions report. gar, molallès, rum, cocoa, 6c. consu. ed, and it appeared, that a great part of med in the province ; and that it is com the freeholders had subscribed : The puted by fome, that near a million of subscription-rolls are daily filling up at our money has already gone from us in the town.clerk's office, where they were this wav." ordered to be lodged for that purpose. Boston, Nov. 27. At a town-meetWhile the town were warmly engaged ing held in this town the 20th instant, in this laudable attempt to promote fru. wherein the Hon. James Otis, Esq; pre. gality and economy, thev were not in- fided as Moderator, the inhabitants took attentive to the present distrefied situation into consideration the ill conduct of some of their trade, occasioned by the addition• evil.minded persons, tending to excite al duties and burdens laid upon it: and tumults and disorders, and unanimously as these duties appeared to be prejudicial voted their abhorrence of any such mea to the people of this province, they thought fures, and that they would use their utit proper to give their representatives most endeavours to preserve peace and their explicit sentiments and instruction's good order. On this occasion the Mode upon a matter of fuch great moment ; rator made a speech to the following purand accordingly appointed a committee pose. to report at the adjournment the 22d of That many people seemed to have next month. When measures are pro- blended two things together in their posed which will bear to be scrutinized, minds which were totally diftinct ; that upon the principles of reason and the is, the duties laid upon many articles conftitution, a wife and prudent commu- imported, and the office of the commisnity will never fail to adopt them with soners of the customs, as though the unanimity; and while such measures are commissioners had occasioned those duties, pursued with vigour, cvery one will ea- and that we must get rid of the latter in fily discern that all violent efforts must order to avoid the former : That we had


from the first, and for a long time, ac- ' for the nearest relations, than a weed in knowledged the authority of the custom- the hat for men, and a black bonnet, house-officers sent amongst us by the gloves, ribands, and handkerchiefs, for crown : That if the duties were thought women, 1500, or 2000 pair of Britilliburthensome, and we had just reason to made gloves have been given, or rather complain of them, we ought to hehave thrown away, at one (uneral, before the like men, and use the proper and legal new practice took place; and such famimeasures to obtain redress: That the lies in Boston as then expended 100 or means were in our power; access to the 150 l. Sterling on these occasions, now throne was always open ; that there was expend scarceiy 8). What a faving will no doubt, but our humble and dutiful there be to tie province by the several petitions and remonstrances would sooner towns following Boston in this graud paror later be heard, and meet with success, ticular ! if supported by justice and reason : but “ Newport, Rhode Isand, Dec. 7. On let our burdens be ever so heavy, or our Friday night last, a scandalous advertisegrievances ever so great, no posible cire ment was fixed upon the door of the court. comitances, thoughi ever so oppressive, houle in this town, defiring the inhabi. could be supposed sufficient to justify pri- tants to meet together the next day, and vate tuinults or disorders, either to our seize the money in the customhouse, conscience before God, or legally before (which it was thought was to have been men : That our forefathers in the begin. put that day on board his Majesty's ship ning of the reign of Charles I. for fifteen the Garland), by way of reprilals for the years together, were continually ottering money due to this colony from the crown, up pravers to their God, and petitions to the payment of which is stopped by the their King, for the redress of grievances, Lords of the Treasury; which advertisebefore they would betake themselves tó ment was evidently calculated to interany forcible measures : That to insult and rupt the peace and good order of the tear each other in pieces, was to act like town, by promoting tumults and riots, madmen, and would have no tendency to and was also done with design to bring obtain redress of any of our grievances, the good people of this town and colony if we had any to complain of: That it under the imputation of contriving to was observable, that during the course of rob his Majesty's revenue, and of throw. the revolution which placed K. William ing off all the restraints of law and go. on the throne, there was no tumult or vernment: it is therefore voted, that a disorder; and when the whole city of reward of fifty pounds be paid out of the London was in motion, only a silver town-treasury to the person or persons spoon was stolen; and that they Dhewed who shall inform against the author or such resentment to this, as immediately authors of the said infamous advertiseto hang up the person who was guilty of ment, upon his or their conviction.” the theft.

Londos, Jan. 19. They write from Upon the whole, he concluded, by re- Charlestown, South Carolina, that the commending a quiet and proper beha- people of that province seem unanimous. viour, and that the inhabitants of the ly resolved to follow the example of the towo would shew their dislike and abhor. northern provinces, in discouraging the rence of all tumults and disorders, and do use of foreign fuperfluities." all in their power to aflilt the civil ma- London, Jan. 22. We are authorised gistrates in preserving peace and good or- to assure the public, that, from recent der."

and authentic accounts, the real state of " Boston, Nov. 30. We hear from se. North America, and particularly of the veral towns in the province, that the in- provinces of New England and New York, habitants have had town-meetings, and is that of dutiful acquiescence in the reguhave approved of the resolutions of this lations made by the British government. town, for promoting frugality, and en- The commillioners of the customs have couraging manufactures; and have resol- been received at Boston with proper reved to follow the same."

spect, and there are the strongest appearBoston, Dec. 16. The practice of ances of the contiuuance of good order this town relative to funerals (by which through the whole continent. a great saving has been already inade) is Though many infinuations have been to give gloves only to bearers and mini- thrown out to the prejudice of the AmeIters ; to make use of no other mournings, ricans, it ieems, from the beliaviour of VOL. XXX.



the general assembly at New York, that tendant of the southern district, relative they are ready to acquiesce in every re- to their embafly, which is to treat on a fpe & to the mutiny-act. The same may peace between their nation and the norbe laid of the upper and lower houses of ihern Indians." assembly of Georgia, who, on receiving a Charlestown, Nov. 20. They write message from James Wright, Efq; in from Welt Florida, of the 29th part, which he informs then, that the Earl of that the whole number of Choctaws that Shelburne, his Majesty's principal secre- mustered to go out against the Creeks tary of state for the southeru department, were upwards of 800; but they all rehaving notined to him, that his Majesty ex. turned without seeing the enemy except pects and requires that the commons houle ihe Red Captain, one of our fasteit friends of assembly of this province will render in that ration. He, with a party of fortyan exact and complete obedience, in all two men, were fet upon near the Cahaba respects whatever, to the terms of the river by the Creeks, who killed him, his mutiny-act, and being commanded, with- son, and twenty-four others. The Chocout delay, in his Majesty's name, to re- taus blame a white man, a trader, for quire, that they will make thole provi- betraying them to the Creeks. Letters fions for the supply of the King's troops from the country of the Creeks say, that which by that act they are directed to they were 100 in number, that they kil• do, immédiately came to a relolution to led 30 out of 40 Choctaws, and brought provide a fum not exceeding 200 l. Ster- one prisoner home, whom they burnt. ling, for supplying his Majelty's troops do. They declare the Choctaws behaved with ing duty in that province, with the fol: great bravery; for when they had fought lowing articles, viz. firewood, candles, till their aminunition was expended, they vinegar, and salt, bedding, utensils for rushed in amongst the thickest of their drelling their victuals, small beer or cy: enemies, knocked them down with their der, not exceeding five pints, or half a coinahawks, and the butt-end of their pint of rum, or in lieu thereof, 3 d. Ster- muskets. The Creeks own the loss of ling per day, to each man respectively; twelve men, among whom were Molton, and also to defray the expence of provi. another good friend of ours, his son, and ding necessary carriages for the faid troops 'the Oakivikee king. The vi&ors deliveron their march through any part of this ed the gorget, medal, and commission of province, and for the hire of barns and the Red Captain, who was a great-medal out-houses for their lodgement, in fuch chief, to Mr Hewitt, a trader, in order places where no barracks are ; to conti. to be transmitted to the commissary, or nue for one year, to commence the first the superintendant who appointed him. day of November next."

We bear Gov. Grant, and the superPittsburgh, Oct. io. It is feared here, intendant's deputy, are now holding a that an Indian war will break out in the meeting with a great number of Creek spring. This apprehension is grounded Indians at Picolata in East Florida. on an act of hoßility, committed by a Thursday last John Stuart, Elq; superparty of Indians, on their return to their intendant of Indian atlairs for the southown settlements among the Six Nations, ern department of North America, refrom an unsuccessful war with the Chero- turned from the southward. The Creek kees. They met with two of our batteaus, Indians who had their settlements at 0. richly laden with goods for the Illinois conih destroyed by a gang of villains latecountry, which they plundered, and more ly, having received fatisfaction from Gov. dered ten of our people. This specimen Wright, no farther ill coniequences are of their disposition toward us, is consider. likely to follow that outrage. And the ed as a prelude to further mischief.apprehenlions of the people who fed

Charlestown, Dec. 4. On Wednesday from their settlements on St Mary's river, lant Oucconnostota, or the Great War: are so far removed, that they have rerior, Attakulakulla, or the Little Car. turned to their habitations." penter, and Korrinaw, or the Raven,

ENGLAND, the principal chiefs of the Cherokees, the eldest lops of the two first named, " Lord Chamberlain's office, Dec. 22. three other young men, and two inter: 1767. His Majelty, in compailion to such preters, failed for New York, with let. manufacturers and people in trade, as by ters and credentials to General Gage and the length of court-mournings, are, in Sir William Johnson, froin the superin, this time of general scarcity and dearness


Jan. 1768.
Affairs in England.

$1 of provisions, deprived in a great mea- Majesty hath been pleased to give direcfure of the means of getting bread, bath tions for shortening ihem in future. Such been pleased to give directions for short. tender feelings for the subjects of a state, ening all such mournings for the future : could only inspire the Royal Breast of a and the Lord Chamberlain's orders for Prince, whose virtues loudly proclaim court-trournings will be issued hereafter the good of his people to be the first obconformably thereto. HERTFORD.” ject of his thoughts, and the ultimate end

Addresses presented on this occasion, of all his actions. one by the manufacturers and traders, We beg leave most humbly to assure and one by the weavers, appeared in the your Majesty, that this your Majesty's gazette of Jan 9. viz.

benevolent resolution will greatly pro

mote the silk-manufactures of this king"May it please your Majesty,

dom, give great spirit to the trade, tend WE your Majesty's mort dutiful and loyal subjects, Manufacturers and ches, and be the means of giving con

to the improvement of it; in many branTraders of your cities of London and stant employment to our workmen ; maWeltminster, as also those of Spitalfields, ny of whom, owing to the late mournand parts adjacent, humbly offer our ings, have been out of employ, and in mnost grateful thanks, for the late in.

want of bread. Stance of your Majesty's paternal tender

At the same time that we offer up our Aess and compassionate regard, expressed tribute of thanks to your Majesty, we in your royal' declaration, That all fu Mhould think ourselves very ungrateful ture court-mournings shall be shortened. We have the deeper sense of this mark did not humbly express our sense of the

to your Majesty's Royal Confort, if we of your Majesty's gracious condescension, as it was unsolicited; a resolution which Majelly, for her generous patronage and

great obligations we lay under to her at once promotes trade, invigorates in encouragement of our Gilk-manufa&ture; dostry, and can never be forgotten in and we are bound to make the same acthe annals of your Majesty's reign. The example so replete with love to Family, for the distinguished preference

knowledgement to the rest of the Royal your fubje&s in general, and compallion they give to the wrought Glks of this to the poor manufacturers in particular, kingdom. inspires us with the warmest and most relpeatful gratitude ; and will ever 'en

That your Majesty's reign may be hapgage our prayers to Divine Providence, llant prayer of us your Majesty's most

py, long, and glorious, will be the conithat your Majesty may long continue to faithful subjects. reign in the hearts of your grateful peo.

Weavers Hall, ple; to share the blellings of domestic


Fan. 4. 1768. felicity with your illustrious consort, and royal issue; and to experience the happy

Lord Chamberlain's office, Jan. 12. reward your Majesty's distinguished vira

His Majesty hath been most graciously lues so eminently merit.”

pleased to order, That the court-mourn

ings thall not, for the future, continue [Signed by 5:2 different persons or longer than one half of the time which companies, the first of whom is THOMAS bath been usually ofersed. HERTFORD." HARLEY, Mayor.]

An order of council, of date Jan, 15. " Most Gracious Sovereign,

1768, was published in the London gaWE your Majesty's most dutiful and zetre of the 16th, bearing, that the six

loyal subjects, the Bailiffs, War. following persons, late of Elgin, in Scotdens, Afisants, and Commonalty of the land, viz. William M'Andrew glover, trade, art and mistery of Weavers, Lon. William M'Gillivray tobacconist, Wildon, in behalf of ourselves, and the liam Proctor the younger square-wright, Silk-Manufacturers in and about Spital. James Stephen butcher, John Ruffel fields,

Thoemaker, and John M‘Lay Nacer, were, Moit humbly beg leave to embrace the upon the 24th of December last, charfirst opportunity, as in duty bound, to ged by inforination of a credible person return our most grateful thanks to your upon oath by him subscribed, before tlie Majesty, for your Majesty's late moit Rt Hon. Thomas Miller, Ela; Lord Ju• gracious declaration, that, in compaflion ftice - Clerk in Scotland, with having to the number of manufacturers and tra. been guilty, upon the 30th of July 1766, ders, who have been great sufferers by of being, togeiher with several others, the length of court-mournings, your



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